Plants, Allamanda, Allamanda cathartica, Allamanda neriifolia, Allamanda blanchetii, Allamanda violacea, Allamanda schottii, plant

Plants, Allamanda, Allamanda cathartica, Allamanda neriifolia, Allamanda blanchetii, Allamanda violacea, Allamanda schottii, plant

HOW TO GROW AND CARE FOR OUR PLANTS

ALLAMANDA

The Allamanda they are beautiful evergreen plants very similar to Plumeria (they belong to the same family) very used to adorn walls or trellises. They are very decorative plants both for the beauty of the leaves and for the abundant blooms.

BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom

:

Plantae

Clado

: Angiosperms

Clado

: Eudicotyledons

Clado

: Asteris

Order

:

Gentianales

Family

:

Apocynaceae

Kind

:

Allamanda

Species

: see the paragraph on "Main species"

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

The kind Allamanda includes evergreen climbing plants native to Brazil belonging to the family of Apocynaceae which includes species characterized by spectacular flowers such as the Plumeria and the Periwinkle.

They are very particular plants and bred for the beauty not only of their leaf apparatus but also for their beautiful flowers.

The leaves are arranged in whorls and the flowers vary in color from yellow to red more or less intense and more or less variegated, in the shape of a trumpet, formed by five petals welded together and normally bloom in clusters in the extreme part of the branches.

The fruits are more or less rounded thorny capsules.

They are climbers (even if they do not have aerial roots or other structures to anchor them to the surfaces) but can be raised, with appropriate pruning, in order to grow like shrubs.

MAIN SPECIES

There are about 14 species among which we remember:

ALLAMANDA CATHARTICA

There A. cathartica, native to the Amazon, is characterized by 10-15 cm long leaves, of a beautiful bright green color, shiny and rigid with woody branches.During the summer period, in temperate climates, it produces numerous funnel-shaped flowers of bright yellow color while in its places of origin it blooms and bears fruit all year round.

It is the most widespread and cultivated species

Of this species there are numerous varieties among which we remember: theA. cathartica var. grandiflora with 12 cm long light yellow flowers; thereA. catharticavar. nobilis with pale yellow and fragrant flowers; there A. cathartica var. williamsiiwith flowers 7 cm wide, yellow tinged with brown.

ALLAMANDA NERIIFOLIA

There A. neriifolia it is a shrubby species and is characterized by lanceolate, rough leaves and bright yellow flowers with a red streaked throat.

Where the climatic conditions allow it, it blooms irregularly throughout the year.

ALLAMANDA BLANCHETII

There A. blanchetii or A. violacea (photo below) is a species widely used as an ornamental plant because it is not particularly demanding in terms of cultivation and because it is very decorative.

ALLAMANDA SCOTTII

There A. schottii (photo below) is very similar to A. cathartica and can be recognized because its flowers and fruits are much smaller.

CULTURAL TECHNIQUE

They are plants that can be grown both outdoors, for example along a wall or a trellis, and in pots.

They require a lot of light. It can also stay in the sun but not during the hottest hours of the day.

The ideal cultivation temperatures are between 20-27 ° C and in winter they must not fall below 15 ° C. Therefore, if you want to breed it in areas where during the winter the temperatures drop below these values, it is best to raise them in pots in order to move them to sheltered places during the cold period until the temperatures become milder.

If you grow it as a climbing plant, take care to fix it to the trellis or to the wall as the plant does not have aerial roots or other structures suitable for anchoring to the support. It is also advisable not to change the direction that the branches take naturally but to go along with them.

WATERING

It is watered regularly throughout the year making sure that the soil remains moist.

The plant loves humid environments, therefore, make regular nebulizations to the fronds, especially in the hottest periods, and arrange the plant on a saucer with pebbles (or other inert material) where you will leave a little water making sure that the bottom of the pot is in contact with water. This arrangement is highly recommended especially during the summer as it does not bloom otherwise.

TYPE OF SOIL - REPOT

It is repotted in early spring being very careful and not disturbing or damaging the roots.

A good soil consists of a mixture consisting of 3 parts of garden soil, 2 parts of leaf or peat soil and a part of fine sand so that it remains porous and therefore well draining.

It is advisable to use terracotta pots and to place earthenware pieces on the bottom of the pot in order to ensure good drainage of the irrigation water.

As for the size of the pots, it is recommended not to exceed 40-50cm in diameter. Once this dimension is reached, every year the surface layer of the soil is removed and replaced with a fresh one.

