Currant leaves are a gift from nature, which has a wide range of beneficial properties for the internal health of the body and external beauty. This is an affordable raw material for the preparation of medicinal infusions and decoctions, culinary preparations and cosmetics.... The beneficial properties of black currant leaves are recognized by official medicine, and the extracts are used by beauty concerns to prepare expensive care products.
Useful properties of currant leaves and contraindications
The beneficial properties of each product for the human body are determined by the predominant substances in their composition, a combination of vitamins and macronutrients.
During the flowering of the shrub, the currant leaves accumulate a record amount of vitamin C (260 mg%)... This is 1.5-2 times more than in the fruits of the culture, which is achieved due to the low content of enzymes that destroy ascorbic acid. Vitamin C contained in 100 g of the product significantly exceeds the daily requirement of the human body (90 mg).
Without the participation of vitamin C, the formation of collagen and connective tissue is impossible. It provides density of bone and dental tissue, elasticity and firmness of the skin. Therefore, the external beauty of our body is partially dependent on vitamin C.
The organic compound regulates the process of blood coagulation, reduces the permeability of the vascular walls and suppresses the development of inflammatory processes. These properties are excellent for the prevention and adjunctive treatment of atherosclerosis, hypertension, vascular pathologies and viral diseases..
Vitamin C is not synthesized in the body, therefore it must be supplied stably with food. The organic compound is easily destroyed by mechanical damage and improper heat treatment. Therefore, fresh currant leaves are used whole and put only in boiling water.
Currant leaves differ in the content of polyphenolic compounds that is significant for the human body:
- flavonols 2700 mg%;
- free catechins 941 mg%;
- condensed catechins 4414 mg%;
- proanthocyanidins 2174 mg%;
- bioflavonoids 7365 mg%.
These are powerful natural antioxidants that inhibit the development of free radicals, unstable oxygen molecules that oxidize and destroy healthy cells. Excessive formation of free radicals disrupts all biochemical processes in the body, promotes malignant transformation of connective tissue. Therefore, currant leaves are useful for the diet of people after the treatment of cancer or with a hereditary predisposition to them.
The benefits of currant leaves for people who smoke, who live in areas with a predominance of radiation background and in cities with polluted air, are undeniable. Natural antioxidants resist toxic substances and promote their elimination from the body.
Currant leaves contain an impressive amount of the main macronutrients:
- magnesium 370 mg%;
- calcium 327 mg%;
- potassium 178 mg%;
- phosphorus 7.5 mg%;
- sodium 2 mg%.
These minerals are responsible for bone strength and growth, muscle health, and motor function.
The predominance of magnesium and potassium in currant leaves is especially useful for heart function and prevention of heart attack.... These macronutrients strengthen the myocardium (heart muscle), regulate blood flow, and restore heart rate.
In addition to the benefits, currant leaves can also bring harm to the body. The herbal component cannot be used with increased acidity of the body, acute gastritis and stomach ulcers, hepatitis. In the presence of chronic pathologies, it is important to consult a doctor before using.
A contraindication to the use of currants in any form is thrombophlebitis. Blackcurrant leaves should not be abused, because of them, blood clotting may increase.
You can not take a decoction based on black currant leaves if gastric acidity is increased, with an ulcer disease, an inflammatory process in the duodenum. Large quantities of drugs should not be taken during pregnancy, breastfeeding, they lead to side effects, various allergic reactions.
Application of black and red currant leaves
Currant leaves can be used all year round. Thanks to phytoncides in their composition, the beneficial substances of the plant are preserved almost in their natural form when dried and frozen.
Decoctions and infusions - benefits and harms
In addition to the undoubted medicinal properties, decoctions and infusions of currant leaves have a wonderful aroma.
With systemic and correct use, they have a high therapeutic effect during prevention and treatment:
- bronchopulmonary diseases;
- inflammatory and catarrhal pathologies;
- cardiovascular disease;
The herbal component strengthens the immune system, visual functions, regulates the functioning of the liver and kidneys. Decoctions and infusions are used for daily cleansing of the skin, make lotions on problem areas... Such procedures suppress inflammatory processes in skin cells, a common cause of acne and systemic sepsis of the face.
The anti-inflammatory properties of currant leaves greatly facilitate the manifestation of dermatitis and other skin diseases.
