Grow in pots it is a valid alternative for all garden enthusiasts who do not have land available. Many plants, in fact, manage to live well even in small spaces, giving great satisfaction. At the same time, not all garden plants can be grown in pots, so a careful choice must be made, preferring those botanical species that do not suffer too much from the lack of wide horizons and deep soils.
So let's see, by categories, which are the best plants to grow in pots, so as to self-produce our organic food even in an urban context, to be consumed in complete tranquility.
Grow cut vegetables in pots
Let's start our overview of plants to grow in pots by talking about cutting vegetables. These are small plants, but very productive. The common feature is the possibility of regrowth. In other words, once grown these plants are cut to zero, almost flush with the ground, but after a very short time they grow back luxuriantly and repeat their production. This is very important in choosing a vegetable to grow in pots. In fact, it is also necessary to think in terms of productivity convenience, given the few square meters of surface occupied. Plants with these characteristics are:
- cut chicory
- rocket salad
- Quarantine turnip greens
Growing head vegetables in pots
Head vegetables are those that produce a head of leaves. Being of limited size they are ideal for growing in pots. The advantages of these vegetables are: the short crop cycle; the do not take up too much space to grow and the possibility of being planted very close together. Here is the list of which we can put in our jars:
- romaine lettuce and canasta
- various types of salad
- smooth endive
- curly endive
Grow odors in pots
When we talk about smells, we mean the classic plants that cannot be missing in any kitchen. Traditional Mediterranean dishes always have one of these ingredients, so having them at hand makes us really happy. I'm plants that are easy to grow in pots and without the need for large spaces. These are very productive species, but with an annual cultivation cycle. We speak specifically of:
Grow aromatic and medicinal plants in pots
The aromatic or medicinal plants they are grown very well in pots. These are plants that, in addition to being used for their precious aroma in the kitchen, are also excellent for preparation of herbal teas, infusions and decoctions. In addition, officinals have always been used in phytotherapy for their beneficial properties for the body.
As for the spaces, it must be considered that these are medium-voluminous botanical species, with a perennial life cycle. This means that, if taken care of well, they are plants that can live for many years, even in pots. Let's see what they are:
- salvia officinalis
- green anise
- lemon balm
Grow spices in pots
In recent years it has been very fashionable grow spices in pot details. They are plants of oriental origin, but they adapt very well to our latitudes. In our opinion, the ones that can be successfully grown in the pots of the balconies at home are there turmeric and it ginger.
Among other things, they are easy plants to grow, just keep their precious rhizomes and put them in the ground at the right time.
Grow chillies in pots
Chillies deserve a separate mention, which they probably are the most common plants to grow in pots.
If you want to find out which are the hottest varieties of chilli peppers and all the organic cultivation techniques, we advise you to read our special in-depth analysis.
Grow strawberries in pots
Strawberries are among the few fruits that can be successfully grown in pots. Among other things in pots, even the wild cousins grow healthy and luxuriant, namely the wild strawberries. However, to grow strawberries in pots, a long series of precautions are needed, which we recommend that you explore in the following article.
Grow vegetables in large pots
In theory, even large vegetables can be grown in pots. For example, let's talk about: tomatoes, peppers, zucchini, eggplant. The decision to cultivate them, however, depends on the space available and what is expected to be harvested. Just to give an example, a pot-grown zucchini plant takes up the same space as 20 lettuce plants. A few kg of fruit can be expected from a zucchini plant. So is it worth wasting the space of a large pot on just one plant? Maybe there are those who do it for pure fun and for the sake of seeing a plant they love grow. But it is a personal choice, which is up to you to evaluate.
To successfully cultivate in pots a lot depends on the materials we use, especially the soil and fertilizer. Cultivation in pots is therefore done using a excellent quality artificial soil (here you will find several). Better to avoid cheap discount soils, even if, given the price, the temptation to buy is strong. But using these soils the risk of disappointment and poor yield is high.
