Due to their undoubted advantages, Dutch varieties of vegetables are popular not only in their homeland. They were also appreciated by Russian gardeners. One of their many achievements is the Sateen F1 cucumbers, officially tested and included in the national State Register of Breeding Achievements.
Description of the variety of cucumbers Satina F1
A hybrid of cucumbers Satina F1 is an achievement of the world-famous Dutch agricultural firm Nunhems B. V. Its specialists brought it out in 2007, and it got into the Russian State Register in 2009. Nowadays, many Russian firms also produce seeds. This variety is officially recommended to be cultivated in open ground in the south of the Volga region and in the North Caucasus, but practice shows that it successfully adapts to temperate climates in the European part of Russia.... And in the Urals, Siberia, and other regions with more severe conditions, you can plant these cucumbers in a greenhouse, a greenhouse, providing them with another shelter.
The originator of the Sateen F1 cucumber hybrid is a well-known Dutch company, but many Russian producers also produce them.
Satina F1 is an early ripe hybrid. From the moment of emergence of seedlings to the first sample from the harvest, 38–42 days pass. The bushes are indeterminate (with potentially unlimited growth), but do not stretch strongly even under optimal conditions (up to a maximum of 1.5–1.8 m in height), they do not branch especially actively. The leaves are quite large. They are quite rough to the touch, prickly, but with regular fertilization they become noticeably softer.
Cucumbers Satina F1 is an indeterminate plant, but even under optimal conditions, the main stem does not turn out to be very long
Plants are parthenocarpic, they do not need pollination by insects or humans to form ovaries. The flowering type is female, which means a greater number of ovaries and an almost complete absence of barren flowers. Most often there is one fruit in the ovary, but sometimes there are 2-3.
In order for the fruits to be tied on the bushes of Satina F1, the help of insects is not required
Zelentsi are of regular cylindrical shape, up to 8–12 cm long. You can also remove them until the state of full maturity, at the stage of gherkins and pickles (5–8 cm and 3–5 cm, respectively). The surface is covered with large tubercles, the edge is whitish, not too dense. On the dark green skin, lighter, diffuse spots and thin short strokes are noticeable. It is so thin and delicate that it is almost not felt when eating.
External presentability is not the last advantage of Satina F1 cucumbers
Taste is another of the virtues of Satina F1. The breeders took care of the absence of bitterness. The seeds are small and soft. The pulp is very juicy, dense, without voids, the cucumbers crunch remarkably. And not only fresh, but also after processing. Therefore, greens are very suitable for salting, pickling, and other homemade preparations. The versatility of the appointment is noted even in the State Register (the variety is described as salad and pickling).
After salting, the cucumbers of Satina F1 retain their characteristic crunch; for Russian gardeners this is a very important nuance
The average weight of greenery is 88–108 g. Productivity - 4–4.5 kg / m². Most of the fruits ripen in the first "wave", the rest - within the next 1.5-2 months. This, coupled with their one-dimensionality and a high (96–98%) percentage of marketable cucumbers, determines the demand for a hybrid not only among amateur gardeners, but also among professional farmers. They tolerate transportation well - another plus for industrial cultivation.
The flesh of the Satina F1 cucumbers is juicy, but at the same time dense, the seeds are very small
Immunity in Satina F1, like in other hybrids, is very good. Resistance against cladosporiosis and cucumber mosaic virus is especially noted.
As practice shows, there were no significant shortcomings in the variety. The only thing that some gardeners dislike is the need to purchase new seeds every year. Trying to plant those that are collected independently is useless, varietal characteristics of hybrids in the second generation are lost.
The advantages more than cover this disadvantage:
- resistance to temperature extremes;
- the ability to survive a short "drought" and waterlogging of the substrate;
- certain plasticity, allowing to adapt to the peculiarities of the local climate;
- the relatively small dimensions of the bush, which saves space on the beds;
- self-pollination and female type of flowering;
- external presentability and excellent taste of zelents, versatility of their purpose;
- the presence of immunity against certain diseases dangerous for culture and high resistance to other fungi, bacteria and viruses.
Regular collection of zelents has a positive effect on productivity - this stimulates the plant to form new fruit ovaries
Video: what the Satina F1 cucumbers look like
Features of agricultural technology for a hybrid
Caring for Satina F1 will not require anything supernatural from a gardener. Early ripening periods allow cultivating the hybrid in a seedling way, and by planting seeds directly in the garden. It depends on the local climate and the gardener's preferences. Agricultural technology is generally standard, but there are some nuances.