FERTILIZATION

A liquid fertilizer is administered with irrigation water for the whole summer period once a week, slightly decreasing the doses compared to what is reported in the fertilizer package. Do not fertilize during autumn and winter.

For a balanced growth of the plant use a fertilizer that in addition to having nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) also contains microelements such as iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), boron (B), polybdenum (Mo). Therefore do not trust the beautiful packaging or the famous name but always read the label.

FLOWERING

Generally they bloom during the summer period even if, if the climatic conditions allow it, it can bloom all year round (see the paragraphs dedicated to the single species).

PRUNING

For these plants, pruning is an important operation that must be carried out towards the end of winter (February) by shortening the branches and stems leaving only a couple of nodes. This operation favors the birth of new shoots.

If you want to grow it as a shrub then you need to trim the shoots in early summer when they are 20-30 cm long.

A recommendation: always use clean and disinfected tools (flame or alcohol or bleach) to avoid infecting the tissues.

MULTIPLICATION

They multiply mainly by cuttings.

MULTIPLICATION FOR TALEA

The cuttings, about 7-8 cm long, are taken in early spring (April) from the ends of the branches, choosing them from robust and healthy plants, cutting them immediately under the node with an oblique cut which, in addition to preventing water accumulating on the surface , will allow to have a greater surface for the emission of roots.

For cutting it is recommended to use a sharp blade (to avoid fraying fabrics), clean and disinfected (by flame or with bleach or with alcohol) to prevent them from becoming a vehicle for parasitic diseases.

Sprinkle the cut part of the rhizogenic powder to promote the emission of the roots mixed with a good broad spectrum fungicide to prevent any infections.

With a pencil, make one or more holes in the ground that you have previously prepared consisting of 50% peat and 50% coarse sand. Moisten the soil and cover the pot with a clear plastic sheet or bag by supporting it with sticks to prevent the plastic from touching the leaves of the cutting.

Place the pot in an area of ​​the house where there is shade and a temperature around 21-24 ° C.

Remove the plastic every day to check both soil moisture and to eliminate any condensation that has formed in the plastic.When the first sprouts start to appear it means that the cutting has taken root.At that point remove the plastic and place the pot in a position brighter but not in direct sun. When the cuttings have strengthened they can be planted in the final pot using a soil as indicated for the adult plants and treated as such.

PARASITES AND DISEASES

Spots on the underside of the leaves

this symptom, in itself very generic, can be associated with cochineal and in particular with floury cochineal. Recognizing it is very simple: it manifests itself as cotton flakes which, if scratched off, are very easily removed.

Remedies: if the plant is not too big it can be eliminated mechanically using a piece of cotton soaked in denatured alcohol or washed with water and neutral soap, rubbing gently with a sponge to remove the parasites (remember to rinse the plant well). If it is large and planted outdoors, use a specific insecticide.

The leaves appear full of yellow dots

and after this symptom, they take on a gray - bronzed color and the lower page has a dusty appearance. If you look closely with a magnifying glass you can find thin cobwebs. With this symptomatology you are in the presence of an attack of mites or as they are more often called of red spider. The red spider is easily recognized also because it has four pairs of legs and the size of the tip of a pin.

Remedies: keep a humid environment around the plant because it is the dry climate that favors its proliferation. In case of severe infestations, use a specific acaricide.

CURIOSITY'

The genus name was dedicated to Frederich Allamand, a Swiss botanist of the 18th century.

Almost all species of the genus are toxic in all parts and lymph can irritate the skin.

Allamanda - The Jungle Bell

Among the houseplants there are not many cultures with bright yellow colors of flowers. The unique lemon-golden color of the simple but strikingly beautiful allamanda flowers is a happy exception. The impression of trendy minimalism and insolence in this plant only adds to the beauty of the green. Caring for this indoor culture will not be difficult at all if you provide very bright lighting.


Allamanda, the most beautiful species

A cascade of color in the garden or a touch of elegance within the home. All this can be achieved with the cultivation of Allamanda, a perennial climber belonging to the Apocynaceae family and native to the American continent. It is a plant characterized by stems that in the ground can reach 12 meters in height, maintaining smaller dimensions in pot cultivation (no more than two meters).

Among the species of Allamanda more widespread in our latitudes we find theAllamanda cathartica, characterized by oval and pointed leaves, with an irregular margin, of a bright green color.Allamanda neriifolia, with lanceolate leaves and yellow funnel-shaped flowersAllamanda blanchetii, characterized by light green leaves and dark pink flowers, theAllamanda schottii, with leaves small glossy and yellow flowers. The cultivation ofAllamanda it is quite simple and requires no special precautions.


