Radish is one of the healthiest vegetables around. As a rule, it gets to our table first, and we look forward to it. But growing radishes in a greenhouse in winter allows you to see this delicious product filled with vitamins and microelements, regardless of the season outside the window.
Positive qualities of radish
Radish is an annual plant that is planted in early spring. After about 45 days, you can harvest the first crop of this vegetable.
Radish has a lot of useful substances. It contains fiber, organic acids, magnesium, potassium, B vitamins and many other elements necessary for the normal functioning of the human body.
Video about growing radishes in a greenhouse
This vegetable has a rather mild taste and light bitterness. That is why many people love him very much. Fortunately, growing radishes in the winter allows them to be eaten all year round.
Features of growing this vegetable
This annual plant requires special care and attention. It prefers well-lit places - where there is a lot of warmth. The absence of such conditions can lead to the fact that the fruit of the plant will be medium-sized. Growing radishes in a greenhouse in winter involves creating conditions using additional lighting.
The plant is quite unpretentious to the temperature regime. It can withstand frosts up to three degrees. The main thing is to avoid temperatures over 25 degrees. In this case, the fruit will be lethargic and empty on the inside. 18-20 degrees are considered comfortable.
This annual plant requires special care and attention.
For cultivation, you need to select the right soil. Radish planted in acidic soil can become infected with keel. A high amount of nitrogen in the soil is very important. Otherwise, the foliage of the plant will turn pink and crimson. And the fruits will not develop. Potassium must also be present.
Preparing the soil for planting radishes in the greenhouse
Land preparation is one of the most important stages. The appearance and taste of the root crop will ultimately depend on how correctly it goes. Preparatory work must be carried out in advance, about 6 months before planting the seeds. To do this, you need to dig up the soil, then add mineral fertilizers to it. Their composition should be as follows: mix 40 grams of superphosphate with 15 grams of potassium chloride. These proportions are given per one square meter.
It is necessary to make sure that the soil in which the radish will be planted has neutral acidity. In an acidic environment, it is recommended to add about one and a half buckets of compost per square meter. In this case, you are almost guaranteed a good harvest.
It is necessary to make sure that the soil in which the radish will be planted has neutral acidity.
You can also prepare a bed for planting. Its width must be at least one meter.
Preparing radish seeds
Radish seeds, which are supposed to be grown in a greenhouse during the winter, must be carefully prepared. The main attention should be paid to the selection of the variety. So, for example, "Zarya" is highly resistant to stress, "Saxon" grows rather quickly, "early red" is a godsend for those who prefer year-round plant growth.
The last variety was bred specifically for planting in greenhouses. The main thing is to create conditions. Growing radish under agrofibre makes it possible to provide the plant with an acceptable level of illumination and allows maintaining the temperature regime in the norm.
Disembarkation should be done during the last winter months. The greenhouse itself is put in order in advance. Covered with foil. In this form, it should settle for some time. Thus, the soil will be able to quickly warm up. If necessary, you can prepare the beds for planting.
Planting radish seeds
At the stage of selection, the seeds are sifted through a strainer with small holes. This is how the suitable seed is selected. Then the radish is processed with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Radish seeds, which are supposed to be grown in a greenhouse in winter, must be carefully prepared.
This is an important part of the preparatory process. Since in this case, the seeds are prevented from a variety of pests and diseases. Landing must be done manually. We leave about 1.5 centimeters between future plants and somewhere seven centimeters between the rows.
Such planting will allow not to thin out after seed germination. It is important that the seeds are not too deep. It is enough to cover them with earth by one centimeter from above.
Care of radish seedlings
When the planting is complete, the hardest part will be caring for it. Because it depends on your skill in this matter how large and tasty the root vegetables will be. An important condition will be the creation of a favorable environment - optimal lighting and maintaining normal soil moisture. With the correct construction of the greenhouse, this will not be difficult to achieve.
