It is possible to grow strawberry seedlings with seeds at home not only to heal the beds and get rid of problems associated with chopping fruits or diseases. By sowing fragrant strawberries in pots, you will decorate your home with a flower arrangement and you can enjoy ripe, juicy berries all year round!
We grow garden strawberries from seeds at home
The process of planting and caring for the seedlings of a fragrant berry at home is significantly different from the usual methods of its reproduction. This will take more time, effort and patience.
Many gardeners are afraid to get involved with strawberry seeds and simply buy seedlings, while spending several times more money. In this case, there is no guarantee that they will receive exactly the plants that they were promised. The berries can grow small, and the bushes themselves will not be so fertile. Moreover, purchased seedlings may initially be infected with fungal or viral diseases. It is these factors that are decisive for those who decide to use the seed method of growing strawberries.
Table: advantages and disadvantages of the seed propagation method
Strawberries delight gardeners with their varietal variety. Therefore, when choosing seeds for planting, it is important to decide what the berries will be used for and what taste they should have. So, the fruits of early-ripening varieties are best used for food fresh, and mid- and late-ripening varieties are perfect for preservation in the form of jam, jam, compote.
Repaired varieties allow you to collect several harvests per season, but they are slightly inferior in taste to strawberries that bear fruit once a season.
Ampel varieties of remontant strawberries are perfect for growing in pots.
Another factor is where the young plant will be planted in the future: in unprotected soil, a greenhouse, or will remain pleasing to the eye on the balcony. In this regard, one should take into account such characteristics as the frost resistance of the variety and the presence of immunity to various diseases.
You need to know that seeds are not taken from the berries of hybrid varieties, because hybrids do not retain varietal characteristics when propagated by seeds. It is preferable to propagate a hybrid variety bush on the site with a mustache. And if you don't have a takigo variety on your site yet, then buy seeds in specialized stores. The indication F1 on the bag will indicate that this is a first generation hybrid.
Photo gallery: varieties of seeds of garden strawberries
The sizes of the bush and berries are also important. Experienced gardeners note that the seeds of large-fruited strawberry varieties germinate much longer and worse than small-fruited ones. And for decorative purposes, stunted species are most often used.
For seed growing, the following varieties have proven themselves well:
- Homemade delicacy;
- World debut;
Photo gallery: popular varieties for seed growing
How to plant strawberries with seeds
Planting strawberry seeds is a simple process. And knowledge of certain subtleties of their preparation and sowing will increase the chances of a bountiful harvest.
Collection of seeds from fresh berries
It is completely optional to buy seeds for planting, you can collect them yourself. This requires:
- Pick a ripe, healthy-looking fruit and allow it to ripen within a few days. Find out the name and characteristics of the variety in advance, since the seeds of hybrid strawberries will not sprout.
- Remove only the top layer from the berry, the core is not used.
- Gently crush the resulting material and place on a paper or cloth napkin.
- When the pulp dries up, grind the mass, carefully selecting the seeds.
Strawberry seeds are very small, but there are quite a lot of them in one berry.
- Store seeds in a sealed transparent container. They remain viable for 2-3 years.
An interesting fact: strawberries are the only berries whose seeds are located not inside, but on the surface of the fruit, therefore it is called a multi-root.
There is also an alternative way to collect seeds:
- Selected berries are soaked in water for 1-2 days.
- Grind on a sieve or beat with a mixer with the addition of a large amount of water.
- Filter the resulting mass by selecting seeds.
- The grains are dried and sent for storage.
Video: how to collect strawberry seeds
You can plant strawberry seeds at home at any time of the year. The timing is dictated by when you want to harvest the ripe strawberry fruit. If sowing is carried out in February or March, then the berries can be harvested in summer. But it should be remembered that in this case the sprouts will need additional lighting.
If you sow the seeds in June and then transplant the bushes into a heated greenhouse, you can feast on fresh strawberries in winter.
Plants planted in summer will bear fruit the next year. Under these conditions, seedlings can be planted in open ground in the fall.
