Artificial reservoir on the site
A decorative pond, as a rule, turns out to be a surprisingly appropriate design element for any garden - small, large, regular or landscape.
I will share my observations and recommendations on the construction and operation of such a reservoir in our difficult climatic conditions.
Even if it is small, it qualitatively improves the microclimate on the site. The water heated during the day, the stones that form the reservoir, in the evening and at night, slowly give up their heat to the surrounding space, thereby increasing the temperature inertia, reducing the effect of night temperatures.
In the area of the reservoir, air humidity increases, especially in dry, sunny areas. It dramatically increases the biodiversity of the garden. Dragonflies, butterflies, birds, frogs attracted by the water add new colors and impressions.
Water lily, nymphea
Our task is to work on a decorative reservoir, to influence not only the visual sensations. The water in the garden will create a certain background noise - the sound of a babbling brook, a quiet waterfall will not be a superfluous element of influence on the viewer. Air flutes and bells suspended in the garden can add impressions.
A decorative pond can decorate any area of the garden, being an aesthetic dominant for it ("highlight" - as they sometimes say). A large body of water in a small or medium-sized area can generally become the main theme of the entire garden. Even better and more interesting "works" a system of two or three reservoirs, arranged at different heights and repeating the outlines of each other.
The shape of the water mirror, its size is determined by a number of circumstances. First, it should be linked to the architecture of the house. Secondly, the gardener by modeling should try to determine the optimal size of the reservoir mirror. Proportionality is a very important aspect in building a garden. Most often, reservoirs of simple geometric shapes are arranged near the house - a square, a rectangle, a circle, an oval. In the far corner of the garden, most often the mirror of the reservoir has an arbitrary shape. However, these recommendations are very conditional, be guided by your taste. Modeling can be done with a white cord, rope.
Construction of an artificial reservoir
Another aspect of the structure of the reservoir is psychological. A zone of quiet rest, intimate conversation, reading is formed. Therefore, it is better to place it in any confined space created by green hedges, borders or group plantings of medium-sized shrubs - from one and a half to two meters.
In horticulture, this technique is called the "green room". A cozy corner is formed, there is a feeling of security. The influence of the wind on the reservoir and the visitor to this zone is sharply reduced. The evaporation of water decreases (less often it is necessary to top up), vegetation develops more luxuriantly near the water, and the efficiency of using strong-smelling plants increases.
The presence of even a small slope allows you to create a system of two or even three reservoirs located on terraces. A drop of 10-15 cm is enough to create a cascade of ponds. When determining their size, it is appropriate to recall the so-called "golden ratio". A simple mathematical calculation will allow you to harmonize the geometry of water bodies.
On a flat area, the reservoir can be located at zero level. If the water mirror is slightly raised - by 15-20 cm - the aesthetic effect increases dramatically.
The body of water is a self-sufficient element of the garden. However, one should provide for some kind of paving around it, the installation of one or two benches, flowerpots, any small garden sculptures - frogs, gnomes next to it. In other words, when planning, these circumstances should be taken into account - do not pinch the reservoir in a narrow, cramped space.
Place of a pond in the garden
When determining a place for it on a site, one should be guided by several circumstances:
- The decorative reservoir should be in the sun for at least 8-10 hours a day; more is better. The sun is the basis of his life.
- A good location is a windfall. If there is no natural protection from the wind - a house, a building, a forest, we create it with green hedges, borders.
- Efforts should be made to design a decorative reservoir. It is not a shame to read books, magazines, remember the historical parks of the world. Of course, a lot here is determined by financial, physical capabilities, and the gardener's taste. It is good if the reservoir is visible from a high veranda, kitchen, gazebo. Top view is the main position of the viewer.
Plants of a decorative reservoir do not like different fluctuations in water level and temperature. Therefore, you should not take water from it for irrigation and swim in it. For these purposes, you need to use other means and opportunities.
A decorative reservoir is a closed ecological system. The task of a person - having created an ecosystem - is constantly maintaining it in working order. The active elements of the system are microorganisms, protozoa, bacteria, snails, insects, frogs, higher plants, birds. A person must monitor their development and intervene in cases of failure.
It is very similar to maintaining an aquarium. Algae has grown sharply - remove excess, little sun - thin out the vegetation around the reservoir, etc. An indicator of the quality development of an ornamental reservoir is clear water, good appearance of plants.
Water transparency can also be ensured with the help of chemicals, but this path is expensive, requires additional equipment - pumps, filters, and is not always successful.
Plants in a pond are not only a decorative element. They absorb carbon dioxide, release oxygen into the water, ensuring the life of the rest of the community. Some plants perform this task better than others (for example, elodea). They absorb mineral substances from the water that enter the water with melted spring waters or in another way. While developing, higher plants inhibit the development of blue-green algae, and the water remains clear for many years. Bacteria and protozoa - crustaceans - are also involved in this process. But they all need light and warmth.
Plants in an artificial reservoir
Little by little, silt accumulates at the bottom of the reservoir. Silting of large natural reservoirs takes 6-8 years. Artificial reservoirs made of film with a small mirror accumulate 2-5 cm of silt in 4-5 years. A small layer of silt is a stabilizing factor, therefore, its excess should be removed approximately every 3-4 years.
