The herbaceous biennial plant parsley (Petroselinum) is a small genus that belongs to the family Celery (Umbelliferae). This plant comes from the island of Sardinia. The first mention of him was found in ancient Egyptian papyri: according to legend, this culture grew out of blood that flowed out of the eye of Horus, the son of the god Osiris, he was torn out by the evil Set. Under natural conditions, such a herbaceous plant is found on the Mediterranean coast. Root and leaf parsley is cultivated in the southern part of Canada and in the northern States, as well as throughout continental Europe except Scandinavia. Root parsley is the most popular among gardeners, as it forms a root vegetable and also produces greens.
Features of parsley
Parsley is a herbaceous plant that can be annual or biennial. Its stem is erect, and the leaf plates are double- or triple-pinnate. The petals of heart-shaped flowers are yellow-green or whitish, sometimes at the base they have a pale red tint. The fruit is ovoid and laterally compressed.
This culture is moisture-loving and resistant to frost. Seed germination is observed at a temperature of 1–5 degrees, while the seedlings can withstand frosts down to minus 9 degrees. In this regard, in regions with mild, non-frosty winters in autumn, it is not necessary to extract the root of such a plant from the soil.
During the first year of growth, the bushes form a leaf rosette and a root vegetable that looks like a carrot, it is painted in a pale yellow or white color. And in the second year, the bushes give seeds. Parsley roots have medicinal properties, they help preserve vision, heal wounds, strengthen the gums, and also stimulate kidney activity. They contain salts of potassium, iron and phosphorus. Such a root vegetable is used as a spice, adding it to soups and pickles, as well as to pickles for canning.
Leaf parsley does not form a root crop, but it has a well-developed and branched root system. The greens of such a plant are added to salads, and also used as a spice for fish and first courses. Such greens are eaten not only fresh, but they are also dried and frozen, if such parsley is stored correctly, then it can retain its useful substances for up to 12 months. This culture is still widely used in cosmetology, as well as in traditional and folk medicine.
How to grow parsley. Varieties of parsley. Garden World site
Planting parsley outdoors
What time to plant
Parsley can be grown through seedlings or sown seeds directly into the ground, while the second method is more popular with gardeners. With the help of seedlings, such a plant is grown only in certain regions. Sowing seeds in open soil is carried out from mid to late April, and it can also be done in autumn, namely, starting from mid-October. In order for parsley to be on the table throughout the summer, it is recommended to sow it by conveyor method: 1 time in 15 days until the last days of July.
A suitable area for sowing should be sunny, while the soil needs to be loose, not very moist, light and rich in nutrients. Best of all, such a culture grows on light sandy loam or loam with a pH of 6.5-7.0. For sowing parsley, experts do not advise choosing a site with a high groundwater table. If there is no other place for growing, then you need to make high beds. You can grow parsley on the site after the following crops: onions, tomatoes, zucchini, squash, potatoes, cabbage and cucumbers. Bad predecessors are representatives of the Umbrella family, for example: carrots, parsley, celery, fennel, coriander, dill, etc. However, parsley can be grown with them, for example, in the same area you can grow carrots and parsley, dill and parsley, cilantro and parsley, etc. You can also grow it in the same area with cucumbers, legumes and tomatoes.
If the sowing of such a plant is planned for the spring, then the preparation of the site must be done in the autumn. If the sowing of seeds will be carried out before winter in the autumn, then the site will need to be prepared no less than 15–20 days before the day of sowing. For root (feed) parsley, it is imperative to add manure to the soil, but this is done about 12 months before sowing such a crop before growing the predecessor plant. Leafy (green) parsley grows well on manure. During the digging of the site in the autumn, 4 to 5 kilograms of manure (compost) should be added to the soil per 1 square meter. If the soil is poor, then in addition to organic fertilizers, a complex of minerals is also added, but this must be done in spring when preparing the site for sowing. If a winter sowing of such a plant is conceived, then organic matter and minerals must be added to the soil at the same time. Since dry seeds germinate very slowly, they are recommended for 30 minutes. immerse in water, after which the seed is dried until it begins to crumble.