If the seedlings have grown poorly by autumn, it is better for them to overwinter in pots.
Germination and stratification of planting material
Germination and stratification is an important part in preparing seeds for planting, allowing them to increase their germination and accelerate further development.
- The seeds are soaked in water for 2-3 days. This procedure breaks down the germination inhibitors that inhibit the development of the embryo.
- The swollen seeds are spread on damp newsprint or thick cloth, placed on a plate, then wrapped in polyethylene and placed in a warm place.
Spreading seeds on cotton pads or cheesecloth, you risk damaging the delicate roots when removing
- When the seeds have hatched, they are sent to the refrigerator for at least 2–2.5 weeks for hardening, that is, stratification. It is recommended that you periodically check the fabric for dryness and moisturize it as needed.
Quite often, seeds are stratified after planting in the ground. They are laid out without burying on the prepared soil with a toothpick and covered with a three-centimeter layer of snow, then the container is placed in the refrigerator. The snow will gradually melt, moisturizing the soil and pulling the seeds deeper into the soil in a natural way.
Snow is often used for stratification of strawberries. In the refrigerator, it melts slowly and moderately moistens crops
How to sow strawberries
As a container for planting, as a rule, they use plastic containers with a lid, cardboard boxes for seedlings, pots and even wooden boxes. The main condition is the presence of holes for water drainage.
The soil for planting should be nutritious and loose, saturated with oxygen, so that delicate shoots can easily break through. A similar soil mixture can be purchased at a specialized store or you can make it yourself. Most often, for preparing the soil, garden soil, river sand and peat are mixed in a 2: 1: 1 ratio. The introduction of mineral or organic fertilizers will also be useful.
To get rid of pathogenic microflora, it is recommended to heat the substrate in an oven at 180 ° C for 15–20 minutes. This should be done 2 weeks before planting the seeds - during this time, beneficial bacteria will restore their work.
Advice: open the windows for thermal treatment of the soil. This process is accompanied by an extremely unpleasant odor.
Now you can start planting:
- Drainage is laid on the bottom of the container with a layer of 2–3 cm (coarse sand, gravel, crushed stone), the soil mixture is poured and slightly compacted, moistened with water from a sprayer.
- The seeds are laid out on the surface of the soil with tweezers or a toothpick at a distance of 1–1.5 cm from each other and pressed slightly. You do not need to cover them with earth, otherwise they will not rise.
- The container is covered with a lid, glass or foil - a mini-greenhouse is created, which is placed in a warm and bright place. The optimum temperature is 18–22 ° C. It is important not to allow direct sunlight, otherwise the seeds will dry out.
Video: how to grow strawberries from seeds at home
Peat tablets have worked well for growing strawberries from seeds. The advantages of using them are obvious:
- sowing seeds is very simple: no preliminary soil preparation is required;
- peat contains growth stimulants, which increases seed germination and accelerates their development;
- water and oxygen freely flow to the roots of seedlings;
- further picking of the plant is not required;
- seedlings are less susceptible to disease and decay.
Sowing strawberries in peat washers is easy.
- It is necessary to place them in a container, soak in warm water.
- Then place 2-3 strawberry seeds on the surface.
- Press the seeds lightly with your finger.
Video: planting strawberry seeds in peat tablets
Seedling care recommendations
Watering is carried out as the condensation on the lid dries. It is better to introduce water with a syringe without a needle, so the weak root system of seedlings will definitely not suffer. If there is too much liquid on the lid, it must be wiped off and the plantation aired. When mold appears on the ground, it is removed with a match and the soil is treated with a fungicide solution (Trichodermin, Planriz).
The first shoots will appear in 1.5-2 weeks... From now on, ventilate the mini-beds daily for 20-30 minutes. The cover or film is removed with the appearance of leaves.
Do not despair if no shoots appear after 2 weeks. Large strawberry seeds take longer to germinate.
Strawberry seedlings require sufficient light - at least 14-hour daylight hours... Therefore, in winter, it is necessary to provide additional artificial illumination with a phytolamp or an ordinary table lamp.