If there are small, overly active children in the family, you can arrange instead of a reservoir with water - the so-called dry reservoir with stones, plants and without water.
A very shallow - by 10-20 cm - reservoir is also possible. This depth drastically limits the number of ornamental plants, but makes it absolutely safe.
Finally, you can make the so-called "swamp". A shallow notch is made in the ground, about 30-40 cm, polyethylene is spread, and the whole structure is covered with soil. Polyethylene (the most common) will hold water, so that the most moisture-loving plants can be planted in this place. On sandy, dry areas, this garden element makes an unexpected impression.
Types of reservoirs
Now we will consider various ways of arranging decorative reservoirs. Let's mark the positive and negative aspects of each method, choose the best option.
1. Reservoirs from improvised means. Usually, gardeners begin their first experiments on the construction of a decorative reservoir with the use of improvised means - barrels, baths, building containers. Such a reservoir has only one positive point - almost zero cost. A barrel, or better half a barrel, can be buried in the ground, poured into the bottom of the soil, cover the metal with stones and plants.
You can plant marsh plants or even a shallow water nymphea in the barrel. You can take three or five half rolls, bury them at different depths - you get a system of small reservoirs. The simpler the tools at hand in the garden, from which you make something, the more necessary any idea, thought when working with these things. The disadvantage of barrels is that the water in them heats up poorly, the volume is small.
Building structures are often used, such as a concrete mixing trough. The structure is large but small. The water in it, on the contrary, heats up quickly, and also quickly cools down at night. The evaporation of moisture is large - the level decreases rapidly, but plants grow well and quickly in warm water.
2. Concrete reservoirs. Our gardeners are haunted by American films, where you can sometimes see private homes in California with luxurious pools. Alas! Our climate is different. The construction of concrete reservoirs requires enormous financial and labor costs, sand, high-quality cement, crushed stone, and reinforcement. It is necessary to build a formwork. Construction of this kind does not forgive construction mistakes. A rupture of the structure in the winter is very possible, because usually the soil freezes in our soil by 120-150 cm in medium and severe winters.
The thickness of ice in reservoirs reaches 20-30 cm when it is covered with snow. To reduce the risk of rupture, logs and logs are thrown into the water. They build roofs, sometimes cut openings. In other words, the result obtained does not correspond to the expended efforts and funds. True, if you make a concrete reservoir in the form of a bowl, saucer, then such structures will tolerate the winter period more easily. But such a reservoir cannot be made large. In general, concrete ponds are for the young, healthy and rich.
3. Quite a rare phenomenon - a natural body of water. Sandy and peaty soils do not hold water. Soils with a high clay content may work. Most often, such a body of water is belonging to a fairly large area, it is good if it is part of a stream, swamp, or some kind of quarry, i.e. has existed on the site for a long time - at least 8-10 years. During this period, a layer of silt has already accumulated at the bottom, which holds water, ecology has already formed in the old reservoir, the water is transparent.
In it, plants can be planted directly into the ground, they feel good. Nevertheless, even in the old reservoir, the water level changes very quickly and significantly. In spring or in heavy rain, it overflows; in summer, due to the drainage of water, its level decreases rapidly. Here you need a source of water - a trickle, a spring. But the spring has cold water, and the plants don't like it.
The banks require strengthening, an excellent option is a wooden sheet pile (logs with a diameter of 10-12 cm). Initially, all the banks were strengthened in this way in St. Petersburg. You can use concrete slabs, boulders.
Summing up all the pros and cons of this type of reservoir, it is possible to recommend not to do a new natural reservoir on the site, but if you have an old one, take care of its health: occasionally clean it, give more light, take care of the water flow, make sand or gravel filters that purify the incoming body of water, especially spring water.
4. A reservoir of ordinary plastic film. The use of this material for a reservoir requires careful preparation of its bed, the use of a sandy or fabric substrate. Recently, the domestic industry has begun to produce special polyethylene for reservoirs. It is less sensitive to the mechanical effects of ice in winter, but the geometric size of the film does not allow making a large reservoir, and it is suitable for small structures.
5. Plastic structures. Personally, I don't really like these designs. Their volume is insufficient for large plants, and their depth is small, but the cost is quite high. But my own experience has shown that they are stable in winter. I don't pour the water out of the container, but I throw a few logs for the winter.
Naturally, with a shallow depth, the plants must be removed to deeper water bodies for the winter. To install such a reservoir, you need to dig a pit. A sand cushion is poured onto the bottom with a layer of 10-12 cm. It is necessary to place this container horizontally at a level. Another plus - it is quite easy and without consequences you can change the place of the reservoir.
6. A reservoir of special films. The optimal ratio between labor, financial costs and obtaining the maximum decorative effect is provided by the use of special bottom films for reservoirs. In this case, a black film is preferable.
The water in it warms up better, and bottom sediments are not visible against a black background, which are rather quickly formed in the reservoir. Small and medium-sized reservoirs with a diameter of 2.5-4 meters can be made from a film with a thickness of 0.5 mm. For large reservoirs on soils with sharp stones, a film with a thickness of 0.8-1.0 mm is required. Under it, at the bottom of the quarry, you can pour a small layer of sand, put old linoleum or old cloth to isolate sharp stones.