In the prepared area, grooves should be made, reaching a depth of 10-15 mm, while the width between them should be about 0.5 m. The grooves should be spilled abundantly with lukewarm water, and after it is completely absorbed, the seeds are sown. The grooves must be covered with soil, after which it is tamped. As a rule, the first seedlings appear after 15–20 days. In autumn, dry seeds are used for sowing, then the surface of the garden is covered with a layer of mulch (humus or peat).
How to sow parsley. Parsley in the country
Growing parsley seedlings
How to sow parsley seeds in open ground is described in more detail above. But in some cases, such a plant is grown in seedlings. Before starting sowing, the seeds must be soaked in water, where they should stay for 24 hours, this will allow them to be cleaned of essential oils that slow down germination. Then the seed must be placed in a damp cloth. After the white sprouts appear, the seeds are sown, having previously dried them until they flow. The picking of seedlings should be carried out after two true leaf plates begin to form in them, for this they use peat pots. After 8 weeks have passed from the moment of sowing the seeds, the root parsley seedlings must be planted in open soil. It is planted together with pots, and, depending on the variety, a distance of 7-15 centimeters is maintained between the bushes. When planting seedlings of leafy parsley, a distance of at least 20 centimeters should be kept between them. The distance between the rows should be about 0.5 m. In this case, the preparation of the site must be done in advance.
Growing parsley on a windowsill
In order to grow parsley in room conditions, it should be sown in the same way as described above, for this, seedling boxes filled with a soil mixture of vermicompost and coconut fiber are used, which is laid out on top of the drainage layer. Seed material needs pre-sowing preparation. To do this, it is placed in a container with water for two or three days, which must be replaced twice a day. In this case, 2 hours before sowing, the seeds should be disinfected by immersing them in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The seeds must be buried in the soil mixture no more than 5 mm, then the surface of the substrate is covered with loose soil, while the layer thickness should be about 10 mm. Then the box is removed to a dark place. In order for the seedlings to appear as quickly as possible, the containers on top should be covered with foil or glass, but at the same time it is necessary to regularly ventilate the crops, and also remove condensate from the surface of the shelter in a timely manner.
After the first seedlings appear after 15–20 days, the container with the crops must be transferred to the windowsill. When the seedlings grow up, they need to be thinned out, while the distance between the plants should be at least 40 mm. The optimum air temperature for growing parsley is from 15 to 20 degrees. If the room is colder, then the growth of plants will become slower, and in the heat the seedlings dry out. For seedlings to grow normally, they need a long day of light. If it is shorter than necessary, then the parsley will need additional artificial lighting; for this, a fluorescent lamp must be placed at a distance of 0.6 m. After about 6 weeks, the first crop can be harvested. When the height of the branch reaches 10-12 centimeters, if necessary, you can pick it off and use it for cooking, while part of the stem from 1/3 of the leaf plates should remain in the container.
For growing in indoor conditions, it is recommended to use early varieties, in this case, the first harvest is carried out half a month earlier than when growing late and mid-season varieties. Most often, such green varieties are grown on the windowsill as: Astra, Russian feast, Fitness, Beads, Green pearls, Morning freshness, Gloria, etc.
PETRUSHKA - planting parsley and growing parsley HOME
How to grow from a root vegetable
This method of growing parsley allows you not to wait for the seedlings to appear. In the last days of October, before the frost begins, the parsley bush must be removed from the ground with roots about 50 mm long and about 40 mm wide. To disinfect the seedling box, you need to use a strong solution of potassium manganese, at its bottom it is necessary to make a drainage layer, on top of which a soil mixture for violets is poured. The roots of this plant, which were dug out in the garden, should be planted in it almost close to each other, while only the apical buds should rise above the surface of the substrate. The soil mixture must be slightly compacted and watered well, after which the container is transferred to an unheated veranda or to an insulated balcony. Plants need to be provided with moderate watering, and after the appearance of green sprouts, the container is transferred to a well-lit and warm (about 20 degrees) room. Young plants will need additional lighting on a cloudy day. After the active growth of green mass begins, watering should be made more frequent and abundant. If everything is done correctly, then fresh fragrant greens will grow by the New Year holidays.