Another consideration is that on fertilizer. The soils, as good as they are, do not have enough organic matter and nutrients within them to cover the entire crop cycle of the seedlings. When preparing a pot for a cultivation, it is good to practice, therefore, to make a mix of soil and fertilizer. In our opinion, the best to use in pot cultivation is theearthworm humus, which among other things yes easily found on the net. An alternative is that of home compost, which you can do at home. This choice, in addition to being free, gives you, among other things, the possibility to recycle the organic fraction of your waste. With home composting, therefore, an ecological activity is carried out, transforming what is normally considered waste into organic fertilizer for plants to be grown in pots.
- Container Gardening (in English) - IET Department of the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources | University of Maryland Extension
- Using Soil and Soil Mixes (in English) - University of Illinois
It might also interest you
Organic Cultivation is a blog that was born from our desire to spread the good practices of organic farming. To do this we decided to give our knowledge to anyone who wants to get involved and create their own vegetable garden (even using a terrace or a simple balcony). Growing without the use of pesticides is possible and we want to prove it by presenting alternatives biological and effective for any type of problem linked to agriculture.
Grow aromatic and medicinal plants in the vegetable garden
Marta and I decide to follow a course of "Basic herbal medicine"Which is organized by"Insurgent Gardens " and held by Dr. Arianna Lamberti and Dr. Marta Di Benedetti, both graduated in herbal techniques. The course is part of a much more complex project of which both Marta and I happily learn ideas during the evening.
We arrive equipped with pen and paper and we, there in the front row, do not miss anything. We have combined our notes and decided to present a course report to you, hoping it will be useful to you.
The hazelnut is a plant belonging to the Betulaceae family. Generally it takes the measures of a shrub, but some species
DIY birdhouses: how to make one
Place birdhouses in your garden, to allow them to protect themselves during the winter season and
Winter garden plants
Who said that in winter the garden must be completely stripped of colors and scents? There are, in fact, many varieties of herbaceous, shrubs and climbing plants which give splendid blooms and luxuriant vegetation even during the cold months. Here are some of them:
It's a herbaceous plant winter flowering very easy to grow and popular with the British who also call it Christmas rose. During the summer season, thehellebore it needs a lot of light but its cultivation is not suitable for regions with a too dry summer climate.
Planted in the right place and soil, this plant is able to give wonderful winter flowers white, pink or purple, although very toxic if ingested. Hellebore
With their generous and colorful winter blooms, the cyclamen make winter much more cheerful. They liven up balconies and window sills like few other winter flowering plants can. In fact, they resist low temperatures and can last for a good part of autumn and winter.
The colors of the large flowers go from white to lilac up to an intense pink, while flowering varies according to the sowing period. Cyclamen
There Lewisia cotyledon it is of ornamental shrub type, it belongs to the family Portulacaceae. Its abundant colorful flowering makes it a very decorative plant, capable of adapting to low temperatures and living well in rock gardens.
The mother plant is shaped like a rosette and can multiply rapidly, thus generating more seedlings.
There calluna vulgaris, better known by the generic name 'heather' it's a evergreen plant originally from South Africa and typical of the Mediterranean basin, belonging to the family of ericaceae.In winter its leaves change color, turning to a very particular shade of golden green-gray.
The flowers, on the other hand, are small bluebells grouped in ears or clusters and in color lilac, white or pink. After flowering the plant develops gods fruits rich in seeds that can survive on the ground even for decades. Heather
- Medicinal plants for phytotherapy
- Vertical garden: techniques and benefits of vegetal walls
- Plants and herbs: cultivating and harvesting aromatic plants
- Japanese zen garden: basic information
- Plants that require little light
- 3 types of vegetable garden: those to be cultivated immediately
- Aquatic garden plants:what they are and what care they require
- 3 types of vegetable garden: those to be cultivated immediately
- Hedge plants: how to choose them correctly and take care of them
- Garden trees: what are they and how to best treat them?
