Lemon verbena, sowing, planting, maintenance in the aroma garden

Lemon verbena, sowing, planting, maintenance in the aroma garden

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Lemon verbena, or simply lemongrass

Lemon verbena is a condiment plant. The bushy habit, shrubby habit, it is distinguished, apart from its flavors, by woody stems, at the base of the plant which measures little up to 1.20 m. The leaves are tender green, in layers of 3 or 4 along the stems. Lemon verbena gives off a nice lemon scent when crumpled the leaves. Its flowers are spiky, but it is not for their beauty that we cultivate this famous lemon verbena, because it is for use in cooking of course. It works well with sauces and grilled meats, especially fish, but also white meats. When you like it, only the imagination moderates its use!

Botanical name:

Lippia Citriodora

Type of plant

Family : verbenaceae - verbenaceae
• Cycle: perennial
• Hardiness: rustic
Foliage : obsolete
Exposure : Sun - partial shade
Ground : Humid, light and cool
• Harbor : tuft - arbusif
• Rooting: roots
• Origin: South America, Chile, Peru, Argentina

Special features and health advantage:

• Health & nutrition: Antineuralgic, antispasmodic, calming, digestive, sedative, diuretic, stimulant, stomachic.
• Vitamin: Not rich in active principle. vitamins K and contains essential oil.
• Mineral salts :
• Crop rotation: Citronella verbena can stay in place for 5 to 6 years.
• Toxic: No
• Honey plant: no
• Cold resistance: -18 ° C
Interview : easy
Height: up to 1.20 m

Advantage in the garden:

• Very easy to grow.
• Almost no illnesses.


In large pots or in the ground, lemon verbena forms a beautiful bush. The base of the shrub is strongly branched. The leaves give off a nice lemon scent when rubbed.

When to sow lemon verbena?

• Under shelter from March to May

How to sow it?

Growing lemon verbena is quite difficult. Not so much that it is difficult but, coming from hot countries, lemon verbena requires cultivation in stages, but above all to be placed in a heated shelter the first 2 winters.
• Prepare the soil for cultivation: potting soil, peat, compost earth and sand.
• Distribute the seeds in boxes or in a medium pot of 10 - 15 cm.
• Place the seeds - (a few seeds / pot) and cover with potting soil.
• Water.
Place them in daylight and at a temperature of around 20 ° C.
• Maintain regular but light watering.
• Thin out, keeping only the strongest plant.
The pots should be placed in a heated shelter for the next 2 winters.

When to plant lemon verbena?

• Plant the 3-year-old verbena plants in the spring in a light, humus soil.
• In March or April

How to plant it?

Prepare the soil for planting:

• Loosen the soil, about half the height of the spade, about 15-20 cm deep.
• Place some pebbles or gravel at the bottom of the hole.
• Improve the soil with heather soil, sand, planting soil and compost.

Place the lemon verbena plants

• Prepare holes approximately 15 to 20 cm deep.
• Place the plants
• Allow a planting distance of 30 cm between each plant.
• Tamp down without damaging the roots of lemon verbena.
• Water.

Can we multiply?

• Lemon verbena can be propagated by cuttings.
• Proceed at the beginning of summer, in July

How to cut verbena?

• Cut a herbaceous branch, ie not in the woody (wooden) part of the branches.
• The verbena brache should measure 10 to 15 cm.
• Remove all lower leaves and leave 4 or 5 at the top.
• In a pot 15 cm in diameter, mix potting soil, peat moss and compost.
• Tamp and water.
• Plant the stem approximately 2/3. Water.
• Place a transparent plastic freezer bag that covers the plant and the pot.
• Seal tightly, it is stifling culture.
• When the graft has taken… Remove the sachet and keep cool, without excess.
• Keep under cover for the next 2 winters.

When to plant the lemon verbena cutting?

• Plant in the 3rd spring.

Flowering period:

• End of summer and fall. In September and October.

Harvest and conservation?

• As needed in late spring, from June - July to August before flowering.
• To store it, harvest the leaves and dry them in a dry, dark place.
• When they are completely dry place them in a paper bag.
• Store them away from light and moisture, in a waterproof box.

