Planting and caring for decorative curly beans will not take much time, and bright flowers will smell sweet for a long time. The plant climbs on any support, it can decorate a gazebo, a wall of a house, just hide any unsightly structures. In many varieties, the fruits are even edible.
Description and characteristics of the plant
Most often on our sites you can find decorative beans with purple and bright red flowers. But the variety of its colors is much richer. It is believed that the purple color of the flowers is inherent in several varieties of beans, while the fiery red is a separate variety. Currently, it is believed that this is not entirely true: the variety of new varieties covers all conceivable color variations.
Beans are great for vertical gardening
Beans grow very quickly, many varieties reach a height of 5 m, and along this entire length, the shoots are trying to grab onto something. This is a thermophilic culture, but it does not require special conditions, it grows well in any sunny area. In the shade it feels a little worse, but it also pleases the owner with very beautiful flowers. The fruits of many varieties are edible, however, few of the summer residents eat them, preferring to plant grain or asparagus varieties separately on a small garden bed.
Like any other beans, ornamental beans saturate the soil around themselves with nitrogen, absorbing it from the depths of the soil and from the air and transferring it into digestible compounds that accumulate on the root nodules. In this regard, at the end of the season, the plants are not pulled out: they are cut off at the soil surface, leaving the roots in place.
Potatoes planted nearby significantly increase their yield due to the property of beans to improve soil fertility. And the green mass of decorative beans removed in autumn is sent to the compost pit, where it enriches the composition of the collected plant waste with a large amount of nutrients.
Solanaceous plants growing near beans are not affected by late blight. The Colorado potato beetle does not like its aroma.
The homeland of decorative beans is Latin America, its original name is translated as a sailing ship, due to the shape of the flower. Ripe fruits are large, rough beans. It is them that are collected in order to repeat the planting the next year or build a flowering wall on a new site.
Video: All About Beans Turkish Beans
Decorative bean varieties
Currently, more than others are known and find their application in decorating areas of the variety:
- Mammoth is a bean with white flowers of various shades and sizes. The largest-flowered variety.
Mammoth flowers are white, very large
- Dolichos purple - beans with purple flowers. This variety is often called curly lilac. Dolichos is a rare example of a bean with a pleasant aroma, so its branches with large flowers are often added to bouquets. Inflorescences stand well in vases of water for up to 2 weeks.
Dolichos is so similar to lilacs that some even doubt its belonging to legumes.
- Two-color - under this name, they unite a group of varieties that differ from others by a combination of two colors: some of the flowers are pure white, the other is painted in a rich red color.
Madame Butterfly is one of the representatives of varieties with a two-color color of flowers
- Turkish beans, a popular variety, have orange-red, even fiery, scarlet flowers. One of the most commonly grown varieties for plot decoration. When planted in time, the plants bloom throughout the summer.
Turkish beans are the most famous variety of ornamental beans
- Rock climber is a variety with bright red (often even burgundy) flowers. In recent years, it is he who displaces Turkish beans.
Rock climber is one of the trendiest modern varieties
Some varieties of asparagus beans, such as Golden Nectar, are also often marketed as decorative. There is little confusion in this matter, due to the fact that many climbing varieties of vegetable beans can act both as a decoration for a garden, and be a crop grown for consumption as a food product.
Planting ornamental beans
In most cases, beans are grown by sowing seeds directly into open ground. After all, there is not much point in spending energy on seedlings here, beauty can wait for warm days, and such beans are not specially grown for food. However, the seedling option also exists, they resort to it in regions with a harsh climate and in those cases when you want to create a beautiful wall in the country as early as possible. True, you will have to tinker with the seedlings, remembering, among other things, that the beans are extremely painful for any transplant.
Video: Dolichos bean bushes on the site
It is not possible to sow seeds in open ground very early, the soil should be warmed up for sowing: the seeds begin to germinate at a soil temperature of 8-10aboutC, and seedlings are very sensitive to frost and die at -1aboutC. The optimal temperature for its growth is 20-25aboutC. In the central region, planting dates are mid-May, in the north - early June. In the south, all kinds of beans are sown in April. If seeds are sown in cold soil, their germination decreases sharply, and sometimes they completely die. A rough guideline is the time when cucumbers are sown, which, like beans, are afraid of frost.
