Sow thistle, bindweed, colza, euphorbia, is it possible to defeat perennial weeds?

Sow thistle, bindweed, colza, euphorbia, is it possible to defeat perennial weeds?

Can perennial weeds be defeated?

Many questions arise from those gardeners who risked switching to natural farming. Here is one of them: “I decided not to plow the land for potatoes, but now I am painfully watching it overgrow with sow thistle. What to do?"... Immediately I remembered how a bindweed ruined all the asphalt at a neighbor's dacha. This brazen aggressor weed grows even through such a dense cover. The conclusion immediately suggests itself: the bindweed began to grow because the neighbor paved the parking lot. Or I'm wrong?

I have acquaintances. They plow in the fall and spring, and in the summer they sadly watch the field overgrown with weeds. Why? Yes, just weed laziness ... Gentlemen, farmers, do not dissemble! Perennial weeds do not grow because they have not been plowed. But you still have to work with perennials.

Of course, if you purchased a neglected area that is completely covered with perennial weeds, then it is worth taking long-term measures. If everything is not so bad, then you can sow siderates that can suppress weeds. For example, sweet clover. In two years, it will displace unwanted vegetation, and in one and the soil will heal. If you really do not have time for such drastic measures - take up the plane cutter. But without despair.

There are interesting facts. The forests near the village where I live are plowed. These are the so-called fire strips. They are plowed every year. In the middle of summer, they are visible from afar - huge plants of sow thistle and milkweed rise on them. But nearby, on the edges and in the forest, they are not. The question is: why are there no weeds where the land is not plowed, and why are they there, where it is plowed every year?

For a long time there was a pile of clay behind my shed. It didn’t seem to interfere, and it didn’t even take me to remove my hands. In the second year, sow thistle and rape plants appeared on it, then euphorbia. A year later, wheatgrass climbed onto the heap. So gradually the pile was overgrown with weeds. When I decided to remove it, I found on its surface a five-centimeter layer, similar to meadow litter, in which there were "granules" of black earth.

Those grasses that we call malignant weeds are actually soil orderlies. They grow on plowed areas, on heaps of construction and other debris, in general, wherever a person has disturbed the natural state of the soil. If you cut yourself, then the skin is trying to recover - the wound is healed. So is the soil. Nature abhors emptiness, seeks to restore what we have spoiled. Moreover, everything happens wisely. Each disease has its own medicine. Different weeds grow on different soils, exactly those that can most quickly restore soil fertility.

At a low temperature in a person, doctors do not advise knocking it down - let the body fight. Otherwise, immunity is lost, and a person may die from a mild cold. Weed growth can be compared to those processes that occur during human illness. Temperature is very unpleasant - but it is an indispensable companion to recovery. Likewise, weeds, we do not like very much, but they are the best helpers in restoring soil cover. We do not understand enough why this or that weed grows in our garden, how it can help restore the soil. But our ignorance does not in the least cancel the laws by which nature lives. The principle of natural farming is not to interfere with the soil itself from recovering. This means that weeds have the right to be. It is only necessary to restrain their activities within reasonable limits.

If life slips you a lemon, make lemonade out of it. Since you can't do without weeds, you need to change your attitude towards them. For example, sow thistle with its roots goes into the subsoil deeper than four meters. And from the lower horizons it extracts nutrients, converting them into a form assimilable by cultivated plants. What is not an assistant! Most weeds are able to use in food that which does not suit the cultural forms. And, dying, they create food for our pets. Keep this in mind when weeding. Is it really infuriating for you to carry and scatter humus or compost over the beds, fill the beds with mulching materials? So rejoice looking at the cut weed - it is both mulch and fertilizer.

It interferes in the garden - cut it and leave it in place. Lacking green mass, the roots will gradually deplete and die. But, despite your efforts, the weed will still have time to work to restore the soil. As in that joke about medical workers: "We treated it this way, treated it this way, but he got better anyway!" Yes, dear doctors forgive me ... But in fact it turns out that way. The soil gives us signals about its disease by the appearance of weeds and, with the help of them, tries to cover up its wounds. And we pull them out - and behind the fence, that is, we rip off the bandages. But it should be the other way around - cover open areas with mulch or plant ground cover crops.

