Recently, in one of the television programs dedicated to the problem of our dependence on the supply of vegetables from European countries, I heard the following figure: every year we date the farmers of Europe with a huge amount equal to 2.5 billion euros! Just imagine this figure. Of course, we have to buy peaches, apricots, oranges and other southern fruits, because they cannot be grown in our climate.
But at the same time, large quantities of carrots, cabbage, potatoes, onions, tomatoes, cucumbers and many other vegetables are purchased from European producers. Is it possible that the workers of our agricultural enterprises cannot or do not know how to grow them? Or maybe our climate is not suitable for this? The fact that the climate has nothing to do with it, I was once again convinced, having visited at the end of August in the garden of the famous gardeners of the Romanovs. For the third year in a row, I come to visit them in the final period of the summer cottage season. And each time one gets the impression that the sun never sets over their site, so impressive are the results of the work of Boris Petrovich and Galina Prokopyevna, who on their hundred square meters, spread out in a swampy area near Kolpino, created a kind of oasis in which, it seems, the climate has changed. How else to explain the fact that they have been confidently growing watermelons and melons in the garden for several years in a row, in spite of whatever spring and summer may be. And not one or two specimens, suspended in a net to the frame of the greenhouse, as many gardeners now do, but dozens of weighty beauties - striped or dark, as well as melons - round, oblong, exuding the aroma of the southern market by the end of summer. Remember how melons smell in the south? And so near St. Petersburg, they do not change this habit of theirs. Moreover, these melons and watermelons ripen not only in greenhouses, but also on an open melon in the garden.
I'm not talking about cucumbers, tomatoes and peppers. This year, there are four greenhouses on the Romanovs' site. One is slightly larger, the rest, one might say, are small. There is a greenhouse for peppers. In the other three, tomatoes reign, among which watermelons, melons, and grapes, which Boris Petrovich became interested in quite recently, feel at ease. He says that his plot gives the family such an abundance of delicious vitamin fruits that they do not want grapes at all. But the spirit of the explorer still took its toll. A year ago, the first vines of grapes appeared in greenhouses. This season, they have already formed clusters, while they are modest. Boris Petrovich claims that even next season he will not chase after the result, but will strive for one thing: to build up a powerful root system of grape plants. And in the fourth year - this he already promises - the harvest will be measured in buckets of juicy bunches. And I believe this, because I was convinced for a long time: he treats any business very conscientiously and never throws words to the wind. First of all, he develops his own technology, studies the peculiarities of the culture, tests different varieties. And when all these stages are passed, there is no doubt that the harvest will be the way he planned it for himself.
For example, now he announced that he had finished all experiments with tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers, watermelons and melons. Over the past seven years, she and Galina Prokopyevna have tested 150 varieties of tomatoes, and this season alone there were 24 new products - two plants of each variety; dozens of varieties of peppers and cucumbers, melons and watermelons - 20 varieties each. And now they have already decided: they have their own reliable technology, varieties are known that have shown themselves well with this technology. For example, this season they especially succeeded in large-fruited varieties of tomatoes such as Bull's Heart, Red Giant, Shuntuk Giant - many of them pulled up to 1 kilogram. The Romanovs are also satisfied with the harvest of the smallest tomatoes such as cherry - clusters of red and yellow small tomatoes adorn their greenhouses.
We are sitting with the owners in the film veranda, which Boris Petrovich attached to a modest country house - especially to receive guests, who have become more and more in recent years - many are striving to see the Romanovs' vegetable garden, to understand the secrets of their success. And they do not hide anything - they accept representatives of the media (only on the eve of my trip there were television men who, instead of the planned 2-3 hours, filmed in greenhouses and flower beds for more than six hours), and members of gardening clubs; and officials with deputies are often there.
The veranda is not just a resting place - it is also a kind of training ground. A grapevine winds along the walls, braided by the whips of watermelons and melons. And they did not just braid them - on special stands made of pieces of the board, huge watermelons and large melons that grew under a canopy lie. Two watermelons just hit me. Even on the market, such specimens are not often found. At first glance, it seems that they weigh up to two poods, but Boris Petrovich, who has been receiving such watermelons for several years now, says that these are the fruits of the Lezhebok variety. And they will pull 17-18 kilograms, and beautiful melons - Joker varieties. It turned out to be one of the best for the entire test period, and also the Roksolana melon variety is good. These varieties, apparently, in the future and will stop their choice of the Romanovs.
Boris Petrovich and Galina Prokopyevna have not only a division of labor, but also culture they have distributed among themselves. The owner is engaged in tomatoes, watermelons and melons, cucumbers. The hostess took over the peppers, as well as green crops and numerous flowers, ornamental plants. There are more than a hundred of them. By the way, the greenhouse for peppers is no less impressive than tomatoes. You will not find such weighty thick-walled juicy peppers on the market, they are larger than Dutch peppers, which are in abundance on the shelves of our vegetable stores all year round. And in color they will not be inferior to foreign peppers, perhaps, here the palette is even richer - there are red, yellow, orange, brown ones, and they are also long-fruited, stocky heroic, there are also turban-shaped ones. And most importantly, unlike overseas, the vegetables of the Romanov family do not know the taste of mineral fertilizers. According to Boris Petrovich, not a single feeding, not a single spraying from pests and diseases was needed this season. There were only watering with podzolized water - to reduce the acidity of the soil, because sawdust and wood chips are used on the beds, which, as you know, acidify the soil, and an aqueous solution of ash reduces acidity and gives the soil and plants potassium and trace elements. And the whole season in the beds and in the greenhouse there is a gas station, which gardeners made into the soil in the spring.