They begin to grow decorative beans for seedlings at the very end of March or early April, in the northern regions - towards the end of April. If it turns out that the sowing was carried out too early and the seedlings have outgrown, you will have to arrange a support for it, to which long stems are tied. For this purpose, you can gently stick, for example, a pencil next to the sprout.
Seedlings will have to stay at home for about a month, they will normally grow in soil of any composition, except clay, but it is better to mix turf and sand in a ratio of 2: 1 and add a handful of wood ash to a bucket of mixture.
It is imperative to sow seeds for seedlings in individual pots: beans cannot tolerate transplanting with root damage. You can also use disposable ones with a removable bottom, but the best option would be peat ones - then planting in open ground will be completely painless. You can also use large peat tablets.
The best option for growing bean seedlings is peat pots
The seeds of beans are large, and before sowing, they are easy to calibrate, throwing out the smallest and most infested with pests. Then it is recommended to soak the seeds in water until they swell (for 12-16 hours), without waiting for pecking.
Some gardeners pre-pickle them in a solution of potassium permanganate and even soak them in growth stimulants. All this, of course, can be done, but it is not necessary to engage in optional operations in the case of growing an ornamental crop.
Ornamental bean seeds come in a variety of colors, but they are always large and easy to handle.
The beans are sown to a depth of about 2 cm. Usually it grows well, so it is enough to put one bean in a pot or a tablet, but if there are a lot of them and there are doubts about germination, you can spread it out in 2-3 pieces, and then carefully remove the excess shoots.
The temperature at which the seedlings should be grown is 18-22 ° C, but after the emergence of seedlings it should be reduced by several degrees for 3-4 days. Growing seedlings does not require any special worries, except for periodic watering. Bushes do not have to be shaped by pinching or trimming. No additional feeding is required for this month.
If the soil was very thin and it turns out that the seedlings are growing slowly, you can water it with an infusion of wood ash.
It is possible to transplant seedlings into the garden no earlier than two real leaves develop. It should not be kept at home for too long, but if the transplant is carried out with a peat pot, then there is no risk. Only a week before planting, it is necessary to prepare the bushes, taking them periodically to the balcony and accustoming them to fresh air.
A common bean box is not the best option: it will be very difficult to remove the seedlings without damaging the roots
Planting seedlings in the garden
Ornamental beans are less demanding on conditions than vegetable varieties. But still, the bed should be prepared in advance by adding the usual doses of fertilizers. It can be humus or compost, but not fresh manure. Any mineral compositions with an emphasis on phosphorus and potassium are also suitable: a lot of nitrogen is not required in beans. This item causes excessive growth of vegetative mass to the detriment of intense flowering.
If there is clay on the site, sand should be added when digging, if the soil is too acidic - chalk.
The scheme for planting decorative beans is any, since its main purpose is to decorate the site. Therefore, the owner decides for himself whether it will be a garden bed or one row along a wall or fence, but between the plants it is necessary to leave a distance of at least 20 cm, and preferably 30-40 cm. If there are several rows, then between them leave from 40 to 50 cm, in depending on how it turns out to build the supports.
The technique of planting seedlings is usual: in selected places, holes are dug in the size of a pot and seedlings are buried in them almost without deepening, after which they are plentifully watered with warm water and mulch the soil.
Sowing seeds in the ground
Sowing seeds directly into the garden is the most common way to plant ornamental beans, and this is most often done. In the case of light and warm soil, the beans are sown on a flat surface.
If groundwater is close, they build an elevated bed.
The sowing pattern is the same as when planting seedlings: distances from 20 to 40 cm are left between the holes. A denser planting gives a solid blank wall, but the plants develop worse, they do not bloom so gracefully. 2-3 beans are sown into each hole to a depth of 1.5–2 cm, then abundantly water the garden bed from a watering can with a strainer and mulch the soil with any loose material. If the threat of frost persists, crops are temporarily covered with spunbond. Excess seedlings are carefully cut off a few days after their appearance.
Bean seeds are not sown very deeply, you can do 2-3 pieces per hole
Caring for beans is simple and includes systematic loosening of row spacings, weeding, feeding and watering. Loosening is performed after each watering and rain, it is combined with the removal of weeds. With the growth of the bushes, it will be more and more difficult to loosen it, so it is advisable to mulch the bed. When the bushes grow up to 12-15 cm, they are slightly covered with earth.
Beans are a thermophilic plant, therefore, if they were planted too early, at first, you need to monitor the weather and, possibly, cover the plantings with non-woven materials. Alternatively, you can build a small temporary greenhouse. Mature plants can withstand temperatures close to 0aboutFROM.