Video on how to get a good harvest of radishes
Consider the following features:
- the temperature after planting should reach about 17 degrees. When the first shoots appear, it should be reduced by 6-8 degrees. This will eliminate the stretching of the plant. It is enough to withstand this regime for 3-4 days. Then you need to increase the daytime temperature again to 20 degrees, and the nighttime - to 10;
- to save root crops from pests, it is recommended to use a mixture of tobacco dust and ash;
- it is necessary to ensure that the seeds do not sit too thickly. Normally, they should be located at a distance of two to three centimeters from each other;
- it is important not to overflow the plant. Watering should be done as the soil dries up;
- in the process of cultivation, it is necessary to feed the land with nitrogen fertilizers and loosen it regularly.
Watering should be done as the soil dries up.
The technology of growing radishes in a greenhouse is not as complicated as it might initially seem. Adhering to simple tips, you can grow a pretty decent harvest and please your family and friends every day.
Pepper: A Complete Guide to Growing
Pepper has always been, is and will be popular among gardeners. It doesn't matter sweet, hot or spicy, peppers have been, are and will be grown because the fruits of the plants are delicious, healthy, versatile, dietary, rich in vitamins and minerals.
Vegetable, sweet, peppers are eaten fresh, stewed, fried, stuffed, pickled, dried, combined with other vegetables and canned. Ketchup and lecho, pepper paste and mashed potatoes are prepared from sweet peppers. Finally, the peppers are frozen in freezers, whole or cut into pieces.
Vegetable peppers contain vitamin C more than all other vegetables, despite the high water content. 100 grams of pepper contains up to 400 mg of vitamin C. Agree, if you prepare vitamins for the winter, it is better to let them be in the form of sweet peppers.
The color of peppercorns can be any other than black (black means rotten). Photo: Serving Joy
Sweet pepper contains a lot of vitamin P, up to 500 mg per 100 grams of fruit. Vitamin P is vital for the human body - it reduces capillary permeability and fragility of blood vessels, tones up the human circulatory system and the body as a whole.
Essential oils give the peppery flavor to the fruits, and the high content of iron, zinc and potassium salts makes bell peppers a valuable product for a therapeutic diet.
The best varieties of radish for the greenhouse in terms of ripening
Along with early ripening, late varieties are also chosen.
Early varieties of radish for greenhouses
Before planting in the spring, pick radish varieties for the greenhouse, which will yield a harvest 3 or 3.5 weeks after the first shoots appear. Breeders have bred numerous varieties of early spring root crops, which are characterized by a mild taste, almost without bitterness, and are distinguished by their hardiness to cold and cloudy, low-sun weather.
Red, rounded roots weighing up to 30 g are harvested after 22-24 days. White pulp with pleasant taste. Productivity up to 3 kg per 1 sq. m. Producer of seeds - the company "Gavrish".
Bright red fruits of medium size, 14-20 g, white inside, very tasty, with small leaves. Grown in film shelters for a month.
From the seeds of the Dutch manufacturer, in 24 days, even, rounded fruits, 20-26 g. The plant does not shoot, the pulp is dense, juicy, the outer cover is red. With additional lighting, it ripens faster, the yield is over 3 kg.
The red, rounded fruit with a mild flavor is ready to harvest after 25 days. The crop of a successful variety for indoor ground from the "Sedek" company is over 3 kg with a turnip weight of 15-20 g.
Medium ripening varieties
Mid-season radish grows for 29-30 days, fruits gain a characteristic mild taste. Varieties of medium and small sizes are popular.
According to the description of the variety, greenhouse radish Rova - for spring sowing, is characterized by delicate taste and small graceful turnip, weighing from 5 to 9 g. Red round fruits are ready to harvest in 27-32 days. There are pink streaks inside.
The cultivar was bred for growing in protected ground, since the yield, usually up to 3 kg, drops sharply in hot and dry weather. The variety is long-standing, well-known, the authorship of Lithuanian breeders of the second half of the XX century. Small, globular red fruits, weighing 15 g, ripen in 28-39 days.
Cultivar is the result of the work of Ukrainian authors. The plant is ready for harvesting in 28-30 days. Red-crimson roots are oval, even, medium-sized, with a white tail. Weight from 12 to 28 g. With proper agricultural technology, the yield reaches 3 kg.
