What decoration techniques are not used by designers to transform ordinary household plots into fabulous corners for a good rest. Dry Stream is one of the most popular modern landscape design tools, in which there is not a single drop of water, but only stones that imitate the bed of a dry stream. The main advantage of this spicy design element is that when deciding to create a dry stream with your own hands in a garden plot, the implementation of the idea does not require significant material costs.
The ubiquitous decoration element has its origins in sunny Japan. In the land of the rising sun, the element of water is associated with purity and thirst for life, and murmur is a symbol of the transience of time. Dry streams, which are very popular in Japanese gardens, are always present in areas where water for any reason cannot be used as an element of landscape design. A dry stream in the garden, as an imitation of this element, makes it possible to create the impression that the water in the channel of the spring has just dried up, and the first drops of rain will fill it with life-giving moisture again.
Dry Stream will be the optimal solution for any garden style plots
Advantages of a dry stream over a water stream
A number of the main advantages of this element of landscape design include:
- The ability to create a dry stream with your own hands, without much effort and significant financial costs.
- The speed of construction: it takes only two to three days to choose a location, mark the stream bed and fill it with stones.
- Ease of maintenance, which is limited only in maintaining the shape of the channel and removing weeds. While caring for a water stream involves timely cleaning of lime deposits and algae.
- Decorating a dry stream with plants is not limited to anything. While for planting near a natural reservoir, the choice is limited only to moisture-loving flowers and plants.
- Safe for young children. In addition, in dry streams, unlike natural reservoirs, mosquitoes are not found, causing so much inconvenience for a good rest.
For the channel of a dry stream, the purchase of expensive compressors, water supply and purification systems, which are a necessary attribute of the arrangement of natural reservoirs, is not required.
Dry Stream will be the optimal solution for any garden style plots
Choosing the shape of the structure and preparing the stones
Competent planning of the placement of the bed of a dry stream in the country will make it possible to disguise the imperfections of the terrain. A narrow winding stream visually deepens the space, making the visually small garden somewhat large.
The device of a dry stream is a fascinating and easy-to-perform activity that allows you to embody ideas on your site for creating an original decoration that will emphasize the sophistication of landscape design.
The contours of the stone stream are drawn based on the features of the forms and landscape of the area of the garden plot. The contour drawn by the sand will allow you to preliminarily determine the shape of the future structure and its harmonious combination with the already existing decorative elements. The shape can be easily corrected by writing new contours with a thin line of sand, choosing the best option that fits perfectly into the landscape of the area. Having decided on the shape and size of the stone structure, you can proceed to the choice of the nature of the material and its quantity.
One of the secrets revealing how to make a dry stream that imitates the flow of water is the elimination of clear boundaries and the heterogeneity of the structure.
A dry stream looks more beautiful and natural on a site that does not have the same width along the imitation of the current
Both large cobblestones and small pebbles are suitable for decorating the stream. The combination of stones of various sizes, colors and textures allows you to create spectacular compositions that will become a bright addition to any direction of landscape design. You can get a bluish-gray stream by using shale, basalt and gneiss.
Ponds made of granite, marble and limestone take on red-brown shades. Pebbles painted with waterproof paint, which gives a light light in the dark, can become a spectacular decoration for a stream. Stones covered with a layer of varnish look no less original. Stones playing with tints in the sun give the compositions a wet effect.
The illusion of water flow can be easily obtained by complementing the composition of stones with a scattering of glass granules or balls
In order for the stone stream to harmoniously combine with the natural landscape of the area, it is advisable to use local rocks in the arrangement of the structure. Flat pebble stones are suitable for creating a flow effect, and larger boulders for the coastline. The unevenness of the terrain is successfully decorated with waterfalls made of stones of lighter shades.
Stacking stones along the prepared contour
Having chosen a place and having decided on the contours of the structure and the materials of the composition, you can start construction. A trough is dug along the contour marked by sand: a layer of earth 15-30 cm deep is removed. The pit surface is leveled with a rake. In order to avoid the growth of weeds, which can spoil the whole beauty of a dry stream, the bottom should be covered with a dark non-woven covering material that allows moisture and air to pass through, for example: geotextile or lutrasil. An alternative option is also a thin layer of concrete or a plastic film. The leveled and covered surface can now be decorated with stones.