How to water
Growing parsley indoors, it needs to provide systematic moderate watering. The substrate in containers should not dry out, and stagnation of water in the soil mixture should not be allowed. Water such a plant every day with a moderate amount of water at room temperature. After a crust appears on the surface of the substrate, it is removed, for this it is necessary to loosen the soil mixture.
If this culture is grown from seeds, then the seedlings will need liquid fertilizing, for this they use an environmentally friendly fertilizer, it should be applied no more than 2 times every 4 weeks. To do this, you can use organic matter or mineral complex fertilizers, which have proven themselves well.
Growing such a crop in open soil is easy enough. To do this, the bushes need to be thinned out, weeded, fed, watered, and also loosened up the surface of the beds in time. In spring, while parsley is still very weak, it needs special protection from weeds, because they are able to drown out any cultivated plant. In this regard, parsley will need to be systematically weeded, while weeds should be removed both from the rows and from the aisles. It is recommended to carry out this procedure 24 hours after the rain has passed or the bed is watered, while, along with the removal of weeds, the soil surface must also be loosened. Loosening improves aeration of the root system of the bushes.
How to water
When grown in a garden, this crop will need to be systematically watered. At the same time, one should pay attention to the fact that root varieties are less demanding for watering in comparison with leaf varieties. Fodder parsley is distinguished by its resistance to drought, and therefore it will need to be watered about 2 times throughout the growing season. And green varieties need more watering.
By the condition of the leaves on the bushes, you can understand whether the plants need watering. Parsley should be watered early in the morning or in the evening when the sun goes down. For irrigation, you need to use not cold water, its temperature should not be lower than the air temperature. Therefore, the water is left in the sun for heating. And if tap water is used, then you need to wait until it settles.
Green varieties of parsley need more nitrogen than root ones, therefore, fertilizing is applied 2 times during the growing season, for this they use saltpeter (5-6 grams of substance per 1 square meter of plot). Fodder parsley is more in need of potassium and phosphorus, therefore, in spring, full mineral fertilizer should be used to feed it, while in August it is necessary to add 7 grams of superphosphate and 5 grams of potassium salt to the soil per 1 square meter of land. If fertilizer containing nitrogen is introduced into the soil in autumn, this can cause the accumulation of nitrates in the root crop.
What to plant in the area where parsley grew
The place where such a crop was grown is not suitable for the cultivation of representatives of the Umbrella family. Next time, parsley and other related crops can be grown on this site only after 4–5 years. The area where parsley was previously grown is great for planting onions, potatoes, peas, garlic, tomatoes and beans.
Diseases and pests of parsley with photos and names
Diseases of parsley
Parsley is not highly resistant to disease. Most often, such a culture is affected by the following diseases:
When a plant is affected by such a fungal disease, a loose bloom of almost white color is formed on the surface of its aerial parts. As the disease develops, black dots appear on this plaque, which are the fruiting bodies of the fungus. In such bushes, reproductive ability is greatly impaired. This disease develops actively in wet weather, if there are sharp fluctuations in temperature. In order to combat such a disease, after the parsley crop is harvested, the site must be cleaned of plant residues that should be destroyed. Then the soil is treated with Bayleton's solution, while the instructions must be strictly followed.
This disease contributes to the development of chlorosis on the edges of the leaf plates of the lower tiers of plants. Over time, the edge of the foliage turns red, and then the entire plate takes on this color. In the affected bushes, there is a decrease in the turgor of the root crops, which is why they are worse stored. The causative agents of such a leafhopper disease are spread, while the first signs of a columnar appear in the last days of July or the first in August. For prevention purposes, it is necessary to promptly destroy leafhoppers that have settled on the site, remove weeds in time, regularly dig the site and treat the bushes with herbicides.