A special socket with a timer will be very appropriate, since the light will turn on / off automatically at the time you specify.
With the appearance of 3-5 true leaves, the plants dive into individual containers. For this, plastic, peat cups, boxes with cells or small pots are suitable.
The procedure for a pick:
- In the bottom part, holes are pierced and drainage is placed on the bottom. The soil composition is used the same as for sowing seeds.
- The soil is pre-moistened.
- Seedlings are carefully removed, long roots are pinned.
When removing sprouts from the soil, remove them not by the fragile stem, but by the cotyledon leaves
- Place them in a glass so that the outlet is above the ground.
- When the bushes get a little stronger, they can be piled up with a match.
- A few days after transshipment, the plants can be fed with potassium-phosphorus fertilizers.
- Subsequently, once every 2 weeks, the soil is fertilized with fertilizers containing nitrogen and iron.
- With the appearance of heat, the seedlings can be hardened - taken out to the greenhouse or on the glassed-in balcony for several hours a day, gradually extending the duration of the walks.
Seedlings are planted in open ground when the risk of repeated frost has passed. Depending on the weather conditions in the region, this may be mid-May - early June. By this time, the soil warms up to 10–12 ° C. The seedlings are placed on the garden bed at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other, and the row spacing should not be less than 30 cm.
Growing strawberries on your own at home, from collecting and sowing seeds and ending with harvesting juicy fruits, is a time consuming but extremely exciting task. By following all the recommendations, you will certainly get a high-quality result.
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Anyone can grow strawberries from seeds at home. The process is very painstaking. But little tricks will help you succeed. A wide variety of varieties allows you to get the perfect berries that will suit the taste, size and ripening time.
If you choose the varieties correctly, then the berries are harvested throughout the season.
Benefits of growing strawberries from seedlings
It is difficult to grow strawberries with seeds; you should be careful and careful about a young culture. But this method has a lot of advantages:
- seeds, unlike seedlings, can be stored for a long time
- at home, you can sow several varieties of early maturity in order to get a harvest in different periods of summer
- seeds are resistant to disease and pests
- many varieties are suitable for seed production, with the exception of strawberries.
Collected seeds with your own hands are a good cheap planting material, however, it is worth collecting it from an exceptionally ripe berry.
Where to get strawberry seeds
All gardeners know that half of the success in growing strawberries and strawberries depends on the variety chosen. It is worth choosing in accordance with personal preferences: taste, early maturity, berry size, and so on.
It is generally accepted that remontant ones (bear fruit all year round) are less sweet and smaller than varieties that bear fruit once a season.
Many people harvest the seeds themselves. Own seeds, when properly harvested, germinate better than purchased ones. Seeds are harvested from healthy plants that show no signs of disease.
The best sowing material is the part of the seeds located near the stalk. They are the most developed and have a higher germination rate. The top layer with seeds is cut off from the berry and laid out on a napkin. The pulp is placed on a napkin, into which the juice will be absorbed.
After the pulp has dried, the dry seeds are separated. They are put in a container with a lid. You can store such seeds for up to 4 years.
Which varieties are best propagated by seeds
Not every variety of strawberries can be sown with seeds. You cannot grow strawberries from your own hybrid seeds. Today, there is a list of the best strawberry varieties for growing from seeds.
- Gourmet. A very early variety, the highest yield can be achieved in the southern regions. To get a harvest in May, it is worth sowing seeds at the beginning of winter, and replanting seedlings in April.
- Mutofavorite. A variety of medium ripening. Sowing seeds should be done in the middle of winter, so that they can be planted in the garden in May. The height of the bushes is not too high, the berries are large, sweet, weighing 100-120 grams.
- Bogota. Late ripening variety with tasty large berries. To get seedlings in the spring, you should be engaged in sowing seeds at the end of January.
- Sakhalin strawberry. Fruit ripening depends on the time of sowing and transplanting. You can land from December to January. The fruits are harvested until the frost.