Plants, Allamanda, Allamanda cathartica, Allamanda neriifolia, Allamanda blanchetii, Allamanda violacea, Allamanda schottii, plant

English name of / English name of:
- Chenopodium polyspermum L. (Chenopodiaceae)

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Liliopsida (Monocotyledons / Monocotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Arecidae
Order / Order: Arecales
Family / Family: Arecaceae
Genus / Gender: Allagoptera Nees

Species / Species:
1) Allagoptera arenaria (Gomes) Kuntze [Revis. gen. pl. 2: 726. 1891] (= Cocos sandstone Gomes)
2) Allagoptera campestris (Mart.) Kuntze [Revis. gen. pl. 2: 726. 1891] (= Diplothemium campestre Mart.)
3) Allagoptera caudescens (Mart.) Kuntze [Revis. gen. pl. 2: 726. 1891] (= Diplothemium caudescens Mart.) (= Polyandrococos caudescens (Mart.) Barb. Rodr.)
4) Allagoptera leucocalyx

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Asteridae
Order / Order: Gentianales
Family / Family: Apocynaceae (Dogbane family)
Genus / Gender: Allamanda L.

Species / Species:
1) Allamanda blanchetii A. DC. [Prodr. 8: 319. 1844]
Purple allamanda
2) Allamanda cathartica L. [L. Bailey, Standard cyclopedia of horticulture 1: 247. 1914] (= Allamanda hendersonii W. Bull ex Dombrain) (= Allamanda nobilis T. Moore)
Allamanda Copa de oro Allamande
3) Allamanda hendersonii W. Bull ex Dombrain [Fl. Mag. (London) 5: t. 263. 1866] (= Allamanda cathartica L.) (= Allamanda nobilis T. Moore)
4) Allamanda neriifolia Hook. [Bot. May 77: t. 4594. 1851]
5) Allamanda nobilis T. Moore [Gard. Chron. 1868: 180, 918. 1868] (= Allamanda cathartica L.) (= Allamanda hendersonii W. Bull ex Dombrain)
6) Allamanda schottii Pohl [Pl. bras. icon. descr. 1:73, t. 58. 1827]
Bush allamanda
7) Allamanda violacea Gardner & Fielding [Fielding & Gardner, Sert. pl. t. 41. 1844]

English name of / English name of:
- Allamanda cathartica L. (Apocynaceae)

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Dilleniidae
Order / Order: Theales
Family / Family: Clusiaceae
Genus / Gender: Allanblackia Oliv. ex Benth. & Hook. f.

Species / Species:
1) Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. [J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 10:43. 1867]

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Dilleniidae
Order / Order: Lecythidales
Family / Family: Lecythidaceae
Genus / Gender: Allantoma Miers

Species / Species:
1) Allantoma lineata (Mart. Ex O. Berg) Miers [Trans. Linn. Soc. London 30: 297, t. 65, fig. 4-5. 1874] (= Couratari lineata Mart. Ex O. Berg)

English name of / English name of:
- Prunus alleghaniensis Porter (Rosaceae)

English name of / English name of:
- Adlumia fungosa (Aiton) Greene ex Britton et al. (Fumariaceae)

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order / Order: Caryophyllales
Family / Family: Chenopodiaceae (Goosefoot family)
Genus / Gender: Allenrolfea Kuntze

Species / Species:
1) Allenrolfea occidentalis (S. Watson) Kuntze
Iodinebush

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Dilleniidae
Order / Order: Capparales
Family / Family: Brassicaceae (Mustard family)
Genus / Gender: Alliaria Heist. ex Fabr.

Species / Species:
1) Alliaria officinalis Andrz. ex M. Bieb. [Fl. taur.-caucas. 3: 445. 1819] (= Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande) (= Arabis petiolata M. Bieb.) (= Erysimum alliaria L.) (= Sisymbrium alliaria (L.) Scop.)
2) Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande [Bull. Orto Bot. Directed by Univ. Napoli 3: 418. 1913] (= Alliaria officinalis Andrz. Ex M. Bieb.) (= Arabis petiolata M. Bieb.) (= Erysimum alliaria L.) (= Sisymbrium alliaria (L.) Scop.)
(H scap) Common Alliaria Garlic mustard

Italian name of / Italian name of:
- Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande (Brassicaceae)

English name of / English name of:
- Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb. (Amaranthaceae)

Italian name of / Italian name of:
- Allium ursinum L. (Liliaceae)

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order / Order: Caryophyllales
Family / Family: Nyctaginaceae
Genus / Gender: Allionia L.