Black rot, or alternaria
The defeat of such a disease can occur both in the store and in the garden.When the disease is just beginning to develop, its symptoms are similar to the "black leg": the bush has a lesion of the root collar, as the disease progresses, the entire stem is affected, and this happens relatively quickly. Then the bush turns yellow and dies. When the entire aerial part of the parsley is affected by black rot, the disease can spread to the root system. The causative agents of the disease most often penetrate the microtraumas present on the bush (cuts, cracks or scratches), where it begins to actively develop. For the purpose of prevention, you need to adhere to the rules of crop rotation, and the site must also be cleaned of plant residues that should be destroyed. After the height of the tops of the bushes is equal to 10-12 centimeters, they should be sprayed with Homa solution (for 1 bucket of water 40 grams of substance). In the middle of the summer period, near the root crops on the surface of the garden bed, it is necessary to evenly distribute the Barrier agent (1 tbsp. Of the substance is taken per 1 square meter of the plot).
Septoria parsley, or white spot
This fungal disease affects leaf petioles, foliage and shoots. In the middle of the summer period, specks of brown color form on the lower leaf plates, after a while they become lighter, but at the same time their dark border does not change its color. As the disease progresses, the upper leaf plates are also affected. Over time, the foliage turns yellow and dries up, and the stalks break. As a result, the yield of parsley is severely affected. At the end of the growing season, all plant residues must be removed from the site, while they are burned. Then they dig up the site. In order to prevent sowing, the seed must be warmed up at a temperature of 45 to 50 degrees before sowing. Carry out 2 treatments on the leaves in the first ten days of July with a break of 1.5 weeks with a solution of Energen (20 drops of the substance are taken for 1 liter of water).
As a rule, the defeat of parsley with such a disease occurs in the first summer weeks. In diseased bushes, specks of a brownish-red color are formed on the seamy surface of the leaf plates, which eventually merge with each other. As a result, the foliage turns yellow ahead of time, dries up and loses its taste. To cure a diseased plant, it will need the same treatment as for a white spot lesion.
Early burn or cercosporosis
On the surface of the shoots and foliage of the affected bush, brown or pale yellow spots are formed, reaching about 0.6 cm in diameter and having an irregular shape. With high humidity, a light gray bloom appears on the surface of the spots. In diseased bushes, growth retardation is observed, as well as yellowing and drying of the foliage. The disease develops actively during the day if the weather is humid and warm, as well as on foggy nights and if there is abundant dew in the morning. If the disease is just beginning to develop, the area will need to be sprayed with a solution of Bordeaux mixture (1%). If necessary, such spraying is carried out several more times with a break of 10-12 days. The last time it is necessary to spray the bushes is no later than half a month before harvesting.
Parsley can also be affected by diseases such as: felt and white rot, peronosporosis (downy mildew), aster jaundice, etc.
Most often, the following pests settle on parsley bushes:
This small pest feeds on plant sap. Its larvae also feed on parsley juice, while they are wrapped in foliage, and the bush looks like a terry one. To get rid of the beetle, you need to spray the bushes 2 times with Iskra, Fitoverm, Iskra Bio or Karbofos. Such treatments are carried out in May, when there is a mass appearance of adults, and also in July after the formation of larvae.
This small worm reaches only one and a half millimeters in length, it arranges egg-laying in the tissues of this plant. Such a pest feeds on parsley juice at almost any stage of development, while the affected parts of the bush have growth retardation, curvature and death. For preventive purposes, when preparing seed for sowing, it must be warmed up in a thermos with hot water (about 45-50 degrees) for a quarter of an hour. When the parsley crop is harvested, the site will need a deep digging. You also need to adhere to the rules of crop rotation.
The length of such a pest is only half a centimeter, it has a green tint in color. This fly prefers wet places. If she settles in a bed with parsley, then the bushes will have a lag in development, and the foliage will turn purple-red, then yellow, and, in the end, it will die off. If parsley grows near carrots, then the likelihood that such a fly will settle on the bushes greatly increases, because this pest is attracted by the carrot smell. To mask the strong smell of carrots, it is recommended to treat its bushes with a solution consisting of 1 bucket of water, 1 tbsp. red or black ground pepper and 1 tsp of liquid soap. And you can also cover the soil surface between the rows with a layer of a mixture consisting of sand and naphthalene (10: 1). Since such a pest is taken into the ground for wintering, it is recommended to carry out a deep digging after harvesting in autumn.
