How to create a beautiful garden using natural stones

How to create a beautiful garden using natural stones

The Yakovlev family won the most prestigious competition of the year "Gardener-2005", announced by the Russian Union of Gardeners. Their plot in the Pavlovskoye-1 horticultural non-profit partnership (Pushkinsky district of St. Petersburg) was recognized as the best of the thousands of the best, announced for the competition. At the Golden Harvest festival at the Oktyabrsky Big Concert Hall, the Yakovlevs were awarded the main prize - the keys to the Oka car. This is their first car.

The best summer cottage of the season looks like a medieval fortress from the outside - with a tower, loopholes, a moat (stylized drainage ditch), a humpbacked bridge. The architectural concept, according to the head of the family, Igor Alekseevich, was inspired by his childhood hobbies when he built sand castles. Years later, when their own children have long left the sandboxes, the dream has become a reality. It was personally embodied by his wife Vera Valentinovna. Having no specialty in construction, she found design solutions for her husband's ideas and even did the laying of walls.

Natural stone - cobblestone - was used in the construction. He was collected in the surrounding fields and transported in a wheelbarrow. Igor Alekseevich even had his own norm - three cars a day. Also, glass bottles were collected for the manufacture of bottle concrete. This is the same building material as, say, reinforced concrete or foam concrete, only ordinary bottles are mixed into it.

Igor Alekseevich explained the physics of the object: the coefficient of expansion of glass and sand is the same, so the bottles are very organically combined with the solution. They create volume (they are mixed in whole - author's note), due to which heat is better retained with an economical use of the solution, which is very important for a family with an average income. The cellar under the tower is built entirely of bottle concrete. And the house is made of timber. Its outer walls are faced with stone, and the inner ones are clapboard.

All buildings are dominated by natural material. House area 45 sq. m. It has three small rooms (one of them is in the tower) and a living room, which serves as both a kitchen and a dining room. In addition to the stove, it has a fireplace. It is faced with the same stone from the fields. The fireplace and stoves were laid out by Vera Valentinovna according to the drawings from the book. She designed and designed interior interiors. They are refined in their simplicity, rational, and distinctive. Instead of wallpaper, the hostess used chintz. The fabric does not require perfectly flat walls, does not deform from temperature extremes and harmoniously fits into the dacha color. The everyday life of needlework is decorated with drawings made by women and children of the Yakovlev's creative family. Vera Valentinovna is a jack of all trades. In the House of Children's Creativity, she directs a puppet theater, for which, together with the pupils, makes scenery, puppets.

Daughter Anna graduated from the Lyceum of Traditional Culture, owns wood painting. She is now studying at the Pedagogical University. Son Alexander is fond of forging. His hobbies are knightly armor, armor, swords. Sasha studies at the St. Petersburg Agrarian University. Parents say that his hands are golden, and in the country he is an irreplaceable assistant. The father of the family humbly defines himself as "brute physical strength."

The keeper of the hearth is literally the mother of Vera Valentinovna - Anna Petrovna Mikhailova. She lives in the country all year round. In winter, he stokes the stoves, clears paths from snow, walks with the dog Zhakonya. And also the grandmother is the main gardener. In her 80s, she is digging, watering and weeding garden beds. Anna Petrovna considers herself a happy grandmother.

At the beginning of the 90s, it was she who received the plot in gardening "Pavlovskoe-1". There was practically no land on the area overgrown with bushes - solid clay. The fertile layer was created by ourselves. From the ditches they carried soil, from the forest - peat, fallen leaves. After weeding, the grass is folded on the paths.

The construction started from the tower. They put a frame made of reinforcement, cut down a wooden turret, built a cellar under it, and added a bathhouse. And only after that they started building the house. The construction took three years. We worked ourselves in our free time. The fortress house occupies less than a hundred square meters. It stands on the edge of the site, with a blank wall to the street, and in this place a fence is not needed.

