Kuril tea (shrub cinquefoil) - one of the long and beautiful flowering shrubs. In nature, it is found in the territory from the Far East to Western Europe, in the northern regions, preferring slopes and rocky talus.
Therefore, it is better to plant it in gardens in well-drained sunny places. The wild form reaches a height of 1.5 m and up to 1.5 m in diameter, blooms with yellow flowers with a diameter of 2 cm from mid-July until frost.
But varietal forms are much more interesting. It should be said right away that varieties with white, pink and red flowers are less decorative than yellow large-flowered varieties. I consider the Goldfinger variety the most reliable - it blooms with large (up to 5 cm in diameter) flowers from July to frost. It happens that the temperature dropped to -5 ° C, but then it got warmer, and the bush is in bloom again, as if nothing had happened. The flowering is very abundant.
At the age of three, this is a ball 100-120 cm in diameter, on which leaves are not visible due to golden flowers. And the foliage from the moment of blooming until flowering (when it is no longer visible) is also very decorative - small five-cut leaves, pubescent on the lower side, create an indescribable impression of a bush floating above the ground.
This variety, like the wild form, is absolutely undemanding to growing conditions, withstands acidic and moist soils, and partial shade. Looks great in groups and single landings.
There is one more very great advantage of Kuril tea - it does not need "cosmetic" pruning. Faded flowers are noticeable only after falling leaves and before the leaves bloom, but during this period they (and the fruits) give the bush a peculiar original look against the background of a snow-covered garden.
All varieties of Kuril tea prefer poor, rather loose soils. One or two top dressing in May-June is all he needs.
Read also: Cinquefoil - species and cultivation
V. Khrabrov, gardener
offspring, division, layering
Shrub cinquefoil: description
In nature Kuril tea(other names - five-leaf, bloodrootand dazifora) is very widespread. It is found in Siberia and the Far East, in the Altai and Central Asia mountains, in Mongolia, China and Japan, in Western Europe and North America. In total, about 15 types of Kuril tea are known. All of them are deciduous shrubs no more than one and a half meters high. Adult stems of Kuril tea are covered with grayish-brown scaly bark, yellow or white flowers have 5 petals. Inflorescences - in the form of an umbrella or brush - are located at the ends of the shoots.
The old Latin name of the genus Kuril tea, Dasiphora, comes from the words "dasys" - "densely haired" and "phoros" - "bearing", since the leaves and other parts of the plant are always densely covered with small hairs. Based on the view dazifora shrub (Dasiphora fruticosa) breeders bred large-flowered varieties of Kuril tea. Most of the ornamental varieties have green leaves, while the flowers retained the yellow color of their wild ancestors, but with a wide variety of shades. There are other tones as well. Potentilla cultivars are relatively unpretentious and very decorative. The dense crown, compactness, abundant and long flowering (from June to October) make Kuril tea an indispensable plant for creating a low hedge and for compositions with perennial crops. Low five-leaf varieties are suitable for rock gardens, half-meter are good as tapeworms.
Shrub cinquefoil: application
There are varieties with a fountain-shaped and spherical crown shape, cushion and creeping options. The size and shape of the bush in an adult plant is very diverse, and the growth rate of many of them can border on aggressiveness. Fast-growing plants produce low curb hedges. They cut well and keep their shape well. These are great soloists in open spaces.
Slowly growing dwarfs will take their rightful place in the rock garden and make an interesting company for creeping perennials or brightly colored geychers. Creeping or white-flowered varieties, you can knock out compositions from dwarf pines or various junipers, especially with blue needles. Beautiful combinations are created by yellow-flowered varieties with lilac flowers of lavender, hyssop or catnip, as well as gray fescue and lightning. Among shrubs, cultivars of spirea Bumald, barberry Thunberg, cotoneaster will become effective partners of Potentilla.
An important advantage of Potentilla remains its decorative appearance throughout the season. From Indian summer until frost, the color range of plants becomes more and more saturated, and the leaves retain their attractive green tint with a silvery sheen. Placing it in autumn ensembles will smooth out the contrasting transitions of foliage in other plants.
Shrub cinquefoil: care
For good flowering, cinquefoil should be planted in a sunny place in rich, moisture-absorbing soil. Regular feeding enhances flowering. In hot or dry climates, the bushes are regularly watered, and the trunk circle is mulched to retain moisture in the soil. Regular spring pruning is needed for abundant flowering and maintaining a beautiful bush shape. In April-May, the bushes are cut by half or a third of the length of their shoots, depending on the growth rate of the plant. By cutting a shrub, you can give an interesting shape, for example, a ball. Or grow a small "tree". To do this, in the spring, choose several upright shoots, intertwine them with each other, and remove the rest. At a height of about 40 cm, all buds and small branches are removed. The future crown is cut, leaving shoots 10–12 cm long. This "stem" blooms in the first year. In the following years, the root shoots and buds that spill out on the stems are removed, and the crown is formed in the spring.