This pest is omnivorous. As a rule, he appears on the site in the last days of June, while in 1 season he can give up to 10 generations. These insects are located on the seamy surface of leaf plates, stems and flowers, and they suck sap from the bushes. The affected plant stops growing and dies. It should also be borne in mind that aphids are considered the main carrier of various incurable diseases. For prevention purposes, it is necessary to remove all weeds in the garden immediately after its appearance, cut and destroy the yellow parts of the bush, and also after harvesting, it is imperative to deeply dig the site. If, nevertheless, aphids settle on the bushes, then they will need to be sprayed with any soap solution, for example: for 1 bucket of water you can take 40 grams of laundry soap. If necessary, the bushes are sprayed 3 or 4 times with a break of 5 days.
Types and varieties of parsley
It has already been said above that gardeners cultivate 2 types of parsley, namely: leaf and root. Leaf parsley has two varieties, namely curly and smooth. They differ from each other only in appearance. All varieties of this plant are divided according to the ripening period. The most popular varieties of parsley will be described below.
Top 3 varieties of parsley for winter sowing: Maestro, Root Berlin, Kucheryavaya Moskrause
Smooth leafy parsley varieties
- Gloria... This early variety is distinguished by its yield, it is intended for cultivation in the open field, as well as in the greenhouse. The rosette is low, and the leaf plates are large and long. Such parsley is used for fresh food, as well as for preparing preparations for the winter.
- Bogatyr... This fruitful variety is very fragrant and grows back quickly after cutting. Large long-stemmed leaf plates are dark green and triangular in shape. Duration of ripening is 70–80 days.
- Hamburger... Such a variety, created not so long ago, has an average height and fragrant, delicate foliage of a rich green color. The variety ripens in 75–90 days. It can be eaten both dried and fresh.
- Carnival... The variety has a high yield. Fragrant long-stemmed medium-sized leaf plates have a dark green color. The foliage grows back relatively quickly after cutting. After the seedlings appear, no more than 60 days will pass before harvesting.
Even more popular among gardeners are varieties such as: Italian giant, Green crystal, Appetizing, Fragrant wall, Rosava, Green carpet, etc.
Curly varieties of leaf parsley
- Mooskrause 2... Such a German variety, distinguished by its compactness, has strong corrugated fragrant leaf plates of a dark green color. After cutting, young leaves grow back no longer than 40 days. This variety is drought and frost resistant.
- Bravo... Bushes have vertical long shoots, it is enough to simply harvest from them. Very fragrant strong corrugated leaf plates have a deep green color.
- Aster... An early maturing variety with a high yield has corrugated leaf plates that are part of dense rosettes. After cutting, foliage grows back in a fairly short time. This parsley is intended for cultivation both in the greenhouse and in the open field.
- Esmeralda... It is a medium-ripening variety with fast growing foliage after cutting. The bush can weigh up to 50 grams. In the outlet, there are from 25 to 30 short-peaked curly leaf plates.
- Breeze... The height of the rosette of such a vigorous variety is about 0.75 m, the ripening time is about 80 days. One bush can weigh about 60 grams. Delicate leaves after cutting remain fresh for a long time.
Among gardeners, varieties such as: Frize, Curly, Triplex, Cinderella, Element, Claudia, Moskurland, Slava Erfurt, Kaderava, Darki are quite popular.
Root parsley varieties
- Sugar... Such an early ripe variety is distinguished by its yield. Dense whitish-gray roots have a conical shape, they reach about 0.3 m in length, and about 65 mm in diameter, and their weight is up to 60 grams. The delicious white flesh has a light yellow center. From the moment the seedlings appear until the onset of technical ripeness, it takes from 85 to 100 days.