These are far from all varieties of garden strawberries that are offered on store shelves.
Problems with growing strawberries from seeds
If you decide to grow strawberries for seedlings from seeds at home, you can meet with various difficulties:
- seeds do not germinate well
- sprouts are very fragile and tender, any mistake can lead to their death
- as a result, fruits of different characteristics than those indicated on the package may grow.
But do not be afraid of possible difficulties. If you approach the cultivation process correctly, the result will be delicious berries.
Create favorable conditions for growing berries
But after all, someone grows mouth-watering strawberries at home on the windowsill, some enterprising gardeners even profit from this activity, turning the cultivation of berries at home into a profitable business. Breeding strawberries at home - myth or reality, accessible to anyone?
Now there are various methods of how to grow strawberries in an apartment of any size. You can effectively use the free space in your home by planting strawberry seedlings in plastic bags filled with substrate, or growing bushes with berries in traditional flower pots and boxes. It all depends on the purpose for which you plan to grow strawberries at home, and how much space you can allocate for this.
Opt for remontant strawberries that bear fruit multiple times
What do strawberries need for normal ripening? Room temperature, good ventilation and suitable soil. These conditions are easy to fulfill, because the apartments are warm at any time of the year (and if there are problems with heating, you can always buy an additional heater), air circulation can be provided using a window, a special inexpensive substrate can be purchased in the store. This means that you can also start growing strawberries at home, if you take into account the most important points:
- Opt for remontant strawberries that bear fruit multiple times. Most popular varieties: Yellow Miracle, Queen Elizabeth, Mount Everest.
- When growing strawberries from seeds, purchased seeds should be placed in the refrigerator for 4 weeks, wrapped in a damp cloth and placed in a plastic bag - then the hardened seeds, when planted in the ground, will give friendly shoots within a week.
- Prepare a spacious pot with a good drainage layer for seedlings, as strawberries like frequent, abundant watering, but they cannot tolerate stagnant water.
- It is recommended to plant strawberry seedlings at home in prepared soil either in the fall from August 15 to September 20, or in early spring.
- Since this berry is afraid of the cold, do not keep it on the balcony, and protect it from frost.
- From time to time, do potassium-phosphorus fertilizing, and to form the ovaries, treat the plants with a special preparation "Ovary".
Ideal for growing homemade strawberries - southern, well-lit windows
The ideal option for growing homemade strawberries is the southern, well-lit windows. If there is a lack of sunlight, plant growth may slow down and the taste of berries will deteriorate. However, you can create artificial lighting for your strawberry plantation using fluorescent lamps. Strawberries will begin to bloom and bear fruit earlier with a long daylight hours, and the quality of the berries will increase significantly. Therefore, if you are concerned about how to grow strawberries at home in the shortest possible time, provide the plants with a continuous day of light for about 14 hours.Video about strawberries in January
Sowing time of strawberry seeds
One of the most controversial issues, as there are various timing tips on thematic sites. If we consider the problem in general, then experienced summer residents begin to do this from the second half of January to mid-March. It is useless to give an exact recommendation on this point without knowing all the features of a particular region. The date of sowing strawberry seeds for seedlings should be determined independently, taking into account two points:
- the period necessary for the development of a full-fledged bush from a seed, which can be transplanted into open ground. And this depends, first of all, on the selected strawberry variety.
- the specifics of the local climate. That is, when the soil warms up to the required depth, is there a risk of so-called return frosts, and so on.
For normal germination of seeds and development of seedlings, it is necessary to ensure the duration of daylight hours at least 15 hours. In winter, this can only be done with backlighting. This is what you should take care of at the stage of preparation for planting seeds. If the house does not have suitable lighting fixtures, you will have to buy.
When to plant strawberry seeds for seedlings
Strawberry seeds can be planted from the last days of January until the onset of spring. In winter, there is enough time to create quality care, and sprouts can be planted before dry days appear. If you plant the seeds too late at home, there is a danger that the seedlings will not have time to grow enough by the time of planting.
