CASSIOPE - Panter Cutter Maintain

CASSIOPE - Panter Cutter Maintain

Cassiope, Romantic bells ...

Cassiope is a shrub with a creeping habit with original foliage, resembles arctic heather which forms small low bushy shrubs. If cassiope is very resistant to cold, it is not so easy in the garden and requires special conditions to offer the best of itself. To be more precise, cassiope is very hardy and withstands temperatures below - 20 ° C, but it will have to endure a period of intense cold in winter, and on the other hand, the heat could be unfavorable in summer. This is without counting the expected soil qualities: acidic, peaty and drained. But at a valiant heart nothing can be planted and its drooping gilt flowers and amazing foliage will be worth any effort!

See also the primroses in the gardens

Botanical name:

• lypocodioid cassiope

Plant info:

• Cycle: Perennial
• Foliage: Persistent
• Hardiness: -20 ° C
• Family: Ericaceae - Ericaceae
• Harbor : Creeping bush
• Exhibition: Shade to partial shade
• Ground : Acidic, peaty and drained
• Sowing:
• Plantation: Spring fall
• Cutting: Yes
• Layering: Yes
• Division:
• Flowering: April May
• Fruiting: no
• Rooting: Roots
• Cultivation area: zone 5, see France hardiness map Quebec hardiness map
• Origin: Asia - Russia
• Honey plant: No
• Edible plant: No
• Poisonous Plant: No

Special features of Cassiope:

• Does not accept direct sunlight or high temperatures
• Great hardiness
• Beautiful flowers in drooping bells.

What advantages in the garden:

• Natural aesthetics.
• Superb and original
• Crawling port

What exhibition?

• Shade or partial shade

What soil?

• Acidic soil, heather soil, peaty and drained soil

Method of multiplication?

• Cutting and layering

When to cut?

• At the end of summer from August or September

How to cut cassiope?

• Select non-flowering suckers.
• Take small stems from the cuttings, ideally 5 cm in length.
• Fill cups with a 50% peat and sand mixture.
• Water.
• Place only one cutting per pot.
• Ideally store cassiope cuttings in a cold frame.
• If you do not have them, place the cuttings in a sheltered, unheated place.
• The soil must remain moist for a year.
• When the cuttings have taken well, transplant them in the garden or in a larger pot.

When to plant

• Spring or fall.

How to plant?

• In suitable soil, heather and sand…
• For the development of the plant over time, you can work the soil over a slightly larger area.
• Place a plant every 40 cm without burying the collar.
• Recap with the mixture and tamp down with the foot.
• Water to establish the plant well.

Pot culture of cassiope?

• Pot culture is quite possible
• Provided you plant in a mixture of Heather Soil, leaf potting soil, peat moss and sand, 1/4 each.
• Mix well.
• Place the plant and water well.
• Place the pot in the shade.

Interview :

• Remove faded flowers as the flower season progresses to stimulate new production.
• Once the flowering has passed, to try to gain a year of flowering….
• Bury the pot in a cold frame.

Flowering of cassiopes:

• From April to May
• Beautiful individual flowers, small pink to white bells appear in April.
• The sepal can be carmine, wine red or yellow…

Species and varieties:

• Cassiope Edinburgh, creeping habit and white flowers.
• Case. Tetragona: upright habit.

What to plant with?

Grow with heather ferns ...

Use :

ATa garden: In rockery or shadow edging
• Without garden:
In a medium pot / Planter in the shade.

Photo by under CC BY-SA 4.0 - picked-up on

Quick sheet:


Item name

Cassiope, Romantic bells ...


Cassiope is a shrub with a creeping habit with original foliage, resembles arctic heather which forms small low bushy shrubs. If cassiope is very resistant to cold, it is not that easy!


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Lemongrass is a persistent aromatic grass. The plant reveals a lemony scent when you rub its leaves. In cooking, it is used for herbal teas, arranged rum and Asian dishes. Planting, maintenance, harvesting, multiplication… Learn about lemongrass!

  • Scientific name : Cymbopogon citratus
  • Family: Poaceae
  • Plantation:Planting in May, Planting in June, Planting in July, Planting in August, Planting in September
  • Exhibition:Sun
  • Soil type: Any type of soil
  • Use :In a planter, In a pot
  • Foliage:Persistent
  • Diseases, pests: Rust, powdery mildew
  • Watering: Very regular waterings
  • Growth: Fast
  • Longevity: Perennial
  • Height: 0.6m to 1m
  • Harvest:Harvest in May, Harvest in June, Harvest in July, Harvest in August, Harvest in September
  • Medicinal virtues: In essential oil, it has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, expectorant and hypotensive properties. In infusion, it is calming and disinfectant.

