Passionflower (granadilla, passionfruit, cavalier's star) is a tropical plant from the passionflower family with bright flowers and berry fruits.
Despite the fact that the plant initially grew only in nature, they learned to grow it at home.
Description of the origin and appearance of the plant. Distribution in nature and features of the habitat. How difficult is it to keep at home
The passionflower family unites almost five hundred species of plants. Most of it is found in the tropics of Asia, America, Australia. Plants are united by shoots of impressive length, with the help of which they are able to climb high surfaces and stay there.
The plant has bright green leaves, divided into lobes or whole. Passionflower flowers are large (up to ten cm in diameter), bright color and long flowering. The delicate scent of flowers makes passion flower a favorite of many flower growers.
The berry that the plant forms is the target of cultivation. In many countries, passionflower is grown precisely because of the fruits that are actively sold to the local population and exported.
The fruit is also known to have medicinal properties and is used in folk and alternative medicine as a herbal sedative.
Since the 17th century, passionflower has been grown as a houseplant in Europe, and more recently in Russia.
To successfully grow passionflower at home, a number of important conditions must be observed: lighting, air temperature, humidity, fertilizer. With proper care, good results can be achieved, and passion flower will delight owners all year round.
Passiflora varieties suitable for growing at home: blue passionflower (cavalier star), banana, alata red, other popular varieties
|Passiflora varieties||Features of the|
|Cavalier star (blue passionflower)||Liana with woody stems and large single flowers of lilac or greenish-lilac shades. Blossoming - spring-autumn. The flowers of blue passionflower grow up to 10 cm in diameter. The fruits of blue passionflower grow up to 7 cm. It is resistant to cool temperatures and generally unpretentious in care.|
|Banana Passionflower (Tender)||Refers to cold-resistant species. Able to bear fruit in the first year of cultivation. The fruits are fleshy and juicy. The flowers of banana passionflower are large, up to 12 cm in diameter and have a pale pink color.|
|Granadilla, passionfruit or edible passionflower||The flowers are creamy and the fruits are round or oval in shape. Fruit size - 6 cm. Passion fruit is used for making drinks, desserts, salads, smoothies.|
|Passionflower red meat (Incarnata)||Able to grow 6-10 m long. Flowers are most often purple and fruits are yellow. Meat-red passionflower is used in medicine. The dried leaves and fruits of the plant help in the treatment of neuroses, nervous disorders and insomnia.|
|Alata red||The length of the stems reaches 3-4 meters. The bright red 10 cm flowers grow from spring to autumn. The yellow fruits sometimes have streaks and taste sweet and juicy. It grows well and bears fruit only when the air temperature is stable above 18 degrees.|
Video about passionflower blue:
At home, such varieties of passionflower as Variable, Winged, Kistetsvetnaya behave quite well. They grow like lianas, bloom for a long time and bear fruit.
What conditions are required depending on the season: lighting, humidity, temperature, etc.
Observing the necessary conditions for caring for passionflower, you can grow a beautiful, regularly bearing and flowering plant.
|Passion flower lighting||Must be good and consistent. Therefore, in the cold season, the plant should be kept on the south side of the house, on the window. In the warm season, passionflower is put on the balcony, taken out to the veranda, where there is access to fresh air. In an open area, the plant develops faster, blooms profusely and produces crops regularly.|
|Temperature regime||Passionflower naturally grows in tropical climates, where it is constantly warm and humid. In an apartment or house in a warm season, the temperature should not be higher than 30 degrees - this will destroy the plant. The plant actively develops and blooms until autumn. Then gradually the temperature regime should be reduced. The plant slows down growth, so it feels comfortable at 15 degrees. If in the summer passionflower grew on the street, in September the plant is brought into the house and gradually allowed to get used to the winter temperature regime. For all its love for fresh air, passionflower does not like drafts.|
|Moisturizing and watering||In nature, passionflower loves humid subtropical air, at home it gets used to normal humidity. In hot weather, the plant is sprayed in the evening. Watering should be regular. The cache-pot in which passionflower grows must necessarily be supplied with expanded clay or other drainage. The water remaining after watering should be drained from the sump and should not be left there. However, watering is carried out regularly, the earth of the passionflower should not be dry.|
|Support installation||Passionflower is a vine, so the plant needs support so that it grows as correctly as possible. Twisted on supporting trellises, the shoots of passion flower grow up to 10 meters. With a strong length, the branches are cut off.|
Planting and transplanting: soil, pot, drainage, etc.