How to water beans
All types of beans, including ornamental, are watered infrequently and in moderation, not allowing the soil to dry out. This should be done at the root, in the evenings, with water that has been settled and warmed up by the sun during the day. In case of dry weather, watering is required twice a week.
It is advisable to direct the water directly to the roots, taking particular care not to soak the flowers and buds. Therefore, a strainer is often removed from the watering can so that water gets between the rows or, in a single-row planting, closer to the base of the bushes.
Immediately before flowering, the soil can be slightly dried for several days: this causes more buds to appear, but then watering continues as usual. It is better to mulch the soil around the beans with any loose material (peat, humus, sawdust, chopped straw) in order to better retain moisture.
Ornamental beans are fed with any mineral or natural fertilizers, except for fresh manure. Florists advise to fertilize it only twice:
- With the growth of two true leaves (1 m2 add 1 g of urea, 15 g of superphosphate and 10 g of any potassium salt).
- At the moment the buds appear (the same composition, excluding urea).
If it turns out that the flowering is not as lush as expected, perhaps the soil is depleted, and in this case, additional feeding should be given by stirring a handful of wood ash and a couple of tablespoons of superphosphate in a bucket of water, then let it stand for a day, dilute in 2 more –3 times with water and pour over the planting solution with this solution.
After the beginning of the intensive growth of the beans, the shoots only need to be directed in the desired direction, and they themselves will quickly braid the existing support. In this way, you can create any convenient composition by constructing artificial obstacles. It can be a wall, pyramid, cone, cylinder, or even a ball.
Beans like wooden supports, for some reason they twist metal worse and very badly - plastic ones, so sometimes she has to help her to do this. If it turns out that the beans refuse to wrap around plastic objects, you just need to tie up its shoots with a soft twine in 2-3 places, and then it will most likely go where the gardener wanted.
Beans can be used to construct figures of any shape.
When the beans have faded and formed pods, they can be collected in bunches - they also look quite impressive. After drying, they are collected to peel them into seeds, which, after a short drying, are poured into paper bags and stored in a dry place.
Ornamental beans are one of the easiest plants to grow, allowing you to transform your summer cottage with minimal labor and financial investment. It allows you to build a shaded corner on the site, decorated with colorful flowers. This culture is rightfully popular and is found in most suburban areas.
Rate the article:
(5 votes, average: 3 out of 5)
Share with your friends!
How to grow beans: planting, care, varieties and types
I personally got acquainted with beans as a child. Honestly, I didn't like it at first. But then, apparently, I got a taste. Now we don't do anything with beans: we cook soups with them, canned salads, just boil and fry them with onions. We like.
If you have never planted beans and would like to know more about this plant, I will be glad to share useful information with you. Fortunately, there is experience in growing beans.
Beans are in the TOP-10 of the healthiest foods!
Beans are a plant of the legume family (Fabaceae), which produces fruits in the form of pods with beans. Beans can be curly, or they can grow in the form of a half-shrub. The color, size and shape of the seeds depend on the particular cultivar.
Beans are in the TOP-10 of the healthiest foods! Therefore, be sure to include it in your diet. What is its use? Beans contain about 20% protein, which is equal in energy value to meat. Vegetarians, this is definitely your product! =) In general, the composition of this product is so balanced that practically all body systems receive useful substances.
Did I interest you a little? Then let's go to the main thing.
Growing ornamental beans at home
If you don't have a garden, you can also grow decorative beans at home - for example, on the balcony. In this case, you can sow the seeds directly into the soil. To grow ornamental beans at home, you will need a pot with a volume of at least 3 liters and a support. When the shoots are 20-25 cm tall, pinch the growing point if you want your plant to be bushy.
To prevent the beans from suffering from excess UV light, provide them with a faint shade.Water as needed, as the beans are harmed by both excess and lack of moisture. Top dressing - complex mineral fertilizers, for example, diammofoska (a mixture of potash and phosphate fertilizers, dosage - 3 g / l 1 time in 10 days). The best varieties for indoor cultivation: Violetta, Raspberry ringing, French, Golden nectar.
Ornamental beans are often used to decorate balconies.
The basic rules for caring for ornamental beans are simple. By doing them, you can easily achieve good results in growing this wonderful plant - both in the garden and at home.