Of course, the sun shines no more over the site of the Romanovs than over the sites of the neighbors. It just seems so when you see the results of their work. And you, dear readers, can see a part of them in the photographs taken in the garden in the last days of August.
The Romanovs have developed their own technologies for growing southern vegetables. It seems they could calm down. But the famous gardeners have no peace. The first reason for concern is that their plot is not a garden, but a garden plot, which means the possibility of taking land for some economic needs. And the land on their site is not simple, but man-made - in a swampy place for more than twenty years, almost black soil has been formed by the hands of gardeners. On such soil, it seems, dig in a branch - and it will grow. The second reason is continuity. Remember - we all read more than once that in our climate before the revolution, monks in monasteries grew both grapes and watermelons. Then this experience of theirs disappeared along with the collapsed formation. And now there are several unique gardening sites near St. Petersburg, where miracles are happening. Unfortunately, such unique people can be counted on one hand. In addition to the Romanov family, perhaps these are V.N.Silnov, N. Epifantsev, L.N. Klimtseva, M.V. Soloviev and several other famous gardeners.
The monks received grapes, watermelons, but the Romanovs in their greenhouses (and one of them was open almost all summer, one might say, open ground) quietly receive colorful juicy peppers, any eggplants, tomatoes of various types and sizes. I am sure that many Petersburgers have never even tasted what a delight it is - cherry tomatoes - sweet as cherries and with a unique tomato aroma. Of course, now Dutch tomatoes of this type have also begun to appear in supermarkets, but we must remember that they were grown using mineral fertilizers, and they are environmentally friendly near Kolpino. Or, for example, Boris Petrovich has collected so many cucumbers from six cucumber plants, planted in special frames with organic matter according to his own technology, that they were enough for salads, and for preparations, and for numerous guests! And what - their experience and the experience of other well-known gardeners will remain unclaimed? Something is not visible yet young followers.
Could there be some way out? For several years now, both gardeners themselves and journalists writing about agricultural problems have raised the question of the need to create training centers on the basis of these unique sites, a kind of polygons. With some financial support - from the authorities or sponsors - it is possible to equip these sites, equip them with the necessary small-scale mechanization. And then, using the visual experience of unique gardeners - home-grown professors and academicians of gardening and gardening - to teach young gardeners, novice farmers. After all, many of them take their first steps, start from scratch, poke around, stuffing cones, and here they already have all the ready-made developments for growing any crops. Moreover, these techniques guarantee a harvest. Imagine, dear readers, what result will be if several dozen gardeners, or even better - farmers follow the path of the Romanovs, adopt their methods and experience ?! I would very much like to hope that there will be a positive solution to this problem.
And read about the results of the work of the Romanov family this season in the next issues of the magazine.
Photo by the author
DIY garden: 11 photos for inspiration
Home / Tips & Ideas / Garden and Plot / DIY Garden: 11 Photos for Inspiration
Karina Kaviar, Roomble.com Sat, 08 Aug 2020 11:00:38 +0300
The modern vegetable garden has become more accurate, modern and convenient to use. True, it costs more. Thanks to high flower beds made of bricks and blocks, wooden and plastic edging, full-fledged paths made of stone or tiles on the foundation, the arrangement of such a garden will require from 100 thousand to 300 thousand rubles. Not to mention the fact that there may be an automatic irrigation and shading system, greenhouses, greenhouses and a variety of trellises.
In this article, we will show 11 photo ideas that will help you make your garden in your country house or in a country house more comfortable and modern.
Create tall flower beds with wooden planks
Tall beds are more comfortable, caring for them does not load the back so much. Thanks to a wooden or plastic barrier, weeds do not grow, and those that come out inside the perimeter are easier to clean.
Place a bench or chaise lounge next to your vegetable garden
To make yourself a place to relax right in the garden, bring water here for a summer shower and drink, put benches or a sun lounger nearby and provide shading, for example, with a portable umbrella that you clean when you leave.
A beautiful garden with your own hands: stylish beds are easy
Home / Tips & Ideas / Garden and Plot / Do-it-yourself beautiful garden: stylish beds are easy
Aina Wed, 20 May 2020 07:05:05 +0300
Everything should be fine in a personal plot: the recreation area, the garden, and the beds. Each owner of a country house wants the garden to fit organically into the overall landscape design of the suburban area. So that the beds are not only fruitful, but also stylish. How to decorate a vegetable garden - 40 ideas and 10 important tips for arranging.