Plant a hellebore

It is recommended plant the hellebore, Christmas rose, in autumn, ideally around November but you can plant it untilin spring outside of frost periods.

  • It is rustic since it has a frost resistance of the order of -15 °
  • Hellebore does not flower for 1 or 2 years.

How to plant a hellebore:

A good plantation is the guarantee of seeing your hellebore flower quickly.

If you have to move your hellebores, do it preferably in spring and remove the largest possible root ball as they don't like to be moved.

  • Multiplication by division of the tuft in the spring.
  • Dividing the roots also helps regenerate the plant.

It is possible to multiply the silk tree with a cutting. It is then sufficient to cut a semi-Augusted stem, between the grass and wood stage. About ten centimeters, it will be planted in a mixture of potting soil and sand kept moist. It will then form roots and will be transplanted in the ground.

The cuttings method is not the most efficient and obtains random results. Better to buy seeds for sowing which produce beautiful hardy trees. Seedlings would give results faster than cuttings. To sow, it's very simple, just soak the seeds for 24 hours in hot water before planting them in the nursery, every 10 cm at the end of spring. In early summer, they are transplanted to the final location.

Hellebore, the Christmas Rose

The hellebore is a perennial that offers very beautiful flowering and which will accompany winter until the beginning of spring, (November to March-April).

Yes it does not bloom the first year, this is quite normal as it often takes 2 years for her to reveal her pretty little flowers.

In beds, but also in a planter, the hellebore which is also called " Christmas rose »Will seduce you with its beautiful petals in pastel, pink and white tones.

The hellebore grows from year to year and you will be delighted to see its pretty white, yellow, pink, green, purple or purple flowers brighten up your garden or terrace.

Ultimately, the hellebore has only advantages, very very decorative and original, to flower for a long month and to require little care.

Planting photinia

Photinia loves the sun, it is cold resistant (down to -15 °) but also deserves a lot of water, especially in summer when it is hot and drought is present.

  • Photinia appreciates sunny or slightly shaded situations
  • It adapts to most soils but is afraid of too chalky soils.
  • Its growth is rapid
  • The height of the photinia is to be taken into account when planting, it will be 3 meters minimum at adult size

Planting in the fall:

It’s the best time. Plant preferably in the fall in order to promote rooting.

While the best time is November, you can still plant as early as September and through December, avoiding periods of frost.

Planting in spring and summer:

Photinias can be planted at spring even in summer when purchased in a container (jar).

In this case, water more regularly the first year.

  • Mulch the foot of the photinia to keep the soil moist as long as possible.
  • Our advice for properly planting a shrub

Photinias hedge:

The photina is a shrub suitable for an evergreen hedge. Its evergreen foliage and its rapid growth allow it to quickly form a privacy hedge.

Vary the species with an abelia, forsythias, eleagnus or even laurels for more aesthetics.

  • For a 1.8 m high hedge, leave a space of about one meter between each photinia
  • The rapid growth of photinia makes it an ideal hedge shrub.


Vanillier (Credit: Bouba / CC BY-SA 1.0 / Wikimedia)

This climbing vine of the orchid family produces pods which are classified as spices. In our climates, the vanilla tree grows only in a heated greenhouse, and that the flower could bear fruit, it should be artificially pollinated.

Guides, letter models, practical sheets. We leave the card to you. Make your choice !

This climbing vine of the orchid family produces pods which are classified as spices. In our climates, the vanilla tree grows only in a heated greenhouse, and that the flower could bear fruit, it should be artificially pollinated.

Vanillier (Credit: Bouba / CC BY-SA 1.0 / Wikimedia)

Vegetation Perennial : Plant that lives more than two years.
Annual : Plant that lives less than a year.
Biennial : Plant whose life cycle lasts two years. In the first year, the plant grows in the second year, it gives flowers and fruits, then it dies.
To know more

Foliage Persistent : The foliage lasts all year.
Semi-persistent or semi-deciduous : The plant retains part of its foliage all year round.
Lapsed : The plant loses its leaves in the fall.
To know more

Height at maturity Mature height is the height to which the plant naturally rises when it is in the most favorable conditions.
It may take time for the plant to reach this height, depending on the speed of its growth.
The plant may also never reach its height at maturity, if it is pruned regularly, or if it is not cultivated in the optimal conditions for its growth.
To know more

Interview Easy : The plant does not require special care, or very simple care.
Moderate : The plant requires regular care or a little gardening practice.
Difficult : The plant requires important care and gardening skills.
To know more