Read the next part. How to build a decorative pond in the garden →
Photo by the author
The pond in the garden is real
A pond in your garden, principles of creation
Artificial reservoir design
Types of ponds for the garden
Being engaged in the improvement of the site, many summer residents want to purchase an artificial reservoir. Due to the variation in shapes, sizes and appearance, garden ponds for landscaping need to choose the right variety:
- decorative swamps
- mini pond
The pond is blocked by a natural watercourse. Because in a private garden, this phenomenon is almost impossible, the reservoir is often called the Stream with stagnant water. Its dimensions can be completely arbitrary.
Artificial pond in the garden
Creation of the form of an artificial reservoir, it is necessary to build on the general style of the garden landscape. Square, rectangular or just a round pond, fill in the classic pattern, as in a natural free loop - to create a special cozy atmosphere. The depth depends on its purpose:
- 0.3 m - small decorative pond
- 0.3 m to 1 m of water per plant
- 1.7-2 m - for fish farming.
Creates a unique atmosphere of relaxation from the everyday hustle and bustle. There are 2 main types:
A submersible fountain was installed in the existing pond. This design humidifies the air and nourishes plants and aquatic life with oxygen. With the help of a pump and a special nozzle, water circulates in the pond, creating unusual shapes.
Submersible garden fountains with sculpture elements
The stationary fountain is an independent design. You can choose any model or shape: a jug, a flower, a drawing, or even a mascaron - when water flows from the head of an animal, for example, a lion.
Stationary fountain mascaron view
Create a relaxed atmosphere with a waterfall. The sound of falling water is soothing and abstracts from the background noise. This pond will be an excellent solution to the problem of the road not far from the site. When installing a waterfall, it is necessary to take into account its height: the higher and more powerful the engine, the louder the sound will be. It is best to choose waterfalls with the ability to regulate the strength of the water flow.
Artificial cascading waterfall
With the help of improvised means, an ordinary fountain, you can build an installation of a cascade in the process of reactive stones or containers. This shimmering composition will be complemented by a nearby Alpine Hill.
Stepped waterfall in the garden
This type of pond is ideal for small spaces and will be a favorite pastime for children. Another name for the disappearing waterfall. Its base (pump and tank) is underground and upper water through the fountain nozzle.
Spring or disappearing rustic waterfall
To create a flow, it is necessary to have a large reservoir nearby, because of the last pump for raising water. A winding stream, and the overflow will create a natural picture. The walls are a pond, decorated with stones and plants. Little trick: if you spread stones from the banks of the yogurt stream, they will grow moss, this picture will cause a scream.
Artificial stream in the landscape design of the site
During construction, it is necessary to take into account the height of the slopes and winding channels, how this affects the speed of water movement. If the width of the pond is wide enough, you can simply make a swing bridge, which will solve the traffic problem and create a fabulous look.
Decorative bogs are very popular among owners of private houses. This pond must be isolated, that is, the water must be “standing” and its depth can be shallow, because bog plants have a shallow root system.
Garden ponds - decorative swamp
When building a decorative swamp, it is more natural to look sloppy stones of different sizes and colors. It is a slightly neglected view, crossed more harmoniously than carefully laid stones.
Very often, due to lack of space, it is not possible to establish a pond in the garden. In this situation, many gardeners resort to creating a mini pond. To do this, use an old bathroom or even a pool. It is important not to place the tank in direct sunlight as the water will overheat and bloom.
Mini garden pond from tank
Sozdaval mini-pond in the shade, you can even breed small fish and grow aquatic plants. Decorate the edges of the tank by getting a mini version of the reservoir. Often in these bodies of water, landing of small fountains, which are birds.
The main difference between pools from other bodies of water is the bathing function. This is not a breed of fish or grow plants. Decorate the pool by decorating it from the bottom and sides. The next is often organized a recreation area with beach paraphernalia. The walking area is specially designed to protect it from debris and leaves.
Swimming pool for relaxation at the summer cottage
When choosing the type of tank, you should consider the feasibility and functionality, and the relief of the site, and the general improvement. For a small area, the ideal solution would be a small pond or mini-pond, waterfall, fountain, or in spring. They do not take up much space and will allow you to enjoy the composition while contemplating the watercourse.
Ornamental grasses: what is it?
Grasses and grasses are found in their natural environment in fields, meadows and forest edges. They differ greatly in height, shape and color of leaves, size and splendor of inflorescences. In the wild, these plants are in most cases unremarkable and are easily lost among other field vegetation. But with skillful use with herbs, beautiful landscape scenes are created in gardens, parks, front gardens.
The flowering of field grasses and cereals is fundamentally different from garden forms: instead of large beautiful flowers (roses, delphiniums, gladioli), they form a green spike or a dull panicle. The stem, which is also a peduncle, is very often tall and leafless, and the narrow linear leaves are collected in a dense basal rosette.
A special place in the design of the gardens is occupied by vegetation native to the southern edges, which has a more expressive appearance. In temperate latitudes, it looks exotic, therefore it is used to create bright, extraordinary compositions.