How to get rid of perennial weeds at once without violating the principles of natural farming? I dont know. Who knows, tell me. In one of the Internet forums, I found an example of a radical solution: The owners got tired of fighting weeds and ... sold the dacha. Also a way out. But for me this solution is not acceptable.

I remember a case from my childhood. I am 12 years old. Most of all I love fishing. The nearest body of water is 14 kilometers from the house. Even after dark I get up, get on my bike and go to the river. And in the afternoon you need to go back. Headwind, heat, tiredness from lack of sleep. Somewhere after half the way, the thought in my head: “I will never go to this river again! Well, is this a dozen crucians worth such torment! Moreover, I don’t eat fish ... ”. I get home exhausted. And at night, as soon as I close my eyes, I see a quivering float. I wake up without an alarm clock, take my fishing rods and get on my bike again ...

Therefore, I think that if you do not have the patience to put up with the constantly appearing weeds, everything is simple - buy vegetables and fruits in the store. And if you can’t part with your garden, “get on your bike”. It is not for nothing that the people say: "Patience and work will grind everything ..."

Patience to you!

Oleg Telepov, member of the Omsk club of potato growers

Herbicide horse instruction

Herbicide catalog

Depending on the purpose, the following groups of pesticides are distinguished: herbicides, fungicides, insecticides, acaricides, molluscicides, nematicides, rodenticides. To control insects, drugs called insecticides are used. Ticks are fought with acaricides. The number of slugs is controlled by molluscicides, and they try to destroy harmful nematodes with nematicides.

Despite the relatively low degree of danger of chemical pesticides approved for use in personal subsidiary plots (LPH), they should be used with caution, strictly following the instructions. Subject to the application regulations and sanitary standards, such pesticides will not harm you and your loved ones.

Herbicide catalog

All the continuous-action herbicides listed in the catalog are essentially analogs of the Roundup herbicide ("round up!" - circular protection), developed by the specialists of the American company Monsanto in the middle of the last century. The active ingredients of these herbicides are glyphosate salts. They are especially effective in the fight against perennial rhizome and root-sprouting weeds, such as sow thistle, wheatgrass, pig, gumay.

Attention! Roundup herbicide has been found to be harmful. Read here.

Weeds are most sensitive to them at an early age. When treated with these herbicides, the height of perennial cereal weeds (wheatgrass, pig, gumay, etc.) should not exceed 5-10 cm.

Sow thistles are most susceptible to Roundup and its analogs in the leaf rosette phase, the diameter of which should not exceed 10-12 cm. The best results are achieved at an air temperature of 15-25 degrees.

These preparations can also be used to kill weeds prior to emergence of the main crop. They can destroy perennial weeds, for example, sow thistles, which appeared on a potato field 2-5 days before potato germination. Glyphosate salts enter plants through their green parts, i.e. through organs containing chlorophyll. These preparations do not have soil activity and therefore are not able to harm the potato shoots that appear after 2-5 days.

The number of selective herbicides allowed for use in private household plots is small, and two of them - Propolol ((dicamba + chlorsulfuron (41 g / kg + 659 g / kg) and Lontrel-300D (d.v. - clopyralid) are intended for the destruction of annual and perennial dicotyledonous weeds on grass lawns.

At the same time, the herbicide Lontrel-300D is also used to destroy perennial (sow thistles, sorrel, dandelion) and some annual dicotyledonous weeds (odorless chamomile, mountaineers) in strawberry plantations (after harvest). Special attention should be paid to the drug Lazurit. This is the Russian analogue of the well-known, time-tested and time-tested German herbicide Zenkor. Lapis lazuli has soil activity. It is used both before and after the emergence of potatoes. In the presence of a sufficient amount of soil moisture, the active substance of the drug dissolves in the soil solution and forms a protective shield in the upper soil layer. Germinating through such a screen, weed seedlings die. In addition, the herbicide is able to penetrate the plants of vegetative weeds through the leaves and stems. For example, such a hard-to-eradicate weed like black nightshade is destroyed by herbicide only during post-emergence treatment. Among the weeds against which Lapis lazuli does not work effectively enough include perennial cereal weeds of creeping wheatgrass, pork finger-grass, round and gumay weeds, as well as perennial dicotyledonous weeds of the field thistle, euphorbia, tenacious bedstraw, physalis (dog cherries).