- Fat plants, how to treat them easily and naturally
- Japanese zen garden: basic information
- Fragrant plants: from garden and balcony
- Climbing plants: the easiest and the most suitable for any type of garden and balcony
- Fruit trees: what they are and how to grow them at home and in the garden
- Carnivorous plants: which species and how to treat them
Aromatic plants in pots: the 10 most important rules of intercropping
The space on the balcony or in the garden is not big enough to be able to grow the plants at the same time aromatic plants in pots and your favorite vegetables? Thanks to intercropping, choosing is not necessary because different types of plants can be combined in the same soil.
The association is therefore nothing more than the simultaneous cultivation, in the same soil or pot, of different species which, however, cannot be combined on a case-by-case basis if you do not want to risk losing the entire crop.
Let's find out together which are the ten rules of the association to match correctly aromatic plants in pot and vegetables and thus avoid wrong combinations.
1) The types of intercropping: the association changes according to the plants we use and can be of three types: herbaceous (all plants are herbaceous), arboreal or woody (all plants are arboreal), mixed (the plants used are both herbaceous and arboreal)
2) The duration of the association: time also defines the types of intercropping that can be permanent, if the chosen species share the same soil throughout the life cycle, or temporary, when one species is harvested before the other.
3) Compatibility: it is difficult, often impossible, to bear the closeness of those who do not attract our sympathies. It is a rule that applies not only to humans but also to plants. The association requires the species to be compatible with each other from a biological and cultural point of view in order to share the same land without running the risk that one crop could jeopardize the existence of the other.
4) Natural defense: aromatic herbs, if placed next to other types of plants or vegetables, help protect the garden from parasites and are an excellent natural repellent against annoying insects. An example? The long love story of the couple formed by chives and strawberries with the former protecting the latter from attack by parasites.
5) Don't give up on legumes: if you are thinking of putting into practice the principles of intercropping then you cannot do without legumes, the natural fertilizer to be associated with leafy vegetables such as lettuce, cabbage and spinach. Thanks to their properties, legumes fix the nitrogen present in the air and release it in the soil, thus helping the next crop that benefits from it.
6) The layers of soil: be careful not to associate plants that occupy and exploit the same level of soil such as potatoes and onions. For a good association it is necessary to choose plants with root systems that develop at different depths, thus ensuring better exploitation of the soil conditions.
7) The consumption of nitrogen: the depth of the roots and the consequent consumption of nutrients of the plant are two other factors that determine the type of crops to be associated. The association should be made between crops with high and medium nitrogen consumption or between crops with medium and low nitrogen consumption and never between crops with high and low nitrogen consumption.
8) Calculate the times: knowing the cultivation times of the various associated crops is important if you want to prevent one plant from stifling the normal growth of the other. An example are lettuce and tomato: if you choose to grow them together, the lettuce must be harvested at the right time to prevent the tomato plant from invading the space.
9) How to arrange the plants: the intercropping provides that the plants are arranged in rows with a distance that varies according to the species and their cultivation system.
10) Who with whom?: all that remains is to find out which are some of the best examples of associations for aromatic plants.
- Chives with carrots and strawberries
- Dill with cabbage
- Rosemary with cabbage, beans and carrots
- Rue and tansy with raspberries
- Lemon balm with tomatoes
- Savory and beans
- Garlic and carrots
- Chervil with radishes
- Mint with cabbage and tomatoes
- Chamomile with cabbage and onions
When to water the chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum needs a soil that is always moist, but water stagnation must be avoided, so it is better to avoid the use of saucers and insert gravel or clay at the bottom of the containers.
During the warm months, chrysanthemums can be watered several times a week, while from autumn to spring only as needed.
When watering chrysanthemums it is important not to get the leaves wet.
The rosemary it is very present in gardens, vegetable gardens and courtyards throughout Italy. It's a aromatic plant widely used in the kitchen, but which can also have an ornamental function.
Rosemary can be planted at any time of the year, by cuttings or from seed, but the best time is March, with the arrival of spring. And spring is also the perfect time to make the replacement of the vase - in case your rosemary plant is in a pot - which is advisable to do annually.