Interesting. Grasses and cereals, growing in nature, are not spoiled by attention, therefore, in a cultivated state, they remain unpretentious. They are sensitive to the slightest care of their person, keep the freshness of the foliage for a long time and grow quickly.
Aralia is a shrub with complex feathery leaves; in autumn, they are unevenly colored in fiery colors of red and yellow. A complex leaf of aralia can reach 1 meter in length, dying off in the fall, it is divided into parts. The aralia bush blooms in August, releasing paniculate inflorescences with small white flowers at the top, shiny inedible black berries ripen by autumn. Aralia with sweeping feathery leaves looks good alone in a clearing, near buildings or next to tall trees.
In gardens, Manchurian aralia or devil's tree is often grown. This shrub grows quickly in shaded areas, on any soil, it does not like only drought. In spring, late frosts can damage young feathery leaves.
Aralia is very decorative during flowering and fruiting. Small, white-cream fragrant flowers are collected in large (up to 54 cm), complex paniculate inflorescences, crowning the tops of trunks and branches. It is most effective in the midst of flowering, which occurs at the end of summer, which not only enhances the decorative value of this species, but is also a good help for beekeepers. Duration of flowering up to 25 days or more. Fruits are berry-like, blue-black, small, of 5 well-distinguishable nest-lobes, inedible, very beautiful, especially during ripening. Until late autumn, large panicles with ripe fruits, bent under their own weight, adorn the tops of plants, effectively standing out against the background of colorful autumn foliage.
Aronia or black chokeberry gives a harvest of delicious black berries in autumn, collected in neat bunches, and the leaves of this shrub are colored crimson, scarlet and orange. Aronia is a compact shrub that does not need to be cut or shaped. In the garden, blackberry can be used for two purposes - to decorate the garden in autumn and get a harvest of tasty and healthy berries, from which wine, liqueur or compote is made.
Aronia will bear fruit well in a sunny place with any soil, it can tolerate planting in a damp wetland or dry with sandy soil, since this plant is quite drought tolerant.
Chokeberry looks great in the garden at any time of the year. Chokeberry makes a beautiful hedge. Her partners can be crops that bloom in summer or autumn. These are panicle hydrangea, perennial asters, Korean chrysanthemums, Japanese anemones. The autumn outfit lasts a long time, but by the beginning of October it fades, orange-yellow shades of foliage appear, and the berries remain hanging until winter and do not deteriorate for a long time. In groups, combinations of chokeberry with golden-yellow forms of chubushniks and other shrubs with light foliage are successful.
Barberry is a numerous genus. The bright color of the leaves and beautiful berries make the barberries decorative. Most often, gardeners give preference to the species - Tunberger barberry, it has many varieties with different leaf colors: purple, dark burgundy, light green, yellow, variegated with a border. The barberry bush is also selected according to its growth form, there are plants up to 1.5 meters in height with spreading branches and dwarf plants not exceeding 50 cm in height, they look like pillows. Barberries look especially impressive in a group of several varieties with different foliage colors.
An interesting bush shape, delicate branches, bright foliage inherent in various varieties, allows the barberry to lead among the colored shrubs. Blooms actively in spring. The crown of purple, red, lilac, lettuce color in summer, incredibly transforms in autumn. This is a real carnival of colors, from lemon to wine-colored foliage, scarlet bunches of fruits.
Barberries will grow well in loose, drained soil, they are drought-resistant and cannot stand constantly wet places. Barberries with crimson leaves or edged ones are best placed in sunny places where their color will be brighter. Barberries with yellow foliage prefer partial shade.
Barberry looks great in single and group plantings. The front garden, the alpine slide, the edging of the meadows - all these compositions will successfully complement the barberry of the variety and colors you like. Barberries of different heights (from 30 cm to 1.5 m) can be interestingly played in a prefabricated mixborder. Thunberg barberry is good in combination with conifers. The undersized cushion-shaped barberry Green Carpet is used for Japanese-style rocky compositions.
Barberry grows well in an open, sunny place, not picky about soils. Does not tolerate stagnation of soil input, when planting a barberry, a high-quality drainage cushion should be provided.
One of the most beautiful shrubs in autumn is euonymus. It has oblong leaves and flowers, flat like cakes, gathered in loose clusters. In autumn, the leaves of the euonymus acquire a crimson color, and the fruits look very original - red or orange seeds peep out of the open pink box. Choose deciduous winter-hardy species of spindle tree for cultivation in central Russia.
Warty euonymus is a shrub up to 2 m high.On its branches, you can see dark growths, like warts. The shrub blooms in late spring, but cross-pollination is necessary in order for the fruits to set, for this, plant at least two euonymus bushes on the site. This shrub prefers partial shade, as it naturally lives in forests and looks good among large trees.
The euonymus is an ideal option for those who do not have time or especially do not like to take care of the decoration of their garden. However, when choosing a species, still take an interest in the conditions for its cultivation. They are different, by mistake you can get a demanding and capricious look, and then think that you have been deceived. Buying a plant for flowers is not about the shrub we are considering. Euonymus flowers, usually appearing in early May, are not particularly attractive.
