When choosing tomato seeds for planting, almost every gardener first of all pays attention to the characteristics of the variety. After all, I want to grow a productive, disease-resistant and unpretentious variety. And sometimes breeders really create varieties that meet almost all the wishes of gardeners. For example, Dutch experts have bred Gin's tomato, which in a short time became known throughout the tomato world. And the variety is also good because of the collected seeds for the next year, a crop will grow that is in no way inferior to last year's.
Description of Gina tomato variety
The Gina variety is rightfully considered an outstanding achievement in the field of tomato breeding. The popularity of the variety in our country is evidenced by the fact that several well-known selection and seed companies in the country are selling Gina seeds at once:
- Successful harvest;
Gin's tomato seeds are in high demand
Gina is a short, or determinant plant, up to 60 cm high. In greenhouse conditions, the growth is slightly higher - 80 cm. The plant does not belong to the standard plant, but it has a strong structure. In the process of growth, it independently forms 3 stems, which is why the bush looks sprawling. Average leafiness.
Gina is a small but sturdy plant
The first fruit cluster is formed after 8 - 9 leaves. And then they are tied in 1 or 2 sheets. Up to 5 fruits can be tied in one brush.
Fruit cluster of Gina's tomato bears up to 5 pretty fruits
The fruits are rounded and slightly flattened. Slight ribbing is sometimes noticeable. Quite large in size - 200 - 250 g, sometimes 300-gram fruits are found. Ripe tomatoes are bright red. The skin is very firm. Gin is appreciated for its fleshy, juicy and aromatic pulp. The dry matter mass in fruits reaches 5%. The taste of tomatoes is sweet, although a slight sourness is still caught.
Gin's tomato pulp is juicy and fleshy, the taste is wonderful
Video: an overview of the Gina tomato variety
The set of excellent characteristics of the Gina variety made it popular not only in our country. These tomatoes are appreciated by gardeners in Europe and Asia.
- From the moment of germination to the ripening of the first fruits, 110 - 120 days pass. Therefore, Gina is a mid-early variety.
- Gina is very fruitful. Up to 3 kg of fruit can be obtained from a bush, and from 7 to 10 kg are removed from 1 m². In the greenhouse, the yield is increased.
- Fruiting is extended. The fruits are set and ripen gradually.
- The dense skin is an undoubted plus of the variety, since thanks to it the tomatoes are well stored and withstand transportation without losing their commercial qualities.
- The fruits of universal use. Salads with fresh tomatoes will bring health benefits. The variety produces wonderful juice, ketchup and tomato paste. The strong skin allows the fruit to be preserved.
- The variety can be successfully grown both outdoors and indoors.
- Gina's immunity is excellent. The variety is resistant to fusarium, late blight, root rot and other diseases.
- The variety is plastic, adapts well to environmental conditions. This makes it possible to grow it in all regions of Russia.
- It does not require pinching, which makes it easier for the gardener.
- Gina is not a hybrid, but a varietal tomato. This allows you to independently collect seed material and plant it next year.
If ripe Gin tomatoes are rolled up in sterilized jars, then the shelf life can be extended to 3 months. But you need to store such jars in a cool place in the complete absence of sunlight, for example, in a refrigerator or basement.
The original recipe for storage allows you to preserve tomatoes for 3 months
Advantages and disadvantages of the Gina variety - table
Thanks to their dense skin, Gin's tomatoes do not lose their presentation during storage
Comparison of varieties of Gina and Gina TST
A tomato with a very similar name has recently appeared on the market - Gina TST. It is not a clone or a hybrid. This is a completely different variety belonging to the Russian selection. There are similarities in the description of the characteristics of the two varieties, but there are also differences:
- Gina TST matures a little earlier than Gina;
- also suitable for all regions of Russia, and is recommended by the State Register for growing in open ground and under film shelters;
- Gina TST bush of the determinant type;
- the fruit is round, loose and slightly ribbed;
- weight - 200 g;
- the number of seed nests can be up to 6;
- the taste is excellent;
- thin skin does not allow storing and preserving tomato;
- indoor yield - up to 6 kg per 1 m².
Comparative characteristics of varieties Gina and Gina TST - table
The Gina TST variety, despite the external similarity, has a slightly different characteristic.
Features of growing varieties of Gina
Since Gina can be grown outdoors, under plastic cover, and in a greenhouse, planting methods vary.
- the seed method is used exclusively in the southern regions;
- seedling - in cooler ones.
By the way, it is the seedling method that is popular in all regions, even the southern ones, because it allows you to get an earlier harvest. And for the Gina variety, this is important, since the ripening period of the fruits is extended, and can last until the very cold. Tomatoes planted with seedlings give off the bulk of the crop much earlier.
Seeds are sown only in heated soil. They are soaked before sowing. The sunniest place is chosen for planting, since Gina will not grow in the shade. Dig shallow holes into which a little wood ash is added. The seeds should be buried by 2 cm. To protect the soil from drying out, the bed is covered with agrofibre or foil. In addition, the shelter creates favorable conditions for the rapid germination of seeds.
