Everyone knows the spring charm and the fragrant beauty of a blooming tree, but what else is attractive to bird cherry, what useful properties and contraindications it has, it is worth understanding in more detail.
Some important information
In nature, this tree is quite common, ordinary (black) bird cherry can be found almost throughout the entire territory of our continent, including the European part, Siberia and Asia. Few people know, but not all bird cherry blossoms with fragrant white tassels, and ripe berries are shiny and black. There is another species - red bird cherry, the fruits of which resemble bunches of red currants. Initially, such bird cherry was found in the lands of North America, but now it can be seen in our country.
Not all bird cherry blossoms with fragrant white tassels, and ripe berries are shiny and black
What else is the bird cherry attractive, besides its external beauty and fragrance during flowering? It will be easier to evaluate the medicinal properties, draw conclusions and understand why bird cherry is useful if you learn about its chemical composition, the presence of nutrients, vitamins, elements, etc.
- calorie content of berries - 35 kcal per 100g;
- organic acids - malic, citric, phenylcarboxylic;
- tannins - about 15% per 100g;
- pectins - just over 1% per 100g;
- minerals - iron, copper, zinc and cobalt (vitamin B12), and the content of the latter exceeds the daily requirement for a person by 10 times!
Video about bird cherry
Bird cherry also contains phytoncides (an antimicrobial substance that inhibits the growth of bacteria, fungal spores and microorganisms), flavonoids (antioxidants, detoxifies), gum and essential oils. The presence of vitamin C in its leaves reaches 200 ml.
As you can see, be it our ordinary or "overseas" red bird cherry - this is a generous natural first-aid kit that, if used correctly, will support the body and even help heal some ailments.
Depending on the nature of the impact, the benefits and medicinal properties of bird cherry can be divided into several groups.
Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory
During inflammatory diseases of internal organs, colds ARVI and acute respiratory infections, rhinitis and bronchitis, fever often occurs. In this case, it is recommended to take bird cherry tea or an infusion containing flowers and leaves during the day. Excellent diuretic and diaphoretic properties lead to a decrease in temperature, and a high content of vitamin C promotes a faster recovery. The benefits of bird cherry decoction were also observed in the treatment of tuberculosis and pneumonia.
Toothache, usually caused by inflammatory processes, is relieved by rinsing with infusion
With female inflammation and the notorious thrush, regular douching with bird cherry broth greatly facilitates the condition. In parallel with traditional treatment and the use of infusion inside, they bring a quick effect and can subsequently be used from time to time as a prophylactic agent.
Toothache, usually caused by inflammatory processes, is relieved by rinsing with infusion. The medicinal properties of bird cherry broth have a positive effect on diseases of the gums, oral mucosa, and also removes foci of inflammation in the throat and tonsils.
Astringent and enveloping
For problems with the intestines, stomach, pancreas, gallbladder, as well as diarrhea and dysentery, a decoction of dried bird cherry bark helps. It is not recommended to use it in case of exacerbation of peptic ulcer disease, so as not to cause even more harm.
Red bird cherry is successfully used to treat gastrointestinal diseases
Recipe for infusion: flowers, young shoots and bark - 2 tablespoons of dry crushed raw materials are poured into a thermos, poured with a liter of boiling water and left to infuse overnight. In the morning, the resulting tea is filtered and consumed during the day for half a glass before meals.
It is noted that it is the red bird cherry that is successfully used for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases, where the astringent properties of its fresh berries are used.
Healing and restorative
Many skin problems are also associated with inflammation, so the medicinal properties of bird cherry are applicable here as well. Lotions and washes help fight acne and acne, relieve the effects of dermatoses, relieve itching and dryness. Bird cherry flowers are used to prepare anti-aging masks for the skin of the face and neck.
Lotions and washes help fight acne and acne
Infusion of bird cherry relieves joint pain caused by inflammation and injury. Such compresses are done on the hands, elbow and knee bends.
Bird cherry berries are also used as a natural supplement to provide the body with vitamins, macro- and microelements. To do this, freshly squeezed juice of ripe fruits is mixed with honey to taste and consumed half an hour before each meal. The benefit of such preventive treatment is that the urinary system is cleansed, metabolism is normalized and immunity is strengthened.
Contraindications and warnings
First, contraindications apply to those prone to allergies. Therefore, in order for the drugs to be only beneficial, it is worthwhile to first make a test.
Secondly, everything is fine in moderation, therefore, in case of an overdose or improper use, even natural remedies are often harmful. The fact is that the leaves, bark, and especially the seeds in bird cherry berries contain a harmful substance. During long-term storage or infusion, the amygdalin glycoside is cleaved and hydrocyanic acid is formed. In large quantities, it harms the human body. Therefore, preparations from bird cherry cannot be used by women during pregnancy and, of course, during breastfeeding. And for those who dream of a child, one should not neglect, albeit still unconfirmed by medicine, evidence that the aroma of bird cherry can have a contraceptive effect. Special contraindications relate to the use of bird cherry for the treatment of children - you should not exceed the recommended dosages, each time prepare a fresh decoction or tea, and babies under 3 years old should not use such drugs at all.