Its main decorative purpose is leaves, which amaze with their versatility. The dark green foliage in the fall transforms, acquiring both classic autumn shades from red to yellow, and amazing purple, white, pomegranate. Each sheet is individual, it can be painted not even in one, but in several shades. Closer to the onset of winter, the foliage becomes red, red-brown.
Derain wears an outfit of bright leaves in all shades of orange to burgundy in the fall. The sod bush is large, spreading, up to 3 meters high. The tree blooms for a long time from mid-summer to autumn; in recent months, white inflorescences coexist with bunches of berries. There are variegated sod varieties, decorative all season. Derain is easy to grow and requires little or no maintenance. It is recommended to form a bush annually by pruning.
In summer, variegated forms perfectly set off tall stands, therefore, the lawn is successfully used to decorate the undergrowth. In this case, it is planted in small groups. Shrub species (white, scion and blood red) can be used for molded and unshaped hedges, as well as for strengthening small slopes, ravines, and slopes. These ornamental shrubs tolerate urban conditions well, so they are excellent not only for gardening, but also for decorating roadsides. They deserve wide distribution not only in the middle, but also in the northern zone of Russia.
Beautifully flowering species (flowering dogwood and cousa) are used in specimen plantings, but since they can withstand frosts down to -30 degrees, they can be recommended for the southern regions. Their purchased flowering in early spring is so fascinating that the decorative value can even be compared with magnolia. Truly a chic ornamental shrub for a summer residence.
The shrub looks beautiful against the background of brick buildings. By planting it next to the windows in the warm season, you can enjoy the wonderful aroma. Jasmine is also a full-fledged element of landscape design in a single planting. Against the backdrop of a green lawn, white, yellow or cream flowers create a harmonious image.
In a group planting, a chubushnik creates volume. Combined with spectacular summer plants, it creates a contrast with their vibrant colors. Low-growing varieties have become regular guests in stone gardens: rockeries, alpine slides and rabatkas.
The bloom of the mock-orange is irresistible: the abundance of snow-white flowers on its branches creates the feeling that it was snowing in the garden. In recent years, the fashion for traditional plants of the Russian garden has been reviving in landscape design, among which there is always a chubushnik. Thanks to the efforts of Russian and foreign breeders, the chubushnik pleases gardeners with a variety of varieties and is able to decorate a garden of any style.
In landscape design, garden jasmine is used as a tapeworm, as well as in groups and compositions to create flowering alleys and hedges. Chubushniks are very shade-tolerant, but they develop better and bloom more abundantly in the sun. Various types and varieties of garden jasmine bloom at different times. Most garden jasmine blooms from late May to late July.
Due to the unusually beautiful, abundant and long flowering and due to the attractive forms of the crown of the shrub, the mock-mushrooms look great in solitary planting. Especially spectacular are flowering plants with an architectural crown ("Pyramidal" with a clear wide-pyramidal crown, "Virginal" with a dense vertical crown, etc.). A special place in the design of the garden is occupied by dwarf chubushniks ("Gnome", "Dwarf"). An irreplaceable dwarf chubushnik for use as a border, for edging flower beds and mixborders. These small plants are especially good in the parterre of regular gardens.
Viburnum is a widespread folk shrub. Viburnum vulgaris or red forms a rounded lush bush covered with lobed leaves. Viburnum blooms at the end of spring, white flowers open in the inflorescences of the scutes, and by autumn the scarlet glossy berries ripen, at the same time the leaves change their color to shades of red and yellow. Bunches of red berries hang among the bare branches for a long time in winter. Viburnum is decorative all year round, this shrub looks great in the garden alone or in a group, in the vicinity of trees or other shrubs.
Kalina loves shady places, the bush can grow quite extensively. This property of viburnum can be successfully used to decorate outbuildings, blank walls of sheds. Loves good watering, land for planting is mixed with humus (1 × 1). The land under the viburnum bush should be mulched with tree bark, this will help the moisture-loving plant to develop.
It grows wild in central and southern Europe, in North Africa, in the European part of Russia, mainly in its middle part and in Asia Minor. Rarely found in the west and north of Russia. Kalina can be found in Central and Western Siberia, as well as in the eastern and northern regions of Kazakhstan. Viburnum vulgaris does not grow in Central Asia and the Far East.
Cinquefoil belongs to flowering shrubs, and its flowering lasts from mid-summer to October. The best species are Daurian cinquefoil and shrub cinquefoil. These shrubs are about a meter high, rounded. On their branches, the leaves are collected in 5-7 pieces and many regular flowers of white or yellow color are constantly revealed. The Potentilla shrub will bloom in the garden until late autumn. This sun-loving and drought-resistant plant grows well on poor soil; in the spring, a bush is formed by pruning.
The plant is actively used in landscaping garden plots. Experts recommend using cinquefoil because of its unpretentiousness, pleasant foliage and bright flowers. It is distinguished by its rapid growth and tolerance for shoot formation. Potentilla shrubs give the landscape structure and organicity.There are several options for placing a garden beauty on the site.