Water requirement The water requirement of a plant can be supplied by rain, natural soil moisture or watering. To estimate the necessary watering, it is also necessary to take into account the ambient temperature, because of the evaporation, and the capacity of the soil to retain water.
Low : For a houseplant, water monthly. For an outdoor plant, it tolerates drought well.
Way : For a houseplant, water weekly or every two weeks. For an outdoor plant, it will need water supplies before the soil dries up.
Important : For a houseplant, water several times a week. For an outdoor plant, it needs abundant and regular water supplies.
To know more

Growth Slow : The plant reaches maturity in several decades.
Normal : The plant reaches maturity in a few years.
Fast : The plant reaches maturity in a few months.
To know more

Multiplication Propagation involves creating a new plant yourself.
Sowing : The plant reproduces by planting seeds.
To know more
Division : Part of the root (rhizome, tuber) is used to create new shoots.
To know more
Cuttings : A branch is planted in the ground, where it produces new roots.
To know more
Layering : The branch is not cut from the plant, but it is partly buried in the earth, where it develops its own roots.
To know more
Graft : A plant fragment is implanted on another plant.
To know more
Impossible : It is not possible, for an individual, to multiply his plant. If he wants another, he must buy it from a professional.

Cold resistance Resistant (rustic) : Frost resistant plant.
To protect (semi-rustic) : Plant which supports the freshness but which requires a protection against the frost.
To return (fragile) : Plant which fears the cold and which must be sheltered during the cold season.
To know more

Soil type Clay soil : Heavy and sticky soil when wet, which hardens and cracks when drying.
Limestone soil : Clear and chalky earth, dry in summer and muddy in winter.
Sandy soil : Light soil, easy to work with and which retains water poorly.
Stony ground : Soil loaded with pebbles and poor in organic matter.
Humidor : Black and easy to work, it looks like forest earth.
Heather land : Acidic soil (pHВ 4 Г 5), sandy and rich in humus.
Potting soil : It's easy, this land can be bought in stores!
To know more

Soil pH The pH measures acidity of the soil.
Alkaline soil : The pH is above 7. These are mainly calcareous soils.
Neutral soil : The pH is between 6.5 and 7.2. Most plants grow well there.
Acidic soil : The pH is below 7. This is mainly heather land.
To know more

Soil moisture Soil moisture does not depend on rain, but on how the soil retains water or not.
Drained soil : Fresh soil but where water does not stagnate.
Wet soil : Soil where water stagnates.
Dry soil : Soil that does not retain water.
Fresh soil : Soil which remains constantly moist (but not soaked). To know more

Exposure Sun : The plant should have direct sun all day. Inside, it is directly (less than 1m) in front of a window facing south or west.
Part shade : The plant should have sun only part of the day. Indoors, it is in front of a window to the east or further away from a window facing south or west.
Shadow : The plant should be in the shade of other plants. Indoors, this is the case for rooms in winter, windows to the north or partially obscured and when the plant is far from the window (+ 2 m).
To know more

Planting Full earth : The plant can be planted directly in the earth.
Bin, pot or planter : The plant can be planted in a container. (The volume of the container must be adapted to the size of the plant.)
To know more

OCT. NOV. From C.

OCT. NOV. From C.

OCT. NOV. From C.

In nature, vanilla is harvested from a liana which grows in the undergrowth, wrapping itself around large trees in tropical forests. The flower, tiny and pale yellow or green in color, opens during the night and remains closed for a single day during which the melidone, a small bee, and the hummingbirds fertilize it by coming to collect the nectar. it contains. This pollination allows the production of long thin pods containing thousands of seeds of very fragrant flavor, which are used as spices in cooking and in cosmetics.

Elsewhere than in these forests, the vanilla tree is cultivated for a large-scale vanilla production, on artificial supports or shrubs arranged in regular plantations under shade trees. But always in those countries where the warm temperature all year round and atmospheric humidity provide it with good living conditions, because it needs a minimum of 15В ° C all year round. In Europe, therefore, it is impossible to grow vanilla outdoors, because although some regions provide sufficient heat for three quarters of the year, the ambient humidity is not high enough. Besides, the temperatures are too cold in winter. Growing in a heated greenhouse is therefore the only solution.

The foliage of the vanilla tree is evergreen and thick. It occurs in long, elliptical dark green leaves. The liana climbs to reach between 6 and 15 m high. Several lianas are formed on one foot.

The flowers, quite small and difficult to spot because of their color, appear for a period ranging from six weeks to three months. They bloom from September to December in a tropical environment, therefore in a dry season, and more in the summer in a hot greenhouse. When fruiting, pods 20 to 30 cm long take 8 to 9 months to mature.

Good to know : pollination of vanilla flowers occurs naturally by hummingbirds living in South America and a bee species endemic to Mexico. To obtain it without the help of this specific fauna, it is necessary to put the pollen in artificial contact with it, therefore manually. Fertilization takes place early in the morning, in dry weather.

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