Our ancestors had a difficult life full of worries and hardships. This is probably why they came up with so many holidays that were associated with Christian concepts, and with pagan customs, and with milestones of peasant labor. In the last summer month, when the harvest was practically harvested and the bins were full of reserves, there were three Fields (Medovy, Yablochny, Orekhovy). People spent the last warm summer days with games, songs, dances. Folk values and traditions are being revived now, and people also celebrate one of the most "delicious" holidays - Honey Savior. And of course, they try to consecrate young honey on this day.
Where did the Honey Savior come from and its rich traditions?
The first of the three Spas is celebrated on the first day of the Assumption Lent, August 14. This is the shortest, but no less strict than the Great, fast. The name "Honey" is due to the fact that by this time bees usually already fill the hives with thick, viscous and sweet honey. After this day, you can eat honey, consecrated in the church. And the word "Savior" indicates a connection with the Savior.
After the holiday of Honey Savior, you can eat honey, consecrated in the church
The holiday mixed Orthodox and pagan traditions, since earlier most of the population was engaged in peasant labor and certain moments of gardening and field work were important for everyone. In this case, the beginning of the collection of honey coincided with a Christian holiday.
In ancient Constantinople, it was on August 14 that the Life-giving Cross was taken out of the temple, which was considered the protection of the townspeople from dangerous diseases. The cross was accompanied by all residents of the city to the spring of the Savior on the border of Constantinople. Then he was placed in the temple, where everyone could come to the shrine and pray.
In ancient pagan Russia, the holiday was also celebrated as the end of summer. They ate honey from honeycombs with bread and other dishes, women baked honey cakes, made nuts in honey, fried pancakes and pies. They drank mead at feasts, prepared a valuable product for the treatment of diseases.
What is consecrated on Honey Savior and how does the consecration take place
Modern parishioners bring honey and fruits to the temple in beautiful dishes. After the service or before it, the priest consecrates these offerings. It is believed that after the church, honey becomes more healthy, and fruits - more useful.
It is believed that consecrated honey is tastier and healthier than usual.
In fact, according to the ministers of the church, the essence of the consecration and the holiday itself is a little different. Our ancestors, beekeepers, on the Day of the Savior of Honey, made the sign of the cross over the hives and chose the one with the most honey. The honeycombs were taken out of this hive and carried to the church for consecration. Some of the consecrated honey was given to cripples and beggars, and in the evening they treated children who danced and sang songs. Some of the collected honey was also left in the church so that its ministers could share the treat with those in need.
To give part of the honey is a sign of the peasant's gratitude to God for a good summer, a rich harvest, the opportunity to eat his fill in winter. And as a token of this gratitude, beekeepers shared with those who could not buy honey themselves, the result of their labor.
On the day of the Savior on Honey, it was customary to treat everyone with honey, pies and pancakes.
Therefore, although no one doubts the benefits of honey both as food and as medicine, it is not worth considering it as some kind of miraculous product after consecration.
Video: how the Honey Savior is celebrated
In addition to honey, water is also consecrated in churches on this day. This tradition is connected, again, with ancient Constantinople, where August was very hot and "rich" in disease. The faithful townspeople brought water to the temples, waited for its consecration and applied to the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified. It was believed that this helps protect yourself from disease. Now many people also bring small bottles of water to the church to consecrate it.
On August 14, in addition to honey, believers bring water to the church
Is it possible to consecrate honey on your own
Due to the increased popularity of the church and Orthodox holidays, not everyone is able to get to the church on August 14 and consecrate honey. Therefore, some parishioners add a little sanctified to a jar of ordinary honey and believe that in this way they endow it with the power of healing all diseases.
The ministers of the church remind that this consecrated honey is not the main thing in the holiday. The main thing is for a person to become better, more generous, spiritually elevated, to do something good for those around him, especially people in need of help, to be ready to share with his neighbor. Honey must be consecrated not only by a priest, but also by the faith of a person.