The dacha is made in the same style, dictated by the presence of natural stone. When designing landscape design, the preferences of family members were taken into account. Igor Alekseevich loves to take a steam bath in a Russian bath and after a steam room plunge into an ice-hole, so the pond was placed near the bath. He himself dug it by hand. At a depth of 2.5 meters, the shovel hit hard rock. The removed clay was laid over the tower at the level of the cellar, additionally insulating it. The size of the pond is 7 x 3.5 x 2.5 m. A well was drilled and filled with water. Soon the pond took on a life of its own. Reeds have grown, algae, water bugs and other inhabitants of reservoirs have started up. We launched the crucian carp, and they live there perfectly now.

On the perimeter of the pond, women planted irises, astilbes, hosts ... In winter, an ice-hole is made in the pond, into which the owner plunges after the bathhouse. This is the practical application of the pond, perhaps, limited. Its main purpose is decorative. A barrel with a capacity of 250 liters is used for irrigation. It is filled from the well once a week. Additionally, rainwater is collected from the roof of the house. It flows down a drainpipe into a beautiful dummy well decorated with stone. A keg is disguised inside it. The paths are paved with stone and the washbasin is laid out. Vera Valentinovna also plans to build a barbecue from stone and decorate the walls of the garage, under which the existing barn will be converted.

Everything that is on the unique site of the Yakovlevs is handmade, piece work. Admiring her, you understand that it is not at all necessary to be rich in order to make a paradise out of your summer cottage. It is enough, and maybe even better, to have a rich creative imagination and an indefatigable desire to embody it. Holders of such a gift do not need to go to the store and contact professional designers. They will discern the material in a dump of unnecessary things and make a "candy" out of it. The pergola entwined with maiden grapes turns out to be made of arches found in a dump. The openwork porch railings are adapted racks from the old Kaiser sewing machine ...

There is a division of labor in the family. Everyone does what he likes. Anna Petrovna is gardening. Vera Valentinovna prefers decoration. She grows only tomatoes from vegetables - she succeeds. Tomatoes ripen on the vine from July to September. Vera Valentinovna places them in a stationary greenhouse built from old window frames.

A small part of the plot is reserved for the traditional set of vegetables. One hundred square meters are given for potatoes, and its harvest is enough for the whole winter. The collection of fruit and berry crops are: pears, apple trees, plums, currants, honeysuckle.

Ornamental plants dominate in the country. Conifers grow beautifully: thuja, spherical cypresses, junipers, blue spruce, pines. And fashionable shrubs: holly mahonia, rhododendron, all kinds of cinquefoil, treelike hydrangea, honeysuckle, roses ... The collection of perennial flowers has exceeded a hundred. From spring to late autumn, the garden is buried in flowers growing on rocky hills, in mixborders, wherever there is free space.

Natalia Rubleva

For this purpose, you can use both natural stones and various bricks, concrete blocks, poured with your own hands:

  1. Limestone - this material has a porous structure, which makes it fragile. But due to the original pearl gray or pink shades, it is often used for decorative design of flower beds.
  2. Volcanic tuff - has a wide variety of color shades, high strength and durability.
  3. Sandstone is one of the most common and affordable materials for arranging flower beds in the country. It has an interesting porous structure and a wide color palette.
  4. Slate - this durable material is most often made of high flower beds of stone. Slate is distinguished by its reliability and aesthetic appeal; among the disadvantages is its high cost.
  5. Granite is an outwardly attractive material that is resistant to negative weather conditions. But before making flower beds from stones, you need to take into account that granite can increase the acidity of the soil, which is undesirable for some plants.
  6. Quartzite is an interesting option for decorating a flower bed with a glossy surface that reflects the sun's rays and a wide range of colors.
  7. Pebbles are small stones for a flower bed, which are considered the most affordable and budgetary option for decorating a country flower garden.

Natural and artificial stones for flower beds have their own advantages. Natural materials are distinguished by their strength, reliability, long service life, environmental friendliness, availability and visual appeal.

Artificial materials are somewhat inferior to natural ones - under the influence of precipitation, sunlight and negative weather conditions, they lose their aesthetic appeal and begin to deteriorate.

Stone staircase

Forget the typical modern staircase and staircase designs. Try something with a more natural look in your garden, such as a stone staircase. Don't worry about creating the perfect straight design. An authentic look must be unique.