- Alba... A late-ripening variety with a high yield. Delicious root vegetables weigh about 0.3 kg. The advantages of this variety also include the absence of lateral roots in root crops, as well as their excellent keeping quality.
- Bordovician... In such a late variety, white roots have a shape similar to carrots, they weigh about 0.2 kg. The pulp is fragrant and white. If the roots are stored correctly, they will have excellent keeping quality.
- Yielding... The medium ripening variety is resistant to frost and diseases. After the seedlings appear, they will reach technical ripeness in 130 days. The length of juicy root crops is about 20 centimeters.
- The final... The average ripening variety differs in yield. The length of the root crops is about 23 centimeters, their weight is up to 0.2 kg, and the shape is similar to an elongated cone. They have a high taste.
In addition to these varieties, popular are such as: Konica, Doctor, Eagle, Good Morning, Vershki and Roots, Berlin and Pikantnaya.
Parsley properties: benefits and harms
Useful properties of parsley
Fresh parsley leaves contain a large amount of trace elements and vitamins that the human body needs. It is interesting that already in Ancient Egypt such a culture was worth its weight in gold. Today, such a plant is also quite popular, it is used in medicine, cooking, and also in cosmetology.
Few people know that the composition of the greens of such a plant contains the same amount of carotene as in carrots, while vitamin C in it is about the same as in lemon. 50 grams of parsley contains the daily rate of ascorbic acid. The composition of greens includes vitamins A, C, B1, B2, B12, PP, as well as folic acid, fatty acids, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, potassium and calcium. Thanks to these vitamins and elements, parsley has beneficial properties, namely:
- helps to establish the work of the adrenal glands and thyroid gland;
- helps to improve metabolic processes in the body;
- helps to strengthen blood vessels;
- has an anti-inflammatory effect;
- helps to strengthen the gums;
- helps to improve oxygen metabolism and stimulates the brain;
- helps to control the feeling of fullness and appetite;
- has a beneficial effect on vision;
- is effective during the treatment of diseases of the genitourinary system and nephritis;
- assists in overcoming depression, as well as in recuperation.
The decoction, infusion and juice of such a culture have healing properties. The juice is used during the treatment of heart, respiratory and eye diseases. During the treatment of diseases of the optic nerve system, a mixture of parsley and carrot juice (1: 3) is very effective. A mixture of garlic and parsley has a powerful diuretic effect and is most often used to normalize high blood pressure. In addition, the products, which include garlic and parsley, help stabilize cholesterol levels, and also have an antiviral effect, remove toxins from the body, reduce high blood clotting, and are also used to prevent cardiovascular diseases.
The extract of this plant is used to make a cream with a whitening effect, because this herb helps to whiten the skin and lighten age spots and freckles. This plant is also used to eliminate edema, treat bruises and insect bites, and improve scarring of fistulas and ulcers.
A decoction, oil, extract and infusion of such a medicinal plant are used to treat female diseases, for example, pain during menstruation, irregularities in the menstrual cycle, and they also help improve mental and physical condition during menopause. Parsley remedies help men eliminate pain in inflammation of the prostate gland, and they also have a general strengthening effect.
To prepare a parsley broth, you need to take 2 tbsp. finely chopped roots of such a plant and combine them with 1 tbsp. freshly boiled water The mixture should boil for only 1 minute, then the container is covered with a lid and left to cool. It is recommended to drink the broth 3 times a day before meals for 1-2 tbsp. l, it helps with anemia, malaria, prostatitis, intestinal disorders, increased gas production and is used to strengthen the immune system.
Parsley. Medicinal properties and contraindications.
Parsley can be harmful if eaten in very large quantities. It contains myristicin, overdose of which causes headaches, hallucinations, nausea, overexcitation, weight loss and muscle cramps. It is better to refuse taking parsley products during pregnancy, as well as to patients with oxaluria, urolithiasis, bladder inflammation and nephritis. During breastfeeding, it is also recommended to exclude parsley from the diet, since it contains spicy essential oil.