Baths of currant leaves are used to treat:
- all types of dermatitis;
- prickly heat in children;
A currant leaf bath is a great way to nourish the cells of the skin, nails and hair with nutrients. It is a good alternative to many spa treatments for women.
Currant leaf tea is a good addition to your daily diet.... The drink has tonic and tonic properties. It is a worthy replacement for more aggressive tea and coffee drinks.
The diuretic properties of tea complement the complex treatment:
- renal pathologies (cystitis, pyelonephritis)
- gout (excretion of uric acids);
Tea is especially useful for older people.... At this time, significant metabolic, circulatory and nervous system disorders occur in the body. The structures of the heart wear out and require increased support from nutrients from food.
Currant leaf tea is a source of important macronutrients and vitamins, the mild effect of which does not disrupt the natural functioning of the body. The drink has no age restrictions, it will be useful for children and adults.
Medicinal and cosmetic recipes
Treatment with currant leaves has been practiced for a long time, in addition, there is a constant study of the beneficial properties of the plant component. So today we can use the best recipes for medicinal and cosmetic products from currant leaves.
- Decoction... To prepare the remedy, dry and crushed leaves (4 tbsp. L) are placed in boiling water (1 l) and kept in a water bath for 30 minutes. Filter and cool. Take 200 ml 3 times a day.
- Infusion... Dry raw materials (5 tbsp. L.) Are poured into a thermos and poured with boiling water (1 l). Insist 2-3 hours, filter and cool. Take 100 ml 3-4 times a day. With the help of infusion, lotions are made during acne inflammation. To do this, a piece of gauze is moistened in a remedy and applied to problem areas for 15 minutes.
- Healing bath... You can also use the branches of the plant to prepare the bath. For this, 1 kg of raw materials is poured with 10 liters of water and boiled for 30 minutes. After that, the dishes are covered with a lid and insisted for 1 hour, filtered and added to the bath. The duration of the procedure is 25 minutes, the recommended frequency is 2 times a week.
- Tea... In summer, it is better to brew tea from fresh currant or raspberry leaves. For this, leaves (5-6 pcs.) Are placed in boiling water (250 ml), kept on fire for 1 minute and insisted for 2-3 minutes. A spoonful of honey is added to improve the taste. Tea can be brewed with peppermint for a good sedative that promotes healthy sleep.
- Antiseptic compress... The treatment is recommended for those with oily skin prone to acne formation. Dried currant leaves (20 g), chamomile flowers (30 g), sea buckthorn fruits (50 g) are poured with boiling water (1 l) and exposed to a water bath for 20 minutes. Cool and filter. A gauze cloth soaked in broth is applied to the face for 10-15 minutes. The recommended course of treatment is 5 days.
- Mask for the face... Chopped fresh leaves (6 pcs.) And yogurt (150 ml) are thoroughly mixed and squeezed through a gauze cloth. The nutrient mixture is applied to the face and kept for 20 minutes. In winter, an infusion from dry raw materials can be used as a component. The mask brightens pigments, evens out the complexion, and has a softening effect.
Currant leaves are used not only for medicinal and cosmetic purposes. Their extraordinary aroma makes them an excellent addition to salads and hot dishes. Leaves are also irreplaceable when preserving vegetables. The high content of phytoncides in their composition protects products from decay during long-term storage.
Collection and storage
Currant leaves will be useful only if properly harvested. Leaves are harvested during flowering currants, when the content of vitamins and macronutrients reaches a maximum. Harvesting is carried out at a minimum ambient humidity..
To do this, choose a day without precipitation, a period between 10-12 hours, when the morning dew dries up. Tear off whole leaves of young shoots without signs of disease. Dried on the surface of the fabric in a dry and ventilated room without access to sunlight.
Store the product in tight fabric bags or glass jars with a lid. Useful properties of raw materials are preserved for 2-3 years.
Despite the huge potential of healing and beneficial properties for the human body, currant leaves undeservedly pushed aside... This can be explained by the easy availability of raw materials and the lack of complete information about the amazing herbal component. Therefore, it is important to look closely at the humble plants around us, the names of which are often mentioned in the composition of expensive creams and medicines.