Beautiful examples

A favorite theme of landscape designers is the checkerboard-shaped flower bed from Alice in Wonderland. This picture does not lose its relevance, and children will be delighted.

Under such a flower bed, it is better to fill in a separate foundation - a platform, pour dry soil down, and black and white gravel on top, separating the squares with inconspicuous wooden partitions. In each square, you can dig in tubs both simply with any plants you like, and with shrubs trimmed in the form of chess pieces.

The very case when a successful landscape design is clearly visible even from above. A winding path made of different-sized wooden cuts visually enlarges the space from the doors to the recreation area. The beige facing tiles near the armchairs are harmonious in tone with the light cut of the track.

The rest of the composition is designed in white - entrance steps, armchairs, a sunbed, lamp posts in a flower bed and even light shrub flowers.

Materials for stone beds and flower beds

Beautiful flower garden made of stone can become a decoration of a summer cottage if it is decorated using natural stones.

This material goes well with any style, is resistant to external influences, environmentally friendly and durable.

To create flower beds from decorative stone, it is recommended to use such types of material as sandstone, limestone, volcanic tuff, slate, pebbles, granite, quartzite. Ordinary brick is well suited for decorating a flower bed made of stone. These decorative materials differ not only in appearance, but also in physical properties, structure and service life.

  • Sandstone is characterized by porous and loose structure... The material does not have a long service life, as it is subject to destruction. Massive rubble stones and sandstone boulders are used to create raised flower beds, which can give the garden a special look.
  • Limestone is the most suitable material for flower beds. Limestone of light yellow, creamy light gray color is used. The interesting structure of the stone allows you to create beautiful compositions. Over time, voids and cracks form in the stone, which can be filled with soil or planted with moss and ground cover plants.
  • Slate is a mineral characterized by the ability to exfoliate into thin plates. Many people use slate chips for sprinkling flower beds, which gives the structure an unusual appearance.
  • Pebbles or rubble are used to decorate open areas, design paths and the outline of flower beds. The material is distinguished by its neat appearance and low price. To give a flowerbed with decorative gravel and pebbles stability and strength, it is recommended to use a cement solution.
  • Volcanic tuff is different high decorative qualities, rich palette of colors and durability. To decorate stone beds, tuff of orange, pink, purple and white colors is widely used. Tuff boulders are used for the construction of artificial terraces and flower beds near water bodies.
  • Quartzite is a very beautiful decorative material for decorating a summer cottage. It features a smooth surface, a wide range of colors and the ability to reflect sunlight.
  • To create borders from stone with your own hands, bricks are very often used, which are laid out in random order, fancy geometric patterns are created. To make a bed of stone, you can use silicate or ceramic bricks.

How to equip the territory in the yard

Garden planning is an art that creates the perfect harmony between man and nature, optimally combining practicality and ease of use with the aesthetics of your garden.

Flower beds and lawns, gazebos and architectural forms located on the site will give a unique look to your garden. Hydraulic structures in the garden area often become a stumbling block. Artificial ponds, streams, fountains, waterfalls, with which the landscape becomes more spectacular. But the arrangement of reservoirs is very specific and depends on many factors, of which the design decision and the wishes of the customer, although they are fundamental, are still in second place. Especially when it comes to the technical execution of a creative idea.

A beautiful artificial reservoir made of natural materials will become a real decoration for the site

An artificial reservoir with a waterfall looks even more attractive than usual.

The following factors are considered paramount - this is both the functional purpose (just a decorative reservoir or a pond with fish), and the location of the reservoir. You should also take into account the climatic conditions and features of the local landscape.

There are a large number of methods for the technical implementation of ponds, fountains and reservoirs. They differ both in technology and in the building materials used. And in each case, this method will be different.

A cozy backyard area will be considered only when all the main components of landscape design are matched perfectly, namely:

  • Correctly chosen landscaping
  • artificial reservoirs are functionally arranged
  • A suitable decorated covering has been selected.