Green cuttings are the easiest way to get new plants. From the end of June to the last ten days of July, you can cut off young shoots and plant them in a cuticle under a film or in a greenhouse. The air humidity should be high, and the cuttings themselves should be shaded from the direct rays of the sun. Within two weeks you will receive new young plants. They can be left in the cuttings for the winter or immediately planted in a new place. Creeping and globular varieties also root well by layering. To do this, select young shoots from the lower part of the crown and pin them. The place where the layers are pressed to the ground is covered with soil. The next season, the finished plant is separated from the mother liquor and planted in the garden.
Shrub cinquefoil: problems and solutions
The problem includes varieties of Potentilla with red and pink flowers. The fact is that an increase in night temperatures in mid-July leads to the cessation of the production of pigment, which is responsible for the bright color of the petals. From this red-flowered varieties like Red ace become orange or yellow rather than bright scarlet. This cannot be avoided if the plant is planted in full sun. However, do not be upset, as the correct color will return to the shrubs as soon as the cool August nights come. It was during this period that all brightly colored cultivars begin to bloom actively, striking all the saturation of shades. The most intense color of the petals becomes during the Indian summer.
The plantings are watered and mulched with peat. Further watering only in very hot weather. It is rarely affected by diseases and pests (sometimes rust). Foliar treatment with potassium permanganate or boric acid makes plants resistant to fungal diseases.
Shrub cinquefoil or Kuril tea. How to grow and cut cinquefoil
When a landscape designer talks about cinquefoil, he does not mean at all a simple grass with small yellow flowers, most likely he is offering you shrub cinquefoil (Potentilla fruticosa). This plant is also called Kuril tea... Shrub cinquefoil, although it belongs to the pink family, does not possess wonderful flowers like a rose. The appearance of Potentilla is modest, but not devoid of its charm, for which it is so appreciated by landscape painters.
Planting and breeding Kuril tea
Plant Potentilla in a sunny placeto enjoy abundant flowering, because in the shade and partial shade it will not work to achieve beautiful flowering. Water should not stagnate on the site.
Cinquefoil grows well only in sunny places.
The plant is hygrophilous, so watering may be required in hot weather. Also, Potentilla needs to be fed. The first top dressing is carried out in the spring - complete mineral fertilizer is applied under the bush, and at the beginning of flowering - phosphorus-potassium fertilizer.
The soil for Kuril tea should be fertile, moist, light. light, moist, fertile soils.
Kuril tea is propagated by green and lignified cuttings, cuttings and seeds.
Seeds Shrub Potentilla is sown before winter and early spring. The seeds are small, so when sowing, you need to lightly sprinkle them with earth and press a little into the soil with your palm.
Kuril tea seeds will sprout in 7 days. The grown seedlings dive into a spacious container at a distance of 15 cm, and in the spring they are planted in a permanent place. Kuril tea grown from seeds blooms in the second or third year.
By the way, shrub cinquefoil can reproduce by self-seeding.
Pruning Kuril tea bushes are held in the spring. Cut off almost above the soil level. Pruning stimulates the growth of new shoots and ensures continuous flowering throughout the season.
It is better to take Kuril tea seedlings with a closed root system. These seedlings can be planted at any time. Drainage is poured into the planting hole, and then a layer of fertile soil.
Sometimes on sale there is a specific Kuril tea with yellow flowers, similar to strawberry flowers. It blooms from June to August, the bush can reach a height of one and a half meters.
How to reproduce Potentilla correctly?
To get a new bush of this member of the Pink family, you can use either a seed propagation method or a vegetative one.
- Seed reproductionPotentilla it is used mainly for species specimens, since maternal characters are sometimes not transmitted to the next generations. But for the best result, it is recommended to grow seedlings. With the arrival of the first days of spring, seeds need to be sown in seedling boxes filled with a peat-sand mixture. Seed material is evenly distributed over its surface. The container is covered with a transparent plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect and it is placed in a place where the heat indicators will be in the range of 18-22 degrees. During the germination period, it is recommended to periodically ventilate and moisten the soil when it dries up. When the first shoots of Potentilla appear, the shelter can already be removed. When weather conditions permit, such seedlings are transplanted to the selected place in the garden with prepared soil. The wild galangal seedlings grown by this method will begin to bloom after 2-3 years from the moment of sowing.
- Reproduction of Potentilla by division. If the bush has grown too much, then it can be divided into parts in the autumn, before the cold comes. To do this, an adult plant is carefully dug in and removed from the soil, then the rhizome must be cut into pieces with a sharp knife. It should only be taken into account when dividing that each of the divisions has 2-3 renewal points. All places of cuts must be powdered with crushed activated or charcoal, and, without letting the roots dry out, immediately land on a prepared place in the flower bed.