The plant will serve as the border of the composite object. It can also serve as a border frame. Planting is best done at a distance from the path to allow the shrub to grow. Landscaping specialists often combine several types of Potentilla with different flowers in one place. This is a very good decision, since the plant will change in the same way at different times of the year.
The plant will look beautiful near a garden pond, but in this case, watering will need to be reduced to a minimum due to the possibility of excessive moisture in the roots. Interestingly, in the wild, Potentilla most often grows near large bodies of water.
The gallbladder becomes especially beautiful when its fruits ripen in a scarlet shell, collected in shields. Moreover, in the fall, the bladder bloom again and white inflorescences bloom next to the red clusters. Spectacular varieties of bladderwort with crimson leaves. This shrub can grow both in the sun and in partial shade, does not like long drought or stagnant water.
Kalinolistny bright color, therefore it is so often used in the design of personal plots, can be planted as a tapeworm on the lawn, under the canopy of bushes or in flower beds. You can also plant them in partnership with large types of coniferous shrubs: western thuja or juniper. Designers often use it as a background for small deciduous varieties of shrubs, for example, plants such as cinquefoil or herbaceous perennials.
You can also form group plantings or from one or more species, it is ideal for creating hedges, and in this option, the abundance of varieties and colors of the plant also matters - this is the reason for making rather daring experiments a reality. However, of course, the size of the bushes does not make it possible to create such fences in a small area.
Rowan is an ornamental shrub that is graceful in everything. The mountain ash has a beautiful crown with straight branches and branches curved at the top, which are decorated with feathery leaves. The mountain ash is beautiful in bloom, covered with white inflorescences-caps, and in the fall, when clusters of orange or scarlet berries ripen. Red clusters adorn the bush all winter until the birds peck the berries. Rowan bears fruit better in a sunny place, does not tolerate planting in wetlands or in a dry place with sandy soil.
Some of the mountain ash species are bush-shaped. The color of the fruits of different types of mountain ash may differ. The berries can be red, yellow, orange and pink.
In Russia, there are about 40 species of mountain ash that can withstand local climatic conditions. The excellent aesthetic properties of this tree make it possible to create an unusually attractive and fabulous landscape design. You can create colorful alleys from them, they are especially good in winter. Rowan trees are great for decorating gazebos, lawns, decorative ponds, alpine slides. The most popular rowan varieties are Aucuparia, Sorbus, Fastigiata, Lutescens.
Although mountain ash is majestic, it is not at all capricious. You can effortlessly grow it on your site, even if you plant it in a shaded place. This tree should not be watered too much. it does not tolerate high humidity, as well as too dry soil. Since the tree is sensitive to the effects of aphids, it must be pre-treated with a special agent. Rowan has a very deep root system, which is its advantage, especially if other trees grow nearby. In this case, the mountain ash will not be a hindrance to them. Since the foliage of mountain ash is special and can transmit sunlight, stunted plants and flowers can grow next to it.
Blooming gorgeous in late spring - early summer, the hedge usually flaunts in spacious areas, because lilac is a spreading shrub. Short pruning is not suitable for him, as it goes to the detriment of flowering. It is better to make such a "fence" from lilacs of different shades: white, purple, pink, lilac. Varieties should be selected at about the same height or alternate through one medium-sized and tall ones.
Lilacs of one or more varieties look beautiful in groups. Which one to choose is a matter of taste. The view of the garden will benefit from multiple lilacs of different hues blooming at the same time. For example, it is desirable to shade pinkish and dark purple with white. And lovers of bouquets will surely plant varieties that bloom at different times. A group of spreading lilac bushes will fill an empty corner of the site (you can also put a bench there), cover a not very attractive building. And planted at the edge of the patio will close the view from the neighboring house, so that nothing interferes with your rest.
Lilac can become one of the main plants in a white, pink-lilac or aromatic garden. It looks great next to thuja and junipers, including after flowering. Here there is a game of contrast: small needles and rather large leaves. Under lilac bushes, you can plant hosts with bluish-gray foliage, and in the very shade, because they cannot stand direct sunlight. Of the bulbous ones, only species that do not require frequent digging are permissible there. Galanthus, crocus, blueberry, chionodoxa, and crocus will do.
The ornamental shrub snowberry got its name for its beautiful fruits, like white beads, all sitting on twigs. The most common type is a white snowberry, the growth of this shrub is no more than 1.5 meters, the leaves are roundish gray. By autumn, when the white berries are poured, thin twigs bend from their weight. The branches of the shrub can be heavily trimmed by picking up branches with white beads for dry bouquets.
The shrub shows its beauty in the fall, during the fruiting period - from September to the very snow. Fruits gaining weight gradually lower the branches down, creating a very beautiful habit of a bush with drooping branches. Truly very cute and rather modest in nature ornamental shrub for summer cottages.
If you collect a composition from Wangutta spirea, snowberry, variegated dern, and plant rowan with white fruits in the background, this combination will be simply excellent. After all, the spirea blooms in early summer, then the sod will be the accent, and in the fall the whole group will be decorated with a snowberry and a mountain ash.
Snowberry trees are also good against the background of dark conifers. In the autumn period, a very picturesque bright contrast of the shape, texture of plants and their color will appear. In addition, as already mentioned, for large gardens from a snowberry, you can create an elegant and dense hedge. When planting a hedge, the distance between the bushes is 60-70 cm.