Passiflora up to three years old should be transplanted every year into a new pots, slightly larger in volume than the previous one.In subsequent years, the transplant is carried out three times less often.
Passion flower is planted in spring, usually after pruning. The planter is selected in medium size or small. A large planter stimulates the growth of roots and plants, but at the same time it ceases to bloom and bear fruit.
When transplanting, the plant is removed from the old pots along with the earth. Install a lump for drainage in a new planter and sprinkle it with earth of the same type. The composition of the soil should include peat, sand, turf and leafy soil. All of these should be present in equal amounts.
Drainage should be placed on the bottom because passionflower does not tolerate excess moisture. Expanded clay or small stones are suitable as drainage.
Rooting passionflower is best done with cuttings.
Cuttings with four leaves each are cut from young shoots. The cut is treated with a solution to form roots. Drainage is laid out in a pots intended for rooting, then sod land and black soil are poured. With the help of a pencil, deep longitudinal pits are made, where prepared cuttings of passionflower are inserted. In this case, the lower leaves left on the shoots should be higher than the surface of the earth.
The soil is sprinkled abundantly with water or watered in a thin stream so as not to damage the cuttings. The planters are covered with cellophane to create a good microclimate inside for rooting and shoot growth. The bag is removed every day to let the plants breathe, then put on again. The recommended temperature is 21 degrees above zero.
The package is removed completely after 20 days. Then, after a while, the cuttings are planted in a permanent place in a pots with soil for passionflower.
Rooting the twigs is easy by placing them in a jar of baking soda. The water should be changed and refreshed regularly. After the roots appear, the cuttings are planted in the ground.
Watering and feeding. How and with what to fertilize a flower, depending on the season?
From February to September, the plant is fed with fertilizers of a mineral and organic nature. It helps to stimulate growth.
The flowering period of passionflower is from May to September. The plant must receive enough light, moisture and nutrients to produce flowers. Too long branches in an uncircumcised plant make it difficult to bloom, since the color appears only on new shoots. Therefore, in the spring, after a dormant period, partial pruning of branches should be carried out to allow flowers to appear in season.
After rooting of cuttings, passionflower blooms in the second or third years of life. In the first year, rare plant varieties bloom.
Trimming and shaping
The first time the plant is pruned at the age of three. Pruning weak, damaged branches is carried out in the spring to stimulate growth and new shoots. Flowers bloom on young shoots, therefore, without the pruning procedure, the plant will stop blooming. The sprouts that appear at the base are removed in summer. When passionflower fades, young shoots are shortened by a third, and the old ones are cut off completely.
How to prune passionflower:
In order for passionflower to retain its strength and grow fully during the growing season, it is necessary to take time for it to rest. The plant is left in a cool and bright room. Watering is reduced, lighting and feeding are excluded. At this time, passionflower can shed its leaves, but this is a natural process, during the active period, the leaves will grow again.
How care errors are manifested and what to do to correct the situation
If passionflower does not produce flowers or looks sickly, there may be flaws in caring for it. Here are some examples.
|Passionflower does not bloom||Possible reasons include the following: - improper planting of the plant (too large pots, unsuitable soil), - branches are too long, pruning has not been done for several years, - too strong pruning, young flower-bearing shoots are removed, - non-observance of the temperature regime|
|Casting passionflower turn yellow||- insufficient watering, - not enough light, - no drainage|
|Shedding leaves||- depleted soil, - excessive moisture, - dryness in the room|
Diseases and pests, their signs, prevention and treatment measures
Passionflower can suffer from diseases caused by pests and insects.