Distinguish contact and systemic herbicides.

Contact herbicides infect the leaves and stems of plants upon their direct contact, while herbicides of systemic action are able to move to growth points along the vascular system of the plant. Systemic herbicides are especially valuable for the destruction of perennial weeds with a well-developed root system. All herbicides permitted for private household plots are systemic.

According to the spectrum of action on vegetation, all herbicides are divided into herbicides continuous action and selective.

Continuous herbicides are used to destroy all vegetation, both cultivated and weed, and are used in the development of long-term empty areas to clean them, first of all, from perennial rhizome and root-sprouting plants.

The catalog contains: the name of the drug (trade mark) and the preparative form, the name of the manufacturer, the country

Preparative forms: VDG - water-dispersible granules ВР - water solution SP - wettable powder. * Regulations for the use of drugs (harmful objects, consumption rates, methods, terms and frequency of use, and other parameters) are indicated in the instructions for their use.

Continuous herbicides

Glider, BP, (360 g / l). LLC "Agruskhim" - Russia

Glyphos, BP, (360 g / l). Keminova A / S - Denmark

Gliterr, BP, (360 g / l). LLC "AsTeRo Group" - Russia

GlyfAlt, BP, (360 g / l). LLC "Agrovit-Service" - Russia

Glyphor, BP, (360 g / l). Kirovo-Chepetsk Chemical Company LLC - Russia

Ground, BP, (360 g / L acid glyphosate). TPK Technoexport - Russia. Systemic herbicide of continuous action. Completely destroys annual and perennial, cereal and dicotyledonous weeds.

Leader, EC, (fenmedipham 91 g / l + desmedipham 71 g / l + etofumezate 112 g / l). Postemergence systemic herbicide for effective protection of sugar beets, fodder and table beets against broad-leaved annual weeds and some cereals.

Propolol, EDG, (dicamba 41 g / kg + chlorsulfuron 659 g / kg). TPK Technoexport - Russia. Postemergence systemic herbicide with a wide spectrum of action for effective protection of grain crops from annual and perennial weeds, including those resistant to 2,4-D and MCPA.

Rap, BP, (360 g / l) TPK Technoexport - Russia. AgroInvest LLC, Sibagrokhim LLC, NPO RosAgroKhim LLC - Russia

Roundup Bio, BP, (360 g / l). Monsanto Europe S.A. - USA

Sniper, VR, (36 g / l). LLC Firm "Green Pharmacy Gardener" - Russia

Typhoon, BP. (360 g / l). OJSC "Group of Companies" Agroprom-MDT "- Russia

Tornado BAU, BP. (8.8 g / l). Firm "August" CJSC - Russia

Tornado, BP, (360 g / l). Firm "August" CJSC - Russia

Hurricane Forte, BP, (500 g / l). Syngenta - Switzerland

Selective selective herbicides

Lontrel-300D, BP, (clopyralid). Firm "August" CJSC - Russia

Propolol, VDG, (dicamba + chlorsulfuron (41 g / kg + 659 g / kg). JSC "TPK Technoexport" - Russia

Lapis lazuli, SP, (metribuzin). Firm "August" CJSC - Russia

Horse herbicide instruction:

Weed litter is a natural mulch

I still haven't decided for myself when it is better to cut weeds and green manure. On the one hand, if mowed while they are green, rich in carbohydrates and nitrogen, they rot faster, and all the nutrition goes to plant growth and harvest.

Jerusalem artichoke around the perimeter of beets

If the weeds grow to frost, dry out and lie dry on the soil in the form of excellent, non-caking mulch, then in this form the weeds give the soil lignin and cellulose, which forms a loose long-playing humus. And the roots, working all season, loosen the soil and saturate it with their secrets longer and in greater volume.

There is only one conclusion, the land should not be empty. The more plants grow on your site, the faster the fertility of your soil grows. Seek and find compromise, weeds or crops, harvest today or fertility tomorrow.

Even a hogweed under an apple tree

Sow thistle, bindweed, colza, euphorbia, is it possible to defeat perennial weeds? - garden

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I went to destroy the weeds.

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