Interview :

• Watering: no
• Light pruning in fall.
• Prune more form in spring (rejuvenation pruning):
> Remove dead branches.
> Remove 3-eyed branches from the wood.
> Shorten the main branch by at least 20 cm.

Other varieties of lemon verbena:

• Only one known variety.

Agrees with

• Plant verbena in a mass of aromatic plants!

With or without a garden ...

In the garden : protected by a wall or pergola.
Without garden: In a large pot.

Creative-commons - Alfred Osterloh - hortipédia

Quick sheet:

The aerial parts (leaves and flowers) of officinal verbena are harvested as and when needed but you can cut them before the flowers have fully developed to dry them in the shade, store them in an airtight box for use. during the winter for your evening infusions, your decoctions, your poultices, your relaxing bath! Please note, its consumption is contraindicated in pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Medicinal verbena is not fragile, it does not know specific enemies or disease attacks.

A verbena that scents

What a pleasure to enjoy the delicate fragrance of fragrant verbena (Aloysia triphylla, formerly Lippia citriodora) while crumpling some leaves in the garden! Also called lemon verbena, and to be distinguished from officinal verbena, this chilly is a must in natural pharmacy. The flagship plant of convivial digestive herbal teas, verbena will also seduce you by inviting itself into the kitchen to flavor many of your dishes.

In the garden

Native to South America, fragrant verbena is a shrubby, deciduous perennial which grows in the summer in our latitudes without exceeding 1 meter in height (2 meters in its original biotope). It grows in the ground or in pots.

Sowing and planting

Sowing is difficult. You will have much faster to buy 1 or 2 plants. In the ground, plant from May to June, installing it in full sun in a favorable place, such as the shelter of a wall that will warm it up.. Verbena needs soil rich, humus, fresh and well-drained. Do not forget to place some stones at the bottom of the planting hole to promote drainage and water.

If you grow verbena in a pot, anticipate by choosing a sufficient container because if it likes, it expands easily. On the other hand, monitor the quality of the substrate by opting for un mix equal parts of soil, potting soil, compost and a little sand. And don't forget about drainage.

Verbena does not tolerate cold well, at most a few occasional frosts. In winter, generously straw the foot, about 20 cm. In a pot, bring it in before frost and store it in a bright, cold or temperate room.. Knowing that she acts like aphid and mosquito repellent, you can vary its location according to your needs ... In case of heat, watch the watering which must be regular, especially in pots. Because if it lacks water, the leaves will fall prematurely! Verbena supports pruning well at the end of winter to eliminate all branches damaged by frost., or during the season to promote branching and prevent the stems from losing their hair. Fond of compost, verbena in a pot will appreciate a little compost in the spring and repotting every two years.


The cuttings of young stems is carried out from June to September. Sweet verbena also layers quite easily.


The harvest is effective from the first year. Two pickings are possible: one before flowering, and a second in the fall. The leaves dry very easily in thin layers or in hanging bouquets. In this case, thin out the dry twigs and store the leaves immediately in kraft bags. so that they retain their incomparable scent!

What the science says

Active on the digestive sphere

Harvesting verbena

Also called Venus Grass, verbena has long been used for its medicinal properties.

The verbena harvest usually takes place from May to September, or even October in regions with a Mediterranean climate.

On officinal verbena, we harvest the flowers that we can use both fresh and dried.

Harvesting takes place throughout the growing season, when flowers appear, and as and when required.

Medicinal verbena

Medicinal verbena (Credit: .Bambo. / CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 / Flickr)

How can such a discreet plant have such fame? How can you imagine, when you order a verbena tea, that it comes from an odorless plant that you walk on without seeing it, during walks in the countryside?

Guides, letter models, practical sheets. We leave the card to you. Make your choice !

How can such a discreet plant have such fame? How can you imagine, when you order a verbena tea, that it comes from an odorless plant that you walk on without seeing it, during walks in the countryside?