|Spider mite||Damage to leaves and stems. Mechanical removal, rubbing stems and branches with soapy water.|
|Mealybugs||The defeat of leaves, stems, roots. Transplant into fresh soil. Rubbing leaves with alcohol, insecticide treatment.|
|Aphid||Damage to leaves and stems. Mechanical removal, rubbing stems and branches with soapy water.|
|Whitefly||Damage to leaves and stems. Mechanical removal, rubbing stems and branches with soapy water.|
|Root rot||Improper watering, stagnant water. Passiflora should be transplanted into another pot and be sure to fill the drainage to the bottom. Stabilize watering.|
Reproduction at home. Step-by-step description with photo
Propagation of passionflower seeds
Passion flower seeds are poured with water for several days. The seeds that have floated to the surface are removed, the drowned ones are carefully sown in a container filled with drainage and soil. The seeds are pressed into the ground, watered, covered with polyethylene. The temperature for sprouting should be at least +20 degrees.
The film is removed daily, the surface is sprayed with water and covered again.
As soon as shoots appear, the film is removed and the plants are left in the open air with access to light and heat.
After the emergence of three leaves on the shoots, the plants are transplanted into pots. This method has a negative side, since a plant planted from seeds will bloom only five years after planting..
Propagation by cuttings
In the spring, cuttings with leaves are cut from young shoots. They are placed in water and wait for the emergence of roots or planted in a container with drainage and nutrient substrate. Constantly watered and ventilated. After three weeks, the cuttings are planted in pots.
Passionflower, planted by cuttings, blooms in the second year of life.
Saplings are planted from seeds and cuttings in the spring. If the plant is healthy, the main clod of earth is left, only an additional similar soil is added.
If the plant is sick, the damaged roots are cut off with a sterile instrument, washed with running water. The plant is fertilized during transplantation and must be tied to supports.
Reviews about the cultivation of passionflower
these plants begin to bloom in the fourth year of life. caring for them is, first of all, a lot of light (but not direct sunlight), frequent spraying from spring to early autumn and moderate in winter, regular watering, but not frequent. It is also very important that passion flowers are very fond of fresh air, but they do not tolerate drafts, from a draft or because a window is open for too long in winter, the leaves can also fall off, and due to the lack of fresh air, the leaves begin to slowly turn yellow and become not beautiful. so you need to regularly ventilate the room where the plant is located. I also want to add ... if the beekeeper sat down with a handle, it can bloom in a year (personal experience).
Firm "NK" has released a series of seeds, which are mainly in question. Sowed giant, volatile and banana. Ascended from 5–7 seeds of the package 2–3–1, respectively, with 2 variable after 5–6 days, the rest after a month. Only banana is similar to traditional passionflower - a three-lobed leaf, the rest have oval ones. Illuminate, although the early two are just on the windowsill. At the very first, at first, 3 leaves fell off, now there are little stepsons. Sowed p. Blue and edible from other firms - dully.
Growing passionflower from cuttings
Growing passionflower from seeds
Varieties of passionflower
Passion flower care at home
Growing passionflower at home
Passionflower is a tropical plant that has been successfully cultivated at home. Subject to all conditions, the owners of passionflower enjoy beautiful flowers from spring to autumn, and also have tasty and healthy fruits. Passionflower calms the nervous system, helps to cope with insomnia and sleep disorders.
Passionflower loves bright sunny areas, fresh air, constant watering and annual pruning. An unpretentious plant will decorate any garden, house or balcony and will delight you with large multi-colored buds.
In the photo: Passionflower blue
Passionflower blue(P. caerulea)
Passionflower brush — (P. racemosa)
Passion flower lemon yellow(P. citrina)
Passionflower tender(P. mollissima)
Blue-winged passionflower(P. alatacaerulea)
Passionflower edible(P. edulis)
Passionflower flesh colored(P. incarnata).
Ipomoea purpurea: garden bindweed without pretensions
Morning glory is an unpretentious, fast-growing, annual liana, popular in domestic gardening for vertical gardening. Ipomoea decorates gazebos and pergolas, fences and walls of houses, arches and fences - everything that serves as its support.
Morning glory is a beautiful, cultured, variety of field bindweed, a nasty weed, which is difficult to control. The flowers of the purple morning glory are larger and more pleasing to the eye than those of their wild counterpart.
