Rosehip is a perennial flowering ornamental shrub berry plant, a close relative of the most regal flowers - roses. Among its many species and varieties, we most often find unattractive and unsightly wild specimens that do not interest flower lovers and gardeners. But recently, landscape designers have begun to pay more and more attention to cultivated varieties of rose hips, which are distinguished by their uniqueness and individual decorative characteristics.
Benefits of cultivated rose hips
Healing properties of berries
In folk and official medicine, the medicinal properties of wild rose berries have long been known. They contain a whole storehouse of vitamins, trace elements and various useful substances that help in the restoration of the work of many organs and systems. Berries are actively used for the preparation of drinks, decoctions, juices and not only for medical purposes, but also in culinary production.
In contrast to the taste, the berries of the park rose hips are also endowed with unique external qualities. Throughout the year, in different seasons, this fruit shrub is a real decoration of the garden or personal plot.
Bright garden "beads", which in the autumn months transform the garden area, involuntarily attract the glances of passers-by and permanent residents. Thousands of scarlet berries dress up the plants in festive outfits and cheer up all observers of changes in nature. In the spring-summer period, the cultivated rosehip delights with the splendor of its fragrant crown, the beauty of gentle flowering in pastel shades. In the cold winter months, the numerous thorny branches look like delicate lace against the backdrop of sparkling white snow.
These cultures look elegant and have their own unique image against the background of other representatives of the flora. Blooming and fruiting rose hips are individuality and unrestrained temperament, it is a large attractive accent in a natural ensemble, it is the basis of a landscape natural composition.
Rosehip is a rare plant that requires little or no maintenance. With a minimum of attention, the shrub fully grows and develops, blooms and bears fruit, and also decorates the garden. It does not require mandatory standard procedures such as watering, fertilizing, loosening the soil, spraying and removing dried and wilted flowers. The only thing that the plant will need at a certain stage is formative or rejuvenating pruning.
Undemanding maintenance and simplified care is a convincing argument for choosing a cultivated rosehip as a decorative design for a garden area.
Powerful root system
Areas with various non-standard terrain (for example, ravines, slopes, slopes) or an area prone to erosion and crumbling of the soil, you can not only decorate and decorate with park rose hips, but also strengthen the soil on them. Thanks to the powerful root system of this crop, the soil in the garden area will no longer be subject to destruction due to heavy rainfall or strong gusts of wind. True, transplanting and planting shrubs for the purpose of reproduction or changing the place of cultivation, because of this feature, the plant will become a serious problem.
Variety of varieties
Every gardener and florist can choose a suitable variety of park hips for their garden. In this variety, there are shrubs for every taste. Most of the cultivated species are short, unpretentious and undemanding to grow. They have numerous decorative qualities, look elegant and compact, can look great on their own and do not lose their individuality in group plantings.
Rosehip is a versatile flowering shrub whose versatility allows it to adapt to any conditions. With its help, you can realize the most unusual decorative fantasies in the garden and on your personal plot, as well as put into practice various ideas of landscape designers. Culture will always take its rightful place in natural composition and decorative ensemble.
Disadvantages of cultivated rosehip varieties:
- A powerful root system makes it difficult to transplant plants;
- Inability to control the development and growth of shrubs;
- Excessive number of thorns;
- Limited options for a plant style for use in garden design.
The use of rose hips in garden design
Rosehips can be planted in front gardens against the backdrop of modest shrubs of other species. Throughout the years, it will look spectacular and be a luxurious decoration, both during flowering and during the ripening period. Plants look no less attractive as a hedge. Such a "fence", in addition to decorative purposes, is also a reliable shield from uninvited guests. It is unlikely that anyone would like to wade through the impenetrable thorny thickets.
Large-sized landscape blooming ensembles, flower beds and rabatki are a great place for growing park rose hips. They can be found on any plane in the composition of flowering plants, since varietal rose hips are presented in numerous compact and miniature species, differing in growth and splendor. Depending on the relief of the selected area, thorny shrubs can become a central element on a high or steep slope, in a rock garden.