Among the varieties of radish for growing in a greenhouse, there are almost no late-ripening varieties due to their unprofitability. Cultivars that develop for more than 40 days are intended primarily for open field sowing.
The plant from domestic breeders from Nizhny Novgorod is not prone to flowering. Small red round fruits, up to 18 g, without flabbiness. They ripen in 29-35 days. From 1 sq. m collect up to 1.5 kg of root crops.
A hybrid with a developed leaf apparatus of Dutch selection ripens in 2 months. The cover is bright red, the white pulp is juicy. Root crops are stored for a long time. Belsay RZ is recommended to be sown in greenhouses in late autumn for harvest in January.
Radish with elongated white conical roots from the firm "Sedek" ripens in 36-40 days. The weight is from 28 to 50 g, and the yield is more than 2.6 kg. Plants are resistant to flowering. Weakly sharp fruits are well stored.
When growing strawberries in winter in greenhouses, it is necessary to maintain light and thermal conditions... For city dwellers who have to travel to work every day, it is very difficult, so the sprouts can be taken for the winter to an apartment on a glassed-in loggia. Cover the ground in the greenhouse with a covering material and a black film, then on sunny days it will warm up.
Temperature on the loggia where the plants are stored, it should be about 0˚C, therefore, in severe frosts, the heater should be turned on. From mid-January to set for strawberries daylight hours at least 8 hours, that is, additionally illuminate them with lamps. In March, daylight hours can be increased to 16 hours, then in early May you can taste fresh berries.
When to sow radishes
Delicious, juicy radish with a pronounced spicy or sweetish taste with barely noticeable pungency - a welcome guest at any table at any time of the year.
It is grown by almost all villagers and summer residents, because it is unpretentious in care and generous in the harvest, the main thing is to know when to sow radishes in different conditions. We will find out what are the terms for planting radish seeds in greenhouse conditions and in the open field in order to get an excellent harvest of high-quality products.
When to plant radishes outdoors
Spring and summer planting of radishes
The beginning of spring sowing of radishes usually falls on the end of April - beginning of May. You can sow it all May - every 10 days, but in June it is better to refuse sowing for the reason that in June the longest daylight hours are 14 or more hours.
10-12 hours is enough for a radish for normal development: with excessive lighting, it ceases to form roots, and releases flower stalks. Fruits grow coarse and small, or do not form at all. There are two ways out: to find radish seeds that do not give arrows in the heat, or to shade the plantings.
But it is easier to continue sowing radish in the second half of July - September, during the decreasing daylight hours, and get large and tasty root crops.
Winter and winter planting of radishes in open ground
You can sow radishes in a garden bed in two ways:
- Sowing radish before winter... We choose a flat place with light soil, preferably sandy or sandy loam, not flooded with water in the rainy season and when snow melts. After October 15, we form the beds and, when frosts are established, we sow dry seeds.
If the climate permits, it is better to plant from 5 to 20 November. Sprinkle the achenes with a layer of humus or peat.
- Sowing radishes in winter... In the fall, we make ridges and cut grooves 4 cm deep, and in January - February, sweeping the snow from the beds, we sow seeds without soaking them. Sprinkle the planting with a two centimeter layer of peat or compost.
Winter sowing of radishes allows you to get a harvest of fruits a couple of weeks earlier than spring sowing.
When to plant radishes outdoors
When to sow radishes in a greenhouse
According to general information, it is necessary to sow early varieties in greenhouse beds from March 20 to April 10, mid-season varieties - from July 25 to August 10, late varieties - from August 10 to October 30.
Spring planting of radish seeds
Having figured out when to plant radishes in the spring, let's start preparing and sowing:
- We prepare grooved beds in autumn.
- In April, we throw snow on the ridges.
- We scatter seeds over the snow, and grow without watering - moisture will come when the snow melts.
- Sprinkle the seeds that are not drawn into the soil with water with sifted peat.
We regularly ventilate the greenhouse and get the harvest in a month. If it's hot in it, pour cold water on the aisles. We sow the next batch of radishes when the first seedlings acquire normal leaves.
When to sow radishes in a greenhouse
By the way, in polycarbonate greenhouses, you can sow radishes even earlier, as they warm up faster.