Beautiful vegetable garden: where to start
To create a beautiful garden with your own hands, you should start with a clear plan. Draw a diagram of your garden, taking into account all the vegetable crops that you are going to plant, soil fertility, lighting, groundwater, area and other factors.
Garden decoration: we place accents
Not only flower beds can be accents in the dacha landscape: starting the design of the beds in the dacha, use the aesthetic properties of vegetables and herbs. From them you can create both color accents and ornaments.
DIY garden fencing
Fencing for beds and flower beds is a must. It is necessary not only for aesthetics, but also so that you do not have to squelch between the beds in rubber boots after the rain on the washed out ground. What can you make a fence for a garden bed? The most popular options are bricks, cinder blocks, stones, logs and boards, wicker fences, glass bottles and more.
Beautiful design of the beds: fence for the garden
The fence can be not only near the beds, but also near the garden area. You can add aesthetics to it, for example, with the help of a wicker or hedge, a low decorative wall made of brick, untreated stone, or fruit bushes.
Garden ideas: how to make beautiful garden beds
It is not necessary to plant plants in square or rectangular beds located one after the other. Turn on your imagination (based on the size of the area for the garden, of course). The beds can be arranged in a spiral shape, in the form of flower beds, ribbons, stars, and so on.
- Do not forget about the possibilities of vertical beds, which allow you to free up space for a recreation area and flower beds. For example, herbs, strawberries, salads and even potatoes can be planted in vertical beds.
How to make a beautiful garden: a combination of plants in color and size
Consider the height of plants, their size, decorativeness and color when creating beds, focusing on the principles of decorating flower beds, but taking into account the fact that not all vegetables and herbs can successfully coexist with each other.
Landscaping of the garden: the recreation area of the summer resident
The vegetable garden will be even more stylish if you place a small recreation area on its territory. For example, in a shade under a wide decorative arch entwined with climbing plants. A chaise longue with a table or a hammock between the trees will also do.
Beautiful beds in the garden: do not forget about watering
You should also think over the irrigation system at the planning stage so that you do not stumble over the hoses later. Automatic irrigation (drip or subsoil), of course, is more profitable and easier - it frees up time for more enjoyable activities.
How beautiful to plant a garden: paths between the beds
How to make paths in the country between the beds? The ideal option is crushed stone or stone chips (and geotextiles for the base), which do not spread throughout the site and do not stick to shoes. What else can cover the paths: wood cuts, boards, bricks, agrotechnical fabric, roofing felt, pebbles, concrete and much more.
How to decorate a garden beautifully: types of beds
What is a vegetable garden for? To harvest, for decorative purposes, for planting only greens for salad or only strawberries - based on the wishes, area and general design of the site, we choose the types of beds in the garden. The main options are:
- traditional beds (as in most vegetable gardens)
- tall beds (aesthetics, protection against moles and earlier harvest)
- warm beds (layering)
- smart beds (focus on fertilizers)
- vertical beds
- hanging beds:
- beds from scrap materials
- beds on the fence
- multi-tiered beds
- beds in pipes, containers and other options.
Garden beds on the balcony: 10 tips for creating a productive garden in an apartment
Home / Tips & Ideas / Garden and Plot / Balcony Beds: 10 Tips for Creating a Fruitful Garden in an Apartment
Aina Tue, 21 Apr 2020 07:21:51 +0300
To create beds on the balcony, we are pushed by an irresistible craving for the ground, the growing popularity of stylish balcony gardens, longing for a suburban area and, of course, the desire to serve fresh and aromatic vegetables grown by our own hands on the table. How to organize a garden on the balcony so that it becomes fruitful, and not just decorative? We give 10 important tips for future balcony gardeners.
Garden on the balcony: a lot of light, but no direct sunlight
Most of the plants that can be grown in balcony beds need an abundance of light to grow properly. But the scorching rays of the sun will not benefit vegetables and herbs. It is important to consider this point when placing pots and containers with future ingredients of your salad.
Note: some capricious plants, on the contrary, need additional lighting (especially on the northern side of the apartment), which can be provided with phyto lamps.
Home garden-vegetable garden: air humidity
In the summer, the conditions are dictated by the heat, in the winter - by heating devices. Plants suffering from dry air need to be provided with optimal moisture by spraying or using containers of water between the beds.
Garden at home: the right choice of soil
On the one hand, today this problem does not exist: I came to the store and chose the right soil for certain plants. Alas, not everything is so simple. The soil can be contaminated with harmful microorganisms, unbalanced in composition, etc. To be sure of the cleanliness of the soil, you have to disinfect it in different ways. Therefore, the ideal option is to prepare the potting mix yourself.
How to grow seedlings at home: choose the right seeds
Not all vegetables, not all greens will "bloom and spike" on your balcony. Even when creating the most comfortable conditions. Study the seed package carefully: make sure that this plant and this variety are suitable for planting in a pot or container at home. As a rule, the manufacturer indicates on the packaging that the plant is suitable for these purposes.
Start with the simplest plants - don't rush to plant melons and watermelons on your balcony. Choose plant varieties that are non-capricious, self-pollinated, disease-resistant, “compact” (for pots and boxes) and early ripening.