Today there are many varieties of variegated plants that will help create a truly fantastic image of your site.

A holistic work on creating a landscape design for a garden plot begins with a detailed study of the land plot, drawing up a map of the area and an action plan to change the appearance of the garden. In a word, high-quality work presupposes the presence of good specialists who know their business.

It should be not only a designer, but also an agronomist, as well as a specialist with a technical education, who will help determine the necessary equipment for organizing your own reservoir.

They say that there is no limit to perfection, this photo is a vivid confirmation of this.

And the main thing here is not to grow the fruits of "amateur performance" and not contact firms that have been engaged in landscape design for a short time and do not have sufficient practice in this area, otherwise the object created by them will inevitably fall under alteration.

The use of natural stones in working with children in a preschool educational institution

Nadezhda Nikolayevna
The use of natural stones in working with children in a preschool educational institution

Use of natural natural stones

in work with children in preschool educational institutions

Lithotherapy is a treatment with using natural natural stones... Examines the impact stones on the human body. More broadly, it is use of natural mineral substances (stones, metals, clay, etc.) for the purpose of their effect on the human body

In our daily life, we are continuously exposed to invisible energy waves from electrical appliances, fluorescent lights, computers, mobile phones, vehicle elements, etc. The list is endless. These factors drain our health, and even more so children, leaving us devastated, tense, irritated, tired, in poor physical and mental shape. That is why the right mineral may be that long-awaited solution to the growing problem of human fatigue in today's technogenic society.

In contact with stone the energy it radiates affects the human body - down to the smallest cells. Since minerals constantly exchange energy with the environment, a wide variety of energy vibrations arise, depending on the individual structure natural stone... And then, in the process of lithotherapy between stone and there is a mutual exchange of energy and information between people.

The level of formation of speech function is based on defective functioning systems of the brain. The normalization of the processes of excitation and inhibition is one of the points of application of lithotherapy. Massaging your hands with minerals can help prevent nervous system disorders, relieve depression in children and simply improve your mood.

Massages are precious stones biologically active areas on human skin. The massage relaxes the muscles, improves the blood supply to tissues and organs, helps relieve internal tension, and helps relieve pain and heal wounds.

Acquaintance of children with minerals is of great developmental importance in the life of children with OHP and intellectual disabilities.

Playing with minerals has a beneficial effect on the development of a child's cognitive abilities, and has a fruitful effect on the development of fine motor skills of the hands. Also by increasing vocabulary (nouns, adjectives, verbs) speech develops. While playing, speaking children pronounce new words, while non-speaking children increase their passive vocabulary.

As a hand-held trainer in lithotherapy, traditionally rosary beads made of natural stones are used... The rosary is divided into round and flat. Fingering a rosary today is not a sign of religiosity. This activity not only helps to calm down the nervous system, concentrates attention, but also develops dexterity and strength of the fingers. Beads can be of different sizes and a wide range of valuable stones.

The therapeutic possibilities of alternative medicine - lithotherapy help to create conditions for speech expression and perception.

As practice shows, the favorite games of today's children, as well as of past generations,are games with junk material: twigs, cones, pebbles - they can be thrown, broken, knocked on, etc. And if you dream up? Today, there are many non-traditional methods that allow solving a complex of tasks and problems facing the teacher.

I would like to present to your attention an affordable, environmentally friendly and very interesting natural the material is an ordinary pebble. Pebbles are especially popular among children. You can collect and examine them endlessly. You can change them without prejudice. And whose child did not bring home "Collection of precious treasures"? I saw in the pebbles a cost-effective material for the activity, and over time, a lot of ideas appeared. use of... These are the ideas I want to share.

Stone can usein the following directions:

Physical culture and recreation direction with using stones includes:

Outdoor games: relay races, get into the circle, who will find the stone ahead of the description.

The guys must run to the finish line with pebbles in their palms. The winner is the one who brings the most stones.

Children draw a line with crayons on the asphalt or with a stick in the sand. stones... The one with the longer line wins.

Fine motor games: pouring, searching in stones any items, unfolding stones by size, by color, by texture, by weight, rolling between the palms.

