You can enjoy drinks made with fresh mint all year round, even when it is snowing outside and there is severe frost. And it's not at all about going to the nearest store and buying fragrant leaves or getting the dried last year's harvest. Anyone can grow this plant at home, on their windowsill or in the country.
Green mint all year round on your windowsill
It would seem why add unnecessary trouble to yourself and grow mint at home, if you can make the necessary supply from the summer by drying the fragrant greens for future use. However, dried mint does not have such a bright taste and rich aroma as a fresh plant, and some of the beneficial properties of mint are lost during processing, which is also quite important. No essential oil can compare in its properties with a living plant. In addition, growing mint on the windowsill does not require much effort - it is enough to carry out the simplest care of the plant and there will always be fresh greens on the windowsill! There are two possible ways to grow mint both in the country and at home. The first option is to grow healthy greens from seeds, the second using cuttings. But keep in mind that mint sprouting from seeds immediately after the emergence of sprouts gives very tender, incomparable greens, while mint from cuttings is already "adult", that is, somewhat tough and coarse. However, the "cut" mint has a more pronounced taste, but the "seed" - the aroma.
Growing mint at home is not only useful, but also beautiful.
Whichever of the two methods you choose, the first step is to prepare the seats.
As for the containers, it all depends on your own preferences and capabilities, since mint can be grown, including in flower pots, especially since a green mint bush will look like an ornamental house plant, so growing mint at home is not only useful, but also beautiful. But we do not recommend taking a too small container, since the plant has a branched and strong root system, and if there is not enough space, the greens will be frail and not powerful enough.
Video about how to grow mint at home
As for the soil, it is better to take care of this issue in advance. Since mint grows best in acidified soil, you can prepare a soil mixture based on peat. If there is no time to prepare the soil, then you can purchase a ready-made substrate in the store, or dig up land in the country. In the latter case, when digging land in the garden, it is worth taking a more oily and fertile soil. In addition, if the land was taken from the garden, it cannot be used without making light disinfection to destroy pathogenic microbes. The easiest way to do this is to spill the prepared soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then ignite it.
Further actions depend on which method of planting mint (cuttings or seeds) you have chosen.
Growing from seeds
In order to grow mint from seeds, you first need to get them. The most correct way is to purchase seed from a specialized store. As a rule, varieties such as Pepper or Lemon are purchased for the home, since, on the one hand, they have a pronounced taste and aroma, and on the other, they do not require any kind of exotic soil or special fertilizers. It is possible to grow a more exotic variety, but this should be done by "stuffing your hand" on the simplest one.
Planting in pots or trays with wet soil is done after the preliminary preparation of the seeds has passed. Seeds are poured into grooves, up to 5 mm deep, sprinkled on top flush with the ground. Further care is watering with a spray bottle and covering with a film. The film remains on the pot constantly until the sprouts appear, only 2-3 times a day the soil must be aired for 30-40 minutes, and it is better to do this in the evening and morning hours.
The plant sprouts in just 2-3 weeks. After the sprouts appear, some of them (with especially frequent sowing) can be moved to another container, however, when extracting the plants, you should be extremely careful, since the root system of young mint is still very tender.
Planting in pots or trays with wet soil is done after the preliminary preparation of the seeds has passed.
Growing from cuttings
Growing mint from cuttings is extremely simple and even easier than growing from seeds. To do this, you need to buy (or take in the garden) a strong stalk, which is placed at home in a glass or glass jar for germination of the root system. Plastic containers are not recommended for use.
Video about growing mint on a windowsill
Experienced gardeners advise putting a gauze-cotton pad on the bottom of the container, which imitates the soil and immediately gives more branched roots. As soon as the roots reach a length of at least 7-10 mm, the stalk is transplanted into moist soil, and the plant is placed in a sunny place, but for the first months it is covered from direct rays with a white translucent cloth or thick gauze.
Plastic container is not recommended for use
Special care is not required for home mint; it is enough to perform a few simple steps:
- regular watering is also the main care. In no case should the soil dry out, since mint does not tolerate dryness well. However, you cannot fill the plant;
- dust removal. Using a sprayer, you should regularly remove dust from the foliage - this will make the mint only bushy and aromatic;
- top dressing. In the summer, you can feed it once with urea (1 g / 1 l of water), in the winter, no feeding is needed;
- supplementary lighting. In summer, an abundance of light is not required, but from October to March daylight hours must be extended to 12 hours;
- direct sunlight is detrimental to foliage, so the plant must be hidden from it behind a light canopy;
- maintaining the temperature. Mint does not tolerate cold, the optimum temperature for it is 20-22 grams Celsius. In the summer, mint can (and should) be kept on the balcony, and in the winter it can be moved to the windowsill;
- leaves should be pinched off at a distance of 15-20mm from the stem, which stimulates the emergence of new shoots.