Several seeds are sown in one hole at once, in order to then leave the strongest seedling
Seeds are sown in seedling boxes at the end of March. In the southern regions, sowing is done a little earlier so that the seedlings do not overgrow. Seed material does not require preliminary preparation, except for soaking. After the appearance of 1 - 2 true leaves, the seedlings dive into separate containers. In the process of growth, seedlings are fed 2 - 3 times.
Seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place at the age of 50 days. The soil should warm up to 15 ° C. Usually suitable conditions come in May, in the southern regions - at the end of April. If weather conditions are unstable, seedlings are planted under a temporary shelter.
If the tomato seedlings have outgrown, they are buried lying down, with their roots to the south.
Shaping and garter
There is no need to form and pinch the bush, the breeders have taken care of this. The plant independently forms 3 - 4 shoots, due to which the load on the bush becomes uniform.
If Gina pluck out all the side shoots below the first fruit cluster, then you can get a harvest ahead of schedule.
Due to its short stature and strong structure, the bush does not need to be tied up. Often, Gina shoots are simply allowed to sink to the soil surface, which helps to retain moisture in the roots. But such an experiment can only be carried out in the southern region, where precipitation is extremely rare in summer. Many gardeners still recommend tying up fruit brushes. This will protect the fruits from possible damage due to increased dampness, and keep the tomatoes clean.
Despite the short stature, it is still better for Gin to tie it up, so the garden will look neater and the fruits will not get dirty
Planting scheme and how to protect bushes from thickening
The plant, although not tall, is quite spreading. Therefore, from 3 to 4 bushes are planted on 1 m². The landing pattern might look like this:
- the distance between the bushes is 50 cm;
- row spacings are placed every 65 - 70 cm.
To keep the gina from thickening and to provide the fruits with maximum light, you need to remove all the leaves that shade the ripening tomatoes.
Watering and feeding
Gina prefers moderately moist soil, which is provided by infrequent but abundant watering. If the soil is excessively moistened, the quality of the fruit suffers. They become watery, a prerequisite for the development of fungal diseases arises. With insufficient watering, when the ground dries out strongly, there is a danger of the ovaries falling off.
An approximate watering schedule is once a week. But it must be corrected by the presence or absence of precipitation. Watering rate - 7 - 8 liters under a bush. To prevent water from burning the green parts of the plant when moistened, watering is carried out in the evening. If it's cloudy outside, you can water during the day.
When the Gina bushes are in bloom or have begun to set fruit, watering should be more abundant.
When the tomato begins to bloom and set fruit, it is time for abundant watering.
When seedlings are planted, nutrients must be added to the hole:
- 1 tsp phosphorus-potassium fertilizers, such as superphosphate;
- 1 tsp ash.
It is not recommended to add nitrogen when planting - this element can reduce the immunity of a tomato. But ash is necessarily used, as it contains potassium, which increases immunity. For the rest, fertilizing for Gin's tomato is no different from a similar procedure for other varieties.
On Gina, a large number of ovaries are tied to prevent them from falling off, the bush is treated with a solution of boric acid. For this, 1 g of boric acid is dissolved in hot water (but not boiling water). Spraying is carried out when the solution has completely cooled down. For processing, choose either evening or morning hours. Consumption rate - 1 liter per 10 m².
Boric acid is a very useful drug, as it participates in many important processes in the tomato from the moment of planting.
How to protect Gina from diseases and pests
Prevention is the key to successful cultivation. Everyone knows that disease is easier to prevent than to cure. Therefore, despite the good resistance of the Gina variety to diseases, it is recommended to carry out the treatment preventing the development of the disease in time.
The first processing of seedlings is performed 2 weeks after planting in the ground. And then repeated procedures are carried out every 14 to 15 days. Each gardener probably has a list of drugs, the reliability of which he does not doubt. Well, for beginners, let's compose a hint:
- from fungal infections, the most common are copper sulfate and Bordeaux liquid;
- systemic drugs that act not only outside, but also inside the plant include Quadris and Ridomil Gold;
- you can use biological fungicides - Gaupsin, Trichodermin or Fitosporin.
Gina is less resistant to pests. Aphids, wireworms, bear, larvae of the May and Colorado potato beetle can pose a particular danger. For the purpose of prevention, various means can be used:
- folk - infusions of plants with a pronounced odor, for example, garlic or wormwood. Onion peel decoction helps well against aphids;
- chemical - Ratibor, Confidor or Decis-pro will help to cope with the aphid invasion.
- the wireworm and the beetle larvae will not resist the Antichrusch or Bazudin;
- Colorado potato beetle larvae will not survive treatment with Decis, Corado or Confidor;
- the bear is very dangerous. The pest is practically invisible on the surface, so the granules of Medvetox or Rembek are buried under the bush.