Prevention of flat feet: various massage paths, the paths themselves are attached stones, tracks from stones, stones tasks of different sizes and textures are poured into small boxes, the purpose of which is to capture, shift, roll, push stones toes, massage, self-massage.For the purpose of hardening: can use colored stones, decorative, unusual, painted children, etc.... by placing them in containers with water of different temperatures. Dipping your hands into water of different temperatures will be an unobtrusive, interesting hardening event.

Regional component: getting to know stones of Udmurtia.

Experience number 1. Determination of color and shape.

Children share observations of what color they have stones (gray, brown, white, red, blue, etc.) .

Output: stones they are different in color and shape.

Experience number 2. Determination of the size.

The teacher asks: "Everything stones of the same size? " - Not. Find and show me your largest stone, smallest, medium. Who will make an important conclusion about the size stones?

Output: stones come in different sizes.

EducatorA: We need very sensitive fingers for this experience.

Experience No. 3. Determination of the nature of the surface.

We will now stroke each stone in turn. Surface y stones the same or different? Which one? (Children share their discoveries.)

Show the smoothest stone and the roughest.

Output: the stone can be smooth and rough.

Experience number 4. Consideration stones through a magnifying glass.

To make it even better see the surface of the stones we will use loops.

(Children consider all their stones.)

Educator: What interesting things did you guys see? (Specks, paths, grooves, dimples, patterns, etc.) ... Well done, very attentive children. Guys, I have an interesting proposal for you to become weights for a minute. What do weights do? Yes, they are weighed.

Children take turns holding stones in the palms and determine the heaviest and lightest stone.

Output: stonesby weight are different: light, heavy.

Educator: guys, now put your palms on the table and quickly on your cheeks. What table? And the cheeks? Our skin can quickly detect temperature.

Experience no.6: Determination of temperature.

Now we will have a very interesting, very difficult experience. Among their stones you need to find the warmest and coldest stone. Guys, how and what will you do? (Children offer ways of action, conduct an experiment. The teacher asks to show a warm, then cold stone and offers to warm a cold stone.)

Output: stones can be warm and cold.

The children take a jar of water and carefully place one stone in the water. They are watching. Share the result of the experience. The teacher pays attention to additional phenomena - circles went through the water, color stone has changed, became brighter.

Output: stones sink in waterbecause they are heavy and dense.

(The children take out a stone and wipe it off with a small napkin.)

Application on plasticine (a layer of plasticine is applied to a paper plate or a piece of cardboard, and then a pattern is laid out)

Painting stones - an interesting and exciting activity

Using stonespossible for each section of the program:

-Stones can be used as counting material, can be drawn on stones numbers or just paint in different colors, you can lay out geometric shapes or just lay out in increasing order.

-As a stimulating material for the development of speech, if drawn on stones fairy tale characters, etc.

-Use in games for the development of attention, memory, imagination, thinking.

Currently, for us, teachers and psychologists of modern society, there is an acute problem of increasing the number of preschool children with behavioral problems, as well as personal development. In our kindergarten, out of 60 surveyed children, 9.3% have a pronounced aggressiveness, 23.1% of children have a high level of anxiety, the presence of fears is noted in 21% of the surveyed children. Today in kindergartens over this problem psychologists work, educators and other professionals. Many are looking for new non-traditional methods and models of psychological and pedagogical assistance to children. Our kindergarten did not stand aside either.

About lithotherapy in psychological practice, including the use of lithotherapy methods in kindergartens, I did not find any information in the pedagogical and psychological literature. I began to study this direction more deeply, to study and apply lithotherapy in my own practice.