Rosehip is a versatile plant that can be combined with almost all representatives of the flora and at the same time look good against their background. The shrub can itself be the background, as well as create volume and be the central lush element. He has an amazing ability to combine different types and varieties of shrubs into a single composition. Mixed plantings with rose hips become a single and integral landscape. The rose hip bush looks no less interesting as a bright single accent with a beautifully formed crown.
The cultivation of varietal rose hips is possible not only in open areas. They grow well in a variety of flower containers (for example, large wooden tubs or tall pots). The amount of berries harvested does not depend on the place of cultivation. Adequate sunlight, good air circulation and a flower container height of at least 60 cm are prerequisites.
Cultivated rose hips can be combined with annuals and perennials that suit the same growing conditions and location. In a rustic garden - these are asters and phlox, in the Mediterranean - lavender, in the classic - a cuff, bell, garden geranium. For lonely plantings in pots and tubs, verbena or haulteria will be a good addition.
Species, varieties and hybrids of park rose hips
- "Yundzilla" is a lacy variety of park rose hips with a dense crown. The average height of the shrub is from 0.5 to 2 m.
- "Official" - rose variety "Gallic", has a very beautiful spreading crown, used in a landscape garden.
- "Nana" is a hybrid variety derived from a multi-flowered rose. Rosehip is distinguished by a large number of flowers in pastel shades and a long flowering period, which lasts about 3 months. The fruits are small and unfit for consumption. The variety is mainly used for decorative purposes.
- "Mont Blanc" is a hybrid variety, a distinctive feature of which is large flowers of a snow-white shade and small leaves with a lace pattern.
- "Scabroza" is a hybrid variety of park rose hips with large fruits. The plant has attractive bright green foliage.
- "Robin Hood" is a rosehip variety that blooms with very beautiful flowers of a delicate pink hue. In early autumn, the shrub attracts attention with juicy bright red berries.
- "Pyro 3" is a cultivated rosehip variety, the height of which reaches 1.5 m in adulthood. A distinctive feature of the variety is its large bright pink flowers with a large bunch of stamens of a rich sunny color and fleshy juicy berries.
- "Ballerina" is a variety that grows well in penumbra areas. It blooms with delicate flowers of unique beauty with petals of various shades of pink. The fruits of this variety are ideal for culinary and medicinal purposes.
- "Resonance" is a terry rose hip variety, reaching 1 m in height. It blooms with bright red flowers of medium size.
- "Red Rugostar" is a compact semi-double variety with a height of up to 80 cm and dark red flowers.
- "Shni Koppé" is a semi-double undersized variety with large pink flowers. Average height - no more than 80 cm.
- "Thisba" is a semi-double hybrid variety of rose hips, which is distinguished by flowering in several stages and a rare color of flowers with a peach tint. The average height of an adult plant is 1.5 m.
- "Northern Lights" is a semi-double undersized variety with flowers of unusual color (salmon) and shape (similar to a saucer).
- "Hammerberg" is a variety that is distinguished by repeated flowering and an extraordinary aroma of bright pink flowers.
Most of the cultivated rose hips are artificially bred rose varieties. Their height ranges from 50 cm to 2 m. Shrubs differ in external indicators - color and structure of flowers, crown splendor, decorativeness, as well as in the size and juiciness of fruits. Uncultivated shrub plants do not have the same amount of decorative advantages, but are indispensable for creating impenetrable hedges. All that is required for such varieties of rose hips is to control the height of the bush and the diameter of the crown. Pruning regularly will help keep your plants looking good throughout the year.
Basic growing tips
The soil in the area where the park rose hips will grow should not be calcareous. Good drainage is essential.
The growing place should be in an open area, in extreme cases, in partial shade.
The area should be exposed to maximum sunlight throughout the day. A sufficient amount of sunlight is a guarantee of the full development of the rose hips and the high quality of the fruit.
Rosehip is an unpretentious but freedom-loving shrub. Free space within a radius of at least sixty centimeters from the bush is an ideal condition for the comfortable and active development of a useful decorative culture.