It is difficult to find the bear, since during the day it hides underground, but at night you can hear it - it makes chirping sounds, reminiscent of a cricket
Features of growing in a greenhouse
Of course, it is better to plant Gina in an open garden under the bright sun. But in cold regions, such conditions are hardly possible. Therefore, the variety is grown in a greenhouse, where care for it changes somewhat.
- Watering control should be tightened. Indeed, in conditions of closed ground, the soil dries out much more slowly than in an open bed.
- Periodic ventilation is necessary to help avoid increased humidity.
- Greenhouse Gina will have a greater growth, which means that she must be tied up.
Otherwise, care is carried out in the same way as in the open field.
Reviews of Gina's tomato
What makes Gin's tomato a popular variety among gardeners is its simplicity, yield and taste. Even a novice gardener can grow wonderful fruits. Plant care is easy even in greenhouses. Another good variety is that it is versatile in use. You can eat plenty of fresh tomatoes and make preparations for the winter.
Good day! My name is Irina. I live in a wonderful place - Crimea. Educator by education. I love nature and animals very much. I have been fond of floriculture for a long time, but I have just begun to master garden wisdom. My motto is live, learn.
Rate the article:
(1 vote, average: 5 out of 5)
Share with your friends!
Characteristics and description of the Klusha variety
Tomato selection Dederko V.N., Postnikova T.N. Since 2009 in the State Register. Designed for open ground, can be grown under film in all regions. For greenhouses, Clusha tomatoes are too undersized. You can place several copies there for an early harvest, but planting many tomatoes does not make sense.
Description of the bush
Forms a compact low-growing plant, reaching 50 cm. The bush is determinate, standard, with thick strong branches. Seedlings of this tomato variety do not stretch, even when the rest is overgrown.
Medium-sized, dark green leaves, wrinkled, slightly curved downward and covering the fruit. If not shaping, the entire crop will be hidden inside the bush. This can be clearly seen in the photo, and it is thanks to this feature that the variety got its name.
According to the reviews of gardeners who are testing different varieties on the site, Klusha's tomatoes are very similar in description to Demidov's tomatoes, only not pink, but red. They are flat-rounded, multi-chambered, green in technical ripeness, the ribs are poorly expressed or absent. The pulp is tasty, medium density, granular.
The weight of the tomatoes on the first fruit clusters is 100 g, the latter are slightly smaller. If desired, you can grow tomatoes of 150 g or more, but for this you need to form a plant and normalize the fruits.
The tomato is early, ripens 90-95 days from the appearance of the loops. From a bush gives 1.5-2.5 kg. Suitable for pickling, canning whole, fresh and winter salads.
How to grow a Gina tomato?
Tomatoes are grown by seedlings and without seedlings. But the latter will bring the proper result only in the southern regions, where the seeds of the “Gina” tomato can be sown directly into the open ground. In all other places, seedlings are needed. It can be grown in greenhouses, in film greenhouses, on a windowsill with subsequent transfer to open ground.
To grow seedlings of tomatoes "Gina", seeds begin to sow in the third decade of March. They are sown in a common container to a depth of 1 cm. Then they are covered with foil and placed on the windowsill. The usual growing process is the same as for most crops. There are no difficulties.
When the seedlings have sprung up and 2 real leaves have appeared, they are planted in separate peat pots, filled with a nutrient mixture for growing seedlings of vegetable crops. It is easy to buy at any store.
To disinfect the soil, since pests and diseases can often lurk in it, it is spilled with boiling water along with potassium permanganate. Then they are dried, and after that the crops are sown.
In early May, the seedlings can be transferred to the greenhouse. At the end of the month or at the beginning of June, when the weather has set, the seedlings are transferred to open ground.Saplings can be planted quite compactly, since the bushes do not grow and do not branch much.
During planting, humus or complex fertilizer can be added to the holes. Also, it will need to be applied as the seedlings develop, somewhere 3-4 times during the growing season.
After the seedlings are planted in open ground, they need simple and standard care:
- watering as the soil dries
- after each watering, loosening to access the soil of oxygen and exclude stagnant water, where diseases and pests can develop
- you do not need to shape and cut a bush
- no garter required
- fertilization 3-4 times per season. Tomatoes always respond very well to top dressing. They love organic fertilizers such as mullein, humus, diluted chicken manure, and mineral complex fertilizers.
- Fighting the Colorado potato beetle, if present. It can be carried out by daily manual collection of the beetle, followed by its destruction. The exit is not very pleasant, but environmentally friendly, since you do not have to process tomatoes with chemicals. But if this option is not for you, then insecticides will help you.
This is all the information you might need about the Gina tomato. The description of the variety and the method of its cultivation let you understand all the subtleties. In principle, there are not so many of them, and all of them are easy to do.
The tomato is considered to be one of the best. And if you have not purchased tomato seedlings this season, then we advise you to think about this type.