Parsley is a plant with a two-year growth cycle. In the first year of the growing season, it increases the green mass of the leaves or, depending on the variety, the underground part. In the second year, it forms seeds after flowering.
In the open field, two types of parsley are grown:
- leafy - traditionally more common, in which greens are eaten (the root part is inedible)
- root - cultivated for the sake of a fleshy dense root vegetable of light yellow color. The greens of this type of vegetable are not so fragrant and coarser than the leafy ones, but after the formation of the root vegetable, it can also be used as a seasoning (if you start cutting the foliage earlier, the root part will not gain the required mass).
In turn, leaf parsley can be regular and curly in the form of leaves.
Two methods of planting vegetables are used: seeds and rhizomes.In the first case, they get greens and root crops, in the second - greens from April, and in the second half of summer - seeds.
Unlike many other crops, the planting site of a vegetable can not be changed for a long time. But no matter how many years parsley grows in one place after a single sowing, it remains a biennial: crumbling, uncollected seeds spontaneously germinate in spring with young shoots.
Undemanding climate conditions allow growing parsley from seeds in the open field in all regions of the country - from hot southern to northern with severe and long winters. A cold-resistant plant begins to grow at a temperature of 5–6 ℃ and withstands a short-term drop to –4-8 ℃. Frosts in the fall do not harm the vegetable, but the keeping quality of root crops is reduced. Nevertheless, the roots of adult plants tolerate wintering well in the ground and give early vitamin greens in the spring.
The vegetable can be sown on loose soils with normal or slightly high acidity. Parsley grows well both in sunny areas and in partial shade.
Potatoes, cabbage family, onions, tomatoes, cucumbers are preferred as its predecessors. It can grow on one bed for several years without losing yield, but it is not worth planting it again after other umbrella plants - cilantro, celery, dill, coriander, caraway seeds, anise, and also carrots - earlier than 4 years later.
The list of vegetables that can be planted after parsley is long - in fact, these are all crops except green ones.
Features of planting root parsley in open ground, growing and care
Root parsley grows well outdoors... To get even and large root crops, adhere to the basic rules of agricultural technology.
The plant is unpretentious, it easily tolerates temperature extremes and cold... It is sown both before winter and in early spring.
In the autumn, planting is carried out 14-20 days before possible frosts.... It takes some time for the seeds to germinate. In the spring they sow as soon as it becomes possible to cultivate the soil.
Attention! The plant needs moist soil to germinate, so watch out for the recommended planting dates.
Choosing a place on the site
The correct choice of the garden bed on which it is planned to grow parsley makes it possible to increase the yield. Give preference to sandy loam, sod-podzolic and light loamy soils with neutral or high acidity.
They choose places with good illumination, where groundwater does not come close.
Important! With high soil moisture, parsley quickly rots.
It is good to sow the crop from the south side of fences or buildings, because she does not like cold wind and drafts.
When choosing a garden, they pay attention to their predecessors. A high yield of root crops is obtained in areas where they grew in the last season:
Spicy culture develops poorly after other representatives of the umbrella.
In the fall, a pre-selected area is dug up and humus is introduced. The recommended rate is 4-5 kg of fertilizer per 1 m²... Sand is added to loosen the soil and increase air permeability.
Attention! Before planting, organic matter is not used, since it negatively affects the development of the root system. Root crops are obtained with low palatability and an ugly shape.
In the spring, combined fertilizer is applied to 1 m², consisting of 15 g of superphosphate, 10 g of potassium chloride, 25 g of nitrate.
Preparation of planting material
Root parsley seeds germinate slowlyso they need help. Seed material begins to be prepared 14-16 days before the planned planting:
- Soak in a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 24 hours.
- Place in an even layer on a damp piece of cloth or gauze for germination.
- When sprouts appear, they are transferred to ice in the refrigerator for one week.
- Dried and used for sowing.
The seeds have the best germination, collected 1 year ago.
Sowed according to this pattern:
- Shallow furrows are made (about 3 cm), leaving a distance between the rows of about 20 cm.
- Seeds are sown with an interval of 1-4 cm, dropping them into the ground one by one.