Like other hybrids, Satina F1 is demanding on the quality and fertility of the substrate. The ideal option for her is loam, which allows water and air to pass through well. Plants will tolerate short-term waterlogging of the soil, but there is no longer a constant stagnation of moisture at the roots. When choosing a place for a garden bed, be sure to check the water table and soil type. The fertility of the soil is increased in the fall, when digging the beds, by introducing humus (5–7 l / m²) and the fertilizers necessary for cucumbers. Satin F1 requires a standard set - nitrogen (10-15 g / m²), phosphorus and potassium (35-40 g / m²).
The introduction of humus into the soil helps to provide the substrate fertility necessary for the Satina F1 cucumbers
The recommended planting pattern is 45-50 cm between bushes with a row spacing of about 60 cm. But practice shows that it is most convenient to grow Satina F1 in one row, giving the plants the opportunity to cling to the mesh trellis. Thus, cucumbers can be planted more often, after 20-30 cm, increasing the yield from the same bed area. The lashes stretching upwards do not interfere with each other, do not intertwine. In addition, the method facilitates harvesting and the formation of a bush, all greens receive heat and sunlight evenly.
A trellis for cucumbers can not only save space in the garden, but also become an interesting solution in landscape design
Video: growing cucumbers on a vertical trellis
Satina's resistance to moisture deficiency allows watering the plantings less often than usual - once every 4-6 days. This is especially valuable for gardeners who do not have the opportunity to permanently reside on the site. In rainy weather, when grown in the open field, the intervals between watering are even longer. To improve aeration, the soil is gently loosened after each watering. Remember that the root system of cucumbers is shallow and easily damaged.
Satina F1 is more drought tolerant than many varieties and hybrids of cucumbers, but this does not mean that plants can be left without watering at all.
Top dressing is applied 3-4 times per season with equal time intervals between them. For the first time - 10–12 days after planting in the ground. For active growth of green mass, cucumbers need nitrogen. Both mineral fertilizers and natural organic matter are suitable. From the moment of flowering, emphasis should be placed on phosphorus and potassium, not forgetting about other trace elements. The best option is store feeding, which allows you to provide the plants with everything they need and in the right proportion.
The balanced composition of commercial fertilizers also includes trace elements necessary for cucumbers in the right proportions; in natural dressings they are either absent at all, or too little
Satina F1 does not have a particular tendency to shoot formation, but the formation of a bush has a positive effect on productivity. It is recommended to lead it in one stem, removing the side shoots completely up to 4–6 leaves, then up to 6–9 - leaving one leaf and one fruit ovary on each branch. Further, all the available fruits and stepsons are preserved, cutting off the side shoots 5-7 cm from the extreme cucumber.
There is nothing difficult in the correct formation of a cucumber bush into one stem, but this should be done regularly
Cucumbers Satina F1, bred in Holland, quickly fell in love with Russian gardeners and "took root" in many regions. Basically, they are appreciated for their excellent taste, versatility and high yield. Like any other variety and hybrid, Satina has certain requirements for care and growing conditions. It is necessary to find out about these nuances in advance, this is a necessary condition for a bountiful harvest.
Cucumbers Artist F1 can be planted using pre-prepared seedlings, or grown from seed directly in the open field. Let's take a closer look at these methods.
Sowing seeds for growing seedlings is recommended in early April. To do this, you can use special pots (or cassettes) and soil. It should be a mixture containing peat, humus and sawdust in a ratio of 2: 2: 1. The composition should also include fertilizers (based on 10 liters of soil) - nitrophoska (30 g) and wood ash (40 g).
Each container is filled with the soil prepared in the above way, then up to 2 seeds are placed in it. Seedlings should be watered periodically. After about 30 days, about 3 full-fledged leaves appear, after which the plants can be planted in a permanent place.
Direct sowing of seeds into the ground
It is important to take into account the unpredictability of the weather in recent years, when after the onset of warm sunny days and the establishment of the night air temperature, contributing to the growth of heat-loving vegetable crops, cold weather returns again. By this time, some summer residents already have time to sow cucumbers. As a consequence, their germination is very slow. They can also lock up and become unusable. And sowing a new batch is a waste of time.
To avoid such a situation, it is necessary to wait for the soil to warm up to + 15 ° С, while the daily air temperature should be above + 21 ° С.