No special care required for homemade mint
Caring for mint at home is not difficult and not burdensome, but you always have at hand not only fresh and tasty greens, rich in vitamins, improving sleep, memory, increasing the body's defenses, but also just a beautiful-looking bushy plant.
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How to grow mint at home, from seeds, cuttings and dividing a bush
Mint is familiar to everyone as a fragrant medicinal plant. Outwardly, it resembles a nettle, with a simple stem, bright green leaves. Under other names, it is known as perekop, dragolyub. In the Mediterranean, it is a very common spice.
Useful properties of mint
Such a spicy plant as mint is used not only in various enterprises (for example, food industry, cooking, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics production, etc.), but also in everyday life. The most valuable thing in the plant is mint oil, which is not only useful, but also gives this extraordinary mint aroma.
Special powerful machines produce such oil by extracting it from plants through long and laborious operations.
Most summer residents grow mint for making fragrant tea, refreshing drinks and as a fragrant seasoning for various dishes. Fresh mint leaves are added to the first and second courses, to salads and desserts, to meat and vegetable dishes. Mint is used in the preparation of jams and preserves, in the manufacture of sauces and dressings. Fragrant mint tea is rich in vitamins and is caffeine-free.
Peppermint can serve as a natural indoor air freshener. Its aroma makes breathing easier with nasal congestion and relieves headaches. It is enough to put a small container with fresh or dried leaves in the room and the room will be filled with a refreshing slightly frosty aroma. All unpleasant odors disappear when mint appears in the room.
How to grow a tangerine from a bone
To plant a tangerine, you will need seeds, or rather seeds, which can be "obtained" by purchasing several ripe tangerines in the store. For the success of the event, it is better to have more seeds (at least 5-10), since not everyone will be able to germinate. Next, it is necessary for the bones to hatch or swell. To do this, the bones need to be wrapped in gauze and lightly moistened with water for several days.
The optimal soil for planting will be a special earth for citrus bought in a flower shop, but in principle any light mixture is suitable for tangerines. For example, if you mix in equal parts turf and leafy soil, completely rotted manure humus and compost, your tangerine will surely like it. A peat-based mixture is neither worth making nor buying. Do not forget about the need for drainage.
For the emergence of tangerine shoots, it takes quite a long time, the first noticeable shoots appear only after two to three weeks, and sometimes even a whole month. Mandarin generally grows very slowly, and sometimes it also stops growth. But if you do not lose hope and enthusiasm and give him the necessary care, he will grow into a beautiful tree that delights your eyes.
Of course, mandarin is an unpretentious tree in its content (not only among citrus fruits, but also among all other plants), but it still requires observance of some rules of care. The most important condition for him is an abundance of sunlight. For a light-loving tangerine, intensive lighting is needed 12 hours a day all year round.
Also mandarin is very sensitive to humidity. In the summer it needs to be watered abundantly, but not flooded, and in winter, watering should be reduced, but make sure that the soil does not dry out. In addition, tangerine leaves must be sprayed daily with filtered or boiled clean water to compensate for the dryness of the air, you can even place a small indoor fountain near the tangerine so that it additionally humidifies the air.
As it grows, the tangerine tree needs to be transplanted into a larger pot. It is best to do this in late winter - early spring. You need to take a pot with a diameter of 3-5 cm larger than the previous one. The tangerine tree is transplanted by the transshipment method, preserving the old earthen lump as much as possible so as not to damage the root system of the plant.
A few weeks after transplanting, the tree should begin a period of active growth. Such periods will be repeated several times during the spring and summer season. During this period, you need to feed the tangerine with mineral and organic fertilizers once a week or two. You can use a sleeping tea leaves as a fertilizer, which you need to dig into the soil.
Tangerines, grown at home, grow only up to 1.5 m and are miniature trees that fit perfectly into any interior, even without fruit. And when the tree is strewn with fragrant flowers, and then with bright fruits, it becomes a universal center of attraction, giving beauty and causing sighs of admiration.
Housewives tips on how to grow mint
They are also suitable for those who have only a balcony at their disposal.