The foliage of the purple morning glory is decorative in itself
Gardeners grow several types of morning glory, but only the tricolor morning glory and purple morning glory are especially popular. They are native to central America. Among the people, morning glories are called "gramophone" or simply bindweed, which is also true, because they are part of the bindweed family.
Ipomoea flowers resemble gramophone. Photo: Pinterest.com
Ipomaea purpurea (Ipomaea purpurea) has a long curly stem. Thanks to the stem, the name was chosen, consisting of two Greek words "ips" - worm and "homoios" - path, which means "path of the worm."
Reproduction and transplantation of arrowroot
- Arrowroot, like many plants of its species, needs transplant every year, which is better spent in the spring. For transplanting, you should choose a wide and shallow dish. At the bottom you need to put charcoal and drainage. The soil should be light, experienced flower growers recommend making its composition as follows: peat - 2 parts, 1 part - leaf humus, turf and sand, 0.5 part - tree bark.
- Together with the transplant, arrowroot can be propagated. It is enough to cut off the apical stalk from it and immediately plant it in the soil, then water it abundantly and cover with a jar. Another method involves planting cuttings in a container of water, where they should release the roots. It is better to remove cuttings during this period in a dark place.
- You can propagate arrowroot by seeds, if the seeds are tied and ripe, but this is very rare, and at home this method will not work.
- Highly An easy way to propagate arrowroot is by dividing the rhizome. It is recommended to use it in spring and autumn, when the air temperature crosses the mark on the thermometer 21 0 C. The arrowroot must be divided into several parts, the most important thing is that several leaves and roots remain on the separated part. This part must be planted in prepared soil and covered with a plastic transparent bag, having made several holes before that for air to enter. The unrooted part must be placed in a bright place until it is completely rooted.
- Certain types of arrowroot stretch out very strongly during the winter, losing their decorative effect. Therefore, it is necessary to form their decorativeness and splendor. pruning... In this case, you can cut the shoots at the root. After the arrowroot, it will be covered with decorative, beautiful foliage and new shoots with renewed vigor. And pruned shoots can be excellent material for rooting... Cuttings should be cut 10 cm long, with a leaf and a pair of internodes. Under the lower internode, an oblique cut is made 2 cm lower, and the cut 1 cm higher of the node should be straight.
- Prepared cuttings are best treated with a growth stimulant and rooted in water or soil dominated by peat, covered with a foil with holes. The soil should always be moist, but not wet. Cuttings should take root after planting after 6 weeks.
Arrowroot belongs to flowers whose homeland is warm, very humid and with diffused light of the tropics of America. In order for her to feel at home, as at home, she needs to providefrequent spraying, diffused light and comfortable warmth... And then she will reciprocate you, delighting with beautiful and decorative leaves for many years.
Read other interesting rubrics
Hymenokallis: watering and feedingHymenokallis, Sulfur Queen cultivar. Photo: d3wb.com
If the Peruvian daffodil does not bloom and forms small bulbs, then most likely it is suffering from drought. Waterlogging is also destructive for him - the leaves turn yellow, near the root collar they become watery and lie down, the bulb dies. That is why it cannot be watered at the root.
For watering, I cut grooves at a distance from the plants. If there are a lot of plants, then it is convenient to plant them in rows with an interval between large bulbs. Children in a row are placed across from each other.
Due to the rapid growth of a large amount of green mass, plants need additional feeding. I feed my Peruvian daffodils four times during the growing season. Moreover, the first feeding coincides with the planting, and the last feeding I perform at the beginning of August. I use the same compound fertilizer.
If it is not there, you can use ordinary fertilizers. Then, for the first dressings, a mixture with a predominance of nitrogen and phosphorus is chosen. The last feeding is carried out with fertilizers with a predominance of phosphorus and potassium. I apply fertilizers into the irrigation grooves, shallowly loosen and water abundantly.
Hymenocallis reproduces by children growing on the bottom around an adult bulb. Babies are formed when the bulb reaches 3-4 years of age. Babies do not form young bulbs. In this regard, the uterine bulbs must be stored especially carefully.