Attention: experienced gardeners do not advise growing early varieties in greenhouses in summer - root crops grow rough and dry, plants produce flower stalks. For summer crops, it is better to choose mid-season and late varieties of radishes.
Winter planting of radishes in the greenhouse
Sowing of radish seeds in winter in greenhouse conditions is carried out in early December:
- In the fall, we prepare the beds for radishes, fertilizing them, if necessary.
- We cut grooves with a depth of 1.5-2 cm in advance.
- In December, we sow seeds in the grooves, sprinkle with snow and peat.
The culture will rise and mature earlier than with spring sowing.
Now it is clear when to sow radishes in greenhouse conditions and open field. We remember that the dates can be shifted: in regions with a warm climate, vegetables are sown earlier, in cold regions - later than generally accepted time intervals.
Classification of radish varieties according to the color of root crops.
According to the color of root crops, they are distinguished:
- White radish,
- Red radish,
- Red radish with a white tip,
- Pink radish with a white tip,
- Radish yellow,
- Green radish,
- Purple radish,
- Black radish.
Below is a description of some of the varieties.
- Radish Firefly. Mid-season, fruitful radish with white roots, 6-8 cm long and weighing 20-25 g. The pulp is tender and juicy.
- Radish Mokhovsky. Mid-season variety with rounded white roots and snow-white, juicy pulp. The diameter of the root crop is 3.5-5 cm, the weight of the radish is 25-30 g.
- Sora radish. Early ripening radish with a ripening period of 18-20 days. Root crops are round, dark red, 4-5 cm in diameter and weighing 30-35 g.
- Radish Celeste. Early radish with bright red rounded roots. Diameter up to 5 cm, weight - 18-25 g.
- Radish Cherryet - early variety with round roots and white flesh. It can be grown both in the greenhouse and in the open field. The fruit is medium-sharp, tender and juicy. The average weight of a root crop is 25-30 g. This radish is resistant to fusarium, black leg, keel, flowering.
The radish is red with a white tip.
- Radish French breakfast. Red root vegetable with a white tip, elongated, 6-8 cm long and weighing 20-30 g. The flesh is slightly spicy, with a sweet note. Early ripe variety: 23-25 days pass from the moment of germination to the maturation of the root crop.
The radish is pink with a white tip.
- Greenhouse radish. Root crops are round-oval, pink in color, with a white tip, weighing 25-28 g. A variety of early ripening.
The radish is yellow.
- Radish Zlata. Mid-season radish with rounded, slightly rough yellow roots and white flesh. The diameter of root crops is 2-3 cm, weight is 15-20 g.
- Radish Watermelon. Root crops up to 8 cm in diameter, light green in color. The pulp is crispy, not very juicy, deep pink or dark purple hue.
- Viola radish. Mid-season radish with a ripening period of 30-35 days. Root crops are rounded, 2.5-3 cm in diameter and weighing from 20 to 25 g. The surface of the root crop is bright purple, the flesh is white, very juicy.
- Radish Blue hoarfrost. Early ripe radish with slightly oval roots of the original blue-violet shade. The mass of root crops is up to 25 g, the pulp is dense and juicy.
- Radish Early ripening cherry. Radish with purple roots. Shape - round, weight 17-20 g, white pulp, juicy, without bitterness.
- Black spanish radish can be round or oblong. Has a white flesh and a pungent taste. Root crops are similar in size to turnips, their diameter reaches 8 cm. Black radish is usually planted in early spring or autumn, as it prefers coolness. Fruiting in 50-70 days after planting.
In cooking, Mitsuna is used in the same way as arugula. These herbs even taste similar. Personally, I add mitsuna to fresh vegetable and fruit salads. I decorate the first and second courses with it. It goes well with fish and stewed vegetables. Once I was going to cook sushi with seaweed, but it was not in the refrigerator. So I boiled Mitsuna instead of seaweed. Sushi with her turned out to be even tastier.
In the refrigerator, the herb is stored if wrapped in plastic wrap for about a week. For the winter, greens can be dried, salted, pickled.