Red currant leaves - useful properties and contraindications
Everyone knows the taste of currants - and even those purely urban residents who have never been fans of gardening and dacha pastime. But not everyone realizes that the berries and leaves of this unique plant are just a storehouse of vitamins, which can be treated not only for the common cold. Currant bushes were grown in ancient times - the very name of the berry came from the Old Russian word "currant", which means a strong smell.
Red currant was mentioned in ancient songs and epics, it was bred in monasteries - the ancient monks already then appreciated the beneficial properties of this miracle plant. However, the red currant comes from Western Europe, where it was cultivated for a long time as a medicinal plant, and it received recognition as a berry plant much later.
Red currant is a small shrub plant about a meter and a half in height. Sweet and sour fruits ripen in mid-July, but unlike black currants, the berries do not crumble, but stay on the bushes for a long time. Scientists have found an interesting pattern - the more severe and colder the climate in which the red currant is grown, the more vitamins it contains.
The culture is widespread throughout Eurasia, but in America the cultivation of culture is prohibited - currants are dangerous for the relict pine, which is protected by law in the states. Therefore, the Americans are forced to import this most valuable product from other countries.
Modern doctors talk about the health benefits of a product based on scientific research. For example, in 2016, the work of Greek specialists Anastasia-Varvara Ferlemi and Fotini N. Lamari was published, which described the rich chemical composition of currant leaves and their properties. The drink has a positive effect on all organs and systems of a person:
- Strengthens the immune system.
- Improves the condition of the walls of blood vessels.
- Activates the work of the brain.
- Slows down age-related changes in cells.
- Stimulates the regeneration process.
- Activates the body's fight against colds.
- It has a diuretic effect.
- Relieves joint pain.
- Normalizes bowel function.
- Improves appetite.
- Slows down the growth of malignant tumors.
- Maintains visual acuity.
- Prevents the development of cardiovascular diseases.
- Normalizes the functions of the reproductive organs.
- Slows down bleeding.
Useful properties of black and red currant leaves
Like any other product on Earth, currants are beneficial and harmful to humans. Let's see what the beneficial properties are expressed in, and in what cases the use of the plant is dangerous to health.
- Cleans the body of toxins and toxins.
- Strengthens the immune system.
- Has a healing effect in diseases of the digestive system.
- Regulates blood clotting.
- It has a positive effect on the human skin.
- Eliminates excess fluid.
- Reduces inflammation.
- Helps with diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Not recommended for use with:
- Allergic reactions to the product.
- Stomach ulcer.
- Gastritis with a high acidity level.
- Thrombosis with inflammation of the vein wall.
Important! It is not recommended to prolong the prevention and treatment of currants for more than one month. After this period, the reception should be stopped and the body should be allowed to rest.
For men, the plant will help in the following:
- cope with the disorder of the functions of the reproductive system
- reducing the risk of getting a heart attack
- normalizes the activity of the urinary system
For women, the plant will be useful with the following properties:
- slows down the aging process in the body
- normalizes metabolism
- saturates the body with folic acid.
Before using it for medicinal purposes, make sure that your blood has good clotting capacity and that the acidity in the stomach does not exceed the norm. Not recommended for use while breastfeeding.
The benefits for the child's body are as follows:
- improves memory
- strengthens bones
- stimulates brain activity.
Why are currant leaves useful for women
The benefits of currant leaves for women are beauty, this is their main use. For example, if you have oily skin, daily wipe your face and neck with an infusion of leaves and berries.
When, on the contrary, your skin on your face is too dry, then make the most ordinary face mask, mix sour cream, honey and berries in a bowl and apply on the surface of the skin for 20 minutes. Berries can be used both fresh and frozen, just defrost them first.
You can also strengthen your hair with a folk remedy. Pour boiling water over the finely chopped leaves, wait a few hours, let the infusion become stronger, and then rinse clean hair.
Dear women, do not forget that infusions, decoctions and tea have a diuretic, which means that such drinks are indicated for use during weight loss.
Application of leaves
The use of currant leaves for prophylactic purposes or in the treatment of the initial stages of diseases is practiced quite often. Due to its wide spectrum of action, the agent is used in various fields of medicine, cosmetology and in everyday life.It is used in the form of decoctions, tinctures and tea, taken orally and applied externally to the skin or hair.
The range of diseases, in the treatment of which the currant leaf is used, includes such ailments as diabetes mellitus, rheumatism, and colds. In addition, the drug helps with mild obesity and swelling. It is important to remember that such prevention is effective only in the initial stages of the disease; if the condition worsens, it is necessary to consult a doctor for drug treatment.