- Sprinkle with earth.
To accelerate the emergence of seedlings the garden bed is covered with plastic wrap for several days. When sprouts appear, it is removed.
Features of the care of root parsley
To grow large and high-quality root crops, the plant is regularly loosened and weeded.... The first loosening is carried out by 5-6 cm, when the plant gets stronger - by 10-12 cm. After each precipitation or watering, loosen the soil between the rows to improve the air permeability of the soil.
For full growth and development root parsley break through 2 times:
- as soon as she ascended (after 2 cm)
- two weeks later (after 6-7 cm).
Although the plant does not require moisture, it is important to water it regularly. When moistening the soil, adhere to the following rules:
- Water in the morning and evening.
- Water consumption - 2 buckets per 1 m².
If it rains frequently, watering is reduced or stopped altogether.so that the roots do not rot.
Attention! The culture needs watering at the end of summer, when the underground fruits ripen.
The plant responds well to the introduction of nutrients in the soil... The use of dressings is recommended in the early period of its vegetative development.
When the first 3-4 leaves appear on the parsley, apply any nitrogen-potassium fertilizer. After another 3 weeks, a complex feeding is carried out with ammonium nitrate and potassium salt, 5-7 g each, as well as superphosphate (8-10 g). This amount of nutrients is used per 1 m².
Protection against diseases and pests
Improper spice care and unfavorable climatic conditions lead to the development of a number of diseases, among which:
- Powdery mildew. Fungal disease is characterized by the appearance of a white coating with black blotches on the leaves. The damaged area begins to dry out.
- Stolbur. The plant is affected by an intracellular parasite. A sign of the disease is reddening of the leaves around the edges.
- Rust. Rusty pads appear on the leaves. The fungus spreads quickly and the parsley dries up.
- Septoria, or white spot. Crop shows brown spots that turn off-white over time.
Ready-made industrial products are used to fight diseases.... If the plant is affected by powdery mildew, it is treated with a composition of colloidal or ground sulfur, the drug "Bayleton". When a fungus appears, parsley is sprayed with 1% Bordeaux liquid. It is recommended to carry out treatments every 10 days. Chemicals cease to be used 3 weeks prior to harvest.
Plant culture also often infect pests:
- Carrot beetle. Parsley develops poorly and turns yellow, leaves curl.
- Aphid. The defeat leads to wilting, yellowing and death of the plant.
- Stem nematode. There is a deformation of the green parts of the parsley and a slowdown in its growth.
- Carrot fly. The leaves turn reddish-purple and dry out.
If the damage is minor, use safe folk remedies, including:
- Tobacco dust. Sprinkle on leaves and ground between rows.
- Infusion of citrus peels. Carrot fly repelling treatment is carried out.
- Dandelion composition. Before use, the raw materials are infused for 2-3 hours. Eliminates melon aphids.
- Garlic infusion. A universal remedy for repelling many pests. Chopped cloves of one head of garlic are poured into 1.5 liters of water and infused for 6-8 days. Before use, 50 ml of the resulting product is dissolved in one bucket of water.
- Infusion of onions. Effective against pests and infectious diseases. A gruel is made from the onion and mixed with water in a 1: 1 ratio. Insist for a week. Before use, 20 ml of the composition is diluted in 10 liters of water.
Nettle infusion gives a good effect, which is used as a prophylactic agent. The components contained in it strengthen the plant's immunity, resulting in increased resistance to many diseases.
To prepare the solution 600 g of nettle is brewed with 5 liters of boiling water. The container is placed in a warm place to ferment the composition. After 5-7 days, the agent is filtered, additionally diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10 and watered under the root.
If you cannot cope with pests with folk remedies, use drugs:
Likhnis crown in landscape design
Crowned lychnis is successfully combined with almost all plants in the flower bed. It is grown along paths, fences, around benches, near the walls of buildings. The flower looks great on an alpine slide or flower bed. Several varieties of lychnis also look spectacular in single plantings. Most often, the culture is combined with bells, primroses, chamomiles, violets, carnations, asters.