Rosehip - decor and rootstock for roses! Growing.
Rosehip - gardening
Ornamental deciduous shrubs are pruned annually in early spring.
Ornamental deciduous shrubs are pruned annually in early spring.
Deciduous species are easier to transplant than conifers and evergreen deciduous trees.
The growth, development and productivity of fruit trees largely depend on the degree of their resistance to frost.
The aerial part with flowers is used. Action - diuretic, laxative and diaphoretic, emollient and anti-inflammatory.
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Useful properties of rose hips
After taking rosehip medications, dentists recommend rinsing your mouth with water, as such medications corrode tooth enamel.
The plant has anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, phytoncidal and choleretic effects, and is also used to prevent atherosclerosis.
Dissolves kidney and gallstones
One of the properties of rose hips is to dissolve kidney stones and gall bladder. Rosehip crushes large formations to small ones, bringing them to the size of grains of sand. In this form, stones are excreted by the kidneys from the body painlessly, without injuring the urinary tract.
Improves blood clotting
Rosehip contains about 1 mg of vitamin K - the required daily dose for humans. Vitamin K or phylloquinone is synthesized independently, but in small quantities.
Vitamin K is needed for the synthesis of fibrin protein, which is formed locally in places of possible blood leakage. Fibrin acts as a "plug" and changes the consistency of blood from liquid to viscous. With a low amount of vitamin K, fibrin is not synthesized, blood does not clot, and the slightest tissue damage can result in large blood loss.
The use of rose hips is necessary if symptoms of phylloquinone deficiency appear: bruising and bruising, prolonged menstruation, bleeding gums and hemorrhage in the digestive organs.
The roots contain tannins that heal microcracks, wounds and minor tissue damage.
Protects eye health
The berry contains carotenoids, vitamins B, E and flavonoids. Substances selected by nature for eye health. Vitamin A protects the cornea and retina from free radical damage from infections and bacteria.
Rosehip prevents dry eye syndrome and nourishes the mucous membrane to protect the organ from infectious diseases.
The berry is as useful as anti-aging creams. It contains 2 powerful antioxidants: vitamins E and C, which protect cells from free radicals.
Vitamin C produces collagen, the protein that makes up the skin and connective tissues. The body itself does not synthesize vitamin C, which means it does not produce collagen. To preserve youth, syrups, teas and rosehip tinctures will help.
Rosehip is a natural vitamin C pill. With enough ascorbic acid, the chances of getting sick are slim. The proof of the statement was Linus Pauling's book "Vitamin C and the Cold", for which the scientist received the Nobel Prize. When bacteria, viruses and foreign bodies penetrate into the body, “orderlies” - phagocytes - rush to them. Cells consume dangerous organisms and prevent them from multiplying. Phagocytes are composed of vitamin C, therefore, with a deficiency of ascorbic acid, the production of phagocytes is blocked.
During epidemics of colds, flu and pneumonia, you can save a child from illness if you brew rose hips and drink it every day. With regular use of the drink, the risk of developing pneumonia is reduced by 85%. Rosehip will speed up your recovery and prevent complications, even if you are already sick.
Rosehip contains vitamin B9, which is necessary for the formation of sperm, and vitamin B2, which is necessary for blood circulation.
Due to the high content of vitamins A, E and C, the berry relieves inflammation in the prostate gland and protects it from the negative effects of free radicals.
Removing excess fluid from the body is another property of rose hips. It works directly on the kidneys, helping to do double duty. So rose hips relieve swelling during pregnancy.
It is useful to drink rosehip teas and syrups in the later stages, when late toxicosis or gestosis may develop. They appear due to poor kidney function, when the organ does not cope with the load.
Rosehip "dog rose" grows excellently on soils of any structure, but prefers loams, neutral or slightly acidic. It is so unassuming that seedlings in containers with a protected root system are planted throughout the growing season. If the roots of the seedling are open, then the recommended timing is spring or early autumn. They choose a sunny place for planting, but the shrub develops well in semi-shaded areas. The plant is planted in previously prepared soil (it must be dug up with the introduction of humus 2 weeks before the planned planting).