- Propagation of Potentilla by cuttings. In the period June-July, blanks are cut from the green shoots of the bush. The length of such cuttings should be about 15 cm. All the lower foliage is removed from them, the cut is treated with a rooting stimulator, for example, heteroauxinic acid or "Kornevin". Potentilla cuttings are planted directly in the open ground, but the location should be shaded. A cut plastic bottle is placed on top of the cuttings or they are covered with transparent polyethylene. When rooting, which stretches for 2-3 weeks, it is necessary to ventilate daily and if the soil is slightly dry on top of it and the seedlings are sprayed.
- Reproduction of Potentilla by layering. Since in some varieties, the stems easily release root shoots from the nodes when they come into contact with the soil surface, a healthy and strong shoot is selected, the bark is slightly damaged on it (you can cut it in a ring) and pressed against the substrate. In the place where the incision is made, sprinkle the twig with earth, so that its top remains on the surface. Layering care should be carried out in the same way as for the mother bush. Layers take root for a month, after which they can be separated and transplanted to a new prepared place.
Features of the appearance of the plant
There are more than 50 varieties that are common in Europe, Asia, North America.
- These are mainly shrubs that grow up to 1.5 meters in height.
- Branches are yellowish.
- The leaves are a fusion of about 5 smaller leaves.
Daurian cinquefoil and Manchurian cinquefoil
Let's start with the varieties called Daurian Potentilla and Manchurian Potentilla. They are very similar to each other.
- Both varieties belong to the Far Eastern species that grow on calcareous rocks and meadows. Such shrubs grow small in stature, up to a maximum of one meter.
- Both varieties tolerate frosts calmly.
- The flowering period is from May to September.
- The flowers of these shrubs are white.
- The first variety has bare leaves, while the second has silky hairs (pictured).
There is a hybrid variety of Potentilla, which was created by crossing the shrub and Daurian. This variety is called Friedrichsen tea.
- This shrub blooms with pale yellow or cream-colored flowers.
- The plant has slightly pubescent leaves.
- It is also particularly resistant to winter frost.
Plants with flowers of a unique color (salmon, red) were obtained by the selection method in Southeast China. These hybrids include the following varieties: Tangerine, Daydawn, FarrersRedForm.
White varieties of Potentilla
If you like the white bloom option, then pay attention to these varieties:
- Abbatswood, which is a lush bush with pure white flowers
- Abbatswood Silver has a border on the leaves of a cream shade
- Menchi differs in that her leaves are covered with silvery pubescence.
Princess with a yellow center of the flower (pictured), Royal Flush and Lovely Pink, which have bright pink flowers.
There is also tea with orange-red (Red Ace) and bright orange (Hoplins Orange) flowers.
Remember that if you plant in a place where direct sunlight is available, then you risk getting shrubs with faded flowers. They will simply burn out in the open sun.
The principles of proper cultivation
Growing tea is a kind of science. If you correctly master the application of the knowledge gained about the vital functions of this shrub, you will get plants that have useful and medicinal properties. There is a special medicinal tea, which includes cinquefoil.
You can watch a short video about how it is useful right now. This video tells how to properly collect Potentilla for further tea treatment.
If you have chosen a white or yellow variety for your landscape design, then it is best to choose a place well-lit by the sun for them.In shady areas, such shrubs bloom very poorly.
Tea of the variety called Goldstar is the most adaptable to winter frosts.
Large-flowered representatives of this variety (Goldstar, Elizabeth, Klondike) have rather large yellow flowers, the diameter of which can reach almost 5 cm, as in the photo.
If you want to add a dwarf of this genus to your garden, then you have plenty to choose from. There are a great many varieties of tea:
- Sommerfloor and Goldteppich have large, bright yellow flowers
- Kobold grows up to 60 cm
- Lonacre has interesting flowers with a dark center
- Goldfigner has a gray shade of leaves
- Reinsberg is a small bush, 30 cm high
- Gold Drop or otherwise Goldkugel needs shelter from frost in winter.
There is another interesting variety, this miracle is called RedRobin. Representatives of this variety are most often chosen by landscape designers to decorate the territory.
- This species has a wide range of flower shades.
- These shrubs bloom in orange, pink, cream and red.
- The most famous plant species with red flowers are Vilmoriniana (which has silvery leaves), Ruth (its flowers discolor when blooming), TilfordCream (it has large cream flowers) and Eastleigh Cream (a small shrub with large cream colored flowers).
- Among the representatives of the RedRobin variety there are also pink-flowered shrubs: care does not create any particular problems.
- It can be planted on almost any soil.
- But it is preferable to cultivate a useful and at the same time beautiful shrub on calcareous or slightly acidic soil.