Rheumatism is an inflammatory disease that affects both internal organs and the skin. More often, rheumatism means disorders of the connective tissues of the joints, accompanied by pain and deformation.
To prevent and alleviate the symptoms of rheumatism, a remedy prepared in the following way is used:
- 3-5 sheets are poured with boiling water in a volume of 0.5 liters.
- Insist for two hours.
- Take 3-4 times a day.
The infusion has an anti-inflammatory effect and helps to kill infections. Treatment with this tool should be combined with medications, because a neglected form of rheumatism turns into disability.
A small therapeutic effect of currant leaves in diabetes mellitus was noted. During this disease, the collagen layer, which gives firmness and elasticity to the vessels, is destroyed by sugar crystals. Decoctions of the plant are able to slow down or stop the inflammatory processes occurring in the tissues and inside the vascular system of diabetics.
The infusion is prepared as follows:
- Take 7 fresh leaves or a teaspoon of dry ones.
- Pour one glass of boiling water over.
- Insist for 30 minutes.
Herbal remedy for diabetes mellitus can only be used as an adjunct to the main treatment. In the absence of correct drug therapy, disability or death is inevitable.
For flu and colds
Decoctions and infusions of currant greens are used both for the prevention of colds and for their treatment. A pronounced antiviral effect helps to fight infectious agents, and a rich set of useful elements has a general strengthening effect. The anti-inflammatory effect makes the upper respiratory tract easier to work.
The infusion for colds is prepared as follows:
- Take 5-6 leaves and 3-4 tablespoons of berries.
- Pour boiling water over everything (volume 250 ml).
- Cover the dishes and wrap them up.
- Insist for at least four hours.
- Take 0.5 cups twice a day.
Add honey or raspberries to this infusion. For a sore throat, the agent is used for gargling. To increase immunity, currant leaves are added to ordinary tea leaves.
To lower the temperature
A decrease in temperature when taking infusions of currant greens occurs due to its diaphoretic action. The high content of anthocyanins in the plant allows you to remove excess toxins from the body, facilitating the work of all its systems.
To prepare an antipyretic agent, you need to do the following:
- Pour into a container two tablespoons of currant leaves with 500 ml of boiling water.
- Insist for two hours.
- Drink the infusion warm 2-3 times a day.
The temperature will drop faster if you add a spoonful of honey to the infusion. If the hyperthermia persists for several days, you should consult a doctor for advice and medication.
Weight loss benefits
Infusions and decoctions of currant leaves have a pronounced diuretic effect. In addition, they normalize metabolism and the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, therefore they serve as a good assistant in the fight against excess weight.
To get an effective infusion for weight loss, you need to take:
- a tablespoon of leaves
- two tablespoons of rose hips
- liter of boiling water.
The drug is insisted for an hour. Take a glass before meals twice a day. An herbal weight loss product only works as an additional factor, coupled with diet and exercise.
Leaves with similar properties
A few words about plants that are no less useful than currants.
Raspberry foliage strengthens the immune system, normalizes heart function, prevents atherosclerosis from developing. Decoctions and infusions from it are used as expectorants and antipyretics for colds and infectious diseases. Vitamin teas help to lose extra pounds, normalize appetite.
ZThe bush foliage is a good tonic and diuretic. The rich vitamin composition of the plant helps with anemia. Teas and decoctions are good for the gastrointestinal tract. May be allergens.
Sea buckthorn leaves
Sea buckthorn foliage soothes well, stabilizes the nervous system. It has a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system. Suitable for joint diseases. Virtually no contraindications.
Useful properties of lingonberry:
- removes slags
- has antipyretic effect
- strengthens the protective function of the body
- has a choleretic and diuretic effect
- normalizes protein metabolism
- lowers blood pressure
- has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory effects.
Blackberry foliage is able to remove worms from the body. If there are problems with immunity, then it is recommended to drink teas and decoctions from the plant. Also, these drinks help to remove excess fluid and phlegm from the body, suppress the inflammatory process.
Despite the presence of a large number of useful properties, currant leaves are not as valued in medicine and cosmetology as berries. We hope that you have no doubts about the medicinal properties of the plant and, using the advice, you will improve your health.