Species / Species:
1) Allionia incarnata L.
Trailing windmills
2) Allionia nyctaginea Michx. [Fl. bor.-amer. 1: 100. 1803] (= Mirabilis nyctaginea (Michx.) MacMill.)
3) Allionia rotundifolia Greene [Pl. baker. 3:33. 1901] (= Mirabilis rotundifolia (Greene) Standl.) (= Oxybaphus rotundifolius (Greene) Standl.)

Italian name of / Italian name of:
- Oxybaphus nyctagineus (Michaux) Sweet (Nyctaginaceae)

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Liliopsida (Monocotyledons / Monocotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Liliidae
Order / Order: Liliales
Family / Family: Liliaceae (Lily family)
Genus / Gender: Allium L. (garlic, leek, onion)

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Asteridae
Order / Order: Lamiales
Family / Family: Boraginaceae (Borage family)
Genus / Gender: Allocarya Greene

Species / Species:
1) Allocarya corallicarpa Piper [Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 37:93. 1924]
2) Allocarya figurata Piper [Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 22: 101. 1920]
3) Allocarya hirta Greene [Pittonia 1:61. 1888] (= Plagiobothrys hirtus (Greene) I. M. Johnst.)

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Hamamelidae
Order / Order: Casuarinales
Family / Family: Casuarinaceae
Genus / Gender: Allocasuarina L. A. S. Johnson

Species / Species:
1) Allocasuarina acuaria (F. Muell.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:74. 1982] (= Casuarina acuaria F. Muell.)
2) Allocasuarina acutivalvis (F. Muell.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:74. 1982] (= Casuarina acutivalvis F. Muell.)
3) Allocasuarina campestris (Diels) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:74. 1982] (= Casuarina campestris Diels)
4) Allocasuarina corniculata (F. Muell.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:74. 1982] (= Casuarina corniculata F. Muell.)
5) Allocasuarina decussata (Benth.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:75. 1982] (= Casuarina decussata Benth.)
6) Allocasuarina distyla (Vent.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:75. 1982] (= Casuarina distyla Vent.)
7) Allocasuarina drummondiana (Miq.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:75. 1982] (= Casuarina drummondiana Miq.)
8) Allocasuarina fibrosa (C. A. Gardner) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:75. 1982] (= Casuarina fibrosa C. A. Gardner)
9) Allocasuarina fraseriana (Miq.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:75. 1982] (= Casuarina fraseriana Miq.)
Bull-oak
10) Allocasuarina grevilleoides (Diels) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:75. 1982] (= Casuarina grevilleoides Diels)
11) Allocasuarina helmsii (Ewart & Gordon) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:75. 1982] (= Casuarina helmsii Ewart & Gordon)
12) Allocasuarina huegeliana (Miq.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:76. 1982] (= Casuarina huegeliana Miq.)
Rock she-oak
13) Allocasuarina humilis (Otto & A. Dietr.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:76. 1982] (= Casuarina humilis Otto & A. Dietr.)
14) Allocasuarina inophloia (F. Muell. & F. M. Bailey) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:76. 1982] (= Casuarina inophloia F. Muell. & F. M. Bailey)
Stringybark she-oak
15) Allocasuarina lehmanniana (Miq.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:76. 1982]
16) Allocasuarina littoralis (Salisb.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:76. 1982] (= Casuarina littoralis Salisb.) (= Casuarina suberosa Otto & A. Dietr.)
Black she-oak
17) Allocasuarina luehmannii (R. T. Baker) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 7: 314. 1985] (= Casuarina luehmannii R. T. Baker)
Bull-oak
18) Allocasuarina muelleriana (Miq.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:77. 1982] (= Casuarina muelleriana Miq.)
19) Allocasuarina dwarf (Sieber ex Spreng.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:77. 1982] (= Casuarina nana Sieber ex Spreng.)
Stunted she-oak
20) Marsh Allocasuarina (Sieber ex Spreng.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:77. 1982] (= Marsh Casuarina Sieber ex Spreng.)
She-oak scrub
21) Allocasuarina pusilla (Macklin) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:77. 1982] (= Casuarina pusilla Macklin)
Dwarf she-oak
22) Allocasuarina thuyoides (Miq.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:78. 1982] (= Casuarina thuyoides Miq.)
23) Allocasuarina torulosa (Aiton) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:79. 1982] (= Casuarina tenuissima Sieber ex Spreng.) (= Casuarina torulosa Aiton)
Forest-oak
24) Allocasuarina trichodon (Miq.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:79. 1982] (= Casuarina trichodon Miq.)
25) Allocasuarina verticillata (Lam.) L. A. S. Johnson [J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 6:79. 1982] (= Casuarina quadrivalvis Labill.) (= Casuarina stricta Aiton) (= Casuarina verticillata Lam.)
Drooping she-oak