The main requirement for the design of a stone composition is laconicism and moderation.
Laying a stone reservoir begins from the banks. Booth and cobblestones are used to support the inner edges, pebbles are used to fill crevices, the very bed of a stone reservoir is filled with small pebbles.
Decoration of a stone reservoir with plants
Plants are an indispensable element in the design of a stone stream. A dry stream of flowers allows you to get the maximum effect of the similarity of a stone structure with a real reservoir.
When choosing plants for decorating the banks of a stone stream, you can use any shrub, decorative leafy and flowering plants. The main requirement is that the flower arrangement must be harmoniously combined. When selecting plants, the illumination of the site, the composition of the soil, humidity and temperature conditions are also taken into account. When decorating the channel of a stone stream itself, it is advisable to use plants that actually grow in water.
Against the background of small pebbles, plants look spectacular, the color of which is associated with the water element, for example: a large-leaved forget-me-not or a creeping tenacious
Plants of blue-green shades with long leaves are also associated with bodies of water. Plants, the flowers of which are painted in juicy shades of blue, will become a spectacular decoration of the stone stream. Among the beautiful blooming beauties of all sorts of shades of blue, the following are suitable for decorating a reservoir: lobelia, obrietta, blue fescue, creeping tenacious, bearded iris, large-leaved brunera.
Chinese cane, pampas grass, willow sunflower, hosta, daylily, plantain sedge can be a successful addition to the composition.
When planning a stone reservoir on your site, you can use this design option with plants: 1 - leaf grate bamboo, 2 - varieties of bearded iris, 3 - lobelia, 4 - creeping tenacious, 5 - Poskharsky's bell, 6 - hybrid forms of obriety, 7 - large-leaved bruner , 8 - awl-leaved bryozoan, 9 - creeping red-leaved tenacious, 10 - reed arundo
When creating a dry stream in the country, for the harmony of the composition, it is desirable to use more natural elements. A decorative wooden bridge looks very impressive against the background of a stream.
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How can a dry stream transform your dacha?
A stream flows, a stream runs ... It turns out that there are dry streams that do not run anywhere, but they perfectly decorate any territory. Trying to transform an everyday household plot, landscape designers regularly experiment with materials. The result of one of these experiments was a dry stream. This is a real work of art, in which there is not a drop of water. The main material is stones that successfully imitate the stream bed. Despite its "piquancy" and originality, it is not difficult to build a dry stream with your own hands. In addition, the implementation of this idea is unlikely to require significant material investments from you.
- The history of the origin of the dry stream
- TOP 5 reasons to choose a dry stream instead of a water stream
- Manufacturing process. The choice of design and preparation of stones
- How to lay stones along the finished contour?
- How to neatly arrange a stone reservoir?
- Why is a dry stream useful in landscape design?
- Instead of output
- How to make a dry stream on the site
Workshop: How to create a dry stream in the country or in the garden
The whimsical winding line of a dry stream should attract the eye, lead it from one expressive object to another. "Flowing" diagonally to the main directions of movement, the stream will help to visually enlarge a small area of your garden - or, more precisely, literally, to distract from its size. The bends of the "dry" stream, "flowing around" various zones and objects, thereby focusing attention on them. The banks and bends are ideal places for flower beds and decorative compositions.
Advice: How to make a dry stream in the country? First of all, take a plan of a summer cottage with buildings, paths and large landings indicated on it, and draw a smooth line taking into account the location of functional areas and a visual overview from different points. Circle the site, highlight buildings and bushes, lead it along the paths, crossing them in places.
Shape and width
The width of a dry stream will depend on the size of your site: the larger it is, the wider the stream should be made. As a rule, the width of artificial streams, whether they are dry or filled with water, varies from 30 cm (for small areas or small enclosed corners) to 80-100 cm.
Advice: If you are recreating a winding, dry stream with a natural shape, try to make the width vary slightly throughout its length to enhance the likeness of a natural body of water.
You can make a stream in different places:
1. Along the track
He can completely follow the lines of the path going alongside, or, bending, cross it. If the stream in some places creates an arc, leaving space for a small flower garden between the path and the stream, it will turn out to be especially beautiful.