- Buy ready-made sprouts
Growing mint from seeds is very difficult. The easiest way is to buy mint from a flower shop or a supermarket in the fresh herbs section. Take some time to select a plant that is healthy and free of insects. This is important because every disease passes from the mother plant to the young. Then put it in water, change it every two days and wait for the roots to appear (5-7 days).
- Plant in a larger pot
Mint loves a lot of light and a lot of water and needs a lot of space to grow. Therefore, the main sprout should be transplanted into a large pot. Choose a pot with holes to help drain the water out.
- Adequate water and sun
Place the plant on a windowsill or garden. The mint bush loves the sun, but it will also be great in the shade. Unlike other plants, mint requires a lot of water. It should be watered 1-2 times a day, and the soil should be moist all the time. If the plant starts to deteriorate, it probably has too little water or sun.
- Cut off new shoots and place in a glass of water
New shoots should not have many leaves. Reduce their number by about one centimeter from each other. Thanks to this, new shoots will be able to develop.
- Growing a young plant in a pot
Once the roots are long enough, plant the mint in a fairly large pot in humus and permeable soil. Remember to repot the flowerpot every year.
Radish requirement for soil composition
It is obvious that growing radishes on time and of the highest quality is possible only on properly prepared or selected soil. Radish loves loose soils, rich in humus, as well as with a fairly high content of various macro- and microelements. True, when making top dressing, it should be borne in mind that this root crop actively accumulates nitrates, which enter the soil with nitrogen fertilizers. Therefore, they must be entered with great care and strictly following the instructions.
When growing radishes on a windowsill, it is advisable to buy ready-made soil mixtures, which are intended for distilling tomato and cucumber seedlings. If you want to prepare the soil yourself, then take care of this in the fall. You will need well-sifted garden soil, plantation soil, humus and fine sand with the preferred ratio of 2: 2: 2: 1.
As a container for growing radishes, it is recommended to use plastic boxes 60x60 cm in size, in which plastic cellular cassettes are placed with a socket of 50x50x50 mm, which will be optimal in volume for one root crop. Remember to make drainage holes in the trays to allow excess moisture to drain away.
How to grow Victoria
Greetings, dear readers!
One of the first varieties of well-known garden strawberries is the Victoria berry. Victoria fruits have an extraordinary aroma; they look beautiful and appetizing on a platter. Victoria is a berry that has many valuable properties and contains nutrients. It contains vitamin C. The name Victoria is very suitable for this berry. To feel Victoria - victory - you need to see a well-groomed garden of beautiful berries. And for this you need to properly care for the plant.
Let's talk about how to grow victoria in the garden area.
Victoria breeds with a mustache. They usually appear by mid-summer. For further cultivation of the plant, use the rosettes located next to the mother bush. Mustaches from biennial plants work best. You need to plant a rosette with four leaves on the ridge, separating it from the common plant.
Victoria bushes are planted in spring or autumn. But at the same time, the site for planting is prepared in advance. For spring planting, the beds are prepared in the fall, and for the fall - in June, not forgetting to fertilize the soil. It is advisable to plant Victoria on level ground with a slope in the western direction.In winter, snow should accumulate on the site, so that the Victoria bushes do not die. In this regard, the garden bed must be positioned so that it is not strongly blown by the wind.
In order to plant the bushes, it is necessary to make holes in the prepared bed in which the mustache dug out together with the lump of soil are placed. This should be done immediately, without leaving the outlet for the next days.
Berry - Victoria is susceptible to infection with gray rot, in order to prevent this disease, the soil on the ridge is mulched with wood shavings or straws, 10 cm thick. At the same time, the leaves of the plant are not covered. When the crop is harvested, the ground around the berry bushes must be loosened. When the roots are exposed, the berry is huddled, regular weeding of Victoria is the key to getting a good harvest.
Before flowering, in order to prevent gray rot disease, it is necessary to spray with an iodine solution.
Special requirements apply to the watering of the bushes. Moderate watering of the plant will allow you to save a large amount of vitamin products. Without additional moisture, Victoria will grow if you cover it with snow in winter, carry out high-quality weeding, and do timely and regular loosening of the soil.
For today it's all about how to grow victoria Location on.
Don't miss out on the chance to eat some victoria berries. Its taste is canceled, and the benefits are immeasurable. When consumed, it is necessary to carefully rinse the fruits under running water. You can use garden strawberries for fasting days due to their low calorie content. Drinking a decoction of berries and leaves will help you lose those extra pounds.