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Asteridae
Order / Order: Solanales
Family / Family: Polemoniaceae (Phlox family)
Genus / Gender: Allophyllum (Nutt.) A. D. Grant & V. E. Grant

Species / Species:
1) Allophyllum divaricatum (Nutt.) Nutt.A. D. Grant & V. Grant
Purple false gilyflower
2) Allophyllum gilioides (Benth.) Benth.A. D. Grant & V. Grant
Dense false gilyflower
3) Allophyllum glutinosum (Benth.) Benth.A. D. Grant & V. Grant
Sticky false gilyflower
4) Allophyllum integrifolium (Brand in Engl.) Brand in Engl.A. D. Grant & V. Grant
White false gilyflower

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Rosidae
Order / Order: Sapindales
Family / Family: Sapindaceae
Genus / Gender: Allophylus L.

Species / Species:
1) Allophylus africanus P. Beauv. [Fl. Oware 2:54, t. 107. 1812]
2) Allophylus cobbe (L.) Raeusch. [Nomencl. bot. ed. 3, 108. 1797] (= Rhus cobbe L.)
3) Allophylus edulis (A. St.-Hil.) Radlk. ex Warm. [Vidensk. Meddel. Dansk Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 37: 244. 1890] (= Schmidelia edulis A. St.-Hil.)
4) Allophylus mollis
5) Allophylus occidentalis (Sw.) Radlk. [Sitzungsber. Math.-Phys. Cl. Königl. Bayer. Akad. Wiss. München 20: 230. 1890] (= Schmidelia occidentalis Sw.)
6) Allophylus zeylanicus L. [Sp. pl. 1: 348. 1753]

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Asteridae
Order / Order: Scrophulariales
Family / Family: Gesneriaceae (Gesneriad family)
Genus / Gender: Alloplectus Mart.

Species / Species:
1) Alloplectus calochlamys Donn. Sm. [Bot. Gaz. 27: 437. 1899]
2) Alloplectus cristatus (L.) Mart. [Nov. gen. sp. pl. 3:57. 1829] (= Besleria cristata L.)
3) Alloplectus lynchei Hook. f. [Bot. May 118: t. 7271. 1892] (= Episcia lynchei (Hook. F.) R. Knuth) (= Nautilocalyx lynchei (Hook. F.) Sprague)
4) Alloplectus vittatus Andre [Ill. Hort. 17: t. 13. 1870] (= Corytoplectus speciosus (Poepp.) Wiehler)

Italian name of / Italian name of:
- Laurus nobilis L. (Lauraceae)

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Family / Family: Pteridophyta (Ferns)
Genus / Gender: Allosorus Bernh.

Species / Species:
1) Allosorus mucronatus D. C. Eaton [Amer. J. Sci. Arts ser. 2, 22: 138. 1856] (= Pellaea mucronata (D. C. Eaton) D. C. Eaton)

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Liliopsida (Monocotyledons / Monocotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Commelinidae
Order / Order: Cyperales
Family / Family: Poaceae (Grass family)
Genus / Gender: Alloteropsis J. Presl

Species / Species:
1) Alloteropsis cimicina (L.) Stapf [D. Prain, Fl. Trop. Afr. 9: 487. 1919] (= Coridochloa cimicina (L.) Nees ex Chase) (= Panicum cimicinum (L.) Retz.)
Bug-seed grass
2) Alloteropsis eckloniana (Nees) Hitchc. [Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 29: 128. 1916] (= Bluffia eckloniana Nees)
3) Alloteropsis semialata (R. Br.) Hitchc. [Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 210. 1909]
Cockatoo grass

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Dilleniidae
Order / Order: Ericales
Family / Family: Monotropaceae (Indian Pipe family)
Genus / Gender: Allotropa Torr. & A. Gray

Species / Species:
1) Allotropa virgata Torrey & A. Gray
Sugarstick

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Rosidae
Order / Order: Proteales
Family / Family: Proteaceae
Genus / Gender: Alloxylon P. H. Weston & Crisp