Small American Rosehip - a shiny rose, sometimes appears in our catalogs. The bush has a compact shape with thin brown twigs, which are dotted with a continuous bristle of thorny thorns. The plant does not grow more than one meter in height. Rosehip leaves are small, but shiny, and by autumn they acquire a red tint. The flowers have a bright pink color (up to five centimeters in diameter), they bloom in June and delight with beauty for about a month. There is also a similar plant variety called Caroline rose (low rose), which has dull foliage. These miniature varieties are frost-resistant. They are used, as a rule, to form low decorative hedges.
The adorable rose is another representative of the American rose hips. It has more impressive dimensions (up to two meters in height). It does not have a special decorative appearance, but it is reliable and easy to maintain. The bushes have a large amount of foliage, bloom in large pink flowers from May to June. The plant is perfect for decorating decorative hedges.
Recipes for using rose hips for medicinal purposes
The greatest amount of nutrients and vitamins is contained in the rosehip during its flowering. Therefore, those who want to prepare the leaves and flowers of the plant for future use should do this at the end of May or the first half of June. The roots and branches, on the contrary, are best harvested in late autumn, when the shrub has completely lost its foliage. As for the fruits, they reach full ripeness around the beginning of September, and this period is considered the most successful for harvesting such a useful crop.
Of course, nowadays, in almost any pharmacy you can buy various medicines based on rosehip, ranging from syrup to cough pills that contain an extract of this unique plant. However, those who prefer to prepare the drug on their own need to know how to brew rose hips correctlyto get the most out of them for your health. First of all, it is necessary to strictly observe the proportion of 1 to 10, which in this case is optimal. This means that only 100 g of dry plant fruits are enough per liter of water. When preparing the broth, they must be poured with cold water and allowed to stand for about 20-30 minutes, after which the mixture should be brought to a boil over low heat and cooked for half an hour, until the fruits become soft and increase in volume. However, the broth itself will be ready no earlier than after 3 hours, during which it should stand under a lid at room temperature. Before use, the broth must be filtered and, if necessary, add honey or sugar to taste.
For the preparation of infusion the same proportions of fruit and water are used. The only difference is that the berry does not need to be boiled, but poured over with boiling water. For these purposes, it is best to use a thermos, since the preparation time for the infusion is at least 7-12 hours. It should also be strained before use, and berries, which still contain a lot of useful substances, can be used as a dessert.
Rosehip roots and branches are usually used to prepare decoctions for outdoor use. The proportions in this case are also preserved, however, the process of preparing the broth takes much longer, since the water in the container during cooking should almost halve in volume. After that, the broth should be cooled at room temperature and filtered. As for the leaves and petals of rose hips, they are most often added to tea. One teaspoon of dry matter per 500 ml of boiling water is enough to get a tasty and healthy drink.
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- Decoction of fruits is useful in depletion to improve metabolism, as well as in overweight, improving carbohydrate metabolism.
- Increases the body's immunity in the fight against infectious diseases.
- Reduces cholesterol levels and cleanses blood vessels from cholesterol deposits.
- Strengthens blood vessels, making them elastic and protects against various hemorrhages.
- Stimulates the production of sex hormones.
- Improves the functioning of the liver, gallbladder.
- Has a tonic effect on the body.
- Lowers blood pressure in hypertensive patients.
- Normalizes metabolism in internal organs and restores their impaired functions.
- It has a diuretic effect and helps dissolve stones in the kidneys, as well as in the urinary and gall bladders.
How to make a rosehip decoction
Method 1: 2 tbsp. l. pour 500 ml of dry fruits. water, boil over low heat for 10 minutes. Then pour it into a thermos for the whole night. Drink all day instead of water.
Method 2: 1 tbsp. l. pour 500 ml of fruit powder crushed on a coffee grinder. boiling water. We insist in a thermos for 10 hours. Drink during the day instead of water.