Thirdly, the strong fragrance of flowers in a confined space often causes headaches and can lead to allergic reactions. Therefore, it is better to refuse bouquets of bird cherry in the room and enjoy its aroma of bird cherry in the fresh air.
Loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) has a high medicinal value. The beneficial properties of a plant are due to its composition. The loosestrife contains:
- essential oils and flavonoids
- pectin and glucose
- saponins and anthocyanins
- polyphenols and phenol carboxylic acids
- tannins and glycosides
The roots and aerial parts of the plant are rich in vitamin C and organic acids. Due to this, loosestrife has strong anti-inflammatory properties.
The willow loosestrife is widespread in Russia in all regions except the most northern
Procurement of medicinal raw materials
For medicinal purposes, fruits, bark of young branches and fresh flowers are subject to harvesting. The most favorable time for harvesting the bark is early spring, at the very beginning of sap flow, however, the quality of the raw materials of the May collection is no worse - the bark is simply more difficult to separate. The bark is removed in the form of a tube, making circular and longitudinal cuts on the branches cut by the secateurs. Drying of the bark is carried out using specialized electric dryers, in which the temperature is maintained at 80 ° C - under these conditions, the enzymes are deactivated (destroyed), and the amygdalin is completely preserved. If it is planned to use the bark as part of diuretics, and the presence of amygdalin is undesirable, then drying is carried out at a temperature of 40 ° C, or in the open air.
Flowers are harvested during flowering, and fruits after full ripening. Sometimes unripe fruits are harvested, as well as bird cherry leaves.
Astragalus malt-leaved contains a large amount of beneficial substances for human health. Its chemical composition is very diverse, which allows the aerial part to be used for medicinal purposes.
Astragalus malt contains the following components:
- vitamins of group B, C
- organic acids
- micro and macro elements
- essential oils.
This combination of nutrients makes it possible to use the plant to treat many diseases and maintain the vitality of the body.
The plant increases insulin sensitivity
Is it possible to eat sour
In terms of food and taste characteristics, sour cherry is equated with sorrel. The herbaceous plant is often used in the medical nutrition of people. Sour leaves are added to okroshka, cabbage soup or borscht, they are seasoned with vegetable salads and stews, kvass, iced tea, fruit drinks are made on their basis. They prepare dishes taking into account the health benefits and harms of acidic acid.
During the preparation process, sprinkle the leaves of sour cherry with sugar, so it gives off juice better, the taste becomes softer.
How sour acid is used in nutrition:
- fresh grass is usually combined with vegetables, meat, cheeses, added to soups and drinks
- dried plant parts are used as a seasoning for meat and fish dishes
- green sauce is prepared from the leaves, which is served with the first and second courses, spread on bread
- hunters, fishermen, travelers add freshly squeezed juice to the water, getting a delicious vitamin drink, excellent thirst quencher, refreshing in the heat.
For medicinal purposes, oxalis is most often used, there are useful properties in violet oxalis. In everyday life, with its help, the brightness of fabrics is restored, stains are removed from clothes.
Useful properties of leaves and flowers of bird cherry
The leaves have strengthening and vitamin properties, take infusions for colds, as an expectorant. Gargle in the mouth for diseases of the teeth and gums, for sore throat. A decoction of the leaves is used to heal wounds and boils.
Flowers are used as an anti-inflammatory, wound healing agent. The eyes are washed with infusion and used for washing wounds. Infusion of flowers is used for pulmonary tuberculosis.
Flowers and leaves are dried in the shade, until completely dry, can be stored in paper or cardboard boxes.
Diseases of the lungs are treated with decoctions of flowers and leaves of sweet cherry, they are brewed and drunk as a pleasant aromatic and healing tea. Vital vitamins and microelements such as citric and malic acids, sugar, tannins, as well as rare elements titanium, molybdenum and strontium are well preserved in dry fruits, in some cases they help to improve the condition with a decrease in the activity of systems and deterioration of the functioning of organs.
Few people know that there is a red bird cherry, it also pleases with its beauty and fragrant smell. The tree opens flowers seven days later than the common bird cherry and blooms longer. The inflorescences are larger and fluffier, the taste of the berries is also different. Traditional medicine convinces with many examples in practice that red bird cherry is very beneficial for health. Its bactericidal and anti-inflammatory properties are used to destroy pathogenic microflora.
The berries of the red bird cherry help in the treatment of the stomach and intestines. Fresh and as a decoction, they are used as an astringent. Bark, leaves, flowers and berries are brewed and taken for bronchitis and cough.