Species / Species:
1) Alloxylon flammeum P. H. Weston & Crisp [Telopea 4: 503. 1991]
Queensland-waratah

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order / Order: Caryophyllales
Family / Family: Didiereaceae
Genus / Gender: Alluaudia (Drake) Drake

Species / Species:
1) Alluaudia ascendens (Drake) Drake [Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 9:37. 1903 (Comp. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 133: 241. 1901, nom. Provis.)] (= Didierea ascendens Drake)
2) Alluaudia comosa (Drake) Drake [Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 9:37. 1903 (Comp. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 133: 241. 1901, nom. Provis.)] (= Didierea comosa Drake)
3) Alluaudia dumosa (Drake) Drake [Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 9:37. 1903 (Comp. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 133: 242. 1901, nom. Provis.)] (= Didierea dumosa Drake)
4) Alluaudia humbertii Choux [Mém. Acad. Malgache 18:60. 1934]
5) Alluaudia montagnacii Rauh [Adansonia ser. 2, 1:43. 1961]
6) Alluaudia procera (Drake) Drake [Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. (Paris) 9:37. 1903 (Comp. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 133: 241. 1901, nom. Provis.)] (= Didierea procera Drake)

Kingdom / Kingdom: Plantae (Plants / Plants)
Subkingdom / Subaren: Tracheobionta (Vascular plants / Vascular plants)
Superdivision / Superdivision: Spermatophyta (Seed plants)
Division / Division: Magnoliophyta (Flowering plants / Plants with flowers)
Class / Class: Magnoliopsida (Dicotyledons / Dicotyledons)
Subclass / Subclass: Caryophyllidae
Order / Order: Caryophyllales
Family / Family: Didiereaceae
Genus / Gender: Alluaudiopsis Humbert & Choux

Species / Species:
1) Alluaudiopsis fiherenensis Humbert & Choux [Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 1909: 1651. 1934]
2) Alluaudiopsis Marnieriana Rauh [Adansonia ser. 2, 1:49. 1961]

Pest plants / Weeds
Color of flowers / Color of flowers

Systematic Botany - 2006
Luigi Rignanese


Allamanda: cultivation in pots

In regions with harsh winter climates this beautiful ornamental plant can be grown in pots so that you can shelter it as soon as the temperature starts to drop. A suitable vessel should be used to contain the expansion of the root and the aerial part, generally larger than the earthen bread. The soil must be specific, loose, rich in organic substance. To avoid contact of the root with the drainage water, a layer of expanded clay or other draining material should be placed on the bottom of the pot. It should be kept outdoors in the summer and sheltered indoors in winter.


4. Gloxinia

Scientific name: Gloxinia (Sinningia) speciosa
Common name: Gloxinia
Family: Gesneriaceae
Country of origin: Brazil

Gloxinia is a herbaceous plant with a rhizomatous root also known as glossin. It has deep green leaves and bell-shaped flowers which at the opening measure up to 10 cm in color white, red, blue, purple etc.

To be able to give the best of its beauty it needs several hours of light (even 12-14 a day) and that is why it is sometimes necessary to help yourself with lamps to see it bloom, which ensure the right amount of brightness. In the absence of artificial light, however, the flowering period will be limited to the months between May and September, when the days tend to get longer.

Generally the glossinias are purchased in full bloom, it is difficult to buy the tubers the plant in full flower must be kept in a very bright place, but not directly exposed to sunlight, especially during the hottest hours of the day they reproduce by seed and multiply by division of the tubers or by leaf cuttings. In the language of flowers it indicates "love at first sight”.

  • Exposure: want a bright environment, avoid direct sun.
  • Watering: water twice a week, once in winter. Be careful not to get the leaves and flowers wet.
  • Temperature: the ideal temperature at 18 ° C.
  • Humidity: has no particular humidity requirements.
  • Fertilization: when the plant is in bloom, add liquid fertilizer once a week. Potassium-based fertilizers favor the formation of flowers, while nitrogen-based fertilizers increase the development of leaves.
  • Repotting: at the end of flowering, when the foliage is completely yellowed, the tubers must be removed from the ground and put to rest in a dry place. They are replanted in March in pots of 12 cm in diameter after having kept them in a cool and dark place.
  • Topsoil: wants peaty soil.
  • Cleaning: not necessary.
  • Damage due to non-pathogenic causes: if you notice that the leaves are curling, it means that the plant has been too exposed to the sun.


Video: How to grow and care Allamanda