Honeysuckle is a berry bush that grows up to 1.5 m in height. Honeysuckle berries are healthy and tasty, they ripen even earlier than strawberries. But for a good harvest, honeysuckle must be fertilized.
Do I need to feed honeysuckle
Like many berry bushes, honeysuckle is quite unpretentious. For good fruiting, she needs light and proximity to honeysuckle bushes of other varieties. In hot areas, additional watering will also be useful.
Do not forget to plant several honeysuckle bushes nearby - without cross-pollination, the berries will not be able to set.
Many gardeners, after planting berry bushes, leave them alone for several years, believing that the bush will find its own food. From such care, especially in arid regions, almost all plants are only fighting for survival, and not working for the harvest.
Since the root system of honeysuckle is superficial and shallow, it must be fertilized regularly for good growth and fruiting. Therefore, gardeners who want to get up to 6 kg of useful berries from a bush should make it a rule to feed the plants at least three times during the growing season.
When is the best time to fertilize
Honeysuckle begins to grow in early spring: buds open, buds bloom. And with the appearance of the first green leaves, it is necessary to feed with nitrogen-containing preparations.
After flowering, honeysuckle is watered with vermicompost infusion, after picking berries it is fed with ash. The last time fertilization is applied is in late autumn.
Use dry or liquid biohumus
How to feed honeysuckle
Many gardeners are afraid to use mineral fertilizers and only use organic fertilizers: manure, compost, herbal infusions, ash. Organic matter improves the structure of the soil, decomposing, it releases carbon dioxide into the air, which is necessary for the growth and nutrition of plants. Mineral fertilizers are concentrated and fast-acting; when applying them, it is important to observe measure and caution.
Nitrogen fertilizers help honeysuckle to grow faster, increase the length of the annual growth of shoots, the number of leaves and their size. But the introduction of such drugs in summer and early autumn can be disastrous for the bush - the shoots will not mature to the cold, the plant will not prepare for winter and may freeze out.
Phosphate fertilizers are very important for the development of a strong and powerful root system.
Phosphate fertilizers improve root development
Potassium fertilizers are needed for the formation of flower buds and to increase resistance to various diseases.
Potassium fertilizers help the plant to form more flower buds
The simplest fertilization scheme for honeysuckle
In order not to calculate the grams of mineral fertilizers, you can use the following scheme for feeding berry bushes with organic matter:
- the first feeding - in the spring, during the budding period: add 0.5 buckets of compost and 5 granules of dry HB-101;
HB-101 helps the plant to cope with stress associated with adverse weather conditions
- the second feeding - during flowering: dilute 1 liter of dry vermicompost in a bucket of water and leave for 24 hours. You can use a liquid solution of vermicompost from a bottle, the consumption rate is 1 glass per bucket, apply immediately;
Gumistar - a liquid solution of vermicompost, can be used without infusion in water
- the third top dressing - in August: add 0.5-1 l of ash under each bush;
Honeysuckle is very fond of feeding with ash
- the fourth top dressing - in late autumn, before persistent frosts: pour 0.5 buckets of compost, handfuls of horse manure or bird droppings. It is important to add such organic matter before the snow falls, so that the ground is already a little frozen and nutrients do not penetrate to the roots. With the melting of snow in spring, nitrogen fertilization will penetrate deep into the depths and give a powerful impetus for the growth of young shoots.
Chicken droppings should be applied in late autumn, when the soil is already frozen.
It is advisable to keep the soil under the bushes mulched throughout the summer, so as not to loosen it again and not damage the nearby roots. In addition, a thick layer of mulch will keep weeds from germinating and keep the soil from drying out.
Scheme of using mineral dressings
Mineral fertilizers are widely used by gardeners: they are inexpensive, not very much needed, and the effect is visible almost immediately.
The first top dressing is in the spring, immediately after the snow melts, usually in the second half of April. Honeysuckle needs nitrogen fertilization, which promotes the rapid growth of shoots, flowers and ovaries. 1 bucket of water with 1 tbsp diluted in it is poured under each bush. l. urea.
Try to apply this fertilizer in early spring, so that by May all the nitrogen is distributed in the soil, a later application of urea can provoke the awakening of the buds, which subsequently thicken the bush.
The second feeding is carried out after flowering and during the growth of berries: 1 tbsp. potassium sulfate or 2 tbsp. nitrophosphate diluted in a bucket of water. Young bushes are given 5 liters of such a solution, and adults - 20 liters each.
The third feeding - autumn, is carried out in September: 3 tbsp is bred in a bucket of water. superphosphate and 1 tbsp. potassium sulfate.
