To keep the plants in size, to eliminate dry branches with low vitality and to promote good flowering in the following spring, many garden plants must be pruned in autumn.
Before the winter rest it is advisable to reduce the foliage of the plants by progressively shortening all the branches of the plant, avoiding leaving empty areas and being careful to proceed progressively over the entire width of the crown.
For pruning you must use sharp and possibly clean tools between one cut and another to avoid carrying infections or fungi from one plant to another. The shears, the scissors, the pruner and the hacksaw are the tools that are used most frequently in these operations. The cutting of the branches must be clean and decisive, always linear and performed with a single movement, trying to cut the branch obliquely to let rainwater flow and avoid stagnation on the cut branch. It is advisable, for the branches that we want to grow back in the following season, to always coppice above a bud facing outwards, so that the shoots develop outwards and not towards the inside of the crown.
L'winter it is close, but if everything seems dry and withered to the eyes, plants and shrubs continue to live theirs seasons normally.
In this period of the year it is important to give plants a richness thinned out to lighten them, help them to get rid of diseases, make them pretty and ready for the next one spring.
Among the many plants that bloom in autumn, to decorate flowerbeds and terraces, the use of Erica is generally preferred, a small evergreen shrub, which loves places that are not too sunny and cool, and can not stand the summer climate. These are shrubs that generally do not exceed 25-35 cm in height, therefore very suitable for cultivation even in pots there are many species that are called heather, some have an erect development, others prostrate, so it is good to check this characteristic before plant the small plants, to leave the right space between them.
Heather is an acidophilic plant, for a luxuriant development it is therefore necessary to plant the small plants in specific soil for acidophilic plants.We prefer not excessively sunny positions and remember to water regularly, trying to keep the soil cool enough, but not overly soaked with water. The vegetation of the heather is compact, green or bluish in color, almost completely covered with small bell-shaped flowers, in shades of pink, which persist on the plant for weeks. However, the withered plants are evergreen and therefore remain decorative throughout the year if grown correctly.
Autumn colored flowersAutumn is a magical time for the garden. From mid-September the seasonal changes become more evident: the days get longer, the temperatures (especially the night ones) drop and.
Pruning and garden cleaning in winter
October is the month that we can define "preparer", the one where we begin to lay the solid foundations to protect ours plants from frosts and from cold temperatures.
In October, the "P" rule applies: Pruning and Cleaning.
During this month there are many works to be done in garden, it is good to have an eye towards there cleaning of the same. You can start with the pruning of bushes, of the flower beds and of shrubs, and continue with the elimination of broken branches and finally cover the plants which do not withstand freezing temperatures e fertilize instead the varieties they produce winter blooms.
In autumn the pruning of trees tall and for many shrubs. We must not prune superficially: every intervention of pruning if carried out in the wrong period it can cause damage to plants.
Which trees can be pruned in autumn:
- the Beech tree,
- there Oak tree,
- there Birch,
- the Linden,
- the Poplar,
- L'Maple tree,
- the Liquidambar
- the Ash tree.
Need prune Even the hedges with maintenance pruning and to give it the desired shape.
The evergreen shrubs to be pruned in autumn are the most resistant to low temperatures such as Holly, Osmanthus, Piracanthus and Privet.
The works for the month of October also include those of sowing. We also prepare the flower beds of bulbs a spring flowering, if planted now they will already give us a beautiful one flowering starting next year.
October is the month of Cuttings, and it is right there Rose the ideal flower for cuttings of this period, without forgetting also the splendid ones Camellias, the Hydrangeas.
In October it is good to consider the possibility of re-sow the meadow, to fill any gaps or for thicken it the cool climate and the autumn rains will help us do germinate the best seeds, i meadows already at home they need one fertilization, with organic fertilizer or with granular fertilizer slow release.
"title =" More autumn flowers
- ceratostigma "> Other autumn flowers
Other plants produce flowers in this period of the year, or in the next few weeks very widespread is also the cineraria (Senecio hybridus), a small compact shrub, which is covered with daisy flowers, commercially available in a variety of colors. cultivate the cineraria in a semi-shady, well-ventilated place, and water regularly once they have faded we eliminate the flowers by cutting the stems that carry them.
Among the small shrubs we also remember the ceratostigma, a perennial with a creeping habit and autumn flowering, in this period of the year it is covered with small flowers of an intense blue color, while the foliage tends to become reddish with the lowering of the temperatures of easy cultivation, it can be planted in flowerbeds or even in pots.
Between the end of summer and autumn, osmanthus also bloom, evergreen shrubs with intensely perfumed flowering, even the sasanqua camellias are preparing the buds, which will bloom in the coming weeks.
Prune and clean | The works at the end of summer
Gardens and ponds, vegetable gardens and terraces undergo a period of rest
Throughout spring and summer, our plants have given us exciting colors and scents, but also very pleasant shaded spaces, fresh and fragrant flavors, relaxing atmospheres. Results of merit for those who have taken care of the green spaces of the house with competence and tenacity, generous responses that recognize the many attentions received. Now that autumn is near, the treatments will diminish and while waiting for the rest periods, seasonal calendars prescribe interventions cleaning and of pruning: the rock garden with succulent plants must be carefully cleaned by eliminating the compromised parts, the flower beds in the garden and the terraced tubs intended for the installation of bulbous with spring flowering, the hedges and i evergreen, the pond it must be cleaned with care and the flower beds that will remain unused throughout the winter must be dug up in the garden.