With your land, you can get the most out of it. The land plot provides its owner with rich opportunities. Having a garden and a vegetable garden does not mean that you need to waste all your precious time. Even if you don't have this time, you just might have fresh herbs, berries and even fruits. There are many options, so to speak, "light" gardens and a lot of techniques to facilitate work.
Your fruits and vegetables are very good, and today it is also relevant. You will provide yourself with ecologically clean and vitamin products for a whole year, which is important today. Why guess how and with what you fertilized beautiful vegetables from the supermarket? Health cannot be bought for money. It is no coincidence that the most expensive vegetables in Europe are those grown in ecologically clean farms. You also have this farm - this is your garden.
How to deal with the design. Neither an orchard nor a vegetable garden interferes with the beauty of the garden; on the contrary, a modern garden and a vegetable garden are full-fledged design objects. A garden and a vegetable garden are just conventional designations, but in principle, these are compositions from such plants that are perfect for the role of landscape design tools.
Berry bushes, fruit trees and vegetables have absolutely everything: shape, color, texture, nuance, contrast - in a word, a bunch of wonderful qualities that are in no way inferior to other ornamental plants.
Some representatives of fruit shrubs and trees can become full-fledged garden decorators. But what about vegetables! Some types of vegetables can be used in garden design as ornamental plants along with classic decorators. For example, the fruits of tomatoes are so varied and so beautiful that you can make a real "flower garden"!
In the end, the beauty of a garden or vegetable garden depends on how these areas are planned. The vegetable garden, as well as architecture, are compatible concepts. There are vegetable gardens that have a decorative "pearl" of the garden. The main thing is not quite a standard idea and stylish design.
However, you need to start with a practical foundation. The garden can be planned, however, like other objects in the garden.
Getting started planning a garden, you need to answer some questions:
Where is it better to arrange a garden and a vegetable garden.
What sizes should be in the garden and vegetable garden.
How to make your garden and vegetable garden effective.
How to turn your garden and vegetable garden into real landscape design objects.
A place for a good vegetable garden should be suitable for some parameters. Firstly, it must be sunny, possibly with a slight partial shade, protected from the winds. Secondly, it must be open in perspective.
If you have fruit trees growing near your garden or planning some kind of buildings, think about what kind of shade they will give, and correct the location of your garden if necessary.
These are prerequisites. Now, ornamental gardens are placed near the house, if there is a suitable place.
The best place for your garden would be an elevated location, a southeastern or southern slope, and a sunny location. It is important that the fruits are illuminated by the sun. The second requirement: you need to arrange the garden so that it gives a shadow to other objects of the site. There are no definite rules: it all depends on the idea and on the design of the orchard.
The main thing is the needs of your family. A small vegetable garden is designed for fresh herbs and a small amount of berries, its area should be about two square meters. The maximum size of the vegetable garden is not limited. Before deciding, consider whether the vegetables will only be used fresh or whether you will harvest them for the winter.
The minimum fruit garden consists of 3-4 fruit trees. If you suddenly want to consume fresh fruit, it is better to plant 6 fruit trees.
A garden and a vegetable garden are also compositions; decorativeness will depend on how they are carried out. There are also varieties of ornamental vegetable gardens.
Features and types of plant culture
Khosta is a perennial crop with decorative foliage of various shapes and shades of green.
Benefits of the plant variety:
- versatility - bushes can be placed in shaded areas and illuminated areas
- ease of care
- the presence of different heights, types of design
- resistance to insect pests, etc.
The following varieties of culture are in demand in the design of the garden:
- Wavy - a perennial plant has leaves of a rich green tone with white spots. The culture blooms from the second half of summer. To heal the bush, you need to prune the branches in September-October.
- Plantain - the difference between the culture is in large leaves. The plant has white buds in the shape of bells. The culture is unpretentious, it can be placed in the shade and on illuminated areas.
- White-bordered - differs in miniature bushes, green leaves have a white border. This species grows well on clay soil near water bodies.
- Curly - it is distinguished by decorative leaves with a two-tone color.
- Variegata - has an emerald-green foliage with white edging.
- Mediovariegata - a subspecies is distinguished by light leaves with a green edging.
Host species are classified by size into the following subspecies:
- dwarf (up to 10 cm)
- miniature (10-15 cm)
- medium (30-50 cm)
- large (55-70 cm)
- giants (over 70 cm).
The plant can be planted separately on the site or as part of complex compositions. You can combine different host subspecies, differing in size, texture and shade of the leaves. Compact flower beds are aesthetically pleasing, on which plants are framed with boulders. The compositions are placed near small reservoirs on the site.
Experts recommend planting hosts in a flower garden in the following cases:
- you want to add decorative foliage
- the main plants have lost their decorative effect
- culture can become an original background for light-colored flowers
- high hosts (60-90 cm) can be used as the main element of a flower garden
- dwarf varieties are recommended for use as lower tiers in flower beds, on alpine slides
- varieties of medium height can be used in compositions with flowering shrubs (snow-white, lilac, purple, etc.).