Photo gallery: mineral fertilizers
Fertilizing after pruning the plant
Since honeysuckle bears fruit on shoots that have just grown from the buds, pruning of the bush is rarely carried out. By the age of 6, it grows very strongly and from this age it requires rejuvenation. As a rule, honeysuckle is pruned every 3-4 years, practically cutting out all the old branches. After such an operation, the bush must be given enhanced nutrition, consisting of:
- 50–70 g of ammonium nitrate;
- 35-50 g superphosphate;
- 40-50 g of potassium salt.
Apply mineral fertilizers only on wet soil, after heavy rain or pre-irrigation.
Video: feeding honeysuckle in spring
Providing honeysuckle with mineral or organic fertilizing, it grows and develops as a powerful bush capable of producing up to 6 kg of berries per season.
Hello, my name is Irina, I am 33 years old. I love my collection of hippeastrum very much, but I do not offend other flowers either.
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Honeysuckle (Lonicera) is a type genus of the honeysuckle family. It unites about 200 different species, which are represented by creeping, climbing and erect shrubs. This plant got its Latin name in honor of the German scientist Adam Lonitzer, while K. Linnaeus called it "honeysuckle", in those years, honeysuckle (fragrant) was often cultivated in gardens in Europe. Under natural conditions, honeysuckle can be found in the Northern Hemisphere, but most of the species are found in the Himalayas and East Asia. Today, garden honeysuckle is most often grown in gardens, which can play the role of an ornamental plant and at the same time produce very tasty and healthy berries, and curly honeysuckle, as a rule, was used for vertical gardening.
Mineral and organic compounds
In the first or second decade of April, honeysuckle begins an intensive growth of shoots and an increase in green mass. At this time, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied. Enough 10-15 g of microelement per 1 m² of plantings. The procedure should be carried out before the first buds bloom.
Nitrogen is found in minerals and organics. The first formulations are more convenient.
The first 2 options are poorly suited for honeysuckle. They accumulate in the terrestrial part of the plant and enter the berries, and then with food into the human body. In addition, the use of nitrates and nitrites provokes root thinning. In the future, these compounds interfere with the assimilation of potassium and phosphorus by the plant.
Ammonium preparations are considered a better option. When using nitrate, it is enough to add 30 g of the substance per plant. You need to add top dressing to a slightly damp soil, then it is recommended to water the plantings abundantly to completely dissolve the substances.
In autumn, and if necessary in summer, phosphorus compounds are introduced into the soil to strengthen and grow the root system. The amount of the drug is identical to the dosage when using nitrogen.
If the bushes grow poorly, the branches are deformed, and the tops begin to die off, this indicates a deficiency of manganese, chromium, zinc or chlorine. In this case, a complex mineral remedy is purchased at an agricultural store. It should be suitable for honeysuckle. Dilute the drug according to the instructions. Then the soil is watered with the solution. If necessary, feeding is repeated after 1-2 weeks.
Organics are distinguished by a more prolonged action, therefore, for honeysuckle, it is advisable to use it no more than 1 time in 4 years. Humus, manure, chicken droppings, or compost are suitable. The second and third are considered more aggressive compounds.
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Foliar feeding of honeysuckle.
If young shrubs grow poorly and are distinguished by weak and pale foliage, then summer residents doubt whether it is necessary to spray such plants with something.
The following mixture for foliar feeding will help to cope with the scourge:
- urea (1 tablespoon)
- superphosphate (10 g)
- potassium sulfate (5 g).
Spraying with urea.
Urea is a must for the gardener:
- who wants to increase the yield of berry crops,
- this fertilizer is recommended for spraying specimens with thin and weak branches without leaves,
- short shoots with a minimum number of buds.
It is worth noting that spraying with urea in spring can delay flowering and reduce the likelihood of shedding flowers due to recurrent frosts. It is best to carry out this procedure on a cloudy day using the sprinkler method.
If the summer resident knows how to feed honeysuckle with urea, the harvest will turn out to be tastier and better.
In order to spray the green mass with a solution, you must:
dilute from 5 to 10 g of the drug in 1 liter of water, this amount should be enough for a small shrub.
Important features of autumn feeding
Fertilizing roses in the fall requires compliance with several important nuances.
- It is better not to use mineral and organic nitrogen fertilizers in the fall - they can make the rose grow, and before the onset of winter this is not necessary at all.
- Care should also be taken with manure - it contains nitrogen. It is better to scatter it under rose bushes in late summer or early autumn.
- Top dressing in the fall is done twice - in early September and in October, shortly before the arrival of the first frost.
- The type of top dressing must be chosen, focusing, among other things, on the condition of the soil. If the fall is rainy, it is better to prefer dry fertilizers that do not require abundant watering.