- Do not allow the soil to be waterlogged.
Those representatives of tea that have brightly colored flowers are thermophilic plants. Therefore, experts recommend caring for such shrubs and growing them according to other principles.
- The composition of the soil for the thermophilic should be the best option for fertility.
- For such plants, it is better to choose a place where the lighting is diffused (as in the photo).
- Be sure to remember to do good watering during the dry season, and in winter, to shelter the plants from frost.
The optimal planting of such plants in terms of conditions should be carried out in the spring.
Growing plants will be properly organized if the distance between adjacent shrubs is at least 60 cm from each other.
- The depth of the planting holes was determined by specialists to be at least 50 cm.
- The root collar does not need to be deepened; leave it at the level of the soil cover.
Despite the fact that such a plant is drought tolerant, one should not forget about the important use of compulsory watering. This is an obligatory and necessary care of the plant.
The shrub can withstand a long time without enough moisture. But it is better not to experiment with the duration of such a time.
It is necessary during the dry season to water each shrub with water in an amount of up to 10 liters per bush. So, you will saturate the soil well with moisture.
The cultivation of most garden plants implies the presence of fertilizing procedures with fertilizers, which include minerals. And tea is also no exception to this rule, he loves fertilizers. In the spring, it is necessary to feed the shrub with mineral fertilizers in the proportion of 100 grams of fertilizer per m2. Such care will allow your plant to grow and bloom luxuriantly, as in the photo.
In April, you can correct the shape of the Potentilla shrub. This process will rejuvenate the plant. Thus, you will diversify the shape of the crown of the plant and improve the growing process by cutting off excess shoots of the shrub.
How does reproduction take place?
Usually Potentilla reproduces vegetatively.
- It is incredibly easy to propagate this plant using root cuttings.
- Planting green cuttings for rooting is also a good breeding option for this shrub.
- Shrub also reproduces by dividing it. For this, you can use young shoots of the plant.
Potentilla can be propagated using seeds.
The seeds must be sown in the fall.
Rest assured, because Potentilla practically does not get sick. Occasionally, there is an infection of the plant with rust or powdery mildew. In this case, you can use a preparation that contains colloidal sulfur to treat the shrub.
A video about how to properly organize reproduction, see below:
Description of tea: medicinal and beneficial properties, Potentilla herb
Leaves and flowers are useful, as are black currant fruits, as are carrots. Why such a comparison? This is because the herb for tea, obtained from Potentilla, contains a large amount of vitamin C and carotene. Such a set of properties will explain the use in cases when it is necessary to treat complex diseases.
To prepare the tea collection you need to do the following:
- You cut short (10-15 cm) shoots of the plant in August.
- After that, they need to be dried in the shade of a well-ventilated room.
- Recipe "Tea Treatment": the tea contains crushed raw materials (2 tablespoons), which are poured into 0.5 liters of boiling water. After that, the infusion must be brewed for two hours.
- Sweeten this tea with honey, and the medicinal properties of the plant will help to cope with the treatment of pulmonary diseases.
- Also, Potentilla herb has useful tonic and antimicrobial properties, which is undoubtedly important if dysentery treatment is necessary.
The use of medicinal tea will add vigor and warm mood to you.
Here is a video for you about the most beautiful representatives of the Potentilla plant species:
Why is Kuril tea useful?
Often among the people, the shrub cinquefoil was called "mighty", since tea from the leaves and flowers of the plant strengthens the immune system, restores strength after a long illness, has antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antiviral effects.
The high activity of Kuril tea in the treatment of intestinal dysbiosis, as well as various intestinal infections, including dysentery, has been experimentally proven. Therefore, cinquefoil is often the main component of dietary supplements that normalize the digestive tract.
Kuril tea is a well-known antiseptic: with a decoction of the plant, you can wash wounds, treat burns, stomatitis, gargle with sore throat. A decoction of Potentilla eases the condition during intoxication, normalizes the function of the thyroid gland, lowers blood pressure, and helps with sleep disorders and nervousness. Kuril tea is also used as part of complex therapy as an antitumor agent.
Kuril tea leaves contain a large amount of vitamins C and P, as well as iron, magnesium, calcium, carotenoids, tannins, plant polyphenols, the most important of which is quercetin, a natural antioxidant with powerful anti-inflammatory properties. However, it should be noted that the content of nutrients in the composition of Kuril tea depends on the natural zone and conditions in which the plant grew, which affects its therapeutic activity.
Kuril tea can be consumed even by children, but you need to start with a small amount. Even if children do not drink regular black tea, they will most likely like this wonderful healing drink with a neutral taste and delicate aroma.
If Kuril tea does not yet grow on your garden plot, then we advise you to find a place for it. And you will not only admire the long flowering of this shrub, but also benefit from its leaves and flowers.