The rules for planting a flower culture are as follows:
- species with bluish and green leaves are most effective in shaded areas
- varieties with foliage of golden and pale green shades are placed in places with diffused lighting
- it is possible to grow the culture in different spaces of the garden to create a harmonious compositional solution.
Medium height and low-growing species can be combined with peonies, volzhanka, fern species, lamb, roses.
Dwarf subspecies can serve as a background for daylilies, phlox, reed grass, miscanthus.
Tall specimens are recommended to be placed in the center of the flower garden. Do not use other background crops in this case. However, conifers, bulbous plants and ornamental cereals can be planted next to hosts.
Spectacular compositions are created using host and spectacular astilba near ponds, on alpine slides, etc.
Hosts are best planted in areas decorated in Alpine, Provencal and Art Nouveau styles. The hosts look original in Japanese-style gardens with ponds and stone blocks.
Hosts can be used in the decoration of the site in combination with conifers, as a complement to multilayer borders. Dwarf species can diversify the rose garden, stone embankments.
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A decorative bridge for a garden with your own hands is not as difficult to make as it seems at first glance. But the aesthetic effect of this small architectural structure is simply incredible. In addition, the owner will be able to demonstrate his skills to others and deservedly be proud of himself. Consider the intricacies of this creative process.
Types of decorative fillings
Depending on the material, there are 2 types of dumps: organic and inorganic. They, in turn, have several subspecies, as well as a number of advantages and disadvantages.
The organic decorative backfill is a “soft” coating. The most popular are:
- bark (pine or cedar),
- cedar husk,
- wood chips (including dyed).
The main advantages of organic - environmental friendliness and low cost of the material. Most often, chips, bark and husks are waste from the woodworking industry, and therefore they are inexpensive.
A significant disadvantage - fragility, especially of small fractions.The relatively short service life is due to the fact that organic dumps are laid directly on the ground, over time, the lower layer decays, acidifying the soil (which, by the way, has a beneficial effect on some plants - heather, rhododendrons, hydrangeas, incense, lupins and others, read more about you can find them in article 15 ornamental plants for acidic soils). To maintain a decent appearance of such a coating, you need to regularly pour in new material instead of rotten or instead of light small parts blown away by the wind.
Decorative organic dumping from tree bark on the lawn
Organic pine bark dump can be found in different factions - small and large. They choose it due to the fact that the bark of the coarse fraction is more durable (compared to husks or chips) and does not fade in the sun longer.
You can choose bark and other materials on our market by comparing offers from different online stores. View a selection of decorative backfill materials.
Wood chips and husks less "tenacious". They are great for garden paths and flower beds. If desired, they can be painted in different colors, which will open up new horizons for garden experiments. But you need to use colored chips carefully: its color should be in harmony with the surrounding plantings. Bright colors are not suitable for calm compositions. And for shady paths in the garden, bright colors are what you need.
Several rules for working with organic dumping
- The layer thickness should be 5-8 cm.
- The dump is laid out at some distance from the plants, more precisely, from the stems.
- It is possible to use geotextiles as a substrate.
- If the backfill is laid directly on the soil, then the latter should be well weeded and loosened.
- Before starting work, it is better to fence off the desired coverage area (for example, with a curb tape), thereby creating a certain contour. After the backfill is laid out, the border can be left so that the composition "does not creep".
Decently competes with organic dumping inorganic - natural and artificial. For natural, as the name implies, use natural materials without chemical treatment.
River or sea small stones of smooth texture have their own charm.
River or sea small stones of smooth texture have their own charm
Sea pebbles are especially appreciated in landscape compositions. It looks spectacular both on its own and in combination with shells or artificial dumping elements of different colors.
The material is the finest fraction. For garden dumping, both sea or river sand, and obtained from the processing of marble, quartz, etc. are suitable.
Sand can be combined with other types of fillings
It, again, can be combined with other types of dumps.
The simplest option for multi-colored dumping is from crushed stone. It is obtained by grinding stones of different structure and color: granite, slate, marble and others.
Crushed stone filling. Photo from the site xa-xatyn.ru
Simply put, it is crushed stone chips with uneven edges.
Fine gravel of various shapes and textures (smooth, round or sharp-angled stones) is an ideal material for creating a unique garden and one of the most popular types of dumping. You can use it to create an unusual pattern.
Crushed stone filling. Photo from the site ceptik.pro
Usually the paths in the garden are covered with gravel, the paths leading to the patios or gazebos make out the entrances.
Artificial inorganic dumping - these are various "stones" made of glass or plastic, painted bottle caps. This material has no color restrictions, so you can create unusual landscapes from it.
Important: Artificial dump is filled up only on a film or geotextile substrate... Landscaping experts advise laying it around plants in flower beds, including raised ones.
Concerning pros and cons of inorganic scraps, then it is quite easy to identify them. They are:
- keep their decorative qualities well,
- do not require much care,
- do not rot.
These are the pros. The disadvantages include the rapid growth of weeds (although weeding them is easier than with other types of dumping) and difficulties in harvesting. After winter, snow is harder to remove, and in autumn a large number of leaves accumulate, especially if shrubs or trees grow nearby.