Home care for eucharis
How to care for eucharis
Caring for eucharis is simple, but before telling you about the content of eucharis at home, we want to warn you that the eucharis houseplant requires a significant amount of space. In all other respects, this is a very unpretentious flower. For example, despite the fact that eucharis is not a shade-loving plant, you can place it near any, even northern, window, and it will both feel great and look great.
Avoid only direct sunlight at midday on the leaves and flowers of the plant so that the bright sun does not burn them.
A comfortable temperature for eucharis is 18-22 ºC, even in winter it does not require a cool content, 16-18 ºC is enough for it, but try to protect the flower from temperature extremes and drafts, otherwise the next eucharis bloom will not be so abundant and the flowers will become smaller. Watering eucharis during the period of active growth should be twice a week, during the rest period - a little less often. You need to focus on the state of the substrate: it should not dry out completely, but the top layer should be allowed to dry out. Do not allow the soil to become waterlogged, otherwise the bulb will rot!
The indoor flower eucharis is a tropical plant in nature, therefore it requires high humidity, which at home can be achieved by regularly spraying the leaves with settled water at room temperature. You need to spray eucharis constantly, especially in winter, when the air in the room dries up from constantly working heating devices. If spraying is not enough, keep the eucharis on a pallet with wet pebbles, and from time to time wash its leaves in the shower or wipe with a damp sponge. They stop spraying only for the time of flowering, from the moment the peduncle appears, otherwise, if moisture gets on the flowers and buds, they will begin to turn brown.
Eucharis is fed only during the period of active growth and flowering twice a month. Liquid fertilizers are preferred for flowering indoor plants with a low nitrogen content (agriculture, bone forte, fertika-lux). There are recommendations to use mineral and organic fertilizers alternately for fertilizing. As soon as the plant fades, feeding is stopped.
Eucharis is transplanted every 3-4 years during the dormant period, when the eucharis has already bloomed, trying not to disturb the earthen lump, since the plant reacts to damage to the roots and even simply to a violation of their position is very painful.
The soil for the plant is chosen nutritious, consisting of leafy, sod, fibrous-peat soil, as well as rotted cow dung and sand. The pot is chosen rather wide than deep.
The bulb, together with the earthen lump, is immersed in a new pot to a depth of 4-5 cm on a two-centimeter layer of drainage material and, pouring in the soil, tamp it down, filling the voids. The eucharis transplant does not provide for the separation of the babies from the mother's bulb for planting then each in a separate pot, because, planted alone, they do not bloom for a long time.
Reproduction of eucharis
Eucharis reproduces occasionally by seeds, but most often still by children. Unlike other bulbs, the mother bulb and the eucharis bush itself must be divided so that 4-5 bulbs remain in each part - so the roots are less injured, and the delenki take root more easily in their new pots, quickly overgrowing with children. These delenki will be able to bloom this year.
Concerning seed reproduction, then this path is long and exhausting for both the grower and the plant, especially since the seedlings bloom no earlier than five years later.
Eucharis after flowering
Unlike other amaryllis, in eucharis, the dormant period is not clearly expressed - it does not shed leaves. But any plant should rest in order to gain strength for the next flowering. Therefore, as soon as the eucharis bloom, remove the already unnecessary flower stalks, gradually reduce watering, and stop feeding altogether, and let the plant rest for a month and a half. You can move it to a cooler room, or you don't have to. When the plant has small offspring - a sign that the plant is waking up - start gradually increasing the watering.
Passion flower transplant
The root system and shoots of Passiflora grow rapidly. Therefore, at the initial stage, it needs to be transplanted every year. This is done in late March or early April. Mature plants need replanting every three years.
Prepare the flower before moving it to a new location. To do this, cut the vines by 1/3, remove the dried shoots and process the cut areas with potassium permanganate.
Diseases and pests
The greatest harm to echinocactus is caused by scabbards, pincers and scale insects.
The former can be noticed when small plaques appear on it, the latter, by their activity, contribute to the formation of brown dead spots, the third are identified by a characteristic whitish bloom.
With all these symptoms, the plant is carefully washed in warm water, preventing moisture from getting to the surface of the soil. If this was not enough to completely get rid of parasites, insecticides are used.
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