2. Along the border of zones
Dry Stream is a great idea for dividing zones. It marks the border, but does not constitute an insurmountable obstacle or limit the view, and therefore is especially suitable for small areas. Run the stream along the site, dividing it into zones with smooth bends.
With the help of a dry stream, you can very effectively circle a place for a gazebo, swing or secluded bench, creating an artificial promontory.
Start and end
Even at the planning stage, think about how to indicate where the stream will begin and end: even an artificial stream must have a source and a mouth. They can be symbolically denoted by a group of shrubs or a composition of large stones: the stream will seem to flow out of a forest thicket or break through the rocks.
If the stream starts from a fence or building, you can install a decorative fountain or its imitation in this place. The image of a waterfall will recreate a cascade of ampelous flowers or a vertical texture of pebbles. Also, a small stream can flow out of an overturned and partially dug in the ground jug or pot, especially located on a flower bed.
The shape and design of the stream channel can be symbolic and indicated only by color and material, being placed flush with the surrounding space. And you can reproduce the real channel, giving it depth, and its walls - a slope. In the second case, the stream will look more natural.
The dry stream technology is similar to the track arrangement, but with less requirements for stability and strength. However, it can vary, depending on the material chosen.
After you have determined the location of the future stream on paper, mark it on the site. You can mark the contours of the stream with sand or line them out with rope. This will allow you to evaluate how the stream will fit into the landscape and, if necessary, adjust the shape.
Look at the supposed dry stream from different points: from the entrance to the site, from the veranda, from the window of the house. If you like everything, start creating it. Dig a groove slightly larger than the future channel. Give the side walls a slope. Pour a layer of sand at the bottom, and cover the bed with geotextiles on top. Now you can lay out stones and pebbles.
However, a stream on the site can be not only a decorative object, but also serve as an open drainage. In this case, after rains and in spring, it will be filled with water, turning into a real stream and removing excess moisture from the site. Such drainage grooves are often located along the tracks. They will be useful in damp areas and in those areas that require quick draining.
If you want to use a stream for drainage, you need to be more responsible in its design.
- Bias. First, you need to observe the slope towards the water flow. The slope is 3 cm per linear meter.
- Smooth bottom. Secondly, in order to avoid stagnant water, you need to ensure that the stream bed is even, without depressions and hills. Also, a functional drainage stream should not be made too winding - let its bends be soft and smooth.
- Waterproofing. During construction, instead of a geotextile that allows water to pass through, use waterproofing materials such as film.
Materials for the design of a dry stream should imitate the bed of a dried stream or create the illusion of flowing water.
1. Small and large stones
The most traditional material that allows you to recreate the naturalness of a dry riverbed. Lay out the bottom of the stream with small pebbles, and decorate the sloping walls of the channel and banks with large stones. Place large cobblestones of a beautiful shape in the channel one by one or in groups. Groups of stones will help create decorative backwaters. Use flat stones to decorate the banks.
3. Colored stone chips
This decorative material is presented in a wide range of colors, but this is its danger - use it delicately. If your site does not represent a riot of color and some theatricality, then it is better not to use too intense shades of crumbs. Choose pastel, subdued shades to create the stream: white, light blue, sand and silver gray. You can complement them with a small amount of dark gray and dark blue. Pour in the crumb, creating decorative patterns (in this case, it is better to fix them with cement milk), or mix two or three shades. A monochromatic stream will look very beautiful - take a look at the photo.
Advice: Using a rake, create waves and winding patterns on the surface to represent the flow of water.This technique will create an oriental style, but is also suitable for a European garden.
4. Dry stream of flowers
Stone is not the only material suitable for creating a stream. A flowering stream will look decorative and truly luxurious. In fact, this is a long winding ribbon flower garden, "curling" around your site. To create it, ampelous and lush creeping plants blooming in white, blue, blue and purple shades are suitable. Plant petunias (Petunia), lobelias (Lobelia), pansies (Víola trícolor), creeping phloxes (Phlox sibirica), creeping veronica (Veronica repens), etc. The bed of such a "stream" does not need to be buried: arrange it like a regular flower garden. By changing the assortment of plants, a flowering stream may look a little different each year.