If you plant before March, then provide the sprouts with good lighting, since this culture is very demanding on light. This can be done using a table lamp.
If you rely on the lunar calendar, then in February the seeds are planted on such days - 4, 5, 18 and 28. In March - 3, 10, 17, 25 and 30. In April - 4, 5, 6, 23, 26 and 27 ...
Many do not believe in the lunar calendar, they believe that it is something mystical and invented. But the moon really has some effect on nature and on plants, as well.
Planting strawberry seeds
Many inexperienced gardeners have a question: how to properly prepare seeds for planting, because they are known for their poor germination. You can activate the process by soaking the grains for several days in melt water:
- Place the seeds on a cotton pad and dip in a bowl of water.
- When the seeds are swollen, cover the container with foil and place in a warm place. Until sprouts appear, water is added under the film.
It is more convenient to transfer seedlings into the ground with a match. This will protect the emerging sprouts from damage.
The soil for this plant should be loose. The potting mix consists of:
- one part peat
- two pieces of turf
- parts of river sand.
You can also add ash and a complex with mineral fertilizers. To plant seeds in the ground, small grooves are made, seeds are laid out in them at a distance of 2 cm.
Then watering is carried out with a room sprayer. Peat tablets can also be used for sowing.
Video - how to plant strawberries with seeds
Strawberry seedling care
As soon as sprouts appear, additional lighting must be installed. Think about it during the winter months. The film is removed only when real leaves are formed.
Before that, make sure that no mold has formed on the surface of the soil. This can happen with waterlogging. For better adaptation, the seedlings are hardened, for this they are taken out into the fresh air in the daytime, or the window is opened.
It is important to water the strawberries regularly, which should be done in the morning. In this case, the water should be warm. It is necessary to water the plants every week, once. Delicate sprouts should not be waterlogged.
Before flowers form, you can water with a watering can to provide rain watering. And when the flowers appear, then make sure that the liquid does not get on the plant.
Remember to loosen the soil after watering. Also remove weeds in time.
Fertilize in the spring like this:
- when the soil is loosened, it is important to add sawdust. Also, the bushes are treated with nitrogen fertilizers.
- when the first leaves appear, apply fertilizer with mullein to the soil
- at the beginning of May, mineral dressings are used.
- strawberries are very fond of wood ash. Sprinkle it gently under the bush, between the plants. Try not to get on the leaves to avoid burns.
In the summer, when the berries are tied, straw or sawdust is poured under the plants.
Common problems with strawberries include various diseases. Very often, the plant is affected by a spider mite. To get rid of this pest, spraying with a garlic solution is used.
Gray rot is also common. In this case, brown spots are formed. A measure of prevention against such a disease is the timely removal of weeds, as well as the use of lime or ash.
Powdery mildew can be identified by a white bloom that affects the ground part of the plant. For prevention purposes, avoid waterlogging of the soil and thin out the plants.
Treatment of infected bushes should be started in the spring. To do this, all old leaves should be collected and taken out of the site, where they need to be burned.
The intensive growth of strawberries is accompanied by the growth of a large number of leaves. At the same time, experts recommend laying the plant on a grid or trellis. This method will increase the number of berries on the bush.
Pickling strawberries grown from seeds
Don't forget about the dive. It is carried out when about four true leaves are formed on the bush. To move the sprouts, you need voluminous, but not very large containers. In a dish like this, the roots develop perfectly.
Pinch the root of the plant during this process. Make sure that the root collar is in line with the soil surface. Make the pick carefully, as the seedlings can be easily injured. When the seedlings become stronger, they huddle it.
The transfer of seedlings to the garden is carried out two months after sowing. During this time, the plants should grow and get stronger. It is best to transplant around the end of May.
Video - strawberry transplant
With the right approach, strawberries grown from seeds will delight you already in the first year of planting. Hope you find my advice useful. May your harvest be rich! I wish you health and prosperity. If you have something to share, write in the comments. I am always glad of this. See you soon, friends.