Gardena narrow head scissors
In autumn, the pruning of stripping shrubs and evergreens aims to bring the shapes back to a neat and clean appearance. In these cases we speak of maintenance pruning which mainly tends to eliminate the vigorous shoots grown in summer and which disturb the aesthetic line of the shrubs. The methodology to be followed is simple but rigorous and leads back to a very simple rule: a cut that shortens a branch a lot strengthens it, a cut that shortens it a little limits its development.
Hedge trimmer with collection bag
Tools for perfect cuts
There is no need to say it, but if we mark it, our plants will be grateful because the choice of suitable tools already does a lot for their health. For the pruning of plants and shrubs there is a complete range for each type of intervention: scissors, loppers, saws, but also pruners, spears and cutting rods. For cutting branches with a small diameter, the right tool is a pair of pruning scissors with a striking blade because they avoid fraying of the bark and damage to the woody vessels. When making a pruning cut care must be taken that the branch to be removed is taken so that it rests against the base of the scissors and not towards the ends of the blades. In this way we will make less effort and subject the blades to less effort while preserving the edge.
When the branches are very thick
Branches with a larger diameter should be removed with saws is saws which can be chosen from straight, curved, with simple or double wire, taking into account the type of pruning required and the position of the branches. The cuts made with these tools are sometimes not perfectly smooth, in this case it is advisable to finish with one billhook or with a sharp knife.
If the care for our garden also includes attention to large trees, then it will be necessary to take into account topping and pruning interventions at relevant heights. The pruning tools provided for these extraordinary but necessary jobs make up a range in which lopping lances, cutting rods and pruners are inserted.
Even the pond keeps its distance
It is evocative, fresh and extraordinarily fascinating. But even the pond requires careful and continuous care to constantly maintain its mysterious beauty. The maintenance that the pond requires escapes from the normal habits of the garden: you enter another world where you need to respect different rules and have different knowledge. What is needed? Pond shears with which to carry out the necessary pruning of aquatic plants, skimmer to clean the surface of algae and leaves, underwater clamp to move baskets of plants, remove dirt and stones that have slipped on the bottom and fish out anything that has accidentally fallen.
The work to be done in the garden in March
March, the month of the awakening of nature. The first spring blooms are the most beautiful, the most full of meaning and joy, they promise a beautiful, rich and long season, after the winter rest.
Colorful explosions such as those of Chaenomeles, Forsizia, Magnolia and Prunus invite the green enthusiast to spend more time in the garden and terrace. Time to admire new colors, flowers and gems but also to act: March, in the garden and on the terrace, is the month for cleaning, pruning and preparing the garden.
In order not to miss anything, Pietro Bruni, botanist by Yougardener.com, has prepared a quick and easy list of jobs to do in your green space.
Pruning of roses, photo Rose Barni
Remove the covers and place the plants outdoors
First of all, let's take a look at the weather. If new frosts are not expected, the plants that had been protected with sheets or in greenhouses at the beginning of winter can be discovered. Finally free, on this occasion they will also appreciate a nice cleaning of dry leaves and branches, as well as a little slow release fertilizer.
March is the right month to prune. But beware, only those plants that will bloom in summer and autumn. Some species require more vigorous pruning, for example the hedges to which we would like to give a more orderly shape, others only cleaning pruning: it is always important to eliminate dry branches, the diseased ones, to ventilate.
The use of clean and sharp shears is essential, to always guarantee clean and precise cuts. The rose pruning period also ends in the first half of March.
Crocosmia, whose bulb is planted in March
Plant the bulbs
It's time for summer and autumn bulbs: planting them now will have time to vegetate and bloom in a few months. Among the most famous and loved there are dahlie, crocosmias, gladioli is lilies. It is important to wait, even in this case, for the danger of late frosts to be averted, in fact these bulbous plants usually fear the cold.
Quite right three tips to plant the bulbs: choose a soil with a loose mixture so as to avoid stagnation, break up the soil well, place the bulbs at a depth of about 2 times their diameter. Producers usually provide specific information for each species, so pay attention to what is written on the packaging.
You can choose varieties with scaling blooms so as to have, from the end of spring onwards, always new surprises and new colors in the garden but also on the terrace, in the pots.
New plants in the garden
It is the right time to plant fruit or ornamental trees, shrubs and rose gardens, both with bare roots and those in pots. Surely this is the best job to do in the garden and terrace in March.
Rosa 'Mokarosa'. Roses should also be planted during this period, photo Yougardener
In the open ground you can sow: aster, helichrysum, gypsophila, nigella, poppy, phlox, sweet pea. In the garden instead: carrots, chicory, onions, lettuce, radishes, rocket, valerian, pumpkins.
If you have a warm and protected environment, for example a greenhouse, the species to be sown, among others, are: amaranth, beautiful at night, snapdragon, marigold, digitalis purpurea, gaillardia, carnation, lavatera, lobelia, nasturtium, petunia, purslane, primrose, senecio, verbena.
Still on the subject of sowing, March is the ideal month for that of the turf, perhaps even only in those points where the lawn is ruined, to give it back a little vitality. If the temperature allows it, it's time to aerate and fertilize. Very often these operations are neglected and this is why the grass in our garden is not as green as that of the neighbor.
At work then and good early spring.
To learn more, on Yougardener.com there are specific guides for each topic - yougardener.com
Among the works to be done in the garden in March there is certainly lawn care
In the cover image, flowering of Chaenomeles