In the Middle Ages, philosophy believed that stones connect the world of the universe (macrocosm) with the world of human soul and body (microcosm)... Each stone in the astrologer's view was subordinate to one of the heavenly bodies and, receiving cosmic energy from it, could have a direct effect on a person, healing his body and helping in business. Modern science denies this. However, scientists have found that stones can have a significant emotional and even physical impact on a person due to physical characteristics - natural color and shape, as well as in connection with the social burden attached to them - value in society, popularity and recognition (stones are aesthetically beautiful)... It has been scientifically proven that color and shape stonescan affect the human psyche: contemplation and possession stones able to affect the pleasure centers of the brain through the organs of sight and touch - these studies have long been carried out in the United States. Most magical and healing properties stones based primarily on the phenomena of self-hypnosis, suggestibility, collective awareness of centuries-old traditions and placebo effects. When it comes to lithotherapy, most often only contact is meant (massage, and sometimes the non-contact effect of minerals on the human body - meditation. Therefore, in my practice stones only auxiliary objects around which everything is built.

Stones - multicolored, so you can exercise with them use together with color therapy, as a more studied direction in psychology (for example, "Color game training" Pogosova N.M.).

.And without a fairy tale there is no communication with children! Fairytale therapy is an assistant to all specialists, working with children.

The result was working a program called "Gems"aimed at relieving emotional problems in children. Working the program consists of classes. Each lesson is built around one specific color.

Examples of exercises included in the program.

- Multi-colored pebbles (lithotherapy - attention, tactile perception, breathing exercises)

- Look at these beautiful multi-colored pebbles. It's amazing how generous Mother nature on paint... What colors do you see here? Well done. Take a pebble for yourself.

Exercises for the development of speech and cognitive processes

- Now that the pebbles are in your hands, carefully examine them, try to notice the peculiarity of your pebble. (Next comes the expansion of vocabulary, a set of adjectives).Feel how the stone feels to the touch (smooth or rough, hard or soft, what is its temperature (warm or cold, see what size it has (big or small, shiny or not, transparent or not) (look at the light)... Now knock your pebble on your neighbor's pebble. What sound did you hear? What does the sound look like? (Workon all three channels of perception: sight - visual, hearing - auditory, sensation - kinesthetic).

- Magic transformation (imagination)... Take another look at your stone. What does your pebble look like? What do you think it can be turned into? (Into a berry, a fruit, a wheel from a typewriter, a flower, the sun.) Now try to portray what your pebble looks like, and the rest of the guys will try to guess what you are up to. You can voice your actions. Who is our most dreamer?

- Now let's mix all the pebbles in one box, and you try to find your own among all! Excellent! (attention development).

Breathing exercises

- Put a pebble on one palm directly in front of you, and the other palm is empty (exercise "Ladoshki" from breathing exercises A.N. Strelnikova). Show me your palms! We start to make noisy, short and rhythmic (compliance with all three conditions is mandatory) inhale with your nose, at the same time, clenching your palms into fists (we hide the pebble, that is, we produce Grasping movement.

- Place the pebble on the floor in front of you (exercise "Pump" from breathing exercises A.N. Strelnikova).Basic starting position: Stand straight, feet slightly narrower than shoulder-width apart, arms along the body. Make a slight bow, that is, stretch your hands to the floor without touching it, and at the same time take a short and noisy breath in with your nose in the second half of the bow. The inhalation should end with the bow. Then rise slightly (without straightening, and again bow and a short noisy breath "Off the floor"... The exhalation should be done after each inhalation independently, without straining (that is, passively, through the mouth, without opening it wide.

- Warm it with the warmth of your breath, blow on it for a long time and smoothly. We inhale with our nose, and exhale with our mouth. Exhaling, we pull in our tummy a little.

- Now let's blow on the palms, cool them, blow off the traces of the pebbles. We blow for a long time and smoothly, we do not inflate the cheeks. Repeated several times.

Exercises to relieve muscle tension

All exercises are repeated 3-4 times.

- Let's play hide and seek with pebbles? (relieving muscle tension) Squeeze the pebble in your cam tightly, I will check if you hid the pebble well, if your cam is firm enough. Okay. Now relax your hand and fingers if at the same time a pebble rolls out of your palm, it's okay. I'll check if your palms are soft enough. Now, hold the pebble in your other palm.

- Imagine that you have turned into small pebbles. Stretch out into a string, turn into a solid, solid stone, strain all your muscles and freeze. Now turn into melted ice cream, your whole body is soft, pliable. Then the child must become a pebble again, etc.