Even if your stream is not blooming, but made of pebbles and stones, plants will play an important decorative role in its composition. Planted along the banks, they will help create the image of a real stream, emphasize its shape and curves.
1. In damp places
To express the image of the water element, use the species that are naturally found along the shores of water bodies: irises (Íris), marigold (Cáltha), meadowsweet (Filipéndula), bathing suits (Tróllius), loosestrife (Lýthrum salicária).
2. On the capes
On headlands and at bends, plant plants with curving linear leaves that will descend from the shore in beautiful arcs: daylilies (Hemerocállis), paradisea (Paradisea), decorative bows, and large bushy plants as tapeworms.
3. Shady places
Ferns (Polypodióphyta) and hosts (Hósta) will look good in shady areas.
4. Along the shore
The shores will be decorated with ground cover and creeping plants. In addition, you can use plants suitable for alpine slides to decorate the bends of the stream with artificial cliffs and large rocky compositions.
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Advice: In addition to or in addition to plants, decorate stream banks with garden sculptures, decorative stone compositions and expressive driftwood.
A bridge over a dry stream is a special decorative opportunity: use it! Place a bridge at the intersection of a stream with a walkway, or place it where the stream separates an area. Depending on the style of your garden, these can be large flat stones crossing a stream, a massive stone slab, a small curved bridge, wooden or decorated with forging. Its size should be related to the width of the stream, the size of the area and the scale of the environment. The bridge will become a spectacular decoration of the site and an expressive accent.
Idea: The decorative bridge will help diversify the long garden paths.
Use a dry stream in your garden as decoration or for zoning, as additional drainage, and for placing flower beds and decorative arrangements.
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What do you see as the main advantages of placing a stream on the site? Would you prefer a dry stream or a real body of water? How to make a dry stream with your own hands - send photos of your options in the comments!
How to make
When starting work on the arrangement of a dry stream, you should correctly adhere to the work technology. So, first of all, we decide on the following points: the size of the decoration, location, shape and materials.
When deciding on the size of the stream, be guided by the general dimensions of the summer cottage. An unnecessarily large trickle will be inappropriate on a modest-sized plot, and if your garden is elongated, try to equip not a stream, but a dried-up pond.
Another important point is the location. Try to make the trickle as noticeable as possible, because it is, after all, a decorative object.
When you have decided on all of the above, try to draw a decoration scheme - this will make it easier to bring the idea to life. In addition, it is important to decide how everything will be decorated - will your stream flow out of a picturesque grotto or boxwood bush, or an inverted amphora will become its source.
Most often, decorative water streams are made from gravel or pebbles, they are sold in any hardware store. If you want, you can paint the stones in the color you like. For example, a blue tint from a distance will resemble real water. For the composition, aged in gray-blue shades, you can use slate and basalt. They are sometimes complemented with decorative glass beads, which will give a beautiful glare by reflecting the sun's rays. For a reddish stream, opt for granite, limestone or marble.
Pebbles are placed on a carefully prepared surface. Be sure to mark the boundaries of the future stream by sprinkling them with sand or pulling a rope. Now start digging a shallow (15–20 cm) trench. The bottom is tamped, leveled, lined with any material that prevents the growth of grass. Now let's move on to laying out the stones. First of all, we outline the banks with larger pebbles, and the stream itself is made of fine gravel or river pebbles.
Almost all types of plants are suitable for this type of garden decor, the main thing is to select them by size and color palette. So, on the edges of the reservoir irises, meadowsweet and swimwear look great. Ornamental onion bushes can be planted in the bends; in the same places that will be in the shade most of the time, it is better to plant crops that do not require a lot of sunlight, for example, a fern.
In addition, you can decorate the brook with anything: throw a small decorative bridge over it, place small figures of animals or thematic fairy-tale characters on the shore, you can think over and carry out special decorative lighting.
The final version of the decoration will depend only on the flight of your imagination. Sometimes it is possible to create truly original compositions that resemble whole fairytale villages or transport them to a magical forest where fairies and characters from your favorite fairy tales live. Create your own illusion of closeness to magic by arranging your garden decoration according to your personal preference. Moreover, you are already familiar with the step-by-step technology of its creation.