Sowing seeds into the soil should be done at a depth of 2 to 3 cm. The distance between plants should be 10 cm. The soil should be well moistened. To protect the plantings from a drop in air temperature at night, they are covered with film or agrofibre.
Reference! The "noses" of the sown seeds should be directed downwards, then the first shoots will appear faster, in the period from 5 to 8 days after planting.
The cultivation technology is quite simple and does not differ much from other techniques. The absence of the need for pollination means that the soil becomes the most important element. It is best to prepare medium loamy, due to the high degree of air permeability. It should be remembered that cucumbers do not tolerate cold well, so planting begins when the soil temperature reaches 12-14 ° C.
Preparation and landing
Shortly before planting, the seeds are disinfected with a solution of potassium permanganate (1 g per 200 ml of water). Then they are soaked for 15-20 minutes, otherwise they will deteriorate. This procedure improves immunity, resistance to pest attacks. It is preliminary recommended:
- remove weeds
- process the loam with a solution of potassium permanganate (5 g of the product per 10 liters of water).
Planting is carried out using a trellis method according to the 60x60 scheme in the open field and 60x15 in the greenhouse. The length of each row is 60-70 cm, the distance between the rows is 1-1.5 m. The tapestries go every 4 m.
Attention! The optimal height of the pillars is 2-2.5 m. Between them, a grid of 20x20 cm is pulled. The tape seating method is widely used
It is important to keep 2.5-3 cm between seedlings. The earth is necessarily flavored with mineral additives and organic fertilizers. Ribbon seating is widely used
It is important to keep 2.5-3 cm between seedlings. The land must be flavored with mineral additives and organic fertilizers.
Ribbon seating is widely used
It is important to keep 2.5-3 cm between seedlings. The land must be flavored with mineral additives and organic fertilizers.
Gradually, a stem begins to sprout from the seedlings. The temperature of the greenhouse soil should be 25-27 ° C, and in the open ground 13-17.
Seedlings are formed in 25-30 days.
Here are some recipes for preparing soil mixture for seedlings:
- 10% rotted sawdust, sod land 30%, fertilizer 30%, humus 30%
- a mixture of manure and low-lying peat
First, the seedling container is filled with soil, which is pre-moistened with warm diluted fertilizer. The heated seeds are laid out on the surface of the loam, sprinkled with a small layer of fertilized earth. To prevent the seeds from being sucked into the depths, it is enough to sprinkle the top layer with hot water, but do not water it, but place a protective film on top.
Do not forget that Sateen F1 does not tend to shoot, but the yield directly depends on the formation of the bush. At first, the shoots are removed completely, then one leaf and 1 ovary on each branch.
Basic greenhouse cucumber care
It is not recommended to plant seeds in a box. There is a risk of causing great harm when diving. The best option would be to place the seedlings in special seedling containers. The easiest way is to take a glass without a bottom. Such containers should be made of a durable material such as 200 micron wide polyethylene.
Top dressing and watering
Hybrid cucumbers are very fond of feeding, so it must be done 3-4 times before planting in the ground. The first dose is administered in 13-15 days from the moment of disembarkation of the seedlings. This can be bird droppings or slurry. They are diluted with water 10 times. For 10 liters of the resulting solution, there are 200 g of wood ash. From mineral fertilizers:
- superphosphate (20-30 g per 10 l of water)
- potassium chloride (15-20 g).
After each feeding, the leaves are treated with clean water to avoid burns. When more than 3 leaves appear, the greens are tied to the net.
Before buying any seeds, cock all the pros and cons.
Attention! Like all representatives of this culture, cucumbers require watering every 5-6 days by drip irrigation. The amount will depend on the weather conditions. Regular loosening and weeding are encouraged.
The best type of watering is drip. This will help eliminate moisture deficit and maintain sufficient heat and humidity levels in the greenhouse. For better survival, hardening is carried out. A glass or pot with a seedling is taken out into the street. At first, the duration of hardening should not exceed 20 minutes, gradually it must be increased to several hours
Regular loosening and weeding is encouraged. The best type of watering is drip. This will help eliminate moisture deficit, maintain a sufficient level of heat and humidity in the greenhouse. For better survival, hardening is carried out. A glass or pot with a seedling is taken out into the street. At first, the duration of hardening should not exceed 20 minutes, gradually it must be increased to several hours.