- The exercise "Muscle clamp"... Participants sit in a notoriously uncomfortable position. In this case, local tension occurs in certain muscles or joints, "Clamp"... It is necessary for a few minutes to accurately select the area of ​​the clamp and remove it, relax. Participants share their impressions and feelings.

- And now carefully roll the pebble between our palms. Feel its shape, feel its coolness or warmth. Roll it from your fingertips to the base of your palm. Now place a pebble on your left palm, and with your right, roll a pebble over each finger. Rotate the pebble in the palm of your hand. Massage your left palm well. Now change hands. Let's massage the right palm. Feel how the stone gives us strength and tranquility, makes us stronger and healthier.

- "Screwing in and out"... The pebble is scrolled in the fingers clockwise and counterclockwise so that it does not touch the palm.Exercise requires a certain skill and coordination of muscular efforts, promotes the formation of perseverance and increases concentration.

- "Grind the nut"... You need to hold a pebble in the center of the left palm, put your right palm on top and, as it were, try to crush the ball

- "The monkey grabs the orange" You need to squeeze the pebble, which is located right in the center of the palm.

- "Coal in the palm of your hand" continuously and low toss-roll a pebble from one palm to another, as if it were a hot ember (at the same time, palms are naturally massaged, dexterity is trained).

- "The dragon plays with the pearl"

1. Pebbles, sun, fence "

Show the pebbles with bent fists, the sun with fingers spread out in all directions, and the fence - stretched out and firmly pressed to each other.

The facilitator quickly speaks the names of these items, alternating between them and confusing the players.

2. Bunny walked, walked, walked, green (by the color of the lesson) I found a pebble.

(Walking in place with a forward bend to raise "Pebble")

The bear walked, walked, walked, found a white pebble.

The cat walked, walked, walked, found a blue pebble.

(Children march, bend over, raise with their right or left hand "Pebbles")

The kids walked, walked, walked and came home. (Sit down)

There are many incredible miracles in the world. And I decided to show the guys one of them - the miracle of the birth of a crystal, to create this miracle together. We are with children grown salt crystals together. After all, the activity of experimentation contributes to the formation of cognitive interest in children, develops observation, mental activity. In the course of experimental activity, situations are created that the child resolves through the experiment and, analyzing, draws a conclusion, inference, independently mastering the idea of ​​a particular law or phenomenon. When a few days later we children they took out a crystal of salt, an admiring exclamation of the guys rang out in the group. And our crystal was getting bigger every day. A miracle happened! Children saw the miracle with their own eyes - this is the most important thing!

At present, one of the most acute problems is the education of patriotism. Preschool educational institutions, being the initial link in the education system, are called upon to form in children the first idea of ​​the world around them, their attitude to their native nature, small homeland, homeland.

The main task of the preschool educational institution is to support and develop in the child an interest in research, discoveries, to create the necessary comfortable psychological conditions for this. The problem of preserving and strengthening the health of the child in modern conditions, including psychological, is a priority. And when a component of patriotism is added here, fostering pride in his native land, the educator can consider his task completed.

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The use of the technique with correction balls (fitballs) in physical culture work in the preschool educational institution Municipal budgetary preschool educational institution "Kindergarten" Smile "of the city of Kirsanov, Tambov region Report" Use.

Using sand in working with children Sand therapy. Playing with sand is the oldest human occupation. After all, even in order to draw pictures on the rocks, helpers were needed.

Using animation tools in working with foreign children in preschool educational institutions Information and communication technologies are an effective technical means with which you can stimulate the individual.

The use of electronic educational resources in working with children with speech impairments in the conditions of a preschool speech center. At present, the problem of finding new approaches and means for teaching children with speech impairments that would respond has become urgent.

The use of isotherapy in working with children Circle work. “Interpersonal relationships are realized, manifested and formed in communication. The experience of first peer relationships is.

Memo to speech therapists of preschool educational institution "Using sensory games in working with autistic children" Memo to speech therapists of preschool educational institutions "Using sensory games in working with autistic children" In the game, the child learns the world around him. The game develops.

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