Many bring honey to the church on the Day of the Savior of Honey to consecrate it
Folk omens and customs for this holiday
Some folk signs and traditions are associated with the August holiday:
- in the old days, newly dug wells were consecrated on this day;
- our ancestors swam in lakes and rivers to improve their health. It was believed that all the water on a holiday washes away sins, relieves disease until next year. It was not recommended to swim after August 14;
- there is a sign that if you treat a poor man on a holiday, trouble will bypass your house;
- you cannot have a bad mood on this day, quarrel with loved ones;
- on a holiday, it was not recommended to do household chores, it was only possible to work in an apiary and prepare dishes for a feast;
- it was believed that the well dug in the Honey Savior would never deteriorate.
On the day of the Savior of Honey, no one was allowed to have a bad mood, offend anyone and quarrel with loved ones
In addition to honey and water, poppy used to be consecrated on Honey Spas. August 14 is the day on which the seven martyrs of the Maccabees from the Old Testament are remembered, but popular rumor has linked their names with the poppy, which, by the way, also ripens by the middle of the month. Our ancestors baked lean pies with poppy seeds, gingerbread and pancakes with honey and poppy seeds for the holiday. These two products were mixed into a homogeneous mass in a special bowl called a makalnik. The consecrated poppy was kept until Christmas.
Makalnik - a wide clay pot with a rough inner surface for grinding poppy and other seeds
Honey Savior is a folk holiday with a long history, in which pagan superstitions and Christian rituals, as well as peasant traditions, are mixed. It does not matter what kind of honey will be on the table on this day - sanctified or not, the main thing is gratitude to God for a rich harvest, generosity and willingness to share sweet honey and other benefits with those in need.
What Savior in August 2019. What date is the Savior of Honey, as noted, traditions and customs, what to do
Prince Andrey Bogolyubsky laid the foundation for celebrating a cycle of glorious holidays. The first holiday is called Savior of Honey and is celebrated on 14 August. The second — Spas Yablochny, is met on August 19. And on August 29, the Nut Savior will come. Christians celebrate these holidays on the same day every year.
The symbol of these beautiful Spas is honey, to it with the heat of heat pies, apples, nuts. These are the most adorable and delicious summer holidays. Let's take a closer look at the holiday: find out how they met the Savior of Honey, why they gave it such a name, what are the signs and traditions.
Folk omens on Makovei
There are many signs among the people. You can believe in them, perceived as superstition, or just for the sake of curiosity to check whether they come true. This is how the signs on the Honey Savior were formed.
- What the weather will be on Honey Spas - so it will be on August 28.
- After the Honey Savior, bees stop wearing honey.
- The Savior has passed - the summer has gone from us.
- If it rains on Makovei, there will be few fires.
- On the first spoonful of consecrated honey, you need to remember your cherished desire, and it will come true.
- If it rains on this day, it means that there will be no forest fires for a whole year.
- Swallows and swifts fly south - the nights will get colder.
- The weather on this day tells about what the next year will be like: if it rains - to cold, heat - to warm, respectively.
Honey Savior on August 14: folk signs
Seeing off the summer. Cold dews begin from the Savior, they believed: "Since the first Savior, the dew is good," that is, harmless, but "The Savior has everything in stock: rain, rain, and gray weather."
The people noticed: supposedly from that day on, bees stop producing honey.
Beekeepers begin to break out the honeycomb: "spasovka-gourmet", they said: "If the bee does not" break "the honeycomb, then the neighboring bees take out all the honey", by this time "The bee stops carrying honey bribe."
- Roses fade, according to popular belief: "When roses stop blooming, then there is a change in the dew."
- On Makoveya, summer ends, autumn begins.
- The Savior has everything in store: rain, wind, bucket, and different weather conditions.
- On the first Savior, the beggar will try the medka.
- Rain on Macawee - Few fires happen.
- Poppy is harvested on Macavea.
- On the First Savior, holy wells.
- This day was also called the Wet Savior, processions were carried out everywhere on the water, and after the consecration of water they bathe themselves and for the last time this year they bathe all livestock.
- On Macaway, help widows - help the weak, and happiness to you
- In the Urals and Siberia, from the first Savior, cedars begin to cone.