Medicinal verbena (Credit: .Bambo. / CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 / Flickr)

Medicinal verbena in summary

Medicinal verbena, Sacred herb

Edible plant в – ¶ Aromatics and condiments | Herbal tea

Vegetation Perennial : Plant that lives more than two years.
Annual : Plant that lives less than a year.
Biennial : Plant whose life cycle lasts two years. In the first year, the plant grows in the second year, it gives flowers and fruits, then it dies.
To know more

Foliage Persistent : The foliage lasts all year.
Semi-persistent or semi-deciduous : The plant retains part of its foliage all year round.
Lapsed : The plant loses its leaves in the fall.
To know more

Height at maturity Mature height is the height to which the plant naturally rises when it is in the most favorable conditions.
It may take time for the plant to reach this height, depending on the speed of its growth.
The plant may also never reach its height at maturity, if it is pruned regularly, or if it is not cultivated in the optimal conditions for its growth.
To know more

Interview Easy : The plant does not require special care, or very simple care.
Moderate : The plant requires regular care or a little gardening practice.
Difficult : The plant requires important care and gardening skills.
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Water requirement The water requirement of a plant can be supplied by rain, natural soil moisture or watering. To assess the necessary watering, it is also necessary to take into account the ambient temperature, because of the evaporation, and the capacity of the soil to retain water.
Low : For a houseplant, water monthly. For an outdoor plant, it tolerates drought well.
Way : For a houseplant, water weekly or every two weeks. For an outdoor plant, it will need water supplies before the soil dries up.
Important : For a houseplant, water several times a week. For an outdoor plant, it needs abundant and regular water supplies.
To know more

Growth Slow : The plant reaches maturity in several decades.
Normal : The plant reaches maturity in a few years.
Fast : The plant reaches maturity in a few months.
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Multiplication Propagation involves creating a new plant yourself.
Sowing : The plant reproduces by planting seeds.
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Division : Part of the root (rhizome, tuber) is used to create new shoots.
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Cuttings : A branch is planted in the ground, where it produces new roots.
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Layering : The branch is not cut from the plant, but it is partly buried in the earth, where it develops its own roots.
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Graft : A plant fragment is implanted on another plant.
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Impossible : It is not possible, for an individual, to multiply his plant. If he wants another, he must buy it from a professional.

Cold resistance Resistant (rustic) : Frost resistant plant.
To protect (semi-rustic) : Plant which supports the freshness but which requires a protection against the frost.
To return (fragile) : Plant which fears the cold and which must be sheltered during the cold season.
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Soil type Clay soil : Heavy and sticky soil when wet, which hardens and cracks when drying.
Limestone soil : Clear and chalky earth, dry in summer and muddy in winter.
Sandy soil : Light soil, easy to work with and which retains water poorly.
Stony ground : Soil loaded with pebbles and poor in organic matter.
Humidor : Black and easy to work, it looks like forest earth.
Heather land : Acidic soil (pHВ 4 Г 5), sandy and rich in humus.
Potting soil : It's easy, this land can be bought in stores!
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Soil pH The pH measures acidity of the soil.
Alkaline soil : The pH is above 7. These are mainly calcareous soils.
Neutral soil : The pH is between 6.5 and 7.2. Most plants grow well there.
Acidic soil : The pH is below 7. This is mainly heather land.
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Soil moisture Soil moisture does not depend on rain, but on how the soil retains water or not.
Drained soil : Fresh soil but where water does not stagnate.
Wet soil : Soil where water stagnates.
Dry soil : Soil that does not retain water.
Fresh soil : Soil which remains constantly moist (but not soaked). To know more

Exposure Sun : The plant should have direct sun all day. Inside, it is directly (less than 1m) in front of a window facing south or west.
Part shade : The plant should have sun only part of the day. Indoors, it is in front of a window to the east or further away from a window facing south or west.
Shadow : The plant should be in the shade of other plants. Indoors, this is the case for rooms in winter, windows to the north or partially obscured and when the plant is far from the window (+ 2 m).
To know more

Planting Full earth : The plant can be planted directly in the earth.
Bin, pot or planter : The plant can be planted in a container. (The volume of the container must be adapted to the size of the plant.)
To know more

OCT. NOV. From C.

OCT. NOV. From C.

OCT. NOV. From C.

Medicinal verbena, Verbena officinalis, from the Verbà © nacà © es family, is a perennial, rustic, very discreet herbaceous plant, 30 to 50В cm high, with fluted, hairy, erect and branched stems. Oblong leaves, dark green, are cut into serrated lobes, uneven, with an elongated tip. The flowering, very fine, mauve, in terminal spikes slender, takes place from June to September. The corolla of tiny flowers is a tube of 5В divisions, with 4В stamen.

We find her Wild in meadows, on country lanes, in the entire Europe. Known since Antiquity for its many medicinal virtues (it is not aromatic, but the famous herbal verbena) and often nicknamed the sacred herb or herb that heals everything, officinal verbena is used. In herbal medicine and cosmetics.

Often there is confusion of name between officinal verbena, lemon (Melissa officinalis) and lemon verbena (Aloysia triphylla, syn. Aloysia citrodora, Aloysia citriodora and Lippia citriodora) which itself is sometimes confused with lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) also called Indian verbena or lemongrass. There are other verbenas which they are decorativeВ: Verbena bonariensis and Verbena littoralis (South America), as well as Verbena hastata and Verbena bipinnatifida (North America). Reading this one understands the importance and usefulness of Latin names!

The gleaning of wild plants can be done simply in your garden. You are a gardener who cares about the planet, so no chemicals get into it! Give up a square, even a small one, to your wild ones. It is possible to adopt officinal verbena in the garden, buying seeds from a wild plant seed specialist or collecting them from the wild. But this verbena is above all a common wild plant, to be collected in nature everywhere in France, without worrying about diversity, because it is not a protected plant.

If you are avid picking, basic precautions and common sense are required. Collect only if you are sure you recognize verbena.. It's hardly difficult because she doesn't have any false friends. Never pick along a busy road, because of pollution. Make sure that no manures, chemical fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides have been spilled. Be respectful of the environment, but also of farmers and residents. Never enter private property to pick, even a flower, without asking permission. Collect only a small amount from each station so that the plant can continue to reproduce. Since the root is not the object of picking, only remove the necessary leaves, stems and flowers.

It is used in herbal medicine and cosmetics in various forms and preparations: capsules, infusions, essential oil.

It is the infusions that interests the particular, To prepare with fresh or dried flowers and leaves, to be used internally or externally. The simplest preparation is to pour boiling water over the cut verbena, then to filter after 5В min.

It is often found associated with mint in digestive herbal teas, especially for the flavor of the latter, because officinal verbena does not have any. This plant stimulates appetite and hepatic functions and facilitates digestion. Verbena is also recommended in case of dizziness or migraines because it is said to have an action similar to that of aspirin (therefore, infusions and compresses against headaches!), And to relieve inflammation, rheumatism, among others. Its antinvalgic qualities are unanimous. It also has calming and anti-stress properties.

The major active ingredient in verbena is iridoid verbena To which the plant owes its antinvalgia properties. It also contains tannins, mucilages, saponin, quinones, which help fight fever and inflammatory symptoms.

Externally, also apply the infusions, using a compress, on sunburns, gluteal rhythms, cracks, cracks, insect bites, bruises and other bruises. . Against canker sores, use mouthwashes.

With professional adviceВ: Verbena essential oil is made by a process of steam distillation. 4 to 5В kg of verbena leaves and stems produce 10В ml of essential oil. For use it is necessary to refer to professionals, but, on average, internally 2-6 drops, twice a day, in 250 ml of warm water are advised. In external use, it is used as a pure local anointing (2В drops along the spine, on the solar plexus or the inner face of the wrists) or as an anointing diluted in vegetable oil .

The capsules are taken at the rate of 3 to 6В a day.

Detailed presentation

Citronella verbena is well known for its fresh and tangy scent that can be found in herbal teas or liqueurs.
It is also a very beautiful, fine shrub, bushy and erect, obviously very fragrant. It blooms in summer, discreetly, with a fine white bloom.

Not quite hardy, it should either be mulched generously in winter, or grown in a pot that we will put in a cold greenhouse. Choose poor, dry soil in full sun anyway.
AB products are products from organic farming certified by FR-BIO 09.

Your plant over time


  • Watering: Normal
  • Planting period: all year round
  • Minimum temperature: -5 ° C
  • Decorative foliage: No
  • Flower color: white
  • Width at maturity: 1.2m-1.2m
  • Mature height: 1.2 m
  • Flowering period: June to August
  • Origin: Chile, Argentina
  • Minimum temperature: -5 ° C
  • Botanical name: Aloysia triphylla or Lippia citriodora
  • Family: Verbenaceae

Video: Edible Lemon Verbena