- Rain on Macawee - Few fires happen.
- Honey Savior sanctifies new wells
- On the first Savior, any woman's sin will be forgiven
- After the first Savior, they do not enter the water.
- After the First Savior, horses are not bathed in the river.
- For those who are afraid of witches: on this day you need to collect wild poppy seeds and sprinkle them on the house - not a single witch will enter the house.
After the blessing of water, the peasants bathe themselves, bathe the horses, and the shepherds drive livestock from the pastures and drive them into the river.
Horses, like all livestock, are usually bathed for the last time on this day. They also said: "On the first Savior, holy wells."
Honey Savior on August 14, 2018: signs and traditions
The last summer month is incredibly rich not only in generous gifts of nature, but also in Orthodox holidays. On August 14, in a new style, every year begins Lakomka - a two-week Dormition Fast, which, according to the Orthodox people, is second only to the Great in its severity.
However, the Dormition Fast is also considered the easiest one, because at this time nature generously endows people with juicy fruits, various vegetables and mushrooms. The start of Spasovka coincides in time with the First of the three Spas - Medov.
Honey Savior: what date is celebrated, traditions, history
Our ancestors celebrated the Savior of Honey on a special scale, which is why this day is distinguished by its rich history and traditions, thanks to which it received many names. But first things first.
History and traditions of the Honey Savior
According to the beliefs of our ancestors, the Honey Savior was marked with the end of summer, the beginning of cold weather and the rainy season. It was believed that on August 1, according to the old style (August 14 - in a new way, respectively), birds begin to gather in flocks to fly to warmer regions, nature is gradually preparing for wintering, and bees stop carrying pollen. It was on this day that the beekeepers carried out the last solemn honey collection.
That is why the First Savior is called Honey, Medol or Lakomka. Putting on a clean shirt and overshadowing himself with the sign of the cross, the beekeeper examined his possessions at dawn, chose a beehive overflowing with honey, and proceeded to fold the honeycomb.
The first honeycombs were placed in clean wooden dishes, never used before, and taken to the church for consecration. Consecrated honey was treated to all passers-by: acquaintances and strangers. It was considered a special sin to deprive beggars and teenagers.
Girls and boys sang traditional songs, and beekeepers generously presented them with amber fragrant delicacies. They ate honey just like that and cooked all kinds of lenten holiday dishes with it. By the way, it was allowed to eat honey of the new harvest only after Medolom.
Every August in the village of Uinskoye there is a holiday "Honey Savior" - the regional festival of honey. Guests from different parts of the Perm Territory gather at it to demonstrate and taste honey.
Another name for the First Savior is Poppy or Makovei. The history of the origin of this name is quite interesting and goes back to the very birth of the Christian faith. Initially, this day was the day of remembrance of the Maccabean brothers-martyrs.
However, over time, these two holidays merged into one, and the brothers' surname was transformed into "Macovei", since at this time there is also an active collection of edible poppy. Therefore, the traditions on Honey Spas also include the consecration of poppies and bouquets-amulets of poppies, which are made up of herbs and poppy heads.
According to the beliefs of our ancestors, these bouquets possessed healing power and saved the family from misfortune and hunger. The bouquet was not thrown away, but dried and stored for a whole year as a decoration and amulet. And in order to protect your family from misfortune, poverty and unkind views of people, it was necessary to sprinkle consecrated grains around the dwelling.
Where does Honey Spas originate?
The Orthodox Church connects this day with the Feast of the Origin of the Honorable Trees of the Life-Giving Cross of the Lord. On this day in the 19th century, the Cross was installed in Constantinople. People were sick en masse.
It was on August 14 that a small part of the Cross consecrated the reservoirs in which people performed ablutions. After 2 weeks everyone was healed and diseases were healed. It is still believed that if you touch the Cross and drink consecrated water, you can recover.
Hence the word saved - to be saved, to save yourself. And since the Dormition fast began, in which it is recommended to eat honey, bread and apples, then the name came out by itself - Honey Savior. Water Day (Wet Savior) also has its own extraordinary history, because it was on this day that Prince Vladimir baptized Russia.
How to Celebrate Honey Savior?
In the morning you need to drink a small spoonful of holy water. Today it is also customary to consecrate water, poppies, various flowers and greens - this is the manufacture of a protective amulet at home. Various bouquets of dahlias, carnations, asters, poppies and herbs are collected and made, you can make them as much as possible and give them to everyone you wish happiness. Such bouquets need to be consecrated and left in the house near the icons until the arrival of spring. But even then they cannot be thrown away, but they need to be crushed and scattered around the garden or simply on their own land or area near the house.
By the beginning of the First Savior, poppy and honey are already ripening. Harvesting begins, but honey can be eaten only after it has been consecrated by the church. Further, it is customary to share part of the consecrated honey with the hungry and the sick. They say that the more the owner of the apiary treats, the more harvest he will have next year. Poppy collected at this time has healing properties.
It is believed that this is the last day that bees make honey. Every beekeeper knows that this is the perfect day to install new equipment in an apiary. Old combs are bound to break. You need to collect the last honey exclusively in new clothes in new dishes.
Consecration of honey on Honey Spas
It is necessary to consecrate all reservoirs and drinking water, and people should swim in such a reservoir and wash all livestock (it is believed that bathing in holy water on this day gives good health, heals various diseases). They say that if women are asked for absolution on this day, they will be forgiven.
According to the signs, this is the last day of summer when you can swim, because literally the next day the reservoirs begin to slowly cool down and bloom.
On Poppy Spas, you need to cook bread with poppy seeds, poppy buns, bake pancakes with honey, honey gingerbread. And, of course, even here one cannot do without amazing popular beliefs: they say that the first spoonful of honey on Honey Savior fulfills a cherished desire, therefore, the one who eats it first must be a good-natured person with pure thoughts.
In Russia, honey fairs are often held on Honey Spas, and every person should definitely buy at least a small jar of honey.
Girls on this day weave wreaths of various herbs, bless in the church and broadcast near the bed.
Such a wreath protects from sorrows, illnesses and brings prosperity to the house, and a successful marriage for unmarried girls. You can buy such amulets, but if it is made on the First Savior with your own hands, then it has incredible power.
Honey Savior in 2018: signs, customs and traditions
Herbs that should be in the wreath:
- poppy flowers
- calendula (protects health)
- viburnum (gives youth and beauty, attracts pure love)
- mint (for family happiness)
- wormwood (protects against damage and evil eye)
- oregano (helps to get pregnant and give birth safely).
Signs on Honey Spas:
- rain on this day is a good sign
- if a girl washes herself with dew from roses, then she will become unusually beautiful
- if on this day the raspberries are large, then this year it is better to start sowing rye earlier, and if the raspberries are small, then it is still impossible to sow - early
- chickens on this day need to be given blessed water to drink, then they will lay well all year round, with large eggs
- winter seeds must be blessed in the church - then the harvest will withstand a very cold winter
- if a girl pours a handful of poppy into a guy's pocket, then he will love only her
- accidentally sprinkled raspberries - to incredible events, fortunately
- if, when collecting poppy seeds, it was found that there are not enough grains or the poppy heads are empty, then be careful - you have an ill-wisher
- falling into a puddle that day or just getting your feet wet - to quick wealth, to great profits
- if you redeem cattle after the First Savior, then the animals will not survive the winter
- refuse to ask for help - incur trouble
- to swear on this day means to doom yourself for a whole year in scandals
- if a week before the Savior the storks began to gather, then the winter will be warm and rainy
- if a bird flies into the church during the service, then this is a sure harbinger of great luck.
On Honey Savior, everyone should be helped - the poor, the disadvantaged, the sick and everyone who needs help. The more you help on this day, the better and more prosperous the whole next year will be.
Now in the modern world, due attention is not paid to such holidays, and if people do celebrate, they do not know at all either the history of this day, or how to behave correctly on this day. The main thing to remember is that this is the beginning of Orthodox fasting and not to allow yourself to be superfluous and sinful on such a holiday. Pure thoughts and good thoughts will help you to adequately celebrate the Savior of Honey in 2018, even if you will not keep the two-week Dormition Fast.
Honey Savior 2018: what can and cannot be done on this day, the history of the holiday and signs
On the same day, the Dormition Fast begins, which will last two weeks - until August 28, the Christian feast of the Dormition of the Most Holy Theotokos.
history of the holiday
In the church calendar, the holiday of Makovey is called the day of the seven martyrs of the Maccabees, their mother Solomon and the teacher Eleazar, who in 166 BC. e. they were martyred by the Syrian king Antiochus Epiphanes for their faith in God. In the Orthodox tradition, the Maccabees are personified as a symbol of firmness in the observance of Christian commandments.
It is believed that the name of the holiday Makovei was formed by superimposing the name of Maccabeus and the poppy plant in tune with it, which is currently ripening. Therefore, poppy, as well as water and fragrant bouquets of herbs are sacred in churches on Makovei.
What not to do on Makovei
On this day, you cannot speak loudly on this day, celebrate noisily. It is also believed that you can not quarrel, swear or wish someone harm. Housework and gardening is also best postponed.
Honey Savior 2018: customs, signs and traditions of celebration
It is worth thinking about a diet, because on this day the Assumption Lent begins. Meat, eggs, dairy and fish dishes are not prepared on Honey Spas. You should also refrain from alcohol.
What can you do on Makoveya
Traditionally, gingerbread and crumpets are baked on Honey Spas - preferably with honey and poppy seeds. Also, the tradition of collecting "poppies" - traditional bouquets of 17 plants, has long been preserved. It must contain thyme, wormwood, mint, viburnum, rue, calendula, oregano, spikelets of oats, sweet clover, tirlich, marigolds and poppy heads.
Such a bouquet, as well as water and honey, are best sanctified in a church. The ancestors believed that if a sick person eats even a spoonful of consecrated honey, he will certainly recover, and the consecrated bouquet will save the house from evil spirits.
Since this is the first day of the Dormition Lent, the meal should be modest. It is better to limit yourself to fruit and vegetable dishes. It is believed that on Makoveya it is also useful to swim in the sea, river or lake, since the water is especially healing at this time.
Folk omens on Makovei
There are many signs among the people. You can believe in them, perceived as superstition, or just for the sake of curiosity to check whether they come true. This is how the signs on the Honey Savior were formed.
What the weather will be on Honey Spas - so it will be on August 28.
After the Honey Savior, bees stop wearing honey.
The Savior has passed - the summer has gone from us.
If it rains on Makovei, there will be few fires.
On the first spoonful of consecrated honey, you need to remember your cherished desire, and it will come true.
On August 19 Yablochny rescued. Holiday history and traditions
Apple spas, history of the holiday, traditions and signs of what can and cannot be done on this day
Yablochny Spas, the history of the holiday and traditions are closely connected with the Orthodox Christian holiday of the Transfiguration of the Lord and the time of harvesting the first harvest of apples and other fruits ripening by this time.
According to Luke, his Gospel says that on this day our Lord Jesus Christ ascended Mount Tabor to pray. And as he prayed, the appearance of his face changed, and his clothes became sparkling white. A shining cloud appeared over the mountain and a voice came from the cloud: "This is My Beloved Son, listen to him." The transformation of the face and clothes of Jesus Christ on Mount Tabor became a symbol of true light and the power of Divine love.
Yablochny spas, history of the holiday and traditions.
Traditionally, Orthodox believers on this day try to come to the church early in order to be in peace and quiet before the service begins, and then thoughtfully and humbly imbued with the divine service.
The service is solemn, the priests are dressed in white vestments, as a symbol of the divine light that illuminated Mount Tabor and the face of Christ at the time of the Transfiguration. The soul of a parishioner during the service is drawn to the light of Divine love. A layman, remembering his misdeeds, sincerely repents, purifies himself and approaches God.
As a manifestation of their love for God, believers bring with them apples, plums, grapes, everything that is ripe by this time and leave in the church as a donation or give to parishioners. By sacrificing to the Lord part of the labors of their righteous, in return they receive a blessing for the entire harvest during the festive liturgy, when the rite of consecration of fruits takes place.
Apple Spas, history of the holiday and traditions: What needs to be done on this day.
Two to three days before the apple salvation, you need to refrain from eating any fruits and berries.
Be sure to go to church for a festive prayer service.
Those who did not have time to consecrate honey on Honey Spas can do it on Yablochny Spas.
Be sure to eat at least one freshly harvested apple.
Yablochny spas, history of the holiday and traditions: What cannot be done on this day.
You cannot entertain yourself, sing and have fun, remembering that the Dormition Fast is going on - one of the strictest fasts. Although Yablochny Spas is called Quiet, according to folk tradition, at sunset, they still went out with songs to the fields to see off the sun.
According to folk customs, no work can be done on this day. You cannot sew, knit, do cleaning, construction and so on. There is a popular proverb on this topic: "Whoever sews for the Savior sheds tears until the end of his days." On this day, you can only cook food and harvest.
You cannot kill insects on Yablochny Spas. There is an interesting folk omen: if a fly sits on your hand twice on this day, then luck and good luck will accompany the whole year. In this case, the fly cannot be chased away, let it fly away by itself.
On this day, the festive table should include not only selected fruits, but also apple dishes.
What can you cook for Yablochny Spas?
Take a few apples, large enough and firm, with a sour taste. Wash thoroughly, wipe dry and cut the top off to form the caps. Carefully remove the core, put the berries of your choice inside the apples, cover with honey and cover with the previously cut caps. Bake in the oven at 180 degrees until cooked through.
Cut apples without a core into pieces, put in a saucepan, cover with a little water and simmer until desolate. Then rub through a sieve, for 1 kilogram of the resulting apple mass, take 1 tablespoon of cumin or caraway powder, mix thoroughly. Fold the mass into a linen rag and place under oppression. After three days, remove the oppression and the canvas, wipe the resulting apple cheese with vegetable oil and roll it in caraway seeds without skimping. Such cheese can be stored until Christmas in a cool place.
These are monastic recipes, but in general, you can serve anything on the table on this day (within the framework of the Assumption Lent), concoct apple charlotte or make puffs with apples, no one limits your imagination and possibilities. The only thing that needs to be adhered to in Yabloko Savior is historically established traditions.
Yablokoy saved the history of the holiday and traditions: Is it possible to eat apples before the Yablokoy spas?
Where did the opinion come from that apples cannot be eaten before the apple salvation? There is a sad belief among the people: if a mother whose child died ate apples before the Savior, then her child will not receive a paradise apple in the next world. And many adults, especially those with children dying, considered it a great sin to eat apples before the Transfiguration.
The Typikon (collection of liturgical and ascetic instructions) says that monks are forbidden to eat any fruits until they are illuminated in the Transfiguration of the Lord. This rule applies only to monks, there is not a word about the laity.
Moreover, in some monasteries there is a tradition to consecrate and eat any fruits as they ripen, relying on the statement: "It is a sin not to use the gifts of God." Moreover, many varieties of summer apples face a sad fate - they will not reach the Apple Savior on August 19.
Therefore, apples can be eaten without a twinge of conscience, if, of course, you are not a monk or nun, but take apples of later varieties with you to the service at Apple Savior, those that have just ripened for this day.
People's omens on Yablochny saved on August 19.
What the second saved, so will January.
From the second spas it gets cold towards night.
Yablochny saved us - the summer has left us.
According to popular belief, the time of autumn comes from Yablochny Savior, at sunset they go out to the fields with songs, thus seeing off the sun-summer. This day is also called Oseniny.
From this time, rye is sown, if the weather permits.
Sow under the weather you will eat bread from year to year.
Rye, sown with the north wind, will give birth stronger and larger.
A favorable time for sowing winter crops begins with Yablochny Spas.
From the second spas, they begin harvesting spring crops.
That's all about the Apple Savior, the history of the holiday and traditions. Read about Spas Honey here. About